How to Transfer Shares From One Demat Account to Another?

Currently, Indian retail investors are looking beyond traditional investment assets like gold and real estate. However, since 2016, the stock market has provided greater returns than gold and real estate. Demat accounts - i.e., Dematerialized Accounts - make it very convenient to electronically trade stocks and help investors buy and sell stocks quickly.

Initially, one may open multiple Demat accounts for various purposes such as evaluating brokers or experimenting with strategies. If you hold more than one Demat account, it is important to learn how to transfer shares from one Demat account to another.

Why do you need to transfer shares from one Demat account to another?

There are primarily two reasons why you may need to transfer shares from one Demat account to another Demat account; to consolidate or distribute shares or for change in brokerage services.

  1. Consolidate or Distribute Shares

    In the beginning, people like to experience the interface and services of different brokers. However, this makes it difficult to keep a track of them all. Later, they select a broker that best aligns with their financial goals and investment strategies, and carries out all future transactions through them. At such a time, it is recommended to move shares from the non-active Demat accounts to the active ones to keep your assets together for better management and improved investments over time.

    By docking shares in a single Demat account, you can get a 360° view of your investments and their performance. This also helps in saving overhead costs like annual maintenance fees. Alternatively, one might want to distribute their shares amongst other Demat accounts if the need arises for plans like a child’s education or retirement. You may also need to distribute your shares to separate long-term and short-term investments.

  2. Change in brokerage Services

    There are two different types of brokers in India: discount brokers, and full-service brokers. Discount brokers charge very little fees and provide the minimal service of facilitating the buying and selling of shares. Full-service brokers charge higher fees but provide more resources like personalized recommendations, real-time market research, industry analysis, etc. Whenever you wish to switch from one type of broker to another; to save on brokerage by hiring discount brokers or to avail the expertise of full-service brokers, you will need to transfer your shares from one Demat account to another.

Who are the participants while transferring shares from one Demat account to another?

When you transfer shares from one Demat account to another, the following participants are involved in the process:

  1. Current Broker
  2. Investor
  3. New Broker
  4. Depository

There are two types of depositories in India that are authorized to hold the shares of the account holders - NSDL (National Securities Depository Limited) and CDSL (Central Depository Services Limited). The type of transfer of shares from one Demat account to another depends on whether both the Demat accounts are in the same depository or not.

Manual Transfer

This mode of transfer involves filling out physical forms. If the two Demat accounts in question are in the same depository, then the shares do not circulate back in the market. This is called off-market, or Intra-depository transfer. If the two Demat accounts are in separate depositories, then the transfer is called an Inter-depository market. An account holder needs to follow the following steps to carry out these transfers:

  • Collect a Debit Instruction Slip (or DIS booklet) from your depository participant(DP). This is the brokerage firm that your Demat account is registered with.
  • Put down the names as well as the ISIN number of the equities, debts, stocks, etc that you need to move from one account to another. ISIN stands for International Securities Identification Number - it’s a 12-digit code that is used to validate the identity of financial securities.
  • Put in the Target Client ID, which is a 16-character code that combines the client’s ID with the DP’s ID.
  • Select the mode of transfer. If both the DPs are registered with the same depository, then select Intra-Depository or Off-market transfer. If the DPS in question is registered with different depositories, then select Inter-Depository transfer.
  • Submit the filled-in DIS form to your existing broker, and do not forget to get an acknowledgement receipt from the broker.

That’s it. The broker will process the transfer in 3 to 5 days.

Online Transfer

People also have the option to transfer shares from one Demat account to another online. Follow the steps given below to transfer your shares from one account to another from the comfort of your home:

  • Visit the CDSL website.
  • Click on the register online link and fill in the form that comes on the screen.
  • After completing the form, click on “Print Form”.
  • This will initiate a transfer of the form to your Depository Participant(DP) in question.
  • The DP will verify your form, and send a password to your registered email address.
  • The password can then be used to register onto the myeasi (Electronic Access to Securities Information) platform, and the account holder can initiate a transfer of shares by themselves.

Benefits of transferring shares

The benefits of transferring shares from one Demat account to another Demat account are two-fold. First, it helps consolidate all shares into a single account. In the long run, handling multiple Demat accounts can become cumbersome. By consolidating shares, you can view all your holdings in one place and manage them better. Second, It can help you save costs like annual maintenance fees.

Time Required for Transfer of Shares

The maximum time taken for a transfer of shares from one Demat account to another should ideally be 3-4 hours. This is also dependent on whether the transfer is Inter-repository or Intra-repository. If you are transferring within the same repository, the time taken should be much lesser, ideally 30 minutes or less. However, for transfer from one repository to another, i.e. CDSL to NSDL or NSDL to CDSL, the shares may take up to 3-4 hours to transfer.

Tax implications when transferring shares

When transferring shares between one’s Demat accounts, there is no tax levied. This is because there is no transfer of ownership. However, if any income is earned from this transfer, it will be treated as small-term capital gains or long-term capital gains.

If this income is held for 12 months or more, it is treated as long-term capital gain and will be taxed at 10%. If the period of holding is less than 12 months, it shall be treated as short-term capital gains, and a tax of 15% is levied on such income. However, if the long-term capital gain is up to ₹10,00,000 is exempted from capital gain tax. The transfer of shares from your account to yourself does not affect your overall tax obligations.

Even when you are transferring shares to another person’s Demat account, it does not attract tax obligations as long as it is genuine and is backed by a genuine gift deed. This is to maintain an audit trail of the transfer. Section 47 of the Gift Tax Act has provisions for ‘gifts’ to be excluded from ‘transfer’ which makes giving shares as gifts despite them being capital assets, non-taxable.

It is important to note that shares transferred to another person are taxable in the hands of the recipient if the fair market value of the asset transferred is more than ₹50,000, under section 56(2) of the Income Tax Act.

Conclusion

In most cases, investors start with multiple Demat accounts until they have chosen a broker or strategy that delivers the best results. This makes it important for every investor to know how to transfer shares from one Demat account to another.

The transferring of shares from one account to another is a simple and easy process, once you have the above steps down pat. According to the type of transfer, i.e. intra-repository or inter-repository, it may take up to 3-4 hours. While transferring to one’s account does not have any tax implications, transferring shares to another person’s Demat account may attract taxation.

Frequently Asked Questions Expand All

Ans. To transfer your shares in CDSL online, follow these steps:

  1. Visit/Open the CDSL website.
  2. Click on the register online link and fill in the form and click on “Print Form”. This will initiate a transfer of the form to your Depository Participant (DP).
  3. The DP will verify your form, and send a password to your registered email address.
  4. The password can then be used to register onto the myeasi (Electronic Access to Securities Information) platform, and the account holder can initiate a transfer of shares by themselves.

Ans. To transfer shares through NSDL online, you need to register first. To do so, visit the NSDL website and open the registration link and fill out the form. Obtain a printed copy of the form and present it to your broker. The broker will then verify your details with the repository and once verified, you shall receive login credentials on your email address. You can use these details to login on to NSDL and transfer shares.

Ans. An investor is legally allowed to open two or more Demat accounts as long as all the accounts are opened against a single PAN. Whenever you buy a security through a Demat account, it is attributed to the PAN linked to the account. Therefore, you should link your PAN to every Demat account you open.