Established in 2006, Orient Green Power Company Ltd., part of the Shriram Group, is among leading Independent Power Producer in the country. Focused on developing, owning and operating a diversified portfolio of renewable energy power assets, the Companys portfolio of 531 MW as of March 2016, comprises of 425 MW of Wind energy assets and 106 MW of Biomass energy assets.
OGPL is Headquartered in Chennai, Tamil Nadu and has Wind power plants in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat and Biomass power plants in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Telangana. The Company also owns and operates a 10.5 MW wind power plant in Croatia. OGPL has diversified customer offtake arrangements and supplies the power generated to SEBs, Group Captive Customers, Merchant Power as well as sale through the energy exchanges. OGPL is also one of the leading supplier of RECs in the country.
In addition to the majority shareholding held by the Shriram Group, Orient Green Power is backed by global private equity fund investors like Bessemer Venture Partners and an affiliate of Olympus Capital.
During FY 2015-16, the global macroeconomic landscape continued to charter an uncertain terrain characterized by weak growth of world output. This was marked by the declining prices of a number of commodities, turbulent financial markets and volatile currency rates. During the year, some economies strengthened, while others faced deepening stress due to continued challenging financial conditions. Growth in emerging markets and developing economies, which account for over two-thirds of global growth has declined for the fifth consecutive year. Undoubtedly, there have been some green shoots, but synchronized and sustainable global growth continues to remain elusive. As a result, the world economy continues to grow at a modest pace. Growth of world GDP is projected at 2.9% in 2016, compared to 2.4% in 2015.
This divergence of growth across the various economies served as a reminder of vulnerability within the global economic landscape. For commodity exporters and several emerging market economies, balance of trade has worsened, capital inflows were impacted, reserves have been drawn down and currencies have weakened. Currency depreciation has proved so far to be an extremely useful buffer for a range of economic shocks. However, further falls in commodity prices could lead to even more problems for commodity exporters, including intensified currency depreciation that could potentially trigger still-hidden balance sheet vulnerabilities. In some countries, beyond these very general trends, there is an overlay of political or geopolitical tension that magnifies the purely economic challenges. As a result there has been a sharp shift towards risk-aversion by global investors.
The global outlook was significantly influenced by gradual slowdown and rebalancing of economic activity in China as its economy transitions from investment and manufacturing to consumption and services. But the global spillovers from Chinas reduced rate of growth, through its diminished imports and lower demand for commodities, have been much larger than anticipated.
Among the larger economies, the US economy has shown the most significant progress over the last year. There have been improvements in both structural and cyclical factors and this has led the US Federal reserve to commence the reversal of the Quantitative Easing program launched in the aftermath of the global financial crisis of 2008. This monetary tightening is in contrast to the continuing accommodation by the European Central Bank and the Bank of Japan. In todays world of tightly linked but still nationally distinct economies, the issues have become much more complex as the impact of policies of one country have a spillover effect on other economies across the globe. The overall subdued performance of the world economy in recent years has raised concerns of a "new normal" of lower growth. More importantly, the multiple challenges that have besieged several global economies and the overall environment of heightened volatility has resulted in reduced capital investment. The broad-based weakness in investment worldwide not only holds back current growth, but also reduces potential growth in the future.
Within the backdrop of continued uncertainty in the global landscape, Indias growth story has largely remained positive on the strength of domestic absorption, and the country has registered a robust and steady pace of economic growth in 2015-16. Additionally, other key macroeconomic parameters like inflation, fiscal deficit and current account balance have exhibited distinct signs of improvement. The fall in commodity prices has been of immense benefit to India, which is heavily dependent on imports, hence the trade and current account deficits continue to be moderate.
The growth in Indian GDP in FY2016 is expected to improve to 7.6% during the current fiscal year compared with 7.2% last year. This is on the back of substantial jump in the manufacturing growth rate. Growth in agriculture has slackened due to two successive years of poor monsoon rains. Saving and investment rates are showing hardly any signs of revival. The rupee has depreciated vis--vis the US dollar, like most other currencies in the world, although less so in magnitude. At the same time, it has appreciated against a number of other major currencies.
During the year, the Government undertook several credible initiatives in the areas of reviving infrastructure investments, easing the process of doing business, improved financial inclusion, a more accommodative FDI regime and a refreshing approach towards key policy areas such as defence, foreign policy, urban developmentand power. The impact of most of these measures will be better gauged over a longer period of time but the start has been encouraging.
The International Monetary Fund hailed India as a bright spot amidst a slowing global economy. According to the World Bank, India will overtake China as worlds fastest-growing major economy by 2017. Given the fact that the government is committed to carrying the reform process forward, aided by the prevailing macroeconomic stability, it appears that conditions do exist for raising the economys growth momentum and achieving higher rates of growth in the years ahead.
Indias power sector, one of the most diversified in the world, ranks fifth globally in terms of generation capacity. Indias installed capacity as of March, 2016 stood at 302 GW of which 26,769 MW constitute Wind, 6,763 MW constitute Solar and thermal power constituted the bulk with 69%.In addition to having the fifth largest installed capacities, India is also the third largest producer of electricity in the world. In FY16, India generated 1,107 BU of electricity.
As per the 12th Five Year Plan, India is targeting a total of 88.4 GW of power capacity addition by 2017, of which, 72.3 GW constitutes thermal power, 10.8 GW hydro and 5.3 GW nuclear. It is commendable that the capacity addition has been steadily increasing in each of the five year plans. However, even after the considerable growth in the power sector infrastructure and the supply of electricity, many parts of the country continue to face severe power shortages as consumption by commercial and industrial consumers has been increasing at a faster rate than electricity supply. Indias per capita power consumption pales in comparison when viewed against its peers. The expected pickup in economic growth coupled with associated increase in economic activities particularly in industries like cement, steel, mining, food processing and other manufacturing industries demand is expected to outpace the generation pace.
Energy is one of the pivotal components for a countrys economic development and social progress. Being a focus area, it has started to benefit from forward looking policies and effective implementation of directives by the Government in recent years in turn facilitating transformational changes in the sector.
Electricity demand by sector and generation in the New Policies Scenario (TWh)
|Other energy sector||0||6||8||10||13||7||2.7%|
|PG own use||40||82||107||160||229||147||3.9%|
Source: International Energy Agency
Indias energy consumption has almost doubled since 2000 and with the nation now poised to be the fastest growing economy globally; the potential for incremental demand is enormous. India is set to contribute more than any other country to the projected rise in global energy demand, around one-quarter of the total. Further, with usage of energy expected to decline in many developed countries and with China entering a much less energy-intensive phase in its development India is expected to drive majority of the energy demand. Indias urbanization is a key driver of energy trends: an additional 315 million people - almost the population of the United States today - are expected to live in Indias cities by 2040. While developing capacity to cater to the increased demand will certainly be challenging, it is equally important to ensure that incremental capacity also sits well in terms of parameters such as environmental protection, fuel availability & supply, energy mix as well as economic contributors such as job - creation, foreign exchange and overall GDP growth.
In light of this, coordinated actions are being directed at both national and state level towards removing obstacles to investment in energy supply besides focusing on energy efficiency and pricing reform. Some of the recent measures undertaken by the ministry include charting out a clear road map for doubling Coal Indias production to 1bn tonnes/year by 2020, in an attempt to curb the expensive coal imports. Further, to achieve the vision of 24x7 power for all by 2019 the government is targeting to electrify 18,452 villages in 1,000 days (5,372 done in 200 days) by working with individual state governments to revive Discoms under the UDAY scheme and investments of INR 1.4 trillion under Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana and Integrated Power Development Scheme. A combination of such measures besides others has started showing early signs of success - the sector reported record capacity additions in generation & transmission capacity, the highest growth in coal supplies in the last 2 decades and incidents of stranded gas plants commencing operations.
Indias renewable energy portfolio stands at 42.7GW as of March 2016, constituting 14.1% of the overall energy mix. The share of renewable energy over the years has been rapidly increasing primarily on the back of supportive policies being implemented by the Government. Improved evacuation infrastructure, improved technical expertise, a longer performance track record and better understanding by bankers and financiers are fosteri strong regional variations
Renewable energy space in general has been gaining significant traction in developing countries in recent times with 2015 being the first instance where investments in emerging countries especially in China and India, has surpassed those by wealthy nations, as per an UN-backed report. Developing world including China, India and Brazil committed a total of USD 156 billion in new renewables capacity last year, up 19% over 2014; in contrast investments by developed countries were down 8% in 2015 to USD 130 billion. Within the developing-economy category, China, India and Brazil saw investment rise 16% to USD 120.2 billion, while other developing economies enjoyed a 30% bounce to USD 36.1 billion. India ranked amongst the top 10 investing countries in renewable energy, with a 22% rise in its commitment to USD 10.2 billion. Further, Indian renewable energy companies also attracted USD 548 million in venture capital/PE funding in 2015, which is more than all of Europe (USD 301 million) and is second only to the US.
Indias renewable energy installed capacity has increased 11 times from 3.8 GW in FY05 to about 43 GW in March 2016.
The rapid growth in renewables will be supported by the expected pace of cost reductions-costs of onshore wind and utility-scale solar PV are likely to fall by 25% and 40%, respectively, over the next 20 years.
India is the fifth largest wind power producer in the world after China, US, Germany and Spain. The Wind sector, which dominates the renewable energy in the country with a share of 63% of the overall mix, has undergone a major shift from tax-credit driven investment to mainstream IPPs. This has led to setting up of large wind farms deploying the latest technology and practiceslarger MW class wind turbines, improved O&M practices for extending plant life, use of logistics tools for more efficient construction and maintenance, and seamless grid integration. The government plans to double wind power generation capacity to 60 GW by 2022 and take solar upto 100 GW.
Further, the industry has also benefited from improvements in infrastructure, be it tower structure, drive-train technology, and use of advance power electronics, adding to its overall cost effectiveness. The most promising sites are situated in west and south, with around 90% of the potential in the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan.
Biomass units are faced with the issue of availability of working capital. In many states fuels are available in a short time window of 3-4 months. Further, high interest costs coupled with shorter tenors of lending put huge strain on Biomass Units. However, tariffs in most states, are quite reasonable and workable since they have began to adopt CERC norms for tariff fixation. The future, for the industry, looks positive.
Solar energy is gaining significant traction in India and presently constitutes 16% of the countrys total renewable energy mix. A rapid & consistent decline in prices of solar panels coupled with favorable government policies are the primary reasons for solar energys rapid growth. According to Oxford Universitys latest research, the pace of decline in solar energy costs is so rapid that there is a possibility of them even outpacing mainstream energy. Solar panels have been steadily falling in price since the 1980s, becoming 10% cheaper per year. India is also planning on scaling up solar power generation capacity by five times to 100GW by 2022. With states offering designated solar parks and assured connectivity to substations and central agencies assuring improved credit protection, solar energy is expected to maintain its rapid growth in the country. It remains to be seen whether the low price quoted in various States are really sustainable.
A key driver for Indias stupendous growth of renewable energy in particular and power sector in general has been the supportive and encouraging policies and initiatives undertaken by the government
Some recent and significant measures undertaken by the government include
Full exemption on excise duty is being provided on Pig Iron (SG grade) and ferro-silicon-magnesium for use in the manufacture of cast components of wind-operated electricity generators
Full exemption on excise duty is being provided on round copper wire and tin alloys for use in the manufacture of solar PV ribbon for manufacture of solar PV cells
10-year tax holiday for solar power projects
Guaranteed market through solar power purchase obligation for states
Subsidy of 30% of the project cost for off-grid PV and solar thermal projects
Financial assistance from IREDA for the setting up of biomass power and bagasse co-generation projects
Accelerated Depreciation for Biomass projects - Claim of 80% depreciation in the first year for certain specific equipment
Although too premature to evaluate, the above initiatives have undoubtedly contributed favorable results as reflected by the pace of power generation and addition of transmission capacities which are both at record highs. Further, coal supplies also increased at the fastest pace in 2 decades and stranded gas plants have started recommencing their operations.
While the progress has been encouraging, a lot more could be done had it not been for hurdles in terms of inadequate grid infrastructure, land acquisition & uncertain policy environment, access to capital and strained financial position of state-owned utilities which impaired the country from reaching its true potential to generate renewable energy.
Inadequate grid infrastructure Unavailability of evacuation infrastructure and grid integration are amongst the primary reasons impacting the growth of renewable energy projects in the country. Further, inefficient Transmission & Distribution
(T&D) infrastructure is also a major cause for severe electricity loss from the grid network. Deficiency in transmission remains a challenge especially for renewable energy given low capacity factor and congestion on existing networks. T&D losses in India are relatively higher when compared with other emerging nations like Brazil, South Africa and China. Kayathar, Sholinganallur line is complete and this will enable an extra 2000 MW to flow from the Sourthern part of Tamil Nadu, where most Windmills are located, to major consuming centre like Chennai.
Higher cost of Finance Absence of mature bond market coupled with the high interest rate environment results in relatively greater cost of capital for renewable energy projects in India compared to similar projects in US. Further, apprehension amongst foreign lenders owing to weaker off-take for some of the players coupled with rising currency volatility, also limits domestic power producers from accessing foreign financial institutions. Shorter tenors are not workable for infrastructure projects. The new 5:25 Scheme is a move in the right direction as it will help significantly reduce cash flow burden.
Land acquisition Akin to the problem faced by conventional power producers, Renewable energy players are also facing difficulties in sourcing large pool of land at affordable cost. Wind and solar projects require huge amount of land. Inordinate delays in land procurement results in higher project cost in turn affecting the feasibility of the project.
Strained financial positions of Discoms The financials of Power distribution companies, which are bulk purchaser of power continue to remain weak in turn leading them to cut back from buying expensive power (whether conventional or renewable-based) thus confining power markets. Constrained financials also raises significant counterparty risk which is manifested in delayed payments to generators and other suppliers. The situation though is likely to improve on the back of persistent government efforts especially the implementation of UDAY scheme.
BUSINESS OVERVIEW Wind Energy Business
Orient Green Power is amongst the countrys leading wind generating Power Companies and the largest pure play renewable energy generating companies in India. An independent developer and operator of wind assets the Companys wind portfolio as of March 2016 stands at 425 MW.
The Company has consistently scaled up its assets over the years in sync with the growing traction of renewable energy in the country; and its wind assets have grown 2.5x over the last 6 years. Wind assets constitute 80% of the Companys overall commissioned portfolio. The Company has grown its portfolio through a mix of organic - Greenfield development as well as through inorganic - acquisitions led growth
The Companys wind assets are located at some of the countrys best wind site, and largely come in the southern states like Tamil Nadu& Andhra Pradesh etc. In addition, the Company has a nascent but growing presence in Gujarat, Karnataka etc. Being strategically located across the country has enabled the Company to lower its concentration risk besides gaining relatively better yield on its assets.
The Companys revenue generation from the segment has also grown multifold following the growth in portfolios size.
Revenues from the business have risen by 3times from Rs. 103 crore in FY11 to Rs. 295 crore at present.
Further, the revenue model for the Company is also well diversified with offtake agreements varying between Group Captive model and Power Purchase Agreements (PPA).
However, despite the above mentioned measures, performance of the segment has continued to remain sub-optimal primarily owing to external factors such as inadequate infrastructure - grid back down, and partly due to above average variation in wind patterns etc., resulting in the gap between performance and potential.
Performance of wind business during current year as well to a large extent was impacted by these factors. Delayed and lower wind availability impacted revenue generation for the year. Revenue from the business for the year stood at Rs. 295 crore as against Rs. 340 crore during last year. However, the business is expected to deliver a better performance with improvement in wind availability as the same will ensure higher generation of energy. Further, with higher proportion of new assets in the overall mix PLFs are expected to improve with minimal maintenance expense.
Also, things appear to be on the mend especially in terms of grid connectivity and availability. The quantum & frequency of grid back down and the resulting loss associated with it has been gradually declining especially in Tamil Nadu region. The state has been successful in consistently lowering the losses associated with grid back down; from a level of 40% two years back the situation is expected to be below 10% by next year. The situation is encouraging and should help us deliver significantly better performance if on-ground developments progress as planned. Measures such as planned shutdown of thermal plants during peak generation season by the Tamil Nadu State Electricity Board (TNSEB) has significantly contributed to the improved scenarios. Further, the grid corridor which was incomplete for last two - three years is now complete which in turn has resulted in evacuating energy generated in Southern part of Tamil Nadu to Northern parts of the state which are the prime consuming centers of the state.
2000 MW Thermal Power Plants for shut down during Wind Season
Improved grid infrastructure
Continuous discussion with TNEB officials
Proposed introduction of scheduling and forecasting
Wider frequency band width for renewables. 150 MW to 250 MW.
Proposal for SRPC and inter State sale of power.
Amidst a mix of improving operating environment and in line with the Companys strategy of capitalizing on its position, it is also working towards expanding its portfolio by 57.50 MW. Of the 57.5 MW, 43.5 MW is planned in Andhra Pradesh while 14 MW is planned in other state. The 43.5 MW project in AP is the second phase of a project wherein the Company had already set up 50.4 MW plant. Other infrastructure at the site including land, grid connectivity, layout, etc., is already in place hence the incremental profitability from the investment is very likely to be very attractive.
|State||Capacity (MW)||Offtake Arrangement|
|Andhra Pradesh||43.5||Proposes to enter into long-term PPAs with SEBs|
|in Other State||14.0||Planned|
Biomass Energy Business
Orient Green Power ranks amongst the countrys largest biomass energy producers. With an installed capacity of 106 MW, biomass constitutes 20% of the Companys overall portfolio.
The Companys biomass assets are situated across the country with presence in the state of Tamil Nadu (32.5MW), Andhra Pradesh / Telangana (7.5MW), Rajasthan (34.0 MW), Maharashtra (22.0 MW) & Madhya Pradesh (10.0 MW).
The Company also has a fairly diversified offtake agreement for its power projects spread across Group Captive, Merchant and PPA
|State||Capacity (MW)||Revenue Model|
|Tamil Nadu||32.5||Group Captive, Merchant|
|Andhra Pradesh / Telangana||7.5||Merchant|
The businesses revenue has also grown over the years in line with increased capacities. The revenue growth for the business though has lagged the pace of capacity expansion
The business has had to encounter significant difficulties in turn impairing the overall performance of the business. Factors ranging from non availability of raw material and unviable tariff environment had dented the segments performance.
One of the key requirements for running a biomass unit profitably requires the plant to operate at higher levels of utilization. In order to run the plant at high utilization which will ensure attractive returns, there is a need to invest to purchase feedstock when it is available and store it for when it is required. Naturally, this pushes up the working capital requirement. However, given that majority of our units were functioning at sub-optimal level, it became quite difficult for us to generate the requisite proportion of working capital to fund at least the profit generating the ones. The business prospects though continue to remain attractive, especially with the improving tariff environment and one can generate profit from the same if one has the necessary liquidity and financial strength. Procuring the raw material at right price and appropriate time can result in generating attractive returns from the business.
Taking cognizance of the segments sub optimal performance over the years, the Company has been working diligently towards identifying the nature and characteristics of factors hindering the business. In light of the above, the Company has formulated a strategy which should help improve the operations and profitability of biomass business. Efforts towards reviving the business also reflect the Companys confidence and belief in the business. Further, with tariff environment changing for the better in certain states the Company believes it is the apt time to undertake the transformation and emerge as a focused and much stronger player. Part of the strategy includes, demerging of biomass business into a separate entity called Biobijlee Green Power Limited and to monetizing unproductive assets and utilizing the proceeds from the same for investing in profitable business. Of the 12 biomass plants, the Company is planning towards paring stake in around 5-6 units which have been operating at sub-optimal level in turn dragging down the overall profitability of the business. The Company has made certain progress in this direction by monetizing its stake in D.Y. Patil plant located in Kolhapur.
The above mentioned measures are expected to pave the road ahead for the business. Monetizing non profitable assets and focusing on value generating plants will help improve the financial position and profit generating ability of the business.
Key development - Demerger
In a bid to revive and help biomass business grow and attain its true potential the Company has decided to demerge the business into a separate entity called Biobijlee Green Power Limited. Demerger of the biomass business will streamline the business model and allow us to customize and implement strategies for each segment more appropriately besides enabling value unlocking for our shareholders.
Amalgamation of Bharath Wind F