Maruti Suzuki India Ltd (formerly Maruti Udyog Ltd) is India's largest passenger car company, accounting for over 50 per cent of the domestic car market. The company offers full range of cars from entry level Maruti 800 & Alto to stylish hatchback Ritz, A-star, Swift, Wagon R, Estillo and sedans DZire, SX4 and Sports Utility vehicle Grand Vitara. The company is a subsidiary of Suzuki Motor Corporation of Japan.
The company is engaged in the business of manufacturing, purchase and sale of motor vehicles and spare parts (automobiles). The other activities of the company include facilitation of pre-owned car sales, fleet management and car financing. They have four plants, three located at Palam Gurgaon Road, Gurgaon, Haryana and one located at Manesar Industrial Town, Gurgaon, Haryana.
The company has seven subsidiary companies, namely Maruti Insurance Business Agency Ltd, Maruti Insurance Distribution Services Ltd, Maruti Insurance Agency Solutions Ltd, Maruti Insurance Agency Network Ltd, Maruti Insurance Agency Services Ltd, Maruti Insurance Agency Logistics Ltd and True Value Solutions Ltd. The first six subsidiaries are engaged in the business of selling motor insurance policies to owners of Maruti Suzuki vehicles and seventh subsidiary, True Value Solutions Ltd is engaged in the business of sale of certified pre-owned cars under the brand 'Maruti True Value'.
Maruti Suzuki India Ltd was incorporated on February 24, 1981 with the name Maruti Udyog Ltd. The company was formed as a government company, with Suzuki as a minor partner, to make a people's car for middle class India. Over the years, the company's product range has widened, ownership has changed hands and the customer has evolved.
In October 2, 1982, the company signed the license and joint venture agreement with Suzuki Motor Corporation, Japan. In the year 1983, the company started their productions and launched Maruti 800. In the year 1984, they introduced Maruti Omni and during the next year, they launched Maruti Gypsy in the market. In the year 1987, the company forayed into the foreign market by exporting first lot of 500 cars to Hungary.
In the year 1990, the company launched India's first three-box car, Sedan. In the year 1992, Suzuki Motor Corporation, Japan increased their stake in the company to 50%. In the year 1993, they introduced the Maruti Zen and in the next year they launched Maruti Esteem in the market.
In the year 1995, the company commenced their second plant. In the year 1997, they started Maruti Service Master as model workshop in India to look after sales services. In the year 1999, the third plant with new press, paint and assembly shops became operational. In the year 2000, the company launched Maruti Alto in the market.
In the year 2002, Suzuki Motor Corporation increased their stake in the company to 54.2%. In January 2002, the company introduced 10 finance companies (8 + 2JVs) in Mumbai. Also, they found one new business segment, Maruti True Value for sales, purchase and trade of pre-owned cars in India. In the year 2005, the company launched the first world strategic model from Suzuki Motor Corporation 'the SWIFT' in India. In the year 2006, they launched WaganR Duo with LPG and also the New Zen Estillo.
During the year 2006-07, the company commenced operations in the new car plant and the diesel engine facility at Manesar, Haryana. In November 2006, they inaugurated a new institute of Driving Training and Research (IDTR), which was set up as a collaborative project with Delhi Government at Sarai Kale Khan in South Delhi.
During the year 2007-08, the company signed an agreement with the Adani group for exporting 200,000 units annually through the Mundra port in Gujarat. They launched Swift Diesel and SX4- Luxury Sedan with Tag line 'MEN ARE BACK' during the year. In July 2007, the company launched the new Grand Vitara, a stylish, muscular and 5-seater in the MUV segment. The company changed their name from Maruti Udyog Ltd to Maruti Suzuki India Ltd with effect from September 17, 2007.
During the year, the company entered into a joint venture agreement with Magneti Marelli Powertrain SpA and formed Magneti Marelli Powertrain India Pvt Ltd for manufacturing Electric Control Units. Also they entered into another joint venture agreement with Futaba Industrial Co Ltd and formed FMI Automotive Components Ltd for manufacturing Exhaust Systems Components.
During the year, the company made pact with Shriram City Union Finance Ltd, a part of Shriram Group, Chennai, to offer easy, transparent and hassle-free car finance to their customers, particularly in semi urban and rural markets. The agreement is a joint initiative of the two companies for providing competitive car finance to people in Tier-II and Tier-III cities across the country.
During the year 2008-09, the company launched a new A2 segment car, branded the A-star in India and in Europe as the new Alto. They raised their production capacity to a landmark 1 million cars. In June 2008, the company launched Maruti 800 Duo, which is a dual fuel (LPG-cum- petrol) model car.
In March 2009, the company launched A-star or Suzuki Alto at Geneva Motor Show sales begin at EU. In April 2009, the company revealed new Ritz K12M engine at Gurgaon plant.
During the year 2009-10, the company raised the capacity of their next generation K-series engine plant to more than 500,000 units per annum. They started work on an additional plant of 250,000 cars per annum capacity at Manesar. The company launched their fifth world strategic model, the Ritz. They also came out with the spacious multi purpose van, Eeco and the all new WagonR with a K-series engine.
During the year 2010-11, the company launched refreshed variants of WagonR and Alto with the new K-series engines. SX4 was offered with a Super Turbo Diesel engine. The Company launched the Suzuki Kizashi, India's first sports luxury sedan. It sports a 2.4 litre engine and is endowed with best-in-class features. The Company developed in-house i-GPI (Integrated Gas Port Injection) Technology and launched factory-fitted CNG variants for five of its models: Alto, WagonR, Eeco, Estilo and SX4.
Apart from launching new products, the company added 131 new sales outlets to reach 933 outlets in 668 cities and increased its service reach to 1,395 cities with 2,946 outlets. The company's network is now servicing about 1.2 million vehicles every month.
The company plans to establish Plant C at Manesar, which will have an installed capacity of 250,000 units per annum. The plant is likely to be ready by end of fiscal 2012/ early 2013.
The company plans to set up Rs 1700 crore diesel engine plant at Gurgaon. They are going to double the diesel engine capacity at their Gurgaon facility to six lakh units by 2014. Of this, Rs 950 crore is being invested for the first phase of 1.5 diesel engines by mid-2013.