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Poona Dal and Oil Industries Ltd Management Discussions

Jul 22, 2024|10:30:00 AM

Poona Dal and Oil Industries Ltd Share Price Management Discussions


In general, global economic shocks in the past were severe but spaced out in time. This changed in the third decade of this millennium. At least three shocks have hit the global economy since 2020. It all started with the pandemic- induced contraction of the global output, followed by the Russian-Ukraine conflict leading to a worldwide surge in inflation. Then, the central banks across economies led by the Federal Reserve responded with synchronized policy rate hikes to curb inflation. The rate hike by the US Fed drove capital into the US markets causing the US Dollar to appreciate against most currencies. This led to the widening of the Current Account Deficits (CAD) and increased inflationary pressures in net importing economies. The rate hike and persistent inflation also led to a lowering of the global growth forecasts for 2022 and 2023 by the IMF in its October 2022 update of the World Economic Outlook. The frailties of the Chinese economy further contributed to weakening the growth forecasts. Slowing global growth apart from monetary tightening may also lead to a financial contagion emanating from the advanced economies where the debt of the non-financial sector has risen the most since the global financial crisis. With inflation persisting in the advanced economies and the central banks hinting at further rate hikes, downside risks to the global economic outlook appear elevated. The Indian economy, however, appears to have moved on after its encounter with the pandemic, staging a full recovery in FY22 ahead of many nations and positioning itself to ascend to the prepandemic growth path in FY23. Yet in the current year, India has also faced the challenge of reining in inflation that the European strife accentuated. Measures taken by the government and RBI, along with the easing of global commodity prices, have finally managed to bring retail inflation below the RBI upper tolerance target in November 2022. However, the challenge of the depreciating rupee, although better performing than most other currencies, persists with the likelihood of further increases in policy rates by the US Fed. The widening of the CAD may also continue as global commodity prices remain elevated and the growth momentum of the Indian economy remains strong. The loss of export stimulus is further possible as the slowing world growth and trade shrinks the global market size in the second half of the current year. Despite these, agencies worldwide continue to project India as the fastest-growing major economy at 6.5-7.0 per cent in FY23. These optimistic growth forecasts stem in part from the resilience of the Indian economy seen in the rebound of private consumption seamlessly replacing the export stimuli as the leading driver of growth. The uptick in private consumption has also given a boost to production activity resulting in an increase in capacity utilisation across sectors. The rebound in consumption was engineered by the near-universal vaccination coverage overseen by the government that brought people 2 Economic Survey 2022-23 back to the streets to spend on contact-based services, such as restaurants, hotels, shopping malls, and cinemas, among others. The worlds second-largest vaccination drive involving more than 2 billion doses also served to lift consumer sentiments that may prolong the rebound in consumption. Vaccinations have facilitated the return of migrant workers to cities to work in construction sites as the rebound in consumption spilled over into the housing market. This is evident in the housing market witnessing a significant decline in inventory overhang to 33 months in Q3 of FY23 from 42 months last year. The Capital Expenditure (Capex) of the central government, which increased by 63.4 per cent in the first eight months of FY23, was another growth driver of the Indian economy in the current year, crowding in the private Capex since the January-March quarter of 2022. On current trend, it appears that the full years capital expenditure budget will be met. A sustained increase in private Capex is also imminent with the strengthening of the balance sheets of the Corporates and the consequent increase in credit financing it has been able to generate. A much-improved financial health of well-capitalised public sector banks has positioned them better to increase the credit supply. Consequently, the credit growth to the Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector has been remarkably high, over 30.6 per cent, on average during Jan-Nov 2022, supported by the extended Emergency Credit Linked Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS) of the Union government. The increase in the overall bank credit has also been influenced by the shift in borrowers funding choices from volatile bond markets, where yields have increased, and external commercial borrowings, where interest and hedging costs have increased, towards banks. If inflation declines in FY24 and if real cost of credit does not rise, then credit growth is likely to be brisk in FY24



1. Essential Consumer Product: Edible oil is a staple in every household and is a necessary component of daily diets. This consistent demand provides stability to the industry.

2. Diverse Product Range: The industry offers a wide variety of edible oils, including olive oil, sunflower oil, soybean oil, palm oil, etc., catering to different consumer preferences and health considerations.

3. Global Trade Opportunities: Edible oil is a globally traded commodity, leading to export opportunities for producing countries and import opportunities for consuming countries.

4. Technological Advancements: The industry has benefited from technological advancements in production, processing, and packaging, leading to increased efficiency and improved quality.

5. Health and Nutrition Trends: Growing awareness of health-conscious diets has led to increased demand for healthier oil options like olive oil and avocado oil.


1. Price Volatility: Edible oil prices can be highly volatile due to factors like crop yields, weather conditions, geopolitical issues, and currency fluctuations.

2. Environmental Concerns: The production of certain edible oils, such as palm oil, has been associated with deforestation, biodiversity loss, and environmental degradation, leading to negative public perception.

3. Quality Control Challenges: Ensuring consistent quality can be a challenge due to variations in raw materials, production processes, and storage conditions.

4. Health Considerations: While some oils are perceived as healthy, others are considered less healthy due to their saturated fat content. This can affect consumer choices and industry reputation.

5. Competition: The industry is highly competitive, with both large multinational corporations and smaller local players vying for market share. This can lead to price wars and reduced profit margins.


1. Health and Wellness Trend: Increasing consumer awareness about health and wellness presents an opportunity to market and promote healthier oil options, such as those rich in omega-3 fatty acids or low in saturated fats.

2. Innovation in Product Development: Developing innovative products like infused oils, fortified oils, and blends can attract a broader consumer base and cater to evolving tastes.

3. Emerging Markets: Growing economies and changing dietary habits in emerging markets provide untapped growth opportunities for edible oil consumption.

4. Sustainable Production Practices: Adopting sustainable and environmentally friendly practices in oil production can enhance the industrys reputation and appeal to eco-conscious consumers.

5. E-commerce and Direct-to-Consumer Sales: Online platforms provide a direct avenue for reaching consumers, enabling easier marketing and distribution of specialized oil products.


1. Regulatory Changes: Changes in food safety and labeling regulations can impact production processes, packaging, and marketing strategies.

2. Health Concerns: Negative perceptions about the health effects of certain oils, such as those high in trans fats, can lead to decreased consumption and demand.

3. Substitute Products: Consumers might opt for alternative cooking options, such as butter or ghee, which can affect the demand for edible oils.

4. Geopolitical Instability: Political and economic instability in major producing or consuming regions can disrupt the supply chain and lead to price fluctuations.

5. Consumer Preferences: Rapid shifts in consumer preferences, such as a sudden shift towards plant-based diets, can impact the demand for different types of edible oils.

• Internal control systems and their adequacy

The Company has adequate internal control systems with appropriate controls and checks. Effective measures are taken to ensure that all assets of the Company are protected and all transactions are recorded in conformity with accepted accounting principles. As stated in the report of the board, it is implementation of systems, particularly cost control measures that has resulted in the increased profitability. The internal audit department regularly conducts review of the financial and operating controls in all areas of the Companys operations including transaction checks and significant issues, if any, are brought to the attention of the audit committee.

• Material developments in Human Resources/Industrial Relations Front including number of people employed.

The Company continues to focus on its core values of quality, integrity, leadership, and respect for people. Relations between the Company and the employees continue to be cordial at all locations.

• Cautionary Statement

Statements in this Management Discussion and Analysis describing the Companys objectives, projections, estimates and expectations may be ‘forward looking statements within the meaning of applicable laws and regulations. Actual results might differ substantially or materially from those expressed or implied. Important developments that could affect the Companys operations include unavailability of finance at competitive rates, competition, significant changes in economic environment in India, regulatory provisions, tax laws, litigations, exchange rate fluctuations, interest and other costs

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