Goyal Associates Management Discussions


Your Directors are pleased to present the Management Discussion and Analysis Report for the year ended 31st March, 2023.

NBFC Company:

The Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) sector plays a significant role in the Indian economy, providing credit to individuals, small and medium-sized enterprises. NBFCs have emerged as a key segment in the financial sector, bridging the gap between banks and borrowers who are underserved or excluded from traditional banking services. In recent years, the sector has witnessed significant growth, fuelled by a rise in demand for credit and the emergence of new players. The sectors resilience and ability to innovate have been tested during times of economic turmoil.

As the economy has moved past the impact of the pandemic, the NBFCs sector is anticipated to experience a substantial growth in both FY2023 and FY2024, following the rebound of the economy. ICRA Ratings predicts that during these fiscal years, the sector will witness a loan growth of 10-12% and a rise in profitability by 50 basis points. The PCA framework implemented by RBI has created a level playing field for NBFCs with banks, thus enhancing corporate governance and leading to sustainable growth in the sector.

The NBFC sector has witnessed an improvement in asset quality, with higher collections and a lower-than-anticipated share of restructured portfolio. The rising interest rates may put some pressure on net interest margins, but this impact has been offset by the limited rate hikes passed on to borrowers. With stable margins and moderation in credit cost, NBFCs are expected to report a return of 2.6-2.9% on managed assets in FY 2023.

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW

Titled ‘A Rocky Recovery, the IMFs World Economic Outlook April 2023 reported that on the surface, the global economy appears poised for a gradual recovery from the devastation caused by the pandemic and, later, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine. The reopening of the Chinese economy has also contributed to the rebound and supply-chain disruptions have been unwinding, while the dislocations to energy and food markets caused by the war are receding. However, it also observed that below the surface turbulence is building, and the situation is quite fragile, as evidenced by the recent bout of banking instability.

The growth is expected to come from emerging market and developing economies, which are already powering ahead with growth rates that are nearer 4%. The advanced economies, especially the Euro area and the United Kingdom, are creating the drag with growth expected to fall to 0.7% and 0.4%, respectively, in 2023 before rebounding to 1.8% and 2.0% in the two regions in 2024.

At the same time, the large scale and synchronised tightening of monetary policy by most central banks should start to bear fruit, with inflation moving back toward its targets. The IMF forecast that global growth will bottom out at 2.8% in 2023 before rising modestly to 3.0% in 2024. It also expects global inflation to decrease, although more slowly than initially anticipated, from 8.7% in 2022 to 7.0% in 2023 and 4.9% in 2024.

OPPORTUNITIES & THREATS

Company constantly monitors the external environments and internal situation so that it is aware of the opportunities and threats that emerge. This enables the Company to tap into the positive prospects that come its way while overcoming or bypassing the challenge of threats.

Opportunities

Diverse loan book and pan-India presence to accelerate growth Unique Business Model helps to minimise risk and operating cost Adequate capitalisation to support medium-term growth plans

Brand recognition among lower income and middle income groups of the society spread across urban, semi urban, and rural areas

Operates in underpenetrated business segment with huge growth potential Successful track record of catering to the MSME sector Initiatives by the Government to further boost MSME sector

Threats

Unpredictable policy changes by the Government Increasing competition from local and global players Higher exposure to semi-formal and informal sector customers

UNION BUDGET 2023-24 HIGHLIGHTS

India is gaining momentum and opening a new path by forging a futuristic and inclusive vision for the next 25 years. Our countrys position as the fifth largest economy in the world is testimony to the phenomenal transformation the country has witnessed over the last few years. The calibrated approach by our policymakers, be it in tackling the pandemic or setting up aggressive goals under the Atmanirbhar Bharat vision to make our country a self-reliant nation or the institutionalised inflation control framework, has shown India with the muscle to tackle fiscal and growth challenges. The pace of reforms has picked up in the post-pandemic era with a firm focus on asset creation without ignoring essential welfare spending. Hence, the forthcoming budget will offer an opportunity to set the groundwork for the economy to guide itself over the next 25 years on the path to becoming a developed nation. Financial institutions play a crucial role in ensuring economic stability for households and businesses at critical junctures. The pivotal role of NBFCs in driving sustainable fiscal growth is well recognized, given their last-mile connectivity and agile system. The sector has played a decisive role in accelerating last-mile funding and understanding the credit requirement of the Unbanked and Underserved. Aided by the governments thrust towards a digital economy, the sector has also undertaken significant digital transformation and invested heavily to become tech-agile institutions offering personalized products and services, ensuring faster credit disbursement.

As India strategizes post-pandemic economic recovery through fiscal measures and businesses aim to expand capacities, NBFCs have an enormous opportunity to assist in achieving the noble goal of Aatmanirbhar Bharat through the fast-tracked flow of credit to businesses and households. As the latest data on Udyam Portal shows, a significant proportion of registered businesses are micro businesses, Union budget 2023-24 offers an opportunity to bring in a targeted scheme for expanding credit to micro businesses.

INDIAN FINANCIAL SERVICE INDUSTRY

India has a diversified financial sector undergoing rapid expansion with many new entities entering the market along with the existing financial services firms. The sector comprises commercial banks, insurance companies, NBFCs, housing finance companies, co-operatives, pension funds, mutual funds and other smaller financial entities. The RBIs continued focus on financial inclusion has expanded the target market to semi-urban and rural areas. NBFCs, especially those catering to the urban and rural poor namely Non-Banking Financial Company -Micro Finance Institutions (NBFC-MFIs) and asset finance companies, have a complementary role in the financial inclusion agenda of the country. After the COVID-19 impact gradually tapers off, the financial services sector is poised to grow eventually on the back of strong fundamentals, adequate liquidity in the economy, significant government and regulatory support, and the increasing pace of digital adoption. In fact, digital transactions will play a larger role in the financial eco-system than hitherto witnessed.

INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEM AND THEIR ADEQUACY

The Company has adequate internal controls and standardised operating processes that are envisaged to protect assets and business efficiency. The Company has established strong and well-entrenched internal control procedures commensurate with its size and operations and relevant to its broad domain of the lending business. The Companys internal control systems are supplemented by periodic reviews by the Management. The Audit Committee reviews its findings and recommendations at periodic intervals. Companys internal control system is adequate considering the nature, size and complexity of its business.

Internal financial controls have been developed for and implemented at every business process across the Company. This ensures strict adherence and compliance with statutes and laws. Checks and balances and control systems have been established to ensure that assets are safeguarded, utilised with proper authorisation, and recorded in the books of account.

HUMAN RESOURCES/INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

Company recognises the crucial role played by its employees in driving its growth and success. To this end, the Company prioritises providing a supportive work environment that fosters employee satisfaction and motivation to achieve both personal and professional goals. MAS has cultivated an inclusive work culture that values responsibility and instils a sense of pride in its employees, resulting in a high retention rate. The Company regularly reviews its business and people policies to identify opportunities for improvement. It has implemented strong talent management practices that include development programs, productivity initiatives, and reward mechanisms aimed at achieving organisational goals and retaining employees. Furthermore, MAS is committed to supporting the continuous growth and development of its workforce through Learning & Organisational Development initiatives.

FINANCIAL REVIEW

Key ratios of Goyal Associates Limited on a consolidated Basis:

Particulars

2022-23

2021-22

Operating Profit Ratio

28.45%

-13.82%

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)

20.58%

-6.79%

Earning Per Share (In Rupees)

0.12

-0.10

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT

Statements in the Management Discussion and Analysis describing the Companys objectives, projections, estimates, expectations may be ‘forward looking statements within the meaning of applicable securities laws and regulations. Actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied. Important factors that could make a difference to the Companys operations include financial position of the company, economic conditions affecting demand / supply, price conditions in the domestic and overseas market in which the company operates, changes in the government regulations, tax laws and other statutes.

For and on behalf of the Board of Directors

Place: Vadodara

Vuppala Nagamlleshwarao

Date: 05/09/2023

Chairman & Director
(DIN: 08858080)