Bosch Ltd Directors Report.
The Directors have pleasure in presenting the SIXTY SEVENTH Annual Report together with the Audited Financial Statements for the Financial Year ended March 31, 2019.
1. Financial Results
The following are the financial highlights for the Financial Year 2018-19:
|Sale of Products (including excise duty)||117,818||113,929|
|Of which Export Sales||8,999||10,346|
|Profit Before Tax||23,410||20,406|
|Provision for tax||7,430||6,698|
|Profit After Tax||15,980||13,708|
|Other Comprehensive income (Net of tax)||997||1,415|
|Total Comprehensive income||16,977||15,123|
The Company does not propose to transfer any amount to its Reserves for the year under review.
Pursuant to the requirements of regulation 43A of SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015, the Company has adopted a Dividend Distribution Policy. This Policy is uploaded on website of the Company and can be accessed at https://www.bosch.in/media/our company/shareholder information/2017 2/dividend distribution policy 2017.pdf. This Policy is enclosed as Annexure ‘A (Page No. 59) to this Report.
In line with the Dividend Distribution Policy, the Board has recommended a Dividend of INR 105 per share for the Financial Year 2018-19, aggregating to Mio INR 3,733.39 including Dividend Distribution Tax. The dividend payout ratio is approximately 23.4 percent. The Dividend is subject to the approval of the shareholders at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting.
3. Management Discussion and Analysis
In order to avoid duplication between the Directors Report and Management Discussion and Analysis, a composite summary of the Companys performance and its various business segments is given below:
3.1 Economic Scenario
3.1.1 Global Economy
The global economy is expected to slow down to 3.3 percent in 2019 from 3.6 percent in 2018 as per IMF estimates. The downward revision is primarily on account of the negative effects of tariff increases enacted in the United States and China.
Risks to the global GDP tilt towards the downside on trade tensions and risks in the Eurozone. The effect of the same has been that central banks across the world have adopted an easing policy as growth concerns. However, given the stretched balance sheets of many central banks, there is limited bandwidth for the same.
3.1.2 Indian Economy
Though 2018-19 started out on a promising note, there was a dip seen towards the end. Quarterly GDP growth which was above 8 percent for Q1 201819 dipped to 5.8 percent for Q4 2018-19, primarily attributed to the liquidity crisis in the second half of the financial year.
While the industrial production and credit growth moderated, Government capital expenditure continued to hold up the economy. At the same time, since inflation was under control, the focus of the RBI has changed to accommodate growth. But delay in shortfall of monsoon is likely to negatively effect the economy.
Towards the end of 2018-19, we saw liquidity constrained on account of the NBFC (Non-Banking Financial Company) crisis and rising crude oil prices. This has affected automotive sales among other things. Though banking liquidity shows signs of improvement, it remains to be seen if this crisis will continue for a few more quarters.
On the other hand one key positive is the political stability after a clear mandate in the elections and signs that the NPA situation in banks is improving. This could mean that banks would be in a better position to facilitate credit required by industry as Reserve Bank of India has also taken additional steps to improve liquidity.
The key factors to watch out for would be reforms by the Government, chances of any geo-political risks in the region and heightened chances of a global slow down.
3.2 industry Structure and Development Automotive:
Heavy Commercial Vehicles (HCVs) production posted a strong growth of 28 percent due to tenders and contracts on road and infrastructure projects. Other projects such as building of irrigation and affordable housing contributed to the growth of domestic market. Additionally, there has been strong acceptance of SCR technology, aiding the growth.
The Light Commercial Vehicles (LCVs) market grew by 22 percent due to increased thrust in FMCG, ecommerce sales and agriculture output. The current trend of warehouse consolidation has resulted in a segment shift for >2T<3.5T segment, the demand for city trucking drives the growth of LCV.
During the year under review, Passenger Car production witnessed a muted growth. Domestic market witnessed new launches especially in the Compact UV and premium hatchback segment.
There were some market challenges such as higher insurance cost, higher fuel prices and higher interest rates, which has resulted in low growth.
Three-wheelers production increased by 24 percent due to higher demand driven by grant of additional permits in Delhi, Maharashtra, Kerala and Karnataka. Strong export demands from African and SAARC countries (except Sri Lanka) for last mile connectivity has driven three-wheeler market with export contribution of 45 percent.
The Tractor market grew by 14 percent driven by a good monsoon, farm loan waiver, good MSP (minimum selling price) for crops and positive farmer sentiments. The trend is moving towards farm mechanization and tractor sharing.
Two-wheeler market witnessed a growth of 6 percent during the year under review mainly due to growing export sales demands. Various OEM campaigns throughout the year have struck a good chord with the consumers, driving the sales of two wheelers in India.
The Automotive Aftermarket industry grew by ~7 percent during year under review driven predominantly by Heavy Commercial Vehicle, Light Commercial Vehicle and Three-wheeler segments.
Vehicle Production Growth Rates:
|Segment||FY 1314||FY 1415||FY 1516||FY 1617||FY 1718||FY 18 -19|
|Car + UV||-4%||6%||6%||11%||6%||0%|
|Segment||FY 1314||FY 1415||FY 1516||FY 1617||FY 1718||FY 18 -19|
The Indian Professional Tools market is estimated to be around INR 18 billion by value in the year 2018 and is expected to grow at 7 percent. This is in line with the estimated growth of the construction sector, which is its biggest customer. The market trend is shifting towards the mid-price category indicating that the users are steadily upgrading from hand tools to power tools.
The Building technology (Security technology) market in India is growing at 5 percent driven by the need to secure Critical Infrastructure, Government Buildings, Public and Private Spaces. The Technology trends in this space are evolution and maturity of IP Convergence, analytics and seamless integration. The market is also preparing itself to deal with the challenging threats and changes driven by fast changing hardware and software. The Industry is also maturing driven by the renewed scope in Regulation and Bottoms-up desire to feel safe and secure.
The solar energy sector in India stabilized since the start of the year under review, with solar PV panel prices settling and clarity in applicable GST rates coming in. As of December 2018, the total installed capacity stood at 27.9 GW, making India the third largest solar market globally. Of the total installed capacity, rooftop solar capacity accounted for 3.3 GW, indicating a strong 66 percent growth over the previous year. The energy efficiency market continued to grow with government-led initiatives like the Partial Risk Sharing Facility for Energy Efficiency and Perform-Achieve-Trade scheme.
With Indias commitments to the Paris Climate Agreement, the energy efficiency market is expected to pick up further pace in the current financial year and drive adoption in energy-intensive industrial and commercial sectors. The solar energy market is anticipated to grow further and achieve the government target of 10 GW capacity addition for the year, with 2.5 GW capacity addition coming from rooftop solar.
3.3. Business and segment wise performance
The overall performance of the Company witnessed a growth of 4.9 percent. Mobility business (Automotive) posted a growth of 2.8 percent, while the Business beyond mobility (Others) grew by 17.9 percent. Domestic mobility business witnessed an increase of
3.4 percent, mainly driven by Powertrain Solutions with increased demand from Commercial Vehicle segment due to infrastructural projects, growth in FMCG and e-commerce, and demand in 3-Wheeler segment towards last mile connectivity solutions.
As the Company predominantly operates in manufacturing and trading of mobility solutions, this constituted 84.8 percent of total sales for the Financial Year 2018-19. The Business beyond mobility, comprising of Industrial Technology, Consumer Goods and Energy and Building Technology, had a share of 15.2 percent. Hence, the operating segment consists of Mobility Business (Automotive Products) and Business beyond mobility (Others).
3.3.1 Operating Segment Mobility Business:
The successful merger of the former Diesel Systems and Gasoline Systems in early 2018 has given rise to Powertrain Solutions with the aim to develop and provide unmatched solutions to Automobile industry regardless of the energy source. This also helped in bringing synergy among two divisions and helped in standardization of processes and deployment of resources in a more productive manner.
The Powertrain Systems division offers an extensive range of energy efficient, eco - friendly fuel injection systems for applications ranging from passenger cars and all kinds of commercial vehicles and agricultural equipment to large - scale industrial power - generation units. It focuses primarily on the common- rail system, which comprises of a high - pressure injection pump, rail and various injectors.
The general market sentiment was buoyant in CV segment due to growth in infrastructure and higher sales in tractor segment driven by good monsoon and new launches having targeted products manufactured by the Company led to the growth of Powertrain Systems business by 2.4 percent over the previous year. In future, the growing working population and expanding middle class will remain the key drivers of growth for automobile industry.
The Distributor pump injection system has seen a considerable reduction post implementation of BSIV emission norms. The In-line pump system continues to be stable on account of demand from Tractor and Genset segments. Bosch is continuously gearing up to handle the customer requirements for the upcoming BSVI emission norms implementation from 01.04.2020.
2 Wheeler business grew by 2.3 percent aided through targeted product launches. During the year, the Company has started engineering activities for BSVI projects, which are due to be delivered by late 2019, for smooth transition into new emission norms. With the tailored product portfolio for the Indian market, we are providing vehicle manufacturers with local engineering competence - aiming towards realizing the vision of nearly emissions - free mobility.
Further during the year, we also embarked upon challenging electrification programs, which will be delivered to our customers in 2019. This will open up new stream of business for 2 Wheeler products in India.
The Automotive Aftermarket division (AA) offers a comprehensive range of spare parts for passenger cars, commercial vehicles and 2-Wheelers for the aftersales-market & OES (Original Equipment - Spares). Automotive Aftermarket Division also offers unit repair solutions as well as vehicle repair solutions especially for Passenger Cars & 2-Wheelers including diagnostic for independent aftermarket. The product portfolio consists of Bosch manufactured products like Fuel Injection Equipment & Spares, Spark Plug, Braking Parts and Filter, as well as products & services like Battery, Starter Generators, Lubricants, Comfort Electronics, Wiper Blades and Lubricant developed and manufactured by other manufacturers.
The Automotive Aftermarket division is the largest Independent Aftermarket (IAM) network in India. During the year under review, the Division grew by 6.5 percent.
The division released simplified business development policy in 2018 towards customer centric initiative which was very much acknowledged by distributors. The division has more than 87,000 customers in BRO (Bosch Rewards On Orders), a retailer binding program and more than 55,000 customers in Bosch UKU (Ustadon Ke Ustaad) Program, a program for Independent Repair workshop for Commercial Vehicle segment which creates demand for Bosch range of parts across all vehicle segments. The division also worked in transparent and digital reimbursement of eligible 2nd Trade Level customers (Retailer & Bosch Service Partners) incentives directly to the customers account through NEFT.
Business beyond Mobility:
The Business beyond Mobility has grown by 17.9 percent; which was driven predominantly by Power Tool and Bosch Energy & Building Solution Division in domestic market; which contributed to 91.3 percent of total business beyond mobility during the year under review as compared to 83.4 percent during the previous financial year. However, export sales of total business beyond mobility decreased by 39.2 percent as compared to previous financial year.
Industrial Technology - Packaging Technology
The Packaging Technology Division is a provider of packaging solutions for the food and confectionery industries. The range includes individual machines, end-to-end packaging system solutions and a comprehensive service portfolio.
Robert Bosch GmbH, the holding company, vide its press release dated June 29, 2018 informed that it intends to realign its Packaging Machinery Business (PA). The proposed slump sale of the India business is a pre-requisite to be a part of the global re-alignment.
The Board of Directors of the Company, at their meeting held on May 21, 2019, have approved the sale of Packaging Business, subject to the approval of the shareholders.
PA Business globally is characterized by tough competition and cost pressure. Packaging technology is not a core Bosch business. Due to dependence on PA global for technology and Intellectual Properties (IP), local business cannot be run profitably on standalone basis. Packaging division in India operates in a very competitive environment, competing with Small and Medium Enterprise (SMEs) with structural advantages. Even the margins in this business are very low. Hence, it has been thought fit to globally re-align the said business by seeking a joint venture partner or a buyer for opening up additional growth potential and enabling further expansion of international presence. The proposed re-alignment would enable the global PA business additional growth opportunities.
The PA Business in India (PA-IN) constitutes approximately 1.4 percent of the total business of the Company. The sale of PA-IN will allow the Company to sharpen its focus on transformation of the Bosch Group and its future digitalization strategy, including the internet of things and to pool its resources accordingly. The sale of PA-IN business may enable the Company to increase the overall profit margin.
Consumer Goods - Power Tools The Power Tools business comprising corded and cordless power tools, spares, accessories, digital measuring tools and high pressure washers witnessed a growth of 13.8 percent.
The Division achieved 100 percent growth in terms of Channel expansion to Tier 3 and Tier 4 markets.
It aims at reducing the distance to its users and will continue to focus on improving their lives by providing affordable solutions. Its focus on the loyalty program and e-commerce channels for business would also continue to be essential contributors to the overall business.
Energy and Building Technology (Building Technology, Bosch Energy & Building Solutions and Thermo-technology)
Building Technology (Security Technology)
The Building Technology division manufactures innovative products and solutions in the field of security, safety and communications primarily for infrastructure and commercial applications. The portfolio includes video-surveillance, intrusion- detection, fire-detection, public address and voice- alarm systems, access-control, building management systems, professional audio and conference systems.
The business achieved a growth of 8.8 percent over the previous year, driven by orders in the verticals of Transportation, Government, Oil and Gas. Futuristic products like the new high Mega-Pixel Cameras, Professional Audio speakers and Amplifiers and localized Conference Systems that were introduced were well received. During the year under review, the exports continued to increase due to rise in demand of Fire Alarm Systems from SAARC customers.
Bosch Energy & Building Solutions
The division implements customized energy solutions in the solar energy and energy efficiency space for commercial and industrial clients for reduction of energy consumption, costs and carbon footprint.
The division achieved substantial growth of 63.6 percent over the previous year due to tailwinds from stable market conditions and resumption in demand compared to the previous year, combined with 2 large solar project orders. The year under review saw project completions for key clients (like Honda Motorcycle and Scooter India, Bangalore International Airport, Bagmane Tech Park, Nilons Enterprises and Mysore Polymers & Rubber Products) for solar energy and energy efficiency solutions.
In the current fiscal year, the division is focusing on consolidating the solar energy business with implementations for captive power consumers and scaling up the energy efficiency business with deeper penetration of its established solutions in focus customer sectors.
At the meeting of the Board of Directors held on May 21, 2019, the Board has decided to close the Thermo-technology Business.
This business was established in 2011 and has not been profitable since the beginning in India. The overall revenue from this business is small and not material. Considering the business competitiveness and market attractiveness, the Company does not find this business viable. Overall, it is a highly fragmented market with very high competition from unorganized players. The Company will continue to provide spare parts and service for Thermo-technology Business offerings for the next 5 years.
3.3.2 Revenue by geographical area
The export sales of the Company decreased to 7.6 percent to the total sales for the year under review as compared to 9.2 percent during the previous financial year. The Companys exports, bulk of which were to Germany, China, Turkey, Brazil, Bangladesh and UAE decreased by ~12.0 percent as compared to previous year majorly in Packaging Division, Powertrain Solutions, Building Technology and Thermo Technology Divisions.
3.4 Financial Performance and Condition Sale of products
Sale of products grew by 5.1 percent over previous year on a comparable basis and stood at Mio INR 117,818. The increase is attributable to better sales volumes in Powertrain Solutions division consisting of Diesel and Gasoline powertrain products.
Sale of services
Sale of services is marginally decreased by 1.7 percent over previous year, mainly due to deferral of revenues as per Ind AS 115 - Revenue from contracts with customers.
Other operating revenue
Other operating revenue stood at Mio INR 2,120, increased by 0.6 percent over the previous year.
Other income, which mainly comprises of mark-to- market gains, profit on sale of marketable securities, dividend and interest income, increased by 16.3 percent over the previous year. Income from net gain on financial assets measured at Fair Value through Profit and Loss (FVTPL) was Mio INR 3,093 for the year under review as against Mio INR 2,185 in previous year.
Income from interest on bank and inter-company deposits increased by 6.2 percent due to improved interest rates yielding higher returns.
Cost of materials consumed
The cost of materials consumed as a percentage of revenue increased from 53.9 percent to 55.3 percent during the year under review. The increase is mainly driven by commodity price and foreign exchange impact, offset by various cost reduction measures undertaken by the across value chain including with suppliers.
Personnel cost as a percentage of revenue decreased from 11.6 percent to 11.2 percent during the year under review. This is attributed to continuous productivity improvement measures and reduced depth of production of new generation products.
The Company continues to focus on rationalizing its workforce based on its business needs in a fair manner, while sustaining productivity and competence.
Depreciation and amortization
The depreciation charge for the year under review was Mio INR 4,045 as against Mio INR 4,672 during the previous year ended March 31, 2018. The higher depreciation in previous year is attributable to new investments for expansion of new generation products at facilities situated in Bidadi (Karnataka) and Nashik (Maharashtra).
Provision for Tax
Tax Expense represents a net charge of Mio INR 7,430 in the year under review, as compared to Mio INR 6,698 in the previous year. The effective tax rate for the year under review was 31.7 percent as compared to 32.8 percent in the previous year due to tax refund relating to earlier years.
Profit After Tax (PAT)
Profit after tax increased by 16.6 percent to Mio INR 15,980 in the period under review from Mio INR 13,708 in previous financial year.
Other Comprehensive Income
The investment in equity securities is classified as financial assets through other comprehensive income as per the requirements of Ind AS 109. The changes in fair value of equity securities is recognized under other comprehensive income. Accordingly, the impact of Mio INR 997 (net of taxes) during the year under review is mainly contributed by increase in fair value of those investments.
Earnings per Share (EPS)
EPS (basic and diluted) of the Company for Financial Year 2018-19 was INR 525 per share as against INR 449 in FY 2017-18.
As on March 31, 2019, the Authorized Share Capital comprises of 38,051,460 Equity Shares of INR 10 each. The issued, subscribed and paid-up capital is Mio INR 294.94 divided into 29,493,640 equity shares of INR 10 each. During the year under review, the Company had a buyback of 1,027,100 equity shares of INR 10 each.
Reserves & Surplus
Reserves & Surplus as on March 31, 2019 stood at Mio INR 82,917, which includes retained profits of Mio INR 82,491. During the year under review, Mio INR 21,569 was utilized for the purpose of buyback of equity shares.
Other Reserve increased from Mio INR 7,210 to Mio INR 8,050 mainly due to change in the fair value of equity investments valued in line with Ind AS.
The total Shareholders fund decreased to Mio INR 91,262 as on March 31, 2019 from Mio INR 99,813 as on March 31, 2018, mainly due to utilization of general reserves for the purpose of buyback during the year under review; which is further offset by profits during the year under review.
Fixed assets - capital expenditure
The gross fixed asset value (including Capital Work-InProgress) as on March 31, 2019 was Mio INR 33,269 compared to Mio INR 27,629 as on March 31, 2018.
The Company made capital investments of Mio INR 5,975 during the year under review in addition to Mio INR 4,600 invested during previous year. Major investments were made towards development of Bidadi Phase II and Adugodi Phase II in Karnataka.
The total investments (excluding investment in property) as on March 31, 2019 decreased to Mio INR 40,361 as against Mio INR 52,228 as on March 31, 2018 mainly for the purpose for funding the buyback of the equity shares during the year under review.
Working capital Inventories
Inventory as on March 31, 2019 increased by 17.8 percent to Mio INR 14,443 from Mio INR 12,258 as on March 31, 2018 mainly due to lower inwarding from OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturer) in Automotive segment; as an effect of production cuts in order to liquidate dealer inventory in the last quarter of the year under review.
Trade receivables as on March 31, 2019 decreased to Mio INR 15,675 as against Mio INR 16,156 as on March 31, 2018 mainly due to reduction in turnover during the last quarter of the year under review. This is further supported by improved collections against overdue receivables in retail market customers of other divisions.
However, there is an increase of 4 days in Debtor Turnover Ratio due to delay in collections from export customers (SAARC countries), higher project billings with long collection period to infrastructure projects from building technology division and Machine building projects in packaging division.
Cash and Bank balances
The total cash and bank balances as on March 31, 2019 was Mio INR 12,527 (including cash and cash equivalent of Mio INR 2,032), compared to Mio INR 18,878 (including cash and cash equivalent of Mio INR 3,633) as on March 31, 2018.
|Debtor Turnover Ratio (in days)||49||45|
|Inventory to Sales Turnover Ratio (in days)||41||39|
|Interest Coverage Ratio (percent) 1||NA||NA|
|Debt Equity Ratio (percent) 1||NA||NA|
|Operating Profit Margin (percent)||14.3%||13.7%|
|Net Profit Margin (percent)||13.0%||11.5%|
|Return On Capital Employed (ROCE) (percent)||18.2%||17.0%|
|Return On Net Worth (RONW) (percent)2||15.6%||14.8%|
|Working Capital (No. of days)||72||79|
|No. of Employees (average)||9,410||9,517|
1The Company does not have any interest bearing debts, borrowings or long term liabilities.
2 RONW increased due to higher PAT contributed by increase in turnover, cost efficiency measures and one time Gratuity impact in the previous year
3.5 Human Resource Development and Industrial Relations
Human Resource Development
During the year under review, Human Resources (HR) continued its transformation initiatives, in a volatile and uncertain business environment, to cater to the organizational requirements.
The Company has collaborated with the global organization ‘Great Place to Work, in its endeavor to become a great place to work. The objective is to bring about a High Performance Culture and Ownership and build a High Trust Culture of collaboration and thereby achieve Organizational Objectives.
The Company continued its efforts to foster and drive younger generation towards future leadership.
The Company was again recognized at the National Competition for Young Managers 2018 conducted by the All India Management Association with the Company bagging the national level award.
The Company, through its Integrated Talent Management initiatives, continued to enable learning, networking and collaboration by emphasizing on cross entity movement between different Bosch legal entities enabling holistic development and encouraging integration across different entities/locations.
Industrial Relations (Employee Relations)
Industrial Relations in all plants generally remained cordial during the year under review. Transitioning from ‘Industrial Relations to ‘Employee Relations, a more focused approach on increased Employee Engagement and increased collaboration between various plants, corporate departments and amongst all level of employees was continued. The Company continues to deal with the said matters in a fair and firm manner in a journey towards Fit for Future.
During the year under review, increased connect with Government and statutory bodies, Engagement calendar, Compliance checklist, self-audits and cross audits, etc. were continued to strengthen Employee Relations.
The Company has received appreciations from its various customers for its best practices and approach in Employee relations with a clear focus on engagement and trust building.
3.6 Internal Audit and Internal Financial Controls
The Company has an Internal Audit function. The Internal Audit department provides an appropriate level of assurance on the design and effectiveness of internal controls, its compliance with operating systems and policies of the Company at all locations. Based on the internal audit report, process owners undertake corrective actions in their respective areas and thereby strengthen the controls. Significant audit observations and corrective measures thereon are presented to the Audit Committee.
The Company has an effective and reliable internal financial control system commensurate with the nature of its business, size and complexity of its operations.
The internal financial control system provides for well-documented policies and procedures that are aligned with Bosch global standards and processes, adhere to local statutory requirements for orderly and efficient conduct of business, safeguarding of assets, detection and prevention of frauds and errors, adequacy and completeness of accounting records and timely preparation of reliable financial information. This also identifies opportunities for improvement and ensures that good practices are imbibed in the processes that develop and strengthen the Internal financial control system and enhances the reliability of the Companys financial statements.
The Audit Committee reviews the internal audit plan, adequacy and effectiveness of the internal control system, significant audit observations and monitors the sustainability of remedial measures. It also reviews functioning of the Whistle Blower mechanism and reviews the action taken on the cases reported.
The efficacy of the internal checks and control systems is validated by self-audits and verified by internal as well as statutory auditors.
3.7 Opportunities and Threats
The Indian economy saw a slowdown in the last quarter of 2018 and first quarter of 2019 -due to uncertainty in the market, mainly due to the impending general elections coupled with the liquidity crisis. This resulted in high inventory at the OEMs and dealers. Now, with a stable pro-reform government back in power pursuing a fiscal consolidation path, the pickup in growth is expected to be gradual. But the overall direction is clear, development being the top priority, the opportunities for the fast adoption of technology in India is certain. Upgradation of infrastructure being the fundamental foundation for development, this is an opportunity for the companys Beyond Mobility divisions dealing in domains like Building Technology and Consumer Goods (Power Tools).
In the mobility scenario, the various initiatives of NITI Aayog and Ministry of Road Transport and Highways e.g. MOVE - the Global Mobility Summit, where stakeholders from across the sectors of mobility and transportation gathered to co-create a public interest framework to revolutionize transport - shows the importance of Mobility as a topic for India.
From the various pronouncements of the government and its agencies, it is clear that reducing the oil bill is of paramount importance and thus electrification in mobility is the way forward. While we are working closely with OEMs in various concurrent projects to deliver the BSVI mandate, electrification also opens up new opportunities and challenges in the mobility space. FAME 2 (Faster Adoption for Manufacturing of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles) has been announced providing incentives for all EVs and promoting EV infrastructure. Also, there are indications that GST for EV will be reduced to 5% from 12%. These steps clearly show the impetus given to create a demand for EVs in the country.
Two and three-wheelers, will be the early adopters of electrification. This will gradually move towards fleet passenger cars, but the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) will continue to be the dominant technology in the remaining segments. Bosch with its focus on environment, continues research and improvements in diesel technology and applications; and has been able to achieve even lower emissions than what is mandated.
Other key areas of focus emerging from MOVE Summit was Asset Utilization and use of Analytics in Mobility.
To cater to these new age businesses we have created agile project houses, both on Electrification and Mobility Services to understand the local requirements and use the global expertise to provide localized solutions for the Indian market. These project houses being a step towards future-proofing of the Company will need time to translate to mature businesses.
3.8 Risks and Concerns
The Company follows a specific, well-defined risk management process which is integrated with its operations, for identification, categorization and prioritization of operational, financial and strategic business risks. Across the organization, there are teams responsible for the previously mentioned processes who report to the Senior Management.
The Risk Management Committee headed by Mr. Soumitra Bhattacharya, Managing Director, reviews the effectiveness of the process at regular intervals.
Following are the major risks and mitigation measures:
1. Disruptive norms:
Automotive industry is in the midst of changes like BSVI, and Electrification. These are considered by the Company as one of the major risk.
(a) Shift to BSVI: The jump from BSIV to BSVI in a short span of about 3 years, the pace of change and the short time duration for preparedness are challenging. Shift to BSVI products, which are largely based on imports, in the initial years, and have low replacement requirements in the Aftermarket, may have an adverse financial impact on the Company. The Company is currently working on customer project acquisitions and measures are being enforced to minimize the financial impact.
(b) Electrification: There has been a lot of discussion on electrification by various stakeholders including the Government, OEMs and auto component manufacturers. The technological dominance, which the Company currently has in the auto component industry, might not be available once electrification has its way into the industry. However, the Company, being a global end-to-end solution provider, has its own advantage and is working closely with some of the top customers in the industry.
2. Competition: The Company operates in a highly competitive environment due to which there are risks of pressure on pricing, loss of market share due to de-risking from some customers, judicial changes and increased import content. Spurious parts and cheap imitations continue to put pressure on existing market share, primarily for Automotive Aftermarket and Power Tools divisions.
The Company, as a strategy, localizes products over a period resulting in reduction of price of the products and consequent increase in the market share. Respective business unit teams undertake a comprehensive competitor analysis periodically to evaluate competitors strategies vis-a-vis, our own products and services and define our counter strategic and marketing plans.
3. Industrial Relations (IR): IR-related risks continue on account of surplus capacity at the Companys Powertrain systems plants and high lead time for wage settlement. These include possible risks arising from stoppage of production and/or leading to unpredictable cost structure and/or possible lay-off.
The Company adopts more focused continuous action plan for wage settlement, offers attractive voluntary retirement schemes, Firm and Fair approach for settlement with contract labour and implement selected industry best practices. As continued process in building capability initiative, special trainings were conducted on Employee Relations and adding value to Front line leadership development in the plant.
4. Heavily auto sector dependent: About 85 percent of the business is dependent on the auto sector. Performance of the Company, therefore, is dependent on this sectors growth.
5. Economy/Industry: The automotive industry is going through a rough patch currently due to various issues like lower demand, tight liquidity crunch, high fluctuations in customer demand and in general slowdown due to general elections. Even though most of these are likely to be temporary, it could impact the Company in short and mid-term.
In the near term, the downtrend in the automotive market with high inventory built-up in the pipeline is a definitive threat. With the ongoing slowdown in the market and multiple manufacturers regulating their production, we perceive a very conservative outlook of this sector. Though empirical evidence in the past suggests a pre-buy in the market before implementation of regulatory changes like the BSVI changeover. However, in the current market scenario there is a high uncertainty on a pre-buy. With a definitive deadline in place for BSVI implementation, the OEMs will be looking forward to exhausting their complete inventory and not carrying over inventory of obsolete technology. Furthermore, the implementation of safety and emission norms will also lead to increase in the cost of the vehicle resulting in higher TCO (total cost of ownership). Increase in fuel prices, rise in third party insurance charges, coupled with NBFC financial crisis and low employment rate would lead to poor market sentiments. Thus, FY2019-20 looks to be of muted growth at best, if not negative.
4. Manufacturing Facilities
4.1 Bengaluru (Karnataka)
The 68 year old Bengaluru plant transforming itself into a lean and agile plant with the vision statement of ‘We Shape the Future is now looking beyond at being a market leader with technology & digitalization as the pillar. The new vision to aid this strategy is ‘WE LEAD, which was launched as the direction until 2021. This Plant has the manufacturing facility for the 93 year old product ‘A Pump which is still going strong in the tractor and diesel genset segments of Automotive Market & the Single Cylinder PF Pumps. During the year under review, the plant achieved a milestone of manufacturing its 20th million A-pump & marked the highest sales number of 1.05 million in 2018.
The plant has implemented an intensive System Continuous Improvement Process for improving and sustaining quality and remaining cost competitive. With this as a blueprint, the restructuring of machinery and equipment together with focus on increasing operational efficiency on the shop floor have made value streams even leaner. Additionally, the plant is using low cost automation solutions for process optimization and reduction of manual effort resulting in better quality and speed in the value chain. With all these restructuring measures, the plant with its men & machines will get shifted to Bidadi (Phase II) by Q2 2019.
4.2 Bidadi (Karnataka)
Being one of the youngest manufacturing plants,
Bidadi is progressing towards being a pioneer in I4.0 Solutions & low cost automation solution. House to the common rail pumps, high-pressure rails & common rail single cylinder pumps the strategy is to be a benchmark manufacturer in terms of quality & cost which is driven by the new vision ‘WE LEAD. Many COBOTS (Collaborative Robots) in manufacturing aid in simultaneously achieving two targets: significant cost reduction & improving quality by eliminating human errors.
The plant also has a ‘Carbon Neutral-2030 strategy to reduce the carbon footprint. The solar power capacity has been upgraded to 8.7 MWp in the year under review. Apart from which numerous tree plantation and usage of LNG are in place to make the plant greener.
The plant has commenced lake rejuvenation project in the area adjacent to its facilities.
With the manufacturing facilities and people getting shifted from Bangalore plant to Bidadi plant by Q22019, Bidadi will become the single plant for Powertrain system products in Karnataka.
4.3 Nashik (Maharashtra)
Nashik plant manufactures the Common Rail Injectors (CRI) and components including nozzles for both common rail and conventional diesel injectors. During the year under review, the plant successfully transferred the production facility of Conventional Injectors (NHA) to Jaipur plant. Additional capacity was added for CRI product by relocation of a high volume line from Bosch Turkey plant. Nashik plant celebrated the production of 25th million CRI and became the second largest manufacturer of CRI 2-16 injectors in the Bosch group globally.
During the year under review, the Nashik plant continued its endeavor to use renewable source of energy. The plant has an overall capacity of 13 MWp of solar energy generation. The plant is the first Bosch plant in India and fifth worldwide to receive ISO 50001:2001 certification for Energy Management.
Focusing on behavior based safety, reduction of first aid cases and capturing and working on near miss incidents, the plant recorded a zero accident year. The plant was awarded by CII for the Manufacturing excellence practices of Industry 4.0.
4.4 Jaipur (Rajasthan)
The Jaipur plant produces Distributor (VE) Mechanical and Electronic Diesel Control Pumps used in Light and Heavy Commercial Vehicles, Sports and Multi-Utility Vehicles and tractors. Relocation of manufacturing of Conventional Injectors from Nashik to Jaipur was successfully completed during the year under review. These are used in both on-highway and off-highway applications including Light and Heavy Commercial Vehicles, Locomotives, Tractors and Gensets.
Growth in the domestic LCV and tractor markets resulted in good turnover in spite of reduction in other OE volumes due to implementation of BSIV Emission Norms with effect from April 01, 2017.
The plant is the first Bosch plant in India to win the National Safety Award in two categories, ‘Accident free year and ‘Lowest Average Frequency Rate from the Government of India in September 2017. The plant also won other awards including CII Lean Award for lean manufacturing.
4.5 Naganathapura (Karnataka)
The Naganathapura plant produces Spark Plugs, a product produced by the Bosch group for over a century.
The year under review witnessed an increase in the turnover mainly due to higher demand from OE and Independent Aftermarket segments.
Focusing on improving cost competitiveness, productivity improvement projects were implemented in addition to safety and quality improvement programs.
During the year under review, Machine building division and manufacturing of automotive service solutions were relocated from the Bengaluru plant to Naganathapura plant.
4.6 Verna (Goa)
The Verna plant provides a variety of applications and solutions relating to packaging market in India and SAARC countries. The products and solutions of the plant also have good presence in Africa.
During the year under review, Verna plant executed many challenging projects, made successful product transfers and took big steps in Horizontal Form, Fill & Seal product line. The plant also introduced new products like SVI 4000WR and BVK 1200 in the market.
4.7 Gangaikondan (Tamil Nadu)
Situated at Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu with a 6,200 sq. meters of built-up area, the state-of-the-art Gangaikondan plant is the Powertrain Solutions plant in India catering to the needs of growing Gasoline automobile market (both four and two-wheelers) in India. This plant was inaugurated in 2015 and achieved a break-even during the year under review.
The plant mainly produces Powertrain Sensor products, Air Management products, Fuel supply Modules, Fuel Injection products for Gasoline vehicles. Year on year, the plant has increased its output by 30 percent and is ready to face the market demands.
4.8 Chennai (Tamil Nadu)
The Power Tools facility admeasuring approximately 8,500 sq. meters is located at Indospace Industrial Park, Orgadam, Tamil Nadu. At present, the facility cater mainly to the Indian and SAARC markets. It primarily manufactures Small Angle grinders, Large Angle grinders, Marble cutters, Blowers, Drills and two-kg Hammers, along with their motors. The plant produces Blowers for the entire global market.
The plant was accredited with Power Tools plant excellence award for the second consecutive year as well as best improving plant within the Power Tools international network.
5. Information Technology (IT)
The Company is working towards making the IT system robust to support operational efficiency, quick decision making and ensuring quality customer experience.
During the year, the Company continued to enhance its IT infrastructure to facilitate better internal as well as external communication, by introducing various IT tools.
After the smooth rollout of GST last year, during the year under review, the Company has further upgraded its IT systems for centralized tax returns (GSTR1 and GSTR2), apart from incorporating changes based on the GST notifications on ongoing basis.
The Company is already using industrial IoT (Internet of Things) and Industry 4.0 concepts and now plans to scale up this initiative to improve efficiency and quality.
In order to ensure our competitive edge and leverage market opportunity with emerging business models, Digital Transformation initiative was launched. This will lay thrust on various digital solutions and technology, thereby generating revenue through new business channels, drive competitiveness through process automation and focus on transformation of the workforce from ‘Digital Naive to ‘Digital Native.
The Company is providing topmost priority for information security to insulate the Company and its operations from external threats, including cyber attacks. The Company has put in place comprehensive measures, to provide organizational and technical protection against system outages, data loss, and data manipulation. In expanding our privacy and IT security organization, we are equipping ourselves for the growing requirements of the National Privacy Regulation and EUs General Data Protection Regulation.
The implemented measures include mandatory documentation, awareness campaigns and risk based security audits.
6. Change Initiatives
6.1 Continuous Improvement Process (CIP)
Structured CIP deployment and review by Senior Leadership in 2018 helped in the increase of number of suggestions per employee by 19 percent and number of Shop Floor CIPs / Lernstatts by 12 percent over 2017 leading to CIP savings increase by 40 percent.
For 2019, emphasis has been laid for making CIP as part of Corporate Culture and the same has been addressed by rolling-out CIP approach from 2019 onwards. This will support in addressing various important cultural aspects of CIP viz. regular review by Leadership, enabling associates at different levels by means of
trainings and support, building the competent pool of CIP Coordinators and recognition of outstanding contributors.
6.2 Bosch Production System (BPS)
One of the Strategic focus points from the We are Bosch statement is efficient processes, lean structure, high productivity, secure and increase in value of the Company. To augment Operational excellence,
People competency on Lean has been given adequate attention. Technical and Commercial Plant Managers were given insights on Improvable System approach so that Business KPRs can be achieved on a sustainable basis. Learn by doing workshops for Value stream Managers were conducted at Gemba to bring Stability in processes. Boot camps to qualify BPS Assessors and Cross assessments have improved the understanding of Lean concepts. At the same time Learning and Sharing among plants has become the norm. BPS day for RO-IN plant was conducted in Bangalore in May 2018.
All these activities have supported us in moving swiftly up the ladder of Excellence. KPRs on Lead time, inventory, productivity and delivery performance have improved significantly over the previous year.
Bosch had also been adjudged the Winner in 3 categories organized by CII on Lean implementation at Value streams in Bengaluru in May 2018.
7. Business Excellence
Striving for excellence has been the Companys strategic focal point, which will help to succeed. We measure ourselves against our strongest competitors, we are Agile and accurate. With efficient processes, lean structures, and high productivity we intend to secure and increase the value of the Company. Through Business excellence we are aiming at increasing our overall organizational efficiency to fuel our future growth.
8. Awards and Recognition
During the year under review, the Company won several awards for excellence. Few such awards are:
• Supplier Support Award from Mahindra Swaraj
• Customer Driven Six Sigma Project recognized by Ford India - Nashik Plant
• Growth Through Comprehensive Excellence at the Maruti Suzuki Vendor Conference
• Best Supplier Award by VECV at the Annual Supplier Conference 2018
• Landmark Purchase Agreement with Hero MotoCorp Ltd (HMCL)
• TKML 0 PPM Award for 2017
• Best Supplier Award by TMTL at the Annual Supplier Conference 2018
• Leading EPC - Solar Rooftop Award
• National Safety Award from Govt. of India - Jaipur Plant
• GOLD Award in ICQCC-2018 Singapore
• Bajaj Quality Award - Gangaikondan Plant
• Ashok Leyland Supplier SAMRAT Competition - Nashik Plant
• Quality Excellence Award from SMLI
• Best Tech Award Supporting Energy Efficiency 2018
• Gold Award from Greaves Cotton Limited
• CII-SR EHS Excellence Awards 2018 - Bidadi Plant
• CO2 Energy Efficiency at Bosch EHS Award 2018 - Nashik Plant
• Global Safety Award 2019: Gold category - Nashik Plant
• NSCI Safety Award 2018 - Jaipur Plant
• Gold Award from Greaves Cotton Limited
• John Deere Award for New Product Development
• John Deere Award for Commendable Performance for India Business
9. Directors and Key Managerial Personnel
9.1 Directors Retiring by Rotation
In accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and Articles of Association of the Company,
Mr. Soumitra Bhattacharya (DIN: 02783243) and Mr. Peter Tyroller (DIN: 06600928) retire by rotation at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting, and being eligible, offer themselves for re-election at the said Meeting.
Brief profiles of Mr. Soumitra Bhattacharya and Mr. Peter Tyroller form part of the Notice convening the 67th Annual General Meeting of the Company.
9.2 Changes in the Key Managerial Personnel and Board
9.2.1 Board of Directors
Ms. Renu S. Karnad resigned from the Directorship of the Company due to other commitments and limitation of time with effect from September 25, 2018. The Board places on record its sincere appreciation for the valuable guidance provided by Ms. Karnad during her tenure as Director of the Company.
The Board of Directors, on recommendation of the Nomination & Remuneration Committee and subject to the approval of the shareholders, appointed Dr. Gopichand Katragadda as an Additional Director designated as an Independent Director for a term of 5 years with effect from December 04, 2018.
Mr. Bernhard Steinruecke and Mr. Bhaskar Bhat were appointed as Independent Directors of the Company for a period of 5 years with effect from April 01, 2014 to hold office upto March 31, 2019.
The Nomination & Remuneration Committee, on the basis of performance evaluation of Independent Directors and taking into account the external business environment, the business knowledge acumen, experience and the substantial contribution made by Mr. Bernhard Steinruecke and Mr. Bhaskar Bhat during their tenure, has recommended to the Board that continued association of Mr. Bernhard Steinruecke and Mr. Bhaskar Bhat as Independent Directors of the Company would be beneficial to the Company. Based on the above and performance evaluation of Independent Directors, the Board of Directors recommend re-appointment of Mr. Bernhard Steinruecke and Mr. Bhaskar Bhat as Additional Directors designated as Independent Directors of the Company, not liable to retire by rotation, to hold office for a second term of 5 consecutive years with effect from April 01, 2019 till March 31, 2024, subject to the approval of the shareholders.
Dr. Andreas Wolf was appointed as a Joint Managing Director of the Company for a period from January 01, 2017 to February 28, 2019.
On recommendation of the Nomination & Remuneration Committee, the Board of Directors, at their meeting held on February 13, 2019, re-appointed Dr. Andreas Wolf as Joint Managing Director for a period of three years with effect from March 01, 2019 till February 28, 2022, subject to the approval of the shareholders.
The Company has received notice from Member under section 160 of the Companies Act, 2013, proposing candidature of Dr. Gopichand Katragadda, Mr. Bernhard Steinruecke and Mr. Bhaskar Bhat for the office of Director(s) of the Company at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting.
The following resolutions, in addition to re-appointment of Mr. Soumitra Bhattacharya and Mr. Peter Tyroller, who retire by rotation, relating to the aforementioned re-constitution of the Board of Directors of the Company will form part of the Notice convening the 67th Annual General Meeting of the Company:
i. Appointment of Dr. Gopichand Katragadda as an Independent Director for a period of 5 consecutive years with effect from December 04, 2018.
ii. Appointment of Mr. Bernhard Steinruecke as an Independent Director for a second term of 5 consecutive years with effect from April 01, 2019.
iii. Appointment of Mr. Bhaskar Bhat as an Independent Director for a second term of 5 consecutive years with effect from April 01, 2019.
iv. Re-appointment of Dr. Andreas Wolf as Joint Managing Director for a period of 3 years with effect from March 01, 2019.
Brief profiles of Dr. Gopichand Katragadda, Mr. Bernhard Steinruecke, Mr. Bhaskar Bhat and Dr. Andreas Wolf form part of the Notice convening the 67th Annual General Meeting of the Company.
9.2.2 Key Managerial Personnel
Mr. Anuj Sharma resigned as Compliance Officer (interim) with effect from November 04, 2018. The Board of Directors, on the recommendation of the Nomination & Remuneration Committee, appointed Mr. Rajesh Parte (ACS 10700) as the Company Secretary and Compliance Officer with effect from November 05, 2018.
As on the date of this report, the following have been designated as the Key Managerial Personnel of the Company pursuant to Section 2(51) and 203 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014:
• Mr. Soumitra Bhattacharya - Managing Director
• Dr. Andreas Wolf - Joint Managing Director
• Mr. Jan-Oliver Rohrl - Executive Director
• Mr. S.C. Srinivasan - Chief Financial Officer & Alternate Director designated as a Whole-time Director
• Mr. Rajesh Parte - Company Secretary & Compliance Officer
9.3 Independent Directors
All the Independent Directors have given a declaration to the Company that they meet the criteria of independence prescribed under section 149(6) of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act) and SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 (Listing Regulations).
9.3.1. Familiarization Programme for Independent Directors
For details of programmes of familiarization of the Independent Directors with the Company, their roles, rights, responsibilities in the Company, nature of industry in which the Company operates, business model of the Company and number of hours please refer to the Corporate Governance Report.
9.4 Performance Evaluation of Directors
In line with the provisions of the Act and the Listing Regulations, the Board has carried out an annual performance evaluation of its own performance, its Committees and individual Directors.
For details of the performance evaluation including evaluation criteria for Independent Directors, please refer the Corporate Governance Report.
10. Board Meetings
During the year under review, five meetings of the Board of Directors were held. The particulars of the meetings and attendance thereat are mentioned in the Corporate Governance Report.
11. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Committee and Initiatives
Consequent to changes in the Board of Directors during the year under review, the CSR Committee was re-constituted by inducting Mr. S.V. Ranganath and Dr. Gopichand Katragadda as members. As on the date of this report, the CSR Committee comprises of Mr. Bhaskar Bhat (Independent Director) as its Chairman and Ms. Hema Ravichandar (Independent Director),
Mr. S.V. Ranganath (Independent Director),
Dr. Gopichand Katragadda (Independent Director),
Mr. Soumitra Bhattacharya (Managing Director) & Dr. Andreas Wolf (Joint Managing Director) as its members.
The CSR Committee oversees the Companys CSR initiatives.
The Board of Directors have adopted a CSR Policy in line with the provisions of the Act. The CSR Policy, inter-alia, deals with the objectives of the Companys CSR initiatives, its guiding principles, thrust areas, responsibilities of the CSR Committee, implementation plan and reporting framework.
Some of the key CSR initiatives during the year under review include the following:
• Boschs support for Lalbagh Botanical Garden in Bengaluru began including the installation of Smart
Parking facility, 8 Aerators in the Lalbagh Lake, 200 waste bins for dry and wet segregation at source and Solar Power Plants saving 20 tons of CO2 every year.
• Rejuvenation of the Shanumangala Lake in Bidadi.
• Development of Model I.T.I. (Skill Development Center) in Government ITI, Diary Circle Bengaluru
Sustainability and scalability of existing projects:
• BRIDGE: 20,000 less-educated youth trained and placed through 250 BRIDGE Centers across India.
• 25 RO Plants in Jaipur.
• 14 Check Dams in Nashik.
• Akshaya Patra Kitchen in Jigani: 25,000 meals cooked per day (from 15,000 last year).
• CHDP interventions in 300 Government schools. Collaboration and Partnerships:
• Partnership with Tata Steel and Indian Oil-led Skill Center to run the BRIDGE program in Jamshedpur and Hyderabad respectively.
• Bosch is now a non-funded Industry partner of National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) through which the BRIDGE program is scaled up at NSDC Centers.
• Bosch has also partnered with MEPSC (Management Entrepreneurship and Professional Skills Council) for assessing the ‘Train the Trainer program.
Details of the CSR Committee meetings and attendance thereat forms a part of the Corporate Governance Report.
Annual Report on Corporate Social Responsibility Activities of the Company is enclosed as Annexure ‘B (Page No. 61) to this Report.
12. Audit Committee
Consequent to changes in the Board of Directors during the year under review, the Audit Committee was re-constituted by appointing Mr. S.V. Ranganath (Independent Director) as the Chairman with effect from November 05, 2018. As on the date of this report, the Audit Committee comprises of Mr. S.V. Ranganath (Independent Director) as its Chairman and Mr. V.K. Viswanathan (Non-Executive and Non-Independent Director), Mr. Bernhard Steinruecke (Independent Director), Mr. Bhaskar Bhat (Independent Director) & Ms. Hema Ravichandar (Independent Director) as its members.
The Members of the Committee possess strong Accounting and Financial Management knowledge. The Company Secretary of the Company is the Secretary of the Committee.
During the year under review, the Board accepted all the recommendations of the Audit Committee.
Details of the roles and responsibilities, particulars of meeting and attendance thereat are mentioned in the Corporate Governance Report.
13. Subsidiary, Associate and Joint Venture Companies
13.1 Subsidiary Company
MICO Trading Private Limited (MTPL)
The Company has only one subsidiary viz., MICO Trading Private Limited. The financial performance of MTPL is as under:-
|Particulars||FY 2018-19||FY 2017-18|
|Profit/(Loss) before tax||6||(51)|
|Profit/(Loss) after tax||6||(51)|
The Directors Report along with the Audited Statement of Accounts of MTPL has been uploaded on the website of the Company at www.bosch.in under the Shareholder Information section.
13.2 Associate Company
Newtech Filter India Private Limited (NTFI)
The Company has one Associate Company viz., Newtech Filter India Private Limited. The Company holds 25 percent and Robert Bosch Investment Nederland B.V. holds 75 percent of the paid-up share capital of NTFI.
NTFI is the manufacturer of automotive filters, selling their products to the Company, which further sells the same to end customers.
Aftermarket contributed to 72 percent of the product sales while 28 percent were attributed to OEM and OES channels in 2018-19.
The financial performance of NTFI is as under:
|Profit/(Loss) before tax||16||16||0%|
|PBT % on Turnover||2.4||2.4||0%|
A separate statement containing the salient features of the financial statement of the aforementioned Subsidiary and Associate is enclosed as Annexure ‘C (Page No. 66) to this Report.
13.3 Joint Venture Company
The Company has executed a Joint Venture Agreement dated March 20, 2019 with Prettl India Private Limited, its Joint Venture partner, for incorporation of the new joint venture company for the purpose of carrying out the business of manufacturing/assembly and supply of mechanical and electromechanical components and assemblies for automobile and non-automobile industry. Accordingly, PreBo Automotive Private Limited was incorporated on May 18, 2019 with its registered office at Bengaluru. This Company is yet to commence its business.
14. Remuneration Policy
The Nomination & Remuneration Policy, inter-alia, provides for criteria and qualifications for appointment of Director, Key Managerial Personnel & Senior Management, Board diversity, remuneration to Directors, Key Managerial Personnel, etc. This Policy was amended at the Board Meeting held on February 13, 2019 to amend the definition of Senior Management Personnel and to provide that the remuneration payable to the Senior Management shall be placed before the Committee for recommending the same for approval of the Board. The Policy can also be accessed at the following link: https://www.bosch.in/media/ our company/shareholder information/2015/nomination and remuneration policy.pdf
15. Particulars of Employees
Disclosures pertaining to remuneration of employees and other details, as required under Section 197(12) of the Act and rules framed thereunder is enclosed as Annexure ‘D (Page No. 67) to this Report.
The information in respect of employees of the Company required pursuant to Rule 5 of Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014, as amended will be provided on request. In terms of Section 136 of the Act, the Reports and Accounts are being sent to the Members and others entitled thereto excluding the aforementioned particulars of employees, which is available for inspection by the Members at the Registered Office of the Company during business hours on any working day. Any member desirous of obtaining a copy of the same may write to the Company at investor@ in.bosch.com.
16. Corporate Governance
A report on Corporate Governance in terms of the requirements of the Listing Regulations and a certificate from the Practicing Company Secretary, forms part of this Annual Report (Page No. 182).
17. Risk Management
The Company has a well-defined Risk Management Policy. The Policy has been developed after taking cognizance of the relevant statutory guidelines, Bosch Guidelines on risk management, empirical evidences, stakeholders feedback, forecast and expert judgment.
The Policy, inter-alia, provides for the following:
Risk Management framework;
(i) In-built pro-active processes within the Risk Management Manual for reporting, evaluating and resolving risks;
(ii) Identifying and assessing risks associated with various business decisions before they materialize. Take informed decisions at all levels of the organization in line with the Companys risk appetite;
(iii) Ensuring protection of shareholders stake by establishing an integrated Risk Management Framework for identifying, assessing, mitigating, monitoring, evaluating and reporting all risks;
(iv) Strengthening Risk Management through constant learning and improvement;
(v) Adoption and implementation of risk mitigation measures at every level in order to achieve longterm goals effectively and sustainably;
(vi) Regularly review Risk Tolerance levels of the Company as they may vary with change in the Companys strategy; and
(vii) Ensuring sustainable business growth with stability.
In the opinion of the Board, there are no risks that may threaten the existence of the Company.
18. Whistle Blower Policy/Vigil Mechanism
The Company has a Whistle Blower Policy, which includes vigil mechanism for dealing with instances of fraud and mismanagement.
Details of the Whistle Blower Policy have been mentioned in the Corporate Governance Report. The Whistle Blower Policy has also been uploaded on the website of the Company and can be accessed at the following link: https://www.bosch.in/media/our company/shareholder information/2018/whistle blower policy-3.pdf
19. Business Responsibility Report
In terms of the requirements of Regulation 34(2) (f) of the Listing Regulations, a report on Business Responsibility in the prescribed format forms a part of this Annual Report (Page No. 198).
20. Related Party Transactions
The Audit Committee accords omnibus approval to Related Party Transactions which are in ordinary course of business, foreseen, repetitive in nature and satisfy the arms length principles. The Audit Committee reviews, on a quarterly basis, the details of the Related Party Transactions entered pursuant to the aforementioned omnibus approval. Additionally, the Company obtains a half yearly certificate from a Chartered Accountant in Practice confirming that the related party transactions during the said period were in ordinary course of business, repetitive in nature and satisfy the arms length principles.
The details of Related Party Transactions under Section 188(1) of the Act required to be disclosed under Form AOC - 2 pursuant to Section 134(3) of the Act is enclosed as Annexure ‘E (Page No. 69) to this Report.
The Company has framed a Policy for determining materiality of Related Party Transactions and dealing with Related Party Transactions. The Policy has been revised by the Board of Directors at their meeting held on February 13, 2019. The said Policy is hosted on the website of the Company and can be accessed at the following link: https://www.bosch.in/media/ our company/shareholder information/2019/rpt policy amended.pdf
21. Energy Conservation, Technology Absorption, Foreign Exchange Earnings & Outgo
The report in respect of conservation of energy, technology absorption, foreign exchange earnings and outgo as required under Section 134 of the Act read with Rule 8 of Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, as amended, is enclosed as Annexure ‘F (Page No. 70) to this Report.
22.1 Statutory Auditor
The shareholders at the 65th Annual General Meeting of the Company held on September 01, 2017 appointed M/s. Deloitte Haskins & Sells LLP (Firm Registration No. 117366W/W-100018) as Statutory Auditors of the Company for a period of 5 years until the conclusion of the 70th Annual General Meeting.
The Auditors Report on the Standalone as well as Consolidated Financial Statements for the Financial Year 2018-19 is unmodified i.e. it does not contain any qualification, reservation or adverse remark.
22.2 Cost Audit & Cost Auditors
The Board of Directors, on recommendation of the Audit Committee, appointed M/s. Rao, Murthy & Associates, Cost Accountants, Bengaluru (Registration No. 000065) as Cost Auditors to audit the cost accounts of the Company for the Financial Year 2019-20 in terms of the provisions of Section 148 of the Act.
The Audit Committee has also received a Certificate from the Cost Auditors certifying their independence and arms length relationship with the Company.
In terms of the requirements of the said section, the members are required to ratify remuneration payable to the Cost Auditors. Accordingly, resolution ratifying the remuneration payable to M/s. Rao, Murthy & Associates will form a part of the Notice convening the 67th Annual General Meeting.
As per Section 148(1) of the Act, the Company is required to maintain Cost Records. Accordingly, Cost Records and Cost Accounts are duly maintained by the Company.
22.3 Secretarial Auditor
Pursuant to the provisions of Section 204 of the Act, and the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014, the Company has appointed Mr. Sachin Bhagwat, Practicing Company Secretary (Certificate of Practice No. 6029) to undertake Secretarial Audit of the Company for the Financial Year 2018-19. The Report of the Secretarial Auditor is enclosed as Annexure ‘G (Page No. 72) to this Report.
The Secretarial Audit Report does not contain any qualifications, reservations or adverse remarks or disclaimer.
22.4 Reporting of Fraud
During the year under review, the Statutory Auditors, Cost Auditors and Secretarial Auditor have not reported any instances of fraud committed in the Company by its Officers or Employees to the Audit Committee under Section 143(12) of the Act, details of which needs to be mentioned in this Report.
23. Directors Responsibility Statement
Pursuant to Section 134(5) of the Act, the Board of Directors report that:
(i) in the preparation of the annual accounts, the applicable accounting standards have been followed along with proper explanation relating to material departures;
(ii) they have selected and consistently applied accounting policies and have made judgements and estimates that are reasonable and prudent so as to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Company at the end of the financial year and the profit of the Company for that period;
(iii) proper and sufficient care has been taken for maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting fraud and other irregularities;
(iv) the annual accounts have been prepared on a ‘going concern basis;
(v) proper internal financial controls are in place and that such controls are adequate and are operating effectively; and
(vi) proper systems to ensure compliance with the provisions of all applicable laws were in place and that such systems were adequate and operating effectively.
24. Details of Loans, Guarantees or Investments
Particulars of loans given, investment made or guarantee given or security provided and the purpose for which the loan or guarantee or security is proposed to be utilized by the recipient of the loan or guarantee or security are provided in Note Nos. 6, 7 and 34 to the Financial Statements.
The particulars of loans/advances, etc., required to be disclosed in the Annual Accounts of the Company pursuant to Para A of Schedule V of the Listing Regulations are furnished separately.
During the year under review, there were no deposits accepted by the Company as per the provisions of Companies Act, 2013.
26. Material Changes and Commitments
There were no material changes and commitments between the end of the year under review and the date of this report affecting the financial position of the Company.
During the year under review, the Company bought back 1,027,100 Equity Shares of face value INR 10 each representing 3.365 percent of the pre-buyback paid up share capital of the Company for an aggregate of INR 21,569,100,000 (representing 24.999 percent of the paid up share capital and free reserves of the Company on a consolidated basis). Robert Bosch GmbH, the holding company, also participated in the Buyback.
The post capital of the Company is Mio INR 294.94 consisting of 29,493,640 Equity Shares of INR 10 each. The present shareholding pattern is as under:
|Particulars||No. of Shares||% of the paid-up share capital|
|Promoter and Promoter Group||20,805,224||70.54|
28. Extract of Annual Return
The Extract of Annual Return as provided under Section 92(3) of the Act and as prescribed in Form MGT-9 under the Companies (Management and Administration) Rules, 2014 is enclosed as Annexure ‘H (Page No. 74) to this Report. In terms of the requirements of Section 134(3) (a) of the Act, the complete Annual Return is available on the Companys website and can be accessed at the following link: https://www.bosch.in/media/our company/shareholder information/2019/mgt 7 website- pdf
29. Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013
The Company has complied with provisions relating to the constitution of Internal Complaints Committee under the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013. The information as regards the number of cases filed and their disposal under this Act is given in the Business Responsibility Report.
30. Secretarial Standards
The applicable Secretarial Standards i.e. SS - 1 and SS - 2, relating to Meetings of the Board of Directors and General Meetings, respectively, have been duly complied by the Company.
31. Cautionary Statement
Statements in the Boards Report and the Management Discussion & Analysis describing the Companys objective, expectations or forecasts may be forward looking within the meaning of applicable laws and regulations. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed in the statement.
Your Directors state that no disclosure or reporting is required in respect of the following items as there were no transactions/events on these items during the year under review:
i. Issue of Equity Shares with differential rights as to Dividend, voting or otherwise;
ii. Issue of Shares (including Sweat Equity Shares) to employees of the Company under any scheme;
iii. Significant or material orders passed by the Regulators or Courts or Tribunals which impact the going concern status and the Companys operations in future;
iv. Voting rights which are not directly exercised by the employees in respect of Shares for the subscription/purchase of which loan was given by the Company (as there is no scheme pursuant o which such persons can beneficially hold shares as envisaged under Section 67(3)(c) of the Act).
The Directors express their gratitude to the various Central and State Government Departments for their continued cooperation extended to the Company. The Directors also thank all customers, dealers, suppliers, banks, members, and business partners for the excellent support received from them. The Directors would also like to acknowledge the exceptional contribution and commitment of the employees of the Company during the year under review.
For and on behalf of the Board of Directors
V. K. Viswanathan
Date: May 21, 2019