Just like you are allowed to invest a fixed amount every month in the mutual fund of your choice with a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP); you can also withdraw your investment in the same manner. Read this post to know what Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) is and how it works.
If you are planning to invest in mutual funds and researching about the same, you might surely have heard about SIP. It is an investment option that allows you to invest a fixed amount in the mutual fund scheme of your choice on a fixed date every month.
But while a lot of investors do know about SIP, not many understand what SWP or Systematic Withdrawal Plan is. Let us have a detailed look at what it is and how it works-
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) is the exact opposite of SIP. SIP allows you to invest a fixed amount every month. SWP, on the other hand, enables you to withdraw a fixed amount from your mutual fund investment every month. Apart from monthly withdrawals, you can also set quarterly, half-yearly, and yearly withdrawals.
For instance, let us consider that you have invested Rs. 5 lakhs in a mutual fund scheme and it has grown to Rs. 6.5 lakhs after a few years. You can then enable SWP to withdraw a fixed amount, like Rs. 10,000 or Rs. 20,000, from your investment at regular intervals.
Let us assume that you have 1000 units of a particular mutual fund scheme and its Net Asset Value (NAV) is now Rs. 100. You now want to withdraw Rs. 5,000 every month from this investment through SWP
In the first month when the NAV of the scheme is Rs. 100, 50 fund units will be debited from your mutual fund account and redeemed at the price of Rs. 100 per unit, accounting to Rs. 5,000, as you requested. Now, the total number of units in your account will be 950 (1000-50).
In the next month, let us assume that the NAV of the scheme rises to Rs. 125. Now to complete your SWP request, your fund house will redeem 40 units from your account as the NAV is now Rs. 125, and you have requested a monthly withdrawal of Rs. 5,000. The updated fund balance will be 910 (950-40).
As you can see, every withdraw reduces the number of fund units in your account. More units are redeemed if the NAV falls, and fewer units are redeemed if the NAV rises.
Taxation in SWP is similar to the tax slab of mutual funds .In the case of debt funds, investments held for more than 36 months will attract LTCG (Long-Term Capital Gains) tax at 20% with indexation.
For a holding period of fewer than 36 months, the capital gains will be added to the taxable income of the investor.
In the case of equity funds, LTCG at 10% is applicable for investments held over 12 months. STCG (Short-Term Capital Gains) tax at 15% is applicable below 12 months.
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) can come in handy in various scenarios. For instance, it can be used by/for-
Retirees as a pension income
Working professionals looking for an additional source of income
Monthly loan EMI payments
Homemakers for monthly expenses
Any financial goal that requires payment in a phased manner
But do remember that one should select the SWP amount very carefully. The SWP amount and withdrawal frequency should be such that you only withdraw the returns generated from your investment and not the invested capital. Your corpus will deplete sooner than expected if you start withdrawing the invested capital.
Consult an investment advisor or a reputed fund house to help you with the decision.