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Punjab National Bank (Q3 FY12)

India Infoline Research Team / 15:02 , Feb 02, 2012

CMP Rs940, Target Rs995, Upside 5.7%

  • Strong loan growth driven by MSME, Agri and Retail segments
  • NIM performance in-line with expectations; margin compression expected going ahead
  • Yoy core fee income traction strong; C/I ratio improves significantly
  • Asset quality continues to deteriorate; RoA declines to 1.1%
  • Further valuation re-rating unlikely; retain Market Performer
Result table
(Rs m) Q3 FY12 Q2 FY12 % qoq Q3 FY11 % yoy
Total Interest Income 94,810 89,520 5.9 71,191 33.2
Interest expended (59,444) (54,994) 8.1 (39,158) 51.8
Net Interest Income 35,366 34,526 2.4 32,033 10.4
Other income 9,541 8,889 7.3 8,572 11.3
Total Income 44,907 43,414 3.4 40,605 10.6
Operating expenses (18,143) (18,137) 0.0 (17,106) 6.1
Provisions (9,461) (7,103) - (7,139) -
PBT 17,303 18,175 (4.8) 16,360 5.8
Tax (5,803) (6,124) - (5,463) -
Reported PAT 11,500 12,050 (4.6) 10,898 5.5
EPS 145.2 152.1 (4.6) 138.3 5.0

Key  Ratios Q3 FY12 Q2 FY12 chg qoq Q3 FY11 chg yoy
NIM (%) 3.9 4.0 (0.1) 4.1 (0.3)
Yield on advances (%) 12.0 11.9 0.1 10.6 1.4
Yield on Funds (%) 9.2 9.0 0.2 8.3 0.9
Cost of Deposits (%) 6.7 6.5 0.2 5.2 1.5
Cost of Funds (%) 5.8 5.5 0.2 4.5 1.2
CASA (%) 35.3 36.3 (1.0) 39.1 (3.7)
C/D (x) 0.75 0.73 0.02 0.77 (0.02)
Non-int. income (%) 21.2 20.5 0.8 21.1 0.1
Cost to Income (%) 40.4 41.8 (1.4) 42.1 (1.7)
RoE (%) 19.6 21.6 (2.0) 22.4 (2.8)
RoA (%) 1.1 1.2 (0.1) 1.3 (0.2)
CAR (%) 11.5 12.2 (0.8) 11.9 (0.4)
Gross NPA (%) 2.4 2.1 0.4 2.0 0.4
Net NPA (%) 1.1 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.4
Source: Company, India Infoline Research

Strong loan growth driven by MSME, Agri and Retail segments

Against our expectation of 5.5% qoq growth, PNB’s loan book grew higher by 6.8% qoq. On yoy basis, growth momentum improved to 20% yoy, materially higher than the system. During the quarter, the bank witnessed strong growth in MSME (8% qoq), Agri (9% qoq) and Retail (5% qoq) segments. The corporate book, which grew at robust pace in previous quarters, contracted by 3% qoq. We expect the bank to achieve 17.5% loan growth in the current fiscal. Deposits growth was behind advances at 4% qoq thereby improving the C/D ratio. The growth was mainly led by term deposits especially the retail TDs (6% qoq and 31% yoy). The share of bulk TDs was stable at near 24%. CASA contribution decline by 100bps qoq (similar contraction in Q2 FY12) due to high TD rate differential.


NIM performance in-line with expectations; margin compression expected    

PNB’s NIM declined marginally on sequential basis to 3.9%. The contraction was mainly driven by material increase in cost of deposits (20bps qoq) which in turn was caused by CASA decline and higher retail and bulk TD rates during the quarter. Further, the improvement in loan yield was lower than expected likely due to higher slippages reported by the bank. Management guidance on NIM continues to be conservative at near 3.5% implying that margin could further correct in the near term.    


Yoy core fee income traction strong; C/I ratio improves significantly

Core fee income growth was reasonably strong at 19% on yoy basis aided by brisk traction in processing fees (17% qoq), LC/LG income (19% qoq) and Bills & Remittance (44% qoq). Trading profit (Rs870mn) and recovery in written-off accounts (Rs920mn) were higher on sequential basis. Opex was flat on qoq basis and represented a marginal annual growth of 6%. Driven by higher non-interest income and flat opex, the C/I ratio improved materially by 140bps qoq to 40.4%.


Asset quality continues to deteriorate; RoA decline to 1.1%

PNB reported elevated slippages at 2.6% during Q3 FY12 pushing up absolute GNPL 25% qoq. GNPL ratio increased to 2.4%, above the bank’s guidance. As per the bank, bulk of Rs17bn slippage constituted an aviation account. Restructuring during the quarter stood at Rs19bn (Rs41bn in Q2 FY12) primarily contributed by GTL (~Rs10bn). The outstanding restructured book stood at Rs169bn, 6.5% of advances. Q4 FY12 is also likely to see significant restructuring with CDR pipeline hefty and Air India and Rajasthan SEB exposures under restructuring negotiations. In response to substantial slippages and continued restructuring, the bank raised LLP to Rs5.8bn (Rs3.2bn in Q2 FY12). Though the credit cost was high at 0.9%, PCR declined sharply to 70% from 75% in the previous quarter and resultantly NNPL ratio jumped to 1.1%. Notwithstanding the improvement in C/I ratio, RoA deteriorated to 1.1% (1.2% in Q2 FY12) on account of higher provisioning. Including 9m plough backs, CAR and Tier-1 ratio stood at healthy 12.8% and 9.2% respectively.


Further valuation re-rating unlikely; Retain Market Performer

Overall, PNB’s results disappointed with PAT coming in 12% below our estimate. Relatively weaker asset quality continues to be a key drag on the bank’s performance. Substantial restructuring and higher exposure to troubled sectors further clouds the earnings outlook. Elevated provisioning is expected to continue weighing on RoA. Valuation is unlikely to re-rate significantly from hereon; retain Market Performer rating with price target of Rs995.


Financial summary
Y/e 31 Mar (Rs m) FY11 FY12E FY13E FY14E
Total operating income 154,199 178,058 207,330 245,208
yoy growth (%) 27.6 15.5 16.4 18.3
Operating profit (pre-provisions) 90,557 104,552 122,062 145,445
Net profit 44,335 47,710 59,050 73,672
yoy growth (%) 13.5 7.6 23.8 24.8
         
EPS (Rs) 140.6 151.3 187.3 233.7
BVPS (Rs) 570.8 659.4 795.3 977.7
P/E (x) 6.6 6.1 5.0 4.0
P/BV (x) 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.0
ROE (%) 24.4 21.7 22.4 23.1
ROA (%) 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3
Dividend yield (%) 2.4 2.7 3.2 3.9
CAR (%) 13.0 12.8 12.7 12.4
Source: Company, India Infoline Research