Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd is India's premier housing finance company. The Corporation's main business is to provide loans for the purchase or construction of residential houses. Their distribution network spans 289 outlets, which include 71 offices of the wholly owned distribution company, HDFC Sales Pvt Ltd. In addition, they cover over 2,400 locations through outreach programmes.
The company also has offices in Dubai, London and Singapore and service associates in the Middle East region, to provide housing loans and property advisory services to non-resident Indians (NRIs) and persons of Indian origin (PIOs). HDFC's product range includes loans for purchase and construction of a residential unit, purchase of land, home improvement loans, home extension loans, non-residential premises loans for professionals and loan against property, while its flexible repayment options include Step Up Repayment Facility (SURF) and Flexible Loan Installment Plan (FLIP).
The company's subsidiaries include HDFC Developers Ltd, HDFC Investments Ltd, HDFC Holdings Ltd, HDFC Trustee Company Ltd, HDFC Realty Ltd, HDFC Property Ventures Ltd, HDFC Sales Pvt Ltd, HDFC Ventures Trustee Company Ltd, HDFC Venture Capital Ltd, HDFC Ergo General Insurance Company Ltd, HDFC Standard Life Insurance Company Ltd, GRUH Finance Ltd, HDFC Asset Management Company Ltd and HDFC Bank Ltd.
Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd was incorporated in the year 1977. The Corporation is established with the primary objective of meeting a social need that of promoting home ownership by providing long-term finance to households for their housing needs. The company was promoted with an initial share capital of Rs 100 million.
In the year 1979, the Corporation introduced HDFC Certificate of Deposit Scheme. In the year 1981, they introduced their first retail Deposit Product. They promoted a wholly owned subsidiary, HDFC Developers during the year. In the year 1982, the Corporation introduced the Line of Credit Product (LOC) for employee owned housing. In the year 1985, the Corporation introduced the Home Savings Plan based on the 'Bausparkassen' model, West Germany and the 'Step-up Repayment Facility'.
In the year 1988, the Corporation in with India's leading financial institutions and commercial banks promoted Gujarat Rural Housing Finance Corporation Ltd (GRUH Finance), Housing Promotion and Finance Corporation Ltd (now SBI Home Finance), Can Fin Homes Ltd and Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services (IL&FS), and the Credit Rating Information Services of India Ltd (CRISIL). They introduced Telescopic Loan Plan and Short Term Bridging Loan products.
In the year 1989, the Corporation introduced two new products, namely Home Improvement loans & Home Extension loans. In the year 1990, the Corporation in association with the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements promoted the Coalition of Housing Finance Institutions in Asia. In the year 1991, they re-launched their retail fixed deposit products.
In the year 1993, the company made a joint venture with General Electric Capital Corporation of US to promote Countrywide Consumer Financial Services Ltd for consumer finance. In the year 1994, the Corporation introduced Non-Residential Premises Loans for Individuals.
In the year 1995, the Corporation made a Strategic alliance with NatWest Markets (UK) and promoted the HDFC Bank. They made a joint venture with IL&FS and Colliers Jardine Asia Pacific Ltd and promoted Colliers Jardine India Property Services Ltd. Also, they signed an MoU with Standard Life Assurance Co. of UK for life insurance.
In the year 1997, the Corporation promoted the first private sector housing finance company, namely Delta Brac Housing Finance Corporation Ltd in Bangladesh. In the year 1998, the Corporation in partnership with a South-based NGO launched the Indian Association for Savings & Credit (IASC), a pioneering micro-finance institution operating in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Also, they introduced Home Equity Loans and Corporate Employees Group Finance Arrangement.
In the year 1999, the Corporation invested in a new Housing Finance company in Sri Lanka. They launched the Corporation website www.hdfcindia.com (now hdfc.com). Also, they introduced the Adjustable Rate Home Loans and became the first housing finance institution to do so.
In the year 2000, the Corporation inaugurated a new HDFC Standard Life office in Mumbai. They launched their first Property Fair and they issued their first Mortgage Backed Securities. The Corporation made a joint venture with Mahindra & Mahindra group and promoted propertymartindia.com, a website for providing a range of real estate services.
During the year, the Corporation acquired the entire shareholding of Hometrust Housing Finance Company Ltd. Also, GRUH became a subsidiary of the Corporation. They made a joint venture with TCS and promoted Intelenet Global Services Limited for IT enabled services. Also, they entered into joint venture with Standard Life Investments for promoting the HDFC Mutual Fund.
In the year 2001, the Corporation in association with State Bank of India, Dun & Bradstreet and Trans Union International Inc. (TU) promoted Credit Information Bureau (India) Ltd. They opened their 100th office at Amristar.
In the year 2002, the company made a joint venture with Chubb Corporation, USA and promoted HDFC-Chubb General Insurance Company Ltd for non-life insurance. In June 2003, they singed a USD 200 million loan agreement with International Finance Corporation (IFC), Washington.
In May 2003, the Corporation signed a Technical Service Contract with Egyptian American Bank for providing technical assistance for setting up Egypt's first private sector led mortgage finance company. Egyptian Housing Finance Company.
In February 2005, the Corporation entered into an implementation agreement with NHB and Asian Development Bank for technical assistance for a study on the development of an agency/ secondary mortgage institution to facilitate issuance of residential mortgage backed securities along similar lines as Fannie Mae in USA.
During the year 2006-07, the Corporation approved 8 schemes in the area of low-income housing and micro-enterprise financing by way of financial intermediation to partner non-government organisations and micro-finance institutions. They divested their equity holding in HDFC-SL in favour of Standard Life Assurance Company, UK for a consideration of Rs 5.66 crore.
During the year 2007-08, the Corporation approved 16 new schemes under the KfW Entsicklungsbank lines in the area of low-income housing and micro-finance by way of financial intermediation to partner non-government organisations across India. They launched two major advertising campaigns, namely 'Asset Plus' and 'Empowerment'. 'Asset Plus' was launched primarily to create awareness about home equity loans. 'Empowerment' highlighted the fact that the Corporation's employees are empowered to deploy all resources available to them to provide professional services to customers.
During the year, the Corporation acquired the entire 26% of the equity of HDFC Chubb General Insurance Company Ltd from Chubb Global Financial Service Corporation, USA, consequent to which the company became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Corporation. In June 2007, consequent to a preferential offer by HDFC Bank Ltd, the Corporation acquired 13,582,000 shares of HDFC Bank for a consideration of Rs 1,390.11 crore.
In October 2007, the Corporation and Standard Life Investments realigned their shareholding in HDFC Asset Management Company Ltd. Accordingly, the Corporation increased their stake to 60% in HDFC-AMC by acquiring 9.9% from Standard Life Investments. Also, the Corporation and ERGO International AG (ERGO), the primary insurance entity of Munich Re Group (Germany) entered into a joint venture, where by HDFC sold a 26% equity stake of the company to ERGO. As a result of this new joint venture, the company was named HDFC ERGO General.
During the year, the Corporation divested 7.15% of its equity holding in HDFC-SL in favour of Standard Life Assurance Company, UK for a profit of Rs120.94 crore. Also, they divested their entire shareholding in Intelenet Global Service Pvt Ltd for a profit of Rs 313.25 crore. As a result, Intelenet Global Service Pvt Ltd ceased to be an associate of the Corporation.
During the year 2008-09, the Corporation approved 12 new schemes under the KfW Entsicklungsbank lines in the area of low-income housing and micro-finance by way of bulk loans to partner Non-Government Organisations and micro-finance institutions.
During the year 2009-10, the Corporation introduced 'HDFC Systematic Savings Plan', which is a monthly savings plan offering a variable rate of interest. They launched a key brand campaign - 'HDFC - because every family needs a home'. The objective of the campaign was to connect with HDFC's existing customers as well as prospective customers, making the HDFC brand synonymous with a home.
In April 2010, the company launched a special home loan product at a fixed rate of 8.25% per annum up to March 31, 2011, 9% for the period between April 4, 2011 and March 31, 2012 and the applicable floating rate for the balance term. This is a flexible product with dual rates. They also re-launched their product loan against property to assist customers.
During the year 2010-11, HDFC Real Estate Destination (HDFC RED), an on-line real estate portal was launched with the key objective of providing a single destination to potential home buyers to search and short-list desired properties that suit their requirements.
During the year 2011-12, the Corporation incorporated a new wholly owned subsidiary, namely HDFC Education And Development Services Pvt Ltd.