Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL) operates in the petroleum industry in India. The company operates in a single segment - Refinery and Marketing activities, which includes Downstream petroleum sector. They are also engaged in the Exploration and Production of Hydrocarbons (E&P). BPCL on a regular basis imports their LPG requirements mainly from the Middle East. Occasional there are import requirements of Gasoil, Kerosene, Gasoline and Base Oil. The company refineries consist of Mumbai Refinery, Kochi Refinery, Numaligarh Refinery and Bina Refinery. BPCL exports Fuel Oil and Naphtha and Base Oil (Group II).
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd was incorporated on November 3, 1952 as a private limited company with the name Burmah Shell Refineries Ltd. The company began their work on the marshland of Trombay at Bombay. The refinery on 454 acres of land at village Mahul went on-stream on 30th January 1955, one year ahead of schedule. In January 24, 1976, Burmah Shell Group of Companies was taken over by the Government of India to form Bharat Refineries Ltd. In August 1, 1977, the company was renamed as Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. The company was also the first refinery to process newly found indigenous crude (Bombay High), in the country.
During the year 2001-02, the company commissioned the Gas Turbine and Heat Recovery Steam Generator project at a cost of Rs.1750 million. Refinery Modernization Project was being implemented at a cost of Rs 18,310 million. This project besides improve distillate yield and energy efficiency of the company. The company had Allied Retail Business (ARB) also apart from the regular business, making them not only the largest non-fuel revenue generator in the oil industry, but also amongst the leading retail networks in the country, offering a basket of services ranging from C-stores, Quick Service Restaurants to financial and travel related services.
The total of 8 numbers of In & Out convenience stores made up the 'millionaire club' by clocking average sales of Rs 1 million per month. Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) continued by the company to be a focus area in the ARB initiative under the alliance management strategy. The 222 ATMs in the network are the result of alliances with 22 banks. Given the rapid growth of the travel industry in the country and especially personal travel, the company launched 'In & Out e-Traveller', a one-stop facility for all travel and hospitality needs in during year of 2006-07. The In & Out eTraveller is an e-ticketing / e-booking facility for rail, air and bus tickets and hotel accommodation, brought through a web of alliances with best in breed travel service providers.
During the year 2009-10, the Mumbai refinery processed the Nigerian crude oil - Agbami for the first time. The company started operations at its Bina refinery in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh by launching their crude distillation unit, or CDU. The CDU at Bina was commissioned on June 29, 2010. Kerosene and cooking gas have been despatched to the marketing terminal. An oil refinery's CDU is the main unit where crude is separated into different petroleum products.
In August 2010, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited entered into a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Gujarat State Petroleum Corp Ltd to form a joint venture for trunk gas pipelines. In February 2011, the company signed an initial agreement with the provincial government of Rajasthan to sell fuel products from the state's proposed refinery. The company will sell at least 75% of the volume of the products from the proposed Rajasthan refinery under the agreement.
In July 2011, the company sold a rare naphtha cargo from Haldia to Vitol at steep discounts of $63.00 a tonne to Middle East quotes on a free-on-board (FOB) basis, and the refiner may have more of such cargoes for sale.
The company plans to rise the capacity at its just commissioned Bina refinery in Madhya Pradesh to nine million tonne and is looking at the right time for a public offering of the unit. The company is planning to bid for city-gas projects in Kochi (Kerala) and Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh) and plans to launch 600 new fuel retail outlets this fiscal, according to S Vardarajan, director, corporate finance. The company has lined up investments of Rs 50,000 crore ($11 billion) to expand their capacities in refining, retail and upstream projects over the next five years.