Sirohia & Sons Ltd Management Discussions.

OVERVIEW OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

Agriculture is of prime importance to the socio-economic fabric of India. The sector has remained the backbone of the Indian economy and presently accounts for ~15% of the countrys GDP. Nearly 58% of rural households rely on agriculture as their principal means of livelihood. Being a source of livelihood and food security of the nation, higher growth in agriculture assumes great importance and is a matter of priority for the economy. Your Companys Vision and business strategy are aligned with the needs of Indian Agricultural Economy. However, in the last year, due to certain factors, no business activity was carried out.

INDUSTRY OUTLOOK

India is the fourth largest global producer of agrochemicals after USA, Japan and China. The industry size was to the tune of USD 4.4 billion in FY15 and is expected to grow at 7.5% per annum to reach USD 6.3 billion by FY20. Global population is expected to cross 9 billion by 2050. Rising population has led to increasing food demand. India is the second most populous country in the world, with its population estimated to grow over time.

To meet the food and nutrition needs of a growing population requires a sustainable approach that puts thrust on increasing productivity against a background of lower yields and decreasing farm sizes. It requires a push from all stakeholders – the farmer, the government and the industry collectively, so that the changing needs of the nation are met. Approximately 25% of the global crop output is lost due to attacks by pests, weeds and diseases, says the FICCI report cited above. Agrochemicals can play a major role in enhancing productivity and protection of crop post-harvest. Insecticides are the largest sub-segment of agrochemicals with 60% market share.

Indian agrochemicals market will be driven by growth in insecticides, increasing awareness towards judicious use of agrochemicals, contract manufacturing and export opportunities. Challenges such as non-genuine products, appropriate focus on R&D, inefficiencies in the supply chain etc. need to be addressed on priority. In addition to the use of crop protection chemicals, Indian agriculture needs to focus on specific solutions to enhance crop productivity. It is imperative for us to adopt efficient agronomy practices, fertilisation, seed treatment, biotechnology and integrated pest management to reduce wastage and attain self-sufficiency in agricultural output.

RISKS, CONCERNS & THREATS

Indian agriculture is still grappling with challenges such as high dependence on monsoon, unpredictable weather patterns, reduction in arable land, decreasing farm sizes, low per hectare yield and increase in pest attacks. To add to the complexity, the agricultural workforce in India is expected to reduce by 50% in the coming decade due to better remuneration and growth opportunities in other sectors. These factors pose a challenge for the Agrochemicals Industry as well.

Agrochemical industry works under stringent regulatory environment, wherein chances of frequent changes in regulatory guidelines are very high. This could lead to delays in obtaining necessary approvals.

INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEM AND ADEQUACY

Your Company is committed to ensuring an effective internal control environment that provides reasonable assurance regarding the effectiveness and efficiency of operations, adequacy of safeguards for assets, reliability of financial controls and compliance with applicable laws and regulations. For this, the Company has laid down standard operating procedures and policies to guide the operations of the business.

The internal audit processes provide reasonable assurance on the adequacy and effectiveness of such internal controls and compliances, through the reviews of the functions and processes, as per the annual audit plan agreed with the Audit Committee. To maintain independence, the internal audit function reports to the Chairperson of the Audit Committee of the Board.

HUMAN RESOURCES

Employees are the most valuable assets and the strength of an organization in its growth, prosperity and development. Your Company, albeit a small number, but has qualified and dedicated personnel who have contributed to the growth and progress of the Company. However, most of the work is generally carried out by the Executive Directors themselves.

CAUTIONERY STATEMENT

Statements in this management discussion analysis describing the Companys objectives, projections, Estimates, expectations may be forward looking within the meaning of applicable securities-laws and Regulations. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed in the statement. Important factors that could make difference to Companys operations Include economic conditions affecting the domestic market and the overseas markets in which the Company operates, changes in the Government regulations, tax laws and other statutes and other Incidental factors.

On Behalf of the Board of Directors
SIROHIA & SONS LIMITED
Sd/-
Rakesh Sirohia
Date: 29/05/2019 Managing Director
Place: Kolkata DIN No. 00228967