IRB InvIT Fund Auditors Report.
The Unit holders of IRB InvIT Fund
Report on the Audit of Consolidated Financial Statements Opinion
We have audited the accompanying consolidated financial statements of IRB InvIT Fund (hereinafter referred to as "the Fund")and its subsidiaries (the Fund and its subsidiaries together referred to as "the Group"),which comprise the consolidated Balance Sheet as at March 31, 2019, the consolidated Statement of Profit and Loss (including other comprehensive income), the consolidated Statement of Changes in Unit Holders Equity and the consolidated Statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and the consolidated Statement of Net Assets at fair value as at March 31,2019, the consolidated Statement of Total Returns at fair value and the Statement of Net Distributable Cash Flows (NDCFs)of the Fund and each of its subsidiaries for the year then ended, and a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information (hereinafter referred to as "the consolidated financial statements").
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us and based on the consideration of reports of other auditors on separate financial statements and on the other financial information of the subsidiaries, the aforesaid consolidated financial statements give the information required by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Infrastructure Investment Trusts) Regulations, 2014 as amended from time to time including any guidelines and circulars issued thereunder, in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) and/or any addendum thereto as defined in the Rule 2(1 )(a) of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rule, 2015 and other accounting principles generally accepted in India, of the consolidated state of affairs of the Group as at March 31, 2019, its consolidated profit including other comprehensive income, its consolidated cash movements and its consolidated movement of the unit holders funds for the year ended March 31,2019, its consolidated net assets as at March 31,2019, its consolidated total returns and the net distributable cash flows of the Fund and each of its subsidiaries for the year ended March 31,2019.
Basis of Opinion
We conducted our audit of consolidated financial statements in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) issued by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ("ICAI").
Our responsibilities under those Standards are further described in the Auditors Responsibilities for the Audit of the Consolidated Financial Statements Section of our report. We are independent of the Group in accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by ICAI and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with the ICAIs Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion on the consolidated financial statements.
Key Audit Matters
Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgement, were of most significance in our audit of the consolidated financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the consolidated financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters. We have determined the matters described below to be the key audit matters to be communicated in our report.
|Sr. No. Key Audit Matter||Auditors Response|
|1 Provisioning for resurfacing
As per the Concession Agreement, the Group is obligated to carry out resurfacing of the roads. The Group estimates the provision required towards resurfacing in accordance with Ind AS 37 "Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets. The estimate made by the Group over the concession period, involves detailed calculation and judgement. In view of the nature of provision and amount involved, the provision for resurfacing expense is considered to be a key audit matter.
Refer Note 3.17 and Note 39 to the consolidated financial statements
|Our audit procedures included
-Understood the Groups process associated with the estimation of resurfacing obligation;
-Verified the requirement under Concession Agreement and Groups policies;
- Tested the assumption used in determining the resurfacing provisions. Also compared these assumptions with previous year and enquired into the reasons for any variations;
- Tested the arithmetical accuracy and also verified the disclosure in the consolidated financial statements.
|2 Impairment of Toll
The Group operates toll assets which is constructed on Build Operate and Transfer (BOT) basis. The carrying value of the toll collection rights as at March 31, 2019 is 648,912.95 Lakhs. In accordance with its accounting policy (Refer Note 3.21) and requirements under Ind AS 36 "Impairment of Assets",the Management has performed an impairment assessment by comparing the carrying value of the toll collection rights to their recoverable amount.
For the purpose of impairment testing, value in use has been determined by forecasting and discounting future cash flows. Further, the value in use is highly sensitive to changes in critical variable used for forecasting the future cash flows including traffic projection and discounting rate. The determination of the recoverable amount of the toll collection right involves significant judgement and accordingly, the evaluation of impairment of toll collection rights has been determined as a key audit matter.
Also, refer Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements
|Our audit procedures included
- Assessed the appropriateness of the Groups valuation methodology applied in determining the recoverable amount. In making this assessment, we also evaluated the objectivity, independence and competency of specialists involved in the process;
- Assessed the assumptions around the key drivers of the cash flow forecasts, discount rates, revenue projection based on the independent experts traffic study report, etc.;
- Assessed the appropriateness of the weighted average cost of capital used in the determining recoverable amount by engaging valuation expert;
-Discussed/Evaluated potential changes in key drivers as compared to previous year/actual performance with management in order to evaluate whether the inputs and assumptions used in the cash flow forecasts were suitable;
- Assessed the recoverable value headroom by performing sensitivity analysis of key assumptions used
- Tested the arithmetical accuracy of the model.
|3 Toll revenue in respect of
toll collection under the Service Concession Agreement
The Groups right to collect toll under the concession agreement with National Highway (NHAI)
Authority of India falls within the scope of Appendix C of Ind AS 115, "Service Concession Arrangements". The Group operates and earns revenue by collecting toll on the road constructed. This involves large volume of cash collection and use of customised equipment installed at the toll plaza for correctly identifying vehicle type, calculating fare and for appropriate billing and collection on information technology systems for the related automated and IT dependent controls.
Refer Note 3.8 and Note 22 to the Consolidated Financial Statements
|Our audit procedures included
- Obtained an understanding of the processes and control placed for toll collection and evaluating the key controls around such process and testing those controls for the operating effectiveness
- Tested a selection of Information Technology General Controls (ITGCs) supporting the integrity of the tolling system operation, including access, operations and change management controls;
- Verified the reconciliation of toll collection as per transaction report (generated from toll system) with cash deposited in bank and revenue recorded in the books;
- Reviewed the management rationalisation, by multiplying that toll rate charged for each category of vehicle as per NHAIs notification with the number of vehicles (as per Schedule M submitted with NHAI) and its reconciliation with the revenue recorded in accounts.
- On test check basis, traced the daily collection from bank statement to daily cash toll collected and the revenue recorded in the books.
- Performed analytics procedures on transactions to detect unusual transactions for further examination;
- On test check basis, verified classification of vehicle independently from stored images and videos recorded by the Group;
-Performed revenue cut off procedures to ensure completeness of revenue.
|Key Audit Matter||Auditors Response|
|4 Unused tax credits ( MAT credit Entitlement) One of the subsidiary companies has unused tax credits of 3,257.84 Lakhs as at March 31, 2019 (MAT Credit Entitlement). Since the subsidiary Company has incurred losses in the last two financial years, the utilisation of unused tax credits in the remaining tenure of the Concession period has been determined to be a key audit matter. Refer Note 3.12 and Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements.||Our audit procedures included the following:|
|-We have obtained the estimates and projections from the management|
|- Discussed with the management the key drivers in the projections|
|- Assessed the assumptions used in the projections|
|- Checked the mathematical accuracy of the projections|
Information Other than the Consolidated Financial Statements and Auditors Report Thereon
The management of IRB Infrastructure Private Limited ("Investment Manager") is responsible for the preparation of the other information. The other information comprises the information included in the Management Discussion and Analysis, Investment Managers Report including Annexures to Investment Managers Report and Investment Managers Information, but does not include the consolidated financial statements and our auditors report thereon.
Our opinion on the consolidated financial statements does not cover the other information and we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the consolidated financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the consolidated financial statements or our knowledge obtained during the course of our audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.
If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.
Managements Responsibility for the Consolidated Financial Statements
Investment Manager is responsible for the preparation of these consolidated financial statements that give a true and fair view of the consolidated financial position as at March 31, 2019, consolidated financial performance including other comprehensive income, consolidated cash movements and the consolidated movement of the unit holders funds for the year ended March 31, 2019, the consolidated net assets as at March 31, 2019, the consolidated total returns of the Fund and the net distributable cash flows of the Fund and each of its subsidiaries in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India, including the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) and/or any addendum thereto as defined in Rule 2(1)(a) of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015, as amended read with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Infrastructure Investment Trusts) Regulations, 2014 as amended from time to time including any guidelines and circulars issued thereunder (together referred to as the "InvIT Regulations").
The respective Board of Directors of the companies included in the Group are responsible for maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding of the assets of the Group and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; the selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making
judgements and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and the design, implementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls, that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records, relevant to the preparation and presentation of the consolidated financial statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, which have been used for the purpose of preparation of the consolidated financial statements by the management of the Fund, as aforesaid.
In preparing the consolidated financial statements, the respective Board of Directors of the Companies included in the Group are responsible for assessing the ability of the Group to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Group or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.
The respective Board of Directors of the Companies included in the Group are also responsible for overseeing the financial reporting process of the Group.
Auditors Responsibilities for the Audit of the Consolidated Financial Statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditors report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these consolidated financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with SAs, we exercise professional judgement and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:
Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
Obtain an understanding of internal financial controls relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of such controls.
Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
Conclude on the appropriateness of managements use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the ability of the Group to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditors report to the related disclosures in the consolidated financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditors report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Group to cease to continue as a going concern.
Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the consolidated financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the consolidated financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
Obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence regarding the financial information of the entities or business activities within the Group to express an opinion on the consolidated financial statements. For companies included in the consolidated financial statements, which have been audited by other auditors, such other auditors remain responsible for the direction, supervision and performance of the audits carried out by them. We remain solely responsible for our audit opinion.
Materiality is the magnitude of misstatements in the consolidated financial statements that, individually or in aggregate, makes it probable that the economic decisions of a reasonably knowledgeable user of the financial statements may be influenced. We consider quantitative materiality and qualitative factors in (i) planning the scope of our audit work and in evaluating the results of our work; and (ii) to evaluate the effect of any identified misstatements in the consolidated financial statements.
We communicate with those charged with governance of the Fund included in the consolidated financial statements of which we are the independent auditors regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.
From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the consolidated financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditors report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.
We did not audit the financial statements and other financial information of 7 subsidiaries, whose financial statements reflect total assets of 1,283,963.35 Lakhs and net assets of 147,935.65 Lakhs as at March 31,2019, total revenues of 122,227.72 Lakhs and net cash outflows amounting to 2,334.67 Lakhs for the year ended on that date, as considered in the consolidated financial statements before giving effect to elimination of intra-group transactions. These financial statements and other financial information have been audited by other auditors whose reports have been furnished to us by the management and our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, in so far as it relates to the amounts and disclosures included in respect of these subsidiaries and our report in terms of InvIT regulations, in so far as it relates to the aforesaid subsidiaries is based solely on the reports of the other auditors.
Our opinion above on the consolidated financial statements, and our reports on the Legal and Regulatory Requirements below, is not modified in respect of the above matters with respect to our reliance on the work done and reports of the other auditors.
Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements
Based on our audit and as required by InvIT Regulations, we report that;
a) We have obtained all the information and explanations which, to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purpose of our audit;
b) The Consolidated Balance Sheet, and the Consolidated Statement of Profit and Loss are in agreement with the books of account maintained for the purpose of preparation of the consolidated financial statements; and
c) In our opinion, the aforesaid consolidated financial statements comply with the Accounting Standards (Ind AS) and/or any addendum thereto as defined in Rule 2(1)(a) of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015, as amended.
FOR SURESH SURANA & ASSOCIATES LLP
Firms Reg. No. 121750W/W-100010
Dated: May 2, 2019