Sanguine outlook for healthcare companies despite capacity additions from FY25: IIFL Securities
India Infoline News Service |
28 Nov, 2022 |
With most players focused on consolidating bed capacities over the past 5 years, the hospital sectorâ€™s EBITDA margins/RoIC (pre-tax) expanded ~800/1800 basis points to ~23/25% respectively over FY17-H1FY23, thereby driving rerating for the sector. While companies have indicated plans to expand bed capacities by ~30-70% over the next 4-5-year period, and part of this incremental capacity will start getting commissioned from end-FY24, analysts at IIFL Securities believe the drag from new capacities on consolidated financials will be significantly lower than it used to be in the past. Hence, the sectorâ€™s margins/return ratios will broadly sustain, which will also be aided by further improvement in occupancies of existing hospitals and ARPOB growth, driven by rationalization of institutional business and increase in international patient volumes. Given EBITDA growth expectations of ~15/20% CAGR for large/mid hospitals over FY22-25 and current valuations, analysts at IIFL Securities find relative value in Apollo/Fortis among large-cap stocks and KIMS/Narayana among mid-caps. They continue to like Rainbowâ€™s differentiated model of complex childcare and recommend adding the stock on corrections.
Occupancies are expected to improve further from a median ~62% to ~70-75% over the next 2 years
Combined bed capacity for the 8 listed hospital players (Apollo, Fortis, Max, Narayana, KIMS, Rainbow, HCG and Shalby) has grown only at ~2-3% CAGR over FY17-H1FY23; for mid-cap companies like KIMS, Rainbow and HCG, capacities have grown at a relatively faster rate of 7-15% CAGR during this period. The sector-level median occupancies, after having dipped to ~52% during the COVID period in FY21, have improved to ~62% in H1FY23.
While Apollo, Fortis, Max and KIMS (ex-Sunshine, Kingsway acquisitions) are already operating at sector-leading occupancies of ~65-75%, they have indicated plans to further expand occupancies on existing bed capacities by ~500-1,000 basis points over the next 2-year period, led by volume scale-up in newer/tier-2,3 hospitals, further recovery in international patient volumes (Max, Fortis and Narayanaâ€™s international patient revenue contribution was 7-8% in H1FY23 versus 10-11% pre-COVID), and gradual rationalization of institutional/ government business (currently standing at ~17-20% of revenue for most players). Although Rainbowâ€™s occupancies have normalized to pre-COVID levels of ~53% in H1FY23, Narayana/Shalbyâ€™s occupancies at ~50/47% are significantly below industry average.
Smaller players such as KIMS, Rainbow, HCG and Shalby have outperformed industry volume growth
Combined hospital revenue for the 8 listed hospital players has grown at ~14% CAGR over FY17-H1FY23, driven by IP volume growth of ~4% CAGR and ARPOB growth of ~6% CAGR. Smaller players such as KIMS, Rainbow, HCG and Shalby have grown revenues at ~15-25% CAGR over this period, as IP volume growth for these players at ~12-15% CAGR is significantly above industry volume growth of ~4% CAGR. Comparatively, IP volume growth for larger players (Apollo, Fortis, Max and Narayana) has been tepid at ~0-5% CAGR. Analysts at IIFL Securities think that smaller players have been able to demonstrate better volume growth, given they have continued to expand capacities over the past 4-5-year period, through both organic and inorganic measures. Larger players, on the other hand, have been focused on just consolidating capacities.
Analysts at IIFL Securities prefer Apollo and Fortis among large-cap stocks; KIMS and Narayana among mid-caps; recommend adding Rainbow on corrections
Consensus expectations factor-in ~15% EBITDA CAGR for large-cap hospitals (Apollo, Max and Fortis) and ~20% EBITDA CAGR for mid/small-cap hospitals (Narayana, KIMS, Rainbow, HCG and Shalby) over FY22-25. Given Apolloâ€™s hospital business and Fortis are trading at ~21x and ~17x FY24 EV/EBITDA versus Max at ~24x, analysts at IIFL Securities find relative value in Apollo and Fortis among large-cap stocks.
Among mid-cap stocks, KIMS (adjusted for minority interest) and Narayana are trading at reasonable valuations of ~18x and ~16x FY24 EV/EBITDA. They prefer both KIMS and Narayana from the midcap space. They continue to like Rainbowâ€™s differentiated model of complex childcare and recommend adding the stock on corrections.