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<dhhead>Management Discussion and Analysis</dhhead>

Global Pharmaceutical Industry1

The global pharmaceutical industry has risen to the challenge of the COVID-19 pandemic by developing effective vaccines and therapeutics and overcoming unprecedented supply chain disruptions. This is a true testament to the industry’s adaptability and resilience in the face of a global health crisis. While the industry is expected to return to pre-pandemic growth rates by 2024, uncertainties related to viral variants, vaccine distribution, economic and geopolitical factors may impact future growth.

Following a rebound in global medicine use in 2021 after the pandemic, growth slowed in 2022 and spending inched up from US$ 1.42 Trillion to US$ 1.48 Trillion. The global pharmaceutical spending is projected to grow by a CAGR of 3-6% between 2023 and 2027, to reach a total market size of approximately US$ 1.9 Trillion. The growth is expected to be primarily driven by the COVID-19 vaccination and introduction of novel medicines. This will be offset by the loss of exclusivity and the lower costs of generics and biosimilars.

Regional spending and volume growth trends will continue to diverge with developed markets growing at a slower rate than Pharmerging markets**. US pharmaceutical spending is expected to grow at 2.5%-5.5% CAGR through 2027 helped by increased spend on existing medicines as well as introduction of new medicines. However, on a net price basis, the US market is forecast to grow at lower rate reflecting the impact of newly introduced Inflation Reduction Act. The Asia-Pacific region is projected to experience steady growth after the pandemic, while China is expected to see a slowdown in growth due to pricing pressures. It is expected that spending on pharmaceuticals in India will continue to increase at a CAGR of 7.5–10.5% to reach US$35–39 Billion annually by 2027. Among other Pharmerging markets, Latin America and Eastern Europe are among the fastest-growing regions in terms of medicine spending globally.

Graph 1

Global Pharmaceutical Market1 Table 1

(US$ Billion)

Regions

2022

2018-2022 CAGR

2027

2023-2027 CAGR

Developed Markets

1,088

5.7%

1,370-1,400

2.5-5.5%

Pharmerging Markets

371

7.2%

487-518

5-8%

Other Markets

23

6.0%

29-33

4.5-7.5%

Global Pharmaceutical Market

1,482

6.1%

1,900-1,930

3-6%

 

Global Pharmaceutical Market – Share by Product Type1 Table 2

(% of Total)
Region Original Brands Non-original Unbranded OTC, Vaccines & Total
(%)

Brands (%)

Generics (%)

Others (%)

(US$ Billion)

Year

2022

2027

2022

2027

2022

2027

2022

2027

2022

2027

Developed Markets

73

71-75

10

11-12

9

7-8

8

7-8

1,088

1,370-1400

Pharmerging Markets

28

26-31

34

30-36

13

12-13

25

22-27

371

487-518

Other Markets

33

27-37

47

36-55

6

6-10

14

8-19

23

29-33

Global Markets

61

60-62

16

17-19

10

8-10

13

11-13

1,482

1,900-1,930

 

Key Trends

Specialty Medicines: Specialty medicines that treat chronic, complex, and rare diseases have been increasing as a share of spending in higher-income countries. They are expected to be 43% of global spending by 2027. Pharmerging countries have lagged behind in usage of Specialty medicines mainly due to higher prices. Specialty medicines comprised 16% of Pharmerging countries drug spending in 2022, and it is expected to be unchanged as a share of spending in 2027.

Key Therapy Areas: The therapy areas with the highest spending forecast in 2027 are Oncology, Immunology, and Diabetes, followed by Cardiovascular System. Oncology is expected to grow 13–16% CAGR through to 2027 as novel treatments will continue to be launched in this category. Immunology is expected to grow relatively slower in the range of 3-6% due to the price erosion driven by launch of biosimilars. With nearly US$ 168 Billion in revenues by 2027, Diabetes is expected to be the third- largest therapy area globally, with growth estimated to be 3–6% over the next five years. Most other therapy areas are expected to grow at lower growth rates through 2027 with the exception of Obesity. Availability of new highly effective treatments and wider global usage is expected to enable Obesity spending to grow at 35-38%.

Per Capita Consumption: Per capita use of medicines is directly correlated with GDP. Countries such as Japan and those in Western Europe have more than double the per capita medicine use of Pharmerging markets.

COVID-19 Impact: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the pharmaceutical industry, with global spending on medicines expected to exceed pre-pandemic projections by US$ 497 Billion by 2027 due to new spending on COVID-19 vaccines and therapeutics.

 

One of the key growth drivers for the pharmaceutical industry is the increasing life expectancy. With declining fertility rates and improved healthcare, the proportion of elderly in the population is increasing. This demographic shift is driving demand for healthcare solutions that can address age-related health issues and chronic ailments.

Another significant factor driving increased pharmaceutical spending involves people’s lifestyle. Sedentary lifestyles, unhealthy dietary habits, hectic and stressful work habits, decreasing sleep quality and exposure to environmental factors are leading to a higher incidence of chronic and lifestyle related diseases. This shift is driving demand for relevant medical and pharmaceutical solutions.

Longer Life Expectancy

Changing Lifestyle

Improved Purchasing Power

Health Insurance and Infrastructure

The middle-class population and per capita income are expanding, particularly in emerging markets. As purchasing power and awareness increases, patients can afford newer and more expensive treatments. This phenomenon has led to increasing spend on healthcare solutions, including pharmaceutical products.

The penetration of health insurance is expected to increase with government-sponsored initiatives and programmes, making healthcare more affordable and accessible to the population. This will drive demand for healthcare solutions. Additionally, improvements in healthcare infrastructure, including hospitals and clinics, will also drive demand for pharmaceutical products.

Innovation and Digital Adoption
Major technological shifts have encouraged the rapid adoption of advanced analytics in the pharmaceutical industry. Advanced analytics provide insights into customer behaviour, help in clinical trial design, and optimise the supply chain, driving growth and productivity across the pharma value chain. The use of digital technologies such as telemedicine and artificial intelligence (AI) enables remote diagnosis, personalised medicine, and drug discovery. These digital technologies and advanced analytics are expected to play a significant role in increasing the adoption of modern medicine.

 

Developed Markets

Growth in the pharmaceutical industry in developed markets is expected to be led by the introduction of new drugs. Specialty medicines are forecast to account for a significant portion, exceeding 55% of total spending in developed markets in 2027. However, pharmaceuticals in developed markets face challenges such as biosimilar competition and increasing number of patent expiries. Despite these challenges, the increasing adoption of specialty medicines is expected to persist, particularly in oncology and immunology.

 

Developed Markets – Pharmaceutical Spending and Growth1 Table 3

(US$ Billion)

Region/Country

2022

2018-2022 CAGR

2027

2023-2027 CAGR

Top 10 Developed Markets

968.9

5.7%

1,207-1,237

2.5-5.5%

Other Developed Markets

119.4

6.4%

156-176

4-7%

Total Developed Markets

1088.3

5.7%

1,370-1,400

2.5-5.5%

 

US1

The US pharmaceutical industry is expected to witness subdued growth over the next five years due to several factors namely increased discounts and rebates, upcoming patent expiries and heightened competition from new generic and biosimilar drugs. However, spending on medicines is still projected to increase by US$ 134 Billion annually by 2027, with the main driver being the use of existing branded products.

The key contributors towards the annual increase in US medicine spending by 2027 are expected to include the increasing use of existing protected brand products (154 Billion) and new brands (122 Billion) offset by Loss of Exclusivity on existing products (141 Billion). Therefore, despite the challenges of Loss of Exclusivity, innovation is expected to drive growth with the launch of new oncology drugs and next generation biotherapeutics.

Off-invoice discounts and rebates result in spending that is estimated at 36% lower than the invoice level in 2022 and projected to be 45% lower than the invoice level in 2027. On a net price basis, US market is expected to grow at -1 to 2% through 2027. Introduction of Inflation Reduction Act or IRA is expected to be a key reason of increasing off-invoice discounts and rebates.

 

Top 5 Western European Markets (WE5)1

The top five Western European pharmaceutical markets are expected to experience a mix of opportunities and challenges over the next five years. Despite the pandemic’s sustained impact on marketing operations early on and budget pressures affecting reimbursement decisions later, the launch of new brands is expected to continue driving growth through to 2027. Additionally, generics and biosimilars are projected to contribute to growth, though this may be offset by price deflation and losses of exclusivity.

The oncology and neurology therapies are among the areas expected to see significant growth, along with next generation biotherapeutics.

 

Japan1

The Japan pharmaceutical market is expected to register limited or no growth due to long-term trends affecting long-listed brands. Although there will be a rebound from the pandemic’s impact, annual pricing revisions are expected to continue. Protected brands have gained a larger share of spending while long-listed product spending has continued to decline. Generic spending is expected to rise due to effective government policies.

 

Pharmerging Markets1

The Pharmerging markets are projected to show 5-8% revenue CAGR between 2023-27, primarily driven by the increasing usage of generic drugs and branded generics. These markets have shown resilience during the pandemic, with many countries being impacted by COVID-19 in later waves and thereby experiencing less of the early wave behaviour changes. Pharmerging and lower-income countries have a lower share of spending from originator products, with a greater focus on either generics or non-original branded products, which are typically priced lower.

Latin America and Eastern Europe are among the fastest-growing regions in terms of medicine spending globally. Brazil and Mexico are expected to lead the growth in Latin America at 9-12% and 7.5-10.5%, CAGR respectively through 2027. In Eastern Europe, Russia is projected to grow at 6-9% CAGR through 2027. However, the ongoing Ukraine conflict has impacted medicine use and spending in Ukraine, as well as potentially impacting neighbouring countries with the medical needs of displaced persons and economic activity.

 

Pharmerging Markets – Pharmaceutical Spending and Growth1 Table 4

(US$ Billion)

Region

2022

2018-2022 CAGR

2027

2023-2027 CAGR

Pharmerging Markets

370.8

7.2%

487-518

5-8%

 

India1

The Indian pharmaceutical industry has been experiencing steady growth with a focus on generic medicines. It is expected that spending on pharmaceuticals in India will continue to increase, with a CAGR of 7.5–10.5% between 2023-27 to reach US$ 35-39 Billion annually. The industry’s continued focus on generics is a key factor to its growth, as they are typically priced lower than branded medicines. The industry’s low-cost structure and its ability to produce large quantities of medicines have also made it a key player in the global pharmaceutical market.

 

Speciality Medicines1

Specialty medicines, which treat chronic, complex, and rare diseases, have seen an increase in spending in higher-income countries, including the 10 largest developed countries and other high and upper-middle-income countries.

By 2027, it is projected that specialty medicines will make up 43% of global medicine spending. The share of specialty spending in the top-10 developed economies is expected to be higher at 56%. As Specialty medicines treat rare diseases with smaller patient population, they tend to treat only 2-3% of overall patients. As the spend on Specialty medicines is increasing, it is also notable that the costs of traditional therapies have been declining.

 

Graph 6

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs)2

The global market for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) has been growing steadily and is expected to continue growing from US$ 210 Billion to reach US$ 292 Billion by 2027, at a CAGR of 5.64% during 2021-27.

 

Growth Drivers for API

Consumer Healthcare (CHC) Market3

The consumer health industry has demonstrated impressive resilience throughout the past three years of the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite the challenges posed by the outbreak, the industry has maintained steady growth, with categories such as Vitamins, Minerals, and Supplements (VMS) stepping up to compensate for the shortfalls in Cold/flu and Pain categories during periods of lockdown and social distancing. The global consumer healthcare (CHC) market is currently valued at US$ 175 Billion (MAT Q2 2022) and is expected to continue growing at a rate of approximately 6% annually over the next five years.

 

Sun Pharma: A Leading Global Pharmaceutical Company

Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited, its subsidiaries, and associates (together, "Sun Pharma") is a leading global pharmaceutical company and the largest pharmaceutical company in India. Sun Pharma delivers high-quality medicines that are trusted by customers and patients in more than 100 countries. The Company boasts of a multicultural workforce comprising over 50 nationalities.

Sun Pharma’s marketed portfolio comprises innovative specialty medicines, branded generics, pure generics and APIs. The Company’s R&D skills, strong manufacturing capabilities and a global commercial presence enable it to meet the evolving needs of patients and customers worldwide.

Sun Pharma has a large and diverse manufacturing footprint spread across multiple countries, approved by major regulatory agencies. The Company’s manufacturing capabilities include a broad range of dosage forms, namely pills, capsules, injectables, sprays, ointments, creams, liquids, drug delivery systems, APIs and intermediates.

 

Major Milestones

Year

Deals

Country

Rationale

2023

Launched Sezaby

US

Addition to portfolio of specialty branded products. Treatment of neonatal seizures

2022

Acquired Concert Pharma in the US

US

Adding a late-stage product to dermatology franchise

2022

Acquired Uractiv™ Portfolio from Fiterman Pharma

Romania

Expand non-prescription product basket in Romania and neighbouring markets

2022

In-licensing agreement to expand Winlevi?

Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Brazil, Mexico and Russia

Increasing access to new markets for Winlevi?

2022

Taro (Suns subsidiary company) acquired Alchemee Business from Galderma

US, Japan and Canada

Acquired the ‘Proactiv’, ‘Restorative Elements’ and ‘In Defense of Skin’ brands. Strengthens Taro’s OTC portfolio

2021

In-licensed agreement for Winlevi?

US and Canada

Topical treatment of acne vulgaris

2020

Exclusive out-licensing agreement with

Middle East and

Registration and commercialisation of the product in all

Hikma for Ilumya

North Africa

Middle East & North Africa (MENA) markets

2020

In-licensing agreement with SPARC for SCD-044

Global

Potential indication in psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and other

auto-immune disorders

2019

Out-licensing agreement with AstraZeneca UK for

Mainland China

Access to oncology market in Mainland China

ready-to-use infusion oncology products

2019

Licensing agreement with CMS for Tildrakizumab,

Greater China

Access to Greater China market

Cequa and 8 generic products

2018

Acquired Pola Pharma in Japan

Japan

Access to Japanese dermatology market

2016

Acquired global rights for Cequa and Odomzo

Global

Enhances specialty pipeline

2016

Acquired Biosintez

Russia

Local manufacturing capability to enhance presence in

Russian market

2016

Out-licensing agreement with Almirall for

Europe

Access to European market for Tildrakizumab

Tildrakizumab

2016

Acquired 14 brands from Novartis

Japan

Entry into Japan

2015

Acquired InSite Vision Inc.

US

Strengthens branded ophthalmic portfolio in the US

2015

Sun Pharma-Ranbaxy merger

Global Markets

Strengthen position in the global generic pharma industry.

#1 Pharma Company in India and strong positioning in

emerging markets

2014

In-licensing agreement with Merck for Tildrakizumab

Global Markets

Strengthening the specialty product pipeline

2014

Acquired Pharmalucence

US

Access to sterile injectable capacity in the US

2012

Acquired DUSA Pharma, Inc.

US

Access to specialty drug-device combination in dermatology

segment

2010

Acquired Taro Pharmaceutical

Israel and Canada

Access to dermatology generics portfolio

Industries Ltd.

manufacturing facilities at Israel & Canada

1997

Acquired Caraco

US

Entry into the US market

 

Our Global Specialty Business*

Specialty medicines are the latest generation of products that are specifically developed for treating chronic, complex, and rare diseases. In 2022, they accounted for around 43% of the global pharmaceutical spending, up from 32% in 2017. They account for 49% of pharmaceutical spending in top-10 developed markets in 2022, expected to grow to 56% in respective markets by 2027. This highlights the sustained growth of specialty medicines in addressing the unmet medical needs of patients worldwide.

 

Share of Speciality Medicines in Overall Pharmaceutical Spending – By Market1 Table 5

(%)

Year

2012

2017

2022

2027

Top 10 Developed Market

28

40

49

56

Other Developed Market

27

36

39

47

Pharmerging Market

10

12

16

16

Global Market

24

32

43

43

 

Beginning with acquisition of DUSA in 2012, Sun Pharma has continued to expand its global specialty offering. Within specialty, the Company is mainly focused on addressing patient needs in areas of dermatology, ophthalmology and onco-dermatology. Sun’s investments in specialty have continued in three core areas

• Attain product access through in-licensing/acquisitions and in-house R&D

• Clinical development of pipeline specialty assets

• Build front-end commercial infrastructure

*Global Specialty revenues are separately reported but also as a part of geographical businesses, including US and others.

 

FY23 Highlights

During the year, Sun acquired Concert Pharma Inc. The lead asset of Concert, deuruxolitinib, has successfully completed global Phase-3 trials including in the US, for the indication of treatment of Alopecia Areata. The Company also launched SEZABY (phenobarbital sodium injection) for the US market, for the treatment of neonatal seizures. SEZABY is the first and only product approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of neonatal seizures in term and preterm infants.

Till date, Sun Pharma has marketed approximately 26 specialty products across different markets, which contributed ~16.2% to the Company’s consolidated revenues for FY23.

 

Currently Marketed Specialty Portfolio

Table 6

Product Description
Ilumya/ For treatment of adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis who are candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy
Ilumetri • Long term clinical data shows that the significant response rate seen in 52 & 64 weeks were maintained over five years1
• Ongoing Phase-3 trials for Psoriatic Arthritis
• Current Markets: US, Australia, Japan, Canada, Europe (by partner Almirall)
• Out licensed to CMS for Greater China where it received approval in May 2023 & to Hikma for Middle East & North Africa
Winlevi Topical treatment of acne vulgaris in patients 12 years of age and older
• Results from two pivotal clinical trials showed favourable safety and efficacy data for WINLEVI in patients with acne aged 12
years and older2
• Current Markets: US
Levulan For photodynamic therapy (treatment) of minimally to moderately thick actinic keratoses of the face or scalp, or actinic keratoses of
Kerastick + the upper extremities
BLU-U • First and only PDT approved to treat the face and scalp as well as the upper arms, forearms, and hands3
• Current Markets: US
Product Description
Absorica LD Treatment of severe recalcitrant nodular acne in non-pregnant patients 12 years of age and older with multiple inflammatory nodules
with a diameter of 5 mm or greater
• After one 20-week course of ABSORICA therapy, 95% of patients didn’t require additional isotretinoin treatment up to two years
posttreatment4
• Current Markets: US
Odomzo Treatment of adult patients with locally advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) that has recurred following surgery or radiation therapy,
or those who are not candidates for surgery or radiation therapy.
• ODOMZO was shown to shrink laBCC in almost 6 out of 10 patients (56%) in a clinical study. laBCC Patients were treated with
ODOMZO? and followed for at least 18 months5
• Currently marketed in US, Canada, Germany, France, Denmark, Switzerland, Spain, Italy, Australia and Israel
Cequa To increase tear production in patients with keratoconjunctivitis sicca (dry eye)
• Phase 3 confirmatory study observed clinically and statistically significant improvements in tear production and ocular surface
integrity in patients6
• Current Markets: US, Canada
• Out-licensed to CMS for Greater China in June 2019
Bromsite Treatment of postoperative inflammation and prevention of ocular pain in patients undergoing cataract surgery
• More than 2x as many patients treated with Bromsite? were inflammation-free at day 15 than those treated with vehicle and
nearly 80% of patients treated with Bromsite? were pain-free at day 1 post surgery7
• Current Markets: US
Xelpros Reduction of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
• In clinical trials, XELPROS demonstrated reductions from baseline in intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle
glaucoma or ocular hypertension8
• Current Markets: US
Yonsa In combination with methylprednisolone for the treatment of patients with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).
• Yonsa? was shown in clinical studies to be an effective form of abiraterone acetate, and can be taken with or without food,
in combination with methylprednisolone9
• Current Markets: US
Sezaby First and only product approved in the US for treating seizures in neonatal patients
• NEOLEV2 study compared phenobarbital to levetiracetam in the first-line treatment of neonatal seizures. 24 hours following the
administration, 73% vs. 25% were seizure-free in the respective groups10
• Current Markets: US
Sprinkle For therapeutic solutions for long-term care (LTC) patients
portfolio • Products using sprinkle technology for patients who have difficulty swallowing
• Sprinkle versions of metoprolol (cardiology), rosuvastatin (cardiology) & duloxetine (neuro-psychiatry)
• Current Markets: US

 

Source: (1, 2, 4, 6, 9 & 10 – Sun press release), (3 – Levulan website), (5 – product label), (7 & 8 – product label)

 

Specialty R&D Pipeline

Sun Pharma has a pipeline of five specialty molecules undergoing clinical trials: