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TO THE MEMBERS OF ASPINWALL AND COMPANY LIMITED
Report on the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements
We have audited the standalone financial statements of Aspinwall and Company Limited ("The Company"), which comprise the standalone balance sheet as at 31 March 2019, and the standalone statement of profit and loss (including other comprehensive income), standalone statement of changes in equity and standalone statement of cash flows for the year then ended and notes to the standalone financial statements, including a summary of the significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the aforesaid standalone financial statements give the information required by the Companies Act, 2013 ("Act") in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, of the state of affairs of the Company as at 31 March 2019, and profit and other comprehensive income, changes in equity and its cash flows for the year ended on that date.
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified under section 143(10) of the Act. Our responsibilities under those SAs are further described in the Auditors Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the standalone financial statements under the provisions of the Act and the Rules thereunder, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
Key Audit Matters
Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the standalone financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the standalone financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.
See note 18 to the standalone financial statements
|The key audit matter||How the matter was addressed in our audit|
|The Company has diversified business activities including coffee processing, trading and logistics services.||In view of the significance of the matter we applied the following audit procedures in this area, among others, to obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence:|
|Revenue is recognised when the parties to the contract having commercial substance have approved the contract, the Company can identify each partys rights and payment terms regarding the goods or services to be transferred, the parties are committed to perform their respective obligations and it is probable that the Company will collect the consideration to which it will be entitled in exchange for the goods or services that will be transferred to the customer.||1. We assessed the appropriateness of the revenue recognition accounting policies, by comparing with applicable accounting standards.|
|With respect to sale of goods, revenue is recognised when the customer obtains control of the goods and performance obligation is satisfied, and is measured net of trade discounts. With respect to income from services, revenue is recognized when services are completed and performance obligations are satisfied.||2. We evaluated the design of management controls and assessed the operating effectiveness of the relevant controls with respect to revenue recognition with specific focus on revenue transactions taking place before and after year end date.|
|3. We performed substantive testing by selecting samples of revenue transactions recorded during the year by verifying the underlying documents.|
|We identified revenue recognition as a key audit matter because there is a risk of fraud in revenue recognition due to the pressure management may feel to achieve performance targets at the year end.||4. We tested, on a sample basis, specific revenue transactions recorded before and after the financial year end date to determine whether the revenue had been recognised in the appropriate financial period including review of status of logistics jobs in progress.|
|5. We carried out analytical procedures on revenue recognised during the year to identify unusual variances.|
|6. We performed confirmation procedures on selected customer balances at the balance sheet date.|
|7. Furthermore, we have assessed the appropriateness of managements response to indicators of improper revenue recognition, tested manual journal entries posted to revenue on a sample basis.|
Provision for inventory
See note 9 to the standalone financial statements
|The key audit matter||How the matter was addressed in our audit|
|The inventory of the Company includes coffee, rubber and coir mats. The Management assess the net realisable value (NRV) inventories with reference to the future selling prices. Management writes down the carrying value of certain items of inventory when the NRV falls below their cost. Management also assesses if any of the items of inventory are non-moving and makes appropriate provisions thereof.||In view of the significance of the matter we applied the following audit procedures in this area, among others, to obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence:|
|1. We evaluated the Managements inventory write- down and provisioning policy with reference to prevailing accounting standards.|
|We have identified provision for NRV write down and non-moving inventory as a key audit matter because determining appropriate inventory write-downs and provisions involves predicting the excess quantities of inventory which will remain unsold after the year end and markdowns necessary to sell such inventory, which can be inherently uncertain and requires the exercise of significant management judgement both with respect to estimation of NRV as well as managements ability to dispose the inventory.||2. We assessed whether the inventory write-downs and provisions made at the reporting date were consistent with the Management policy by recalculating the inventory write-downs and provisions based on the relevant parameters in the policy.|
|3. We evaluated the design of management controls and assessed the operating effectiveness of the relevant controls with respect to physical verification of non-moving inventory, provisioning process and accounting.|
|4. We performed substantive testing by selecting samples of sale of similar inventory items by verifying the underlying documents, including the prices at which recent sales have taken place.|
|5. We assessed the reasonableness of the assumptions and judgements applied by the management in arriving at the NRV through verification of orders received from customers as at 31 March 2019.|
|6. We assessed the reasonableness of management assumption about the ability to liquidate the inventory by review of trend of sales of non-moving inventory over the years.|
Information Other than the Standalone Financial Statements and Auditors Report Thereon
The Companys management and Board of Directors are responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the information included in the Companys annual report, but does not include the financial statements and our auditors report thereon.
Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and we will not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the standalone financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the standalone financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. We have nothing to report in this regard.
Managements Responsibility for the Standalone Financial Statements
The Companys management and Board of Directors are responsible for the matters stated in section 134(5) of the Act with respect to the preparation of these standalone financial statements that give a true and fair view of the state of affairs, profit/loss and other comprehensive income, changes in equity and cash flows of the Company in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, including the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) specified under section 133 of the Act. This responsibility also includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding of the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design, implementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records, relevant to the preparation and presentation of the standalone financial statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the standalone financial statements, management and Board of Directors are responsible for assessing the Companys ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.
Board of Directors is also responsible for overseeing the Companys financial reporting process.
Auditors Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the standalone financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditors report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these standalone financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with SAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:
Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the standalone financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under section 143(3)(i) of the Act, we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether the company has adequate internal financial controls with reference to financial statements in place and the operating effectiveness of such controls.
Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
Conclude on the appropriateness of managements use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Companys ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our Auditors report to the related disclosures in the standalone financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our Auditors report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the standalone financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the standalone financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.
From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the standalone financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditors report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.
Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements
1. As required by the Companies (Auditors Report) Order, 2016 ("the Order") issued by the Central Government in terms of section 143 (11) of the Act, we give in the "Annexure A" a statement on the matters specified in paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Order, to the extent applicable.
(A) As required by Section 143 (3) of the Act, we report that:
(a) We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit;
(b) In our opinion, proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the Company so far as it appears from our examination of those books;
(c) The standalone balance sheet, the standalone statement of profit and loss (including other comprehensive income), the standalone statement of changes in equity and the standalone statement of cash flows dealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of account;
(d) In our opinion, the aforesaid standalone financial statements comply with the Ind AS specified under section 133 of the Act with relevant Rules issued thereunder;
(e) On the basis of the written representations received from the directors as on 31 March 2019 taken on record by the Board of Directors, none of the directors is disqualified as on 31 March 2019 from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 164(2) of the Act;
(f) With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls with reference to financial statements of the Company and the operating effectiveness of such controls, refer to our separate Report in "Annexure B";
(B) With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditors Report in accordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014, in our opinion and to the best of our information and ac- cording to the explanations given to us:
i) The Company has disclosed the impact of pending litigations as at 31 March 2019 on its financial position in its standalone financial statements - Refer Note 29 to the standalone financial statements;
ii) The Company has made provision, as required under the applicable law or accounting standards, for material foreseeable losses, if any, on long-term contracts including derivative contracts - Refer Note 33 to the standalone financial statements;
iii. There has been no delay in transferring amounts, required to be transferred, to the Investor Education and Protection Fund by the Company; and
iv. The disclosures in the standalone financial statements regarding holdings as well as dealings in specified bank notes during the period from 8 November 2016 to 30 December 2016 have not been made in these financial statements since they do not pertain to the financial year ended 31 March 2019.
(C) With respect to the matter to be included in the Auditors Report under section 197(16):
In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the remuneration paid by the company to its directors during the current year is in accordance with the provisions of Section 197 of the Act. The remuneration paid to any director is not in excess of the limit laid down under Section 197 of the Act. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has not prescribed other details under Section 197(16) which are required to be commented upon by us.
for B S R & Associates LLP
Firms registration number: 116231W/W-100024
Membership number: 061272
27 May 2019
ANNEXURE - A TO THE INDEPENDENT AUDITORS REPORT
The Annexure referred to in our Independent Auditors Report to the Members of the Company on the standalone financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2019. We report that:
(i) (a) The Company has maintained proper records showing full particulars, including quantitative details and situation of fixed assets.
(b) The Company has a regular programme of physical verification of its fixed assets by which all fixed assets are verified in a phased manner over three years. In our opinion, this periodicity of physical verification is reasonable having regard to the size of the Company and the nature of its assets. Pursuant to the programme, certain fixed assets were physically verified during the year. No material discrepancies were noticed on such verification.
(c) According to the information and explanations given to us and on the basis of our examination of the records of the Company, the title deeds of immovable properties are held in the name of the Company other than the following:
i. The title of land included in Plantation Land and Development, that was taken on long term lease is under dispute (refer Note 29(2) to the standalone financial statements).
ii. The Company is in the process of rectifying the defects in the title to 69 cents of land parcel in Shasthamangalam which is currently disclosed under assets held for sale in Note 8 to the standalone financials statements (Rs. Nil as at 31 March 2019).
iii. The long-term lease agreement for a godown land in Willington Island with Cochin Port Trust (CoPT) has expired and the Company is in the process of renewing the lease arrangement. The carrying value of building constructed on this land is Rs 50 lakhs as at 31 March 2019.
(ii) The inventories, except inventories with third parties, have been physically verified by the management during the year. In our opinion, the frequency of such verification is reasonable. The discrepancies noticed on verification between the physical stock and the book records were not material.
For inventories lying with third parties at the year-end, written confirmations have been obtained by the management.
(iii) The Company has granted loans to two companies covered in the Register maintained under Section 189 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act).
(a) In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the terms and conditions on which the loans were granted to the companies listed in the Register maintained under Section 189 of the Act are not prejudicial to the Companys interest.
(b) In the case of the loans granted to the companies listed in the Register maintained under Section 189 of the Act, the borrowers have been regular in the repayment of the principal and payment of interest, wherever stipulated.
(c) There are no amounts of loans granted to companies, firms, limited liability partnerships or other parties listed in the Register maintained under section 189 of the Act, which are overdue for more than ninety days.
(iv) In our opinion and according to the information and explanation given to us, The Company has complied with the provisions of Sections 185 and 186 of the Act, with respect to the loans given, investments made and guarantees given. Further, there is no security given in respect of which Provisions of Sections 185 and 186 of the Act are applicable.
(v) The Company has not accepted any deposits from the public within the meaning of the directives issued by the Reserve Bank of India, provisions of Section 73 to 76 of the Act, any other relevant provisions of the Act and the relevant rules framed thereunder.
(vi) We have broadly reviewed the books of account maintained by the Company pursuant to the rules prescribed by the Central Government for maintenance of cost records under Section 148 of the Act and are of the opinion that prima facie, the prescribed accounts and records have been made and maintained. However, we have not made a detailed examination of the records.
(vii) (a) According to the information and explanations given to us and on the basis of our examination of the records of the Company, amounts deducted / accrued in the books of account in respect of undisputed statutory dues including Provident fund, Employees State Insurance, Income-tax, Duty of customs, Goods and Service Tax, Cess and any other material statutory dues have generally been regularly deposited during the year by the Company with the appropriate authorities.
According to the information and explanations given to us, no undisputed amounts payable in respect of Provident fund, Employee State Insurance, Income-tax, Duty of customs, Goods and Service Tax, Cess and any other material statutory dues were in arrears, as at 31 March 2019, for a period of more than six months from the date they became payable.
(b) According to the information and explanations given to us, there are no dues of Income tax or Sales tax or Service tax or Duty of customs or Duty of excise or Value added tax or Goods and Service tax which have not been deposited by the Company on account of disputes, except for the following:
|Name of the statute||Nature of dues||Amount (in Rs. in lakhs)||Period to which the amount relates||Forum where dispute is pending|
|Finance Act, 1994 and Service Tax Rules, 1994||Service Tax (Demand)||9||April, 2006 to March, 2010||Customs, Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal, Bangalore|
|Finance Act, 1994 and Service Tax Rules, 1994||Service Tax (Demand)||680||April, 2004 to March, 2012||Customs, Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal, Chennai|
|Finance Act, 1994 and Service Tax Rules, 1994||Service Tax (Demand)||93||October, 2006 to March, 2011||Customs, Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal, Kakinada|
|Finance Act, 1994 and Service Tax Rules, 1994||Service Tax (Demand)||4||May, 2010 to August, 2010||Customs, Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal, Vizag|
|Finance Act, 1994 and Service Tax Rules, 1994||Service Tax (Demand)||23||April 2007 to March 2012||Commissioner (Appeals), Chennai|
|Kerala Value Added Tax Act, 2003||Kerala Value Added Tax||49||FY 2007-08||Kerala Value Added Appelate Tribunal|
|The Kerala Agricultural Income Tax Act, 1991||Agricultural Income Tax||78||FY 2012-14||Kerala Sales Tax Appellate Tribunal, Ernakulam|
* The amount represents the payments made under protest
(viii) In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the Company has not defaulted in repayment of loans or borrowings to banks. The Company did not have any outstanding loans or borrowings from government and financial institutions and there are no dues to debenture holders during the year.
(ix) The Company did not raise any money by way of initial public offer or further public offer (including debt instruments) and term loans during the year. Accordingly, paragraph 3 (ix) of the Order is not applicable.
(x) According to the information and explanations given to us, no material fraud by the Company or on the Company by its officers or employees has been noticed or reported during the course of our audit.
(xi) According to the information and explanations given to us and based on examination of the records of the Company, the Company has paid/ provided managerial remuneration in accordance with the requisite approvals mandated by the provisions of Section 197 read with Schedule V to the Act.
(xii) According to the information and explanations given to us, in our opinion, the Company is not a Nidhi Company as prescribed under Section 406 of the Act.
(xiii) According to the information and explanations given to us and based on our examination of the records of the Company, transactions with the related parties are in compliance with Sections 177 and 188 of the Act, where applicable, and details of such transactions have been disclosed in the standalone financial statements as required by the applicable accounting standards.
(xiv) According to the information and explanations given to us and based on our examination of the records of the Company, the Company has not made preferential allotment or private placement of shares or fully or partly convertible debentures during the year.
(xv) According to the information and explanations given to us and based on our examination of the records of the Company, the Company has not entered into non-cash transactions with directors or persons connected with him.
(xvi) According to the information and explanation given to us and in our opinion the Company is not required to be registered under Section 45-IA of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.
for B S R& Associates LLP
Firms registration number: 116231W/W-100024
Membership number: 061272
27 May 2019