NSE Live Share Prices (Nifty-50)

NSE Live Share Prices (Nifty-50)

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22,512.85

22,466.10

Day's Range

22,520.25

22,470.05

Listed Companies

icon Comapny Nameicon CMPicon Highicon Lowicon Volume
Asian Paints Ltd282428302810.252260
Britannia Industries...5090.155114.755040.112240
Cipla Ltd1403.91407.31400.2560540
Eicher Motors Ltd4717.94717.9466723597
Nestle India Ltd24642518.752459.8252529
Grasim Industries Lt...24442448.52424.3547519
Hero MotoCorp Ltd51185135.5509521635
Hindalco Industries ...662662.9657.5467849
Hindustan Unilever L...23252332.92321.173806
ITC Ltd437437.65435.2713859
Larsen & Toubro Ltd345234683445.8141462
Mahindra & Mahindra ...2527.952527.952500.05257091
Reliance Industries ...287528792865.4213020
Tata Consumer Produc...10951098.251090.2570507
Tata Motors Ltd9509589471930324
Tata Steel Ltd168168.3167.33601856
Wipro Ltd460.7463.15459.15439806
Apollo Hospitals Ent...593259885913.811673
Dr Reddys Laboratori...5810.955849.155800.1522645
Titan Company Ltd33763376334556642
State Bank of India822823819.2960453
Shriram Finance Ltd2379.82394.92355.0559452
Bharat Petroleum Cor...629630.55627518349
Kotak Mahindra Bank ...169817041691.95291295
Infosys Ltd144514501442318277
Bajaj Finance Ltd67256758672549892
Adani Enterprises Lt...30743074305574336
Sun Pharmaceuticals ...1531.41538.71523.3551458
JSW Steel Ltd890.1899.4885.15638499
HDFC Bank Ltd14661467.11463.05528557
Tata Consultancy Ser...38473861.9384091066
ICICI Bank Ltd113111331126.9312750
Power Grid Corporati...315.85318.253151506930
Maruti Suzuki India ...12647.9512693.4512565.417550
IndusInd Bank Ltd1414.214241413.75105107
Axis Bank Ltd114211451137169757
HCL Technologies Ltd1335.0513401333.05107491
Oil & Natural Gas Co...280.3281.7278.452010993
NTPC Ltd367.953683651050300
Coal India Ltd472.9473468.55986166
Bharti Airtel Ltd1347.9513511341.45149406
Tech Mahindra Ltd1305.41312.051298.683153
LTIMindtree Ltd4789.954789.95474021310
Divis Laboratories L...3887.053965387031964
Adani Ports & Specia...13421345.21335.1192526
HDFC Life Insurance ...570.05571.95566.75145527
SBI Life Insurance C...14341444.11430.529747
UltraTech Cement Ltd99489948984012290
Bajaj Auto Ltd88158841.5878020151
Bajaj Finserv Ltd1584.71600157558954

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National Stock Exchange


Stock exchanges are the backbone of today's economy, providing a ready platform for selling and purchasing securities worldwide. The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE) are India's primary stock exchanges. This article discusses the National Stock Exchange in detail.

What is NSE?

India's largest financial exchange, the National Stock Exchange of India Limited or NSE, is headquartered in Mumbai. Established in 1992, it has evolved into a sophisticated, automated electronic system that offers trading facilities to investors across the country. The trading volume of this exchange system placed it in the fourth position in the world in 2015. On the world's list of largest stock exchanges, NSE ranked 9th in 2022 with a total market capitalisation exceeding US $3.06 trillion.

Indian government officials requested the opening of this stock exchange in 1994 to increase transparency in the country's capital markets. Founded by leading financial institutions and at the recommendation of the Pherwani Committee, the NSE comprises global and domestic investors with a diverse shareholding portfolio.

The NSE also introduced electronic trading facilities in India for the first time, thus making it easier for investors to integrate across the country.

The corporate sector in India accounts for only 12-14% of the country's entire GDP, in contrast to the USA, where it accounts for about 70%. There are around 7800 companies listed in this entire corporate sector, and about 4000 are listed on Indian stock exchanges. Thus, stock exchange trading accounts for a mere 4% of the country's gross domestic product.

Vikram Limaye is the CEO and Managing Director of the stock exchange, while Ashok Chawla is the Chairman of the Board of Directors.

NSE Milestones

The National Stock Exchange achieved the following essential milestones between 1993 and 2016.

YearMilestones
2016
  • Trading of NIFTY 50 index futures on TAIFEX launched.
  • Platform for issuance of sovereign gold bonds launched.
  • Developed an electronic book-building platform for debt securities placements.
2015
  • Enhanced cooperation with the London Stock Exchange Group through a memorandum of understanding.
  • CNX NIFTY was renamed to NIFTY 50.
2014
  • Mutual fund platform NMF-II launched.
  • NBF II segment launched for interest rate futures.
  • Futures trading was launched for the India VIX index.
  • The Osaka Exchange began trading NIFTY 50 (then known as CNX NIFTY).
2013
  • Introduced the New Debt Segment (NDS).
2012
  • Trading of FTSE 100 index futures and options contracts began.
  • A platform specifically designed to list and trade SME securities was launched, known as EMERGE.
2011
  • Initiated trading in global indices, including the S&P 500 and Dow Jones Industrial Average, through futures and options contracts.
2010
  • The NOW mobile platform was launched.
  • Launched trading in Currency Options.
2009
  • The Mutual Fund Service System (MFSS) was launched.
2008
  • Introducing Currency Futures trading in India for the first time.
  • Securities Lending and Borrowing Scheme (SLBS) establishment.
  • The NOW platform for web-based trading was launched.
2005
  • The NIFTY Bank index derivatives were launched.
2002
  • Listings of ETFs were launched.
2001
  • The NIFTY 50 index (formerly S&P CNX NIFTY) was launched for trading as index options.
  • The launch of single stock futures and options on listed securities was completed.
2000
  • The launch of index futures based on NIFTY 50 (then called S&P CNX NIFTY).
  • NIFTY 50 index futures listed on the Singapore Exchange.
  • Trading on the internet began.
1998
  • NSE certification program for Financial Markets (NCFM) in India began.
1996
  • A settlement fund was created and administered.
  • Founded the NIFTY 50 Index, which continues to serve as the flagship index.
  • Trades and settlements in dematerialised securities began on the exchange.
1995
  • A trust was established for the Investor Protection Fund.
1994
  • Market segments for equity and wholesale debt were launched.
  • Trading begins electronically or via a screen.
1993
  • Became a recognised stock exchange.

How Does NSE Stock Exchange Work?

In India, an investor can trade in the NSE using an electronic limit order book, with order matching performed by a trading computer. Once they place a market order, it is automatically matched with a limit order without the interference of specialists or market makers. This market, therefore, allows sellers and buyers to remain anonymous.

Order-driven markets also offer investors greater transparency by displaying all buys and sells in the trading system. NSE orders are typically placed through brokers who offer online trading to their customers. A few institutional investors can also use this "direct market access" facility by directly placing orders with the trading system.

The NSE trades equity stocks five days a week, excluding the weekends and other declared holidays. Here are the market timings:

  • Pre-opening session
    • The order entry window opens at 9:00 a.m.
    • The order entry window closes at 9.08 a.m.
  • Regular session
    • 9:30 a.m. is the market opening time
    • At 15.30 hours, the market closes

There are about 63% of the total market capitalisation listed under the Nifty50, which is the NSE's flagship index. About 12 sectors of the economy are covered by this index, which contains 50 variable stocks.

NSE Functions

  • The establishment of a trading facility allows investors from anywhere in the country to trade debt, equity, and other asset classes.
  • It provides equal access to trading opportunities to investors through a communication network.
  • It facilitates the financial exchange market in India to meet global standards.
  • The facility shortens the trade settlement period and enables book-entry settlements.

NSE Listing Benefits

  • Gauge the depth of the market easily
  • The platform provides extensive information regarding trading and post-trading. Furthermore, you can easily find the top buyers and sellers. A list of the securities available and the top buys and sells are displayed for each transaction. As a result, NSE provides a comprehensive view of the depth of the market.

  • Trade statistics
  • Each month, listed companies receive trading statistics. A company's performance and market sentiment can be tracked using these metrics.

    Trading volume on this stock exchange lowers its impact costs, resulting in lower trading expenses for investors. Moreover, an automated trading system maintains transparency and consistency between investors and the exchange.

  • Biggest exchange in the country
  • The market capitalisation of the NSE National Stock Exchange exceeds $2.25 trillion, making it the country's largest exchange by trading volume.

  • Fast transactions
  • The NSE processes orders rapidly, enabling investors to take advantage of the best prices. For example, 19 May 2009, marked the highest number of trades the stock exchange had ever seen, with the number being 11,260,392.

Investment Segments

Below are the segments in which NSE offers investment and trading services.

  • 1. Equity
  • Investors can maximise their returns on investments through equity, a volatile class of assets. The types of equity investments include Mutual Funds, equities, indices, Exchange Traded Funds, Security Lending and Borrowing Schemes, Initial Public Offerings, etc.

  • 2. Equity Derivatives
  • Among the derivatives traded on this exchange are global indices like Dow Jones, CNX 500, and commodities, foreign currencies, and interest rate futures. With the launch of index futures in 2002, the NSE market began trading derivatives. As of 2011, it also began offering derivatives on Dow Jones Industrial Average and S&P 500, the world's two most popular indices.

    Therefore, this exchange has achieved remarkable success in the equity derivatives market. NSE has completely monopolised the derivatives market.

  • 3. Debt
  • Investment pools like this consist of different Exchange Traded Funds, Mutual Funds, etc., with core assets such as long and short-term bonds, corporate bonds, and securitised products.

    On 13 May 2013, NSE Stock Exchange launched the country's first debt trading platform for investors to trade debt-related products transparently and easily.

How are the National Stock Exchange and the Bombay Stock Exchange different?

Among the 7800 companies listed on stock exchanges, nearly 4000 stocks trade on the BSE and NSE. 4% of the Indian economy consists of these stocks. Even though both exchanges make a significant contribution, they differ in several ways

The NSE favours trading currency equity, debt securities, and equity derivatives, whereas the BSE prefers debt instruments, derivatives, equity, currencies, and mutual funds. The NSE has a larger trading volume than the BSE. Likewise, NSE stocks trade with more liquidity than BSE stocks.

NIFTY 50 is the flagship index of the NSE, while SENSEX is the flagship index of the BSE. Stocks listed on the NSE are fewer than those on the BSE.

Major Indices in NSE Exchange System

Stock market indices represent a group of stocks in the whole market or a particular segment. This stock exchange lists the following broad market indices, which are composed of liquid stocks listed on the exchange.

  • Nifty 50 index
  • Nifty Midcap 50 index
  • Nifty 100 index
  • Nifty Next 50 index
  • India Vix index
  • Nifty Smallcap 250 index

The NSE also comprises thematic, hybrid, strategy, and fixed-income indices.

Top 10 Companies Listed Under NSE According to Market Capitalisation (Nov 2022)

Company NameMarket Capitalisation (in Rs. Crore)
Reliance1,730,043.64
TCS1,210,523.97
HDFC Bank891,461.78
Infosys666,202.32
ICICI Bank646,707.71
HUL589,124.77
State Bank of India (SBI)542,304.03
HDFC479,849.79
Bharti Airtel477,389.42
Adani Enterprise460,664.41

Conclusion

The National Stock Exchange is ideal for companies looking to get listed on a major exchange. It facilitates efficient trading, improves visibility and provides high liquidity of assets with accurate prices with its listing of these companies and more. Furthermore, trade matching and settlement processes are more transparent due to the sheer volume of trading activity and the use of automated systems.

As a result, investors can become more confident, and visibility in the market can increase. Additionally, by utilising cutting-edge technology, orders are also filled more efficiently, increasing liquidity and accuracy.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Which body regulates the NSE?

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) regulates the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) and other Indian stock exchanges.

Q2. Which trading technology does NSE use?

The NSE uses NEAT (National Exchange for Automated Trading), a fully automated screen-based trading system. Only members can trade using this front-end software on the NSE trading system.

Q3. How many companies are listed on National Stock Exchange (NSE)?

Currently, the National Stock Exchange has 2002 companies listed.

Q4. NSE or BSE, which is a better stock exchange in India?

Both NSE and BSE offer good security and investment services in terms of online trading services. The BSE, however, is generally more suitable for beginners than the NSE, which is better suited to seasoned investors and traders.
BSE is a good choice for new investors who plan to invest in new companies. On the other hand, a day trader, who trades shares as well as derivatives, futures, and options would prefer NSE's software because it is designed to deal with high-risk transactions online.