Binny Ltd Management Discussions.
i) Industry structure and developments:
With the decision to exploit its vast urban land bank, the Company has entered the real estate sector. This transformation is being undertaken because the Company understood the growth potential of the sector, and is in a position best-leverage the opportunities. While over 75% of the real estate market in India is related to residential housing, The Company is determined to largely focus on this segment while also developing a mixed portfolio that includes commercial property, retail, entertainment and hospitality.
The primary focus is on best utilising the land asset in Perambur area given the locations demand and land usage regulations.
ii) Opportunities and threats:
The residential real estate segment in India has witnessed significant growth in the first decade of this millennium. Thereafter the impact of the global economic crisis was felt by the sector, there was a slowdown and decline in demand, subsequently the demand has started picking up gradually and the industry is in a phase of consolidation. Growth in commercial real estate has been driven largely by the flourishing service sector in the Country, especially the IT and IT enabled services (ITeS). While the real estate sector has strong fundamentals, it continues to be highly dependent on economic cycles. For the residential sector, the prevailing economic condition has a major impact on individuals buying power and the level of income related uncertainties that determine investment risk taking capabilities.
For the commercial segment, the relationship is even more direct, as improved economic activity requires more people to be employed that leads to demand for more office space.
iii) Segment-wise or product-wise performance:
By all indications, the Real estate sector will have turnaround in the next year or so. Indian economy is finally turning the corner though GDP growth is pegged at 7.4% this fiscal year, leading to better job and income prospects for salaried employees. This augurs well for the Indian realty industry, which was beset with muted sentiments owing to general economic downturn over the last couple of years. The turnaround in sentiment actually began after a series of incremental reforms and announcements, which benefits Indian industry as well as the real estate sector.
Some of these measures include the incentives announced by RBI for infrastructure financing, the reduction in interest rates on home loans, incentives for affordable housing, announcement of a framework for REITs (Real Estate Investment Trusts) and relaxation of norms for foreign direct investment in construction. The Governments initiative in relaxing complex FDI norms will lead to higher foreign inflows and more liquidity for the sector.
v) Risk and concerns:
While the management of The Company is confident of creating and exploiting the opportunities, it also finds the following challenges:
Macro-Economic Risks: Interest rates, inflation and exchange rate risks are amongst the important macroeconomic indicators.
Liquidity Risk: The time required for liquidity of project can vary depending on the quality and location of the property.
Other Risks: Unanticipated delays in project approvals, Availability of accomplished and trained labour force, increased cost of manpower, rising cost of construction.
Market instability and uncertainty may create a slight flutter for the sector. The Current economic outlook, though not dim, seems bleak and can hamper the industry growth. Continuous change in policies will tend to affect investment as well.
vi) Internal Control system and their adequacy
The Company has adequate internal control systems commensurate with its size and nature of business and complexity of operations. Internal Auditors conduct regular audits and report to the Audit Committee, thus ensuring the adequacy and effectiveness of Internal Control. The observations of the Internal Auditors are reviewed periodically on a quarterly basis and due compliances ensured. The exceptional items are reported to the Board.
vii) Discussion on financial performance with respect to operational performance.
Financial performance with respect to operational performance is discussed in the main part of the Report.
viii) Material Developments in Human Resources / Industrial Relations front, including number of people employed.
The Companys streamlined reporting system ensures efficiency. The Company continues with the job appraisal system ensuring overall growth of the employees of the Company. The Company still invests in training and development of its employees. The thrust of The Company has been on talent improvement through training programmes. Industrial relations have continued to be cordial throughout the year.