Coal India Ltd Management Discussions.

1.0 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND DEVELOPMENT Coal in India and Coal India Limited

Coal remains the predominant indigenous energy sources in the country. The energy security of the country and its prosperity are integrally linked to efficient and effective use of this abundant, affordable and dependent fuel, coal.

The dependability on coal may be gauged by the fact that about 55% of Indias installed power capacity is coal-based. CIL produces around 83% of Indias overall coal production in India and meets to the tune of 40% of primary commercial energy requirement. As India aims to increase its power generation capacity in coming years, a significant portion of the capacity is expected to come from coal itself. As of now the share of coal in overall energy mix is expected to remain high at 48-54% even beyond 2030. In spite of the penetration of the renewables, the demand for coal shall remain strong though its share (%) in the energy mix may reduce.

In terms of availability, coal is the most abundant fossil fuel available in India. The geological resources of coal in India are in excess of ~344 Billion Tonnes. At the current rate of production, the reserves are adequate to meet the demand for multiple centuries to follow.

Government of India envisages to provide access to clean, cheap and sustainable electricity to the entire population. Though the proportion of non-coal sources, particularly renewables, has increased over the last few years, yet coal shall remain the dominant fuel source for electricity generation in India in near future as well.

Today India is the 2nd largest producer of coal in the world producing about 716 Million tonne (Mt) of coal in 2020-21. The coal sector in India is dominated by state producers including Coal India Limited and Singareni Collieries Company Limited. Coal India Limited (CIL), with its seven wholly-owned coal producing subsidiaries and one mine planning and Consultancy Company, is the single largest coal producing company in the world, with a total production of about 596 (Mt) during the fiscal 2020-21 which is about 83% of the total coal produced in the country.


Strengths Weaknesses
• Large Scale of operations allow economies in scale of production. • High cost of production in underground (legacy) mines.
• Large coal resource base. • Evacuation infrastructure bottleneck in certain areas due to land, statutory clearance and law & Order issues.
• Geographical spread of operations in India allows proximity to a large and diversified customer base. • Inherent inferior quality of indigenous coal due to high ash content.
• Strong financial credentials. • Constraints in land acquisition.
• Skilled and diversified workforce with experience. • High wages cost
• Well positioned to cater to high demand of coal in India.
• Consistent track record of growth & strong track record of financial performance.
• Strong capabilities for exploration, mine planning and operations.
• Lowest selling price of coal.
Threats Opportunities
• Resistance to part with land, creating problems in possession of land and rehabilitation. • Coal to remain the key primary energy source in India.
• Rapid appreciation in land cost. • Large scale Rural electrification and Power for All UDAY scheme.
• Increase in proportion of renewables in the energy mix and demand stagnation in future. • Enhanced demand of power due to increased use of electric vehicles.
• Energy storage solutions. • Optimizing production cost through Linkage rationalization.
• Covid-19 like pandemic may cause havoc in terms of reduced demand to dictate course of business in short term. • Export opportunities to neighboring countries.
• Pressure of international body like UN to comply Paris Agreement on climate change to curb use of fossil fuel. • Strong economic growth in India and resultant demand for energy, particularly coal as an energy source.
• Impact of commercial mining • Being a cheaper source of energy compared to alternate sources available in India, demand to continue to remain strong.
• Opportunity to adopt coal to liquid and coal to gas technology.
• Opportunity for reducing non-essential imports of thermal coal.


Production, Off-take and OBR performances are available in Directors Report.


CIL had envisaged coal supply target of 740 Mt in 2021-22 which is a growth of about 29% over the previous year. About 80% of the said production would be consumed by power sector only. CILs growth plan for the future is in synergy with the ambitious plan of the Government for 247 power supply to all homes in the country for which a roadmap to achieve 1 Bt of coal production by 2023-24 has been prepared. For sustainability and growth, thrust on minimizing the environmental impact is laid for qualitative improvement in coal production through selective mining, beneficiation & blending and diversifying into clean coal technologies.

Apart from creating new railway infrastructure, optimum utilization of existing capacity through linkage auction scheme is being ensured through an in-built system of source rationalization for non-regulated sector. Further, it has been envisaged to ensure "First Mile Connectivity (FMC)" to consumer through non-road mode like conveyors, MGR/Rail etc.

CIL is also exploring opportunities to diversify into ‘coal to chemical business (CTL, SCG etc.). This is to ensure greater value addition and thereby improving financial performance of the company, and ensuring long term sustenance.

CIL has planned a capital investment of Rs 17,000 Crs for maintaining its volume growth in 2021-22 and beyond. In addition, the company has also envisaged for investing substantial amount in different schemes in 2021-22 such as development of railway infrastructure project, solar power, Thermal Power Plants, surface coal gasification, Coal Bed Methane (CBM), revival of fertilizer plants etc.

Marketing Outlook:

CIL has taken major initiatives to build matching logistics infrastructure to ensure evacuation of planned quantity of production. CIL has undertaken major Railway Infrastructure Projects, implemented either by Railways on deposit basis or JV Companies formed between the Indian Railway represented by IRCON, Subsidiary Coal Company and concerned State Government. The following project activities have been initiated to augment rail evacuation capacity: z The major Railway Infrastructure Projects on deposit basis that have already been completed in the current fiscal are: -a. Tori Shivpur Triple Line - This railway line caters to North Karanpura Area of CCL and it is planned to evacuate about 32 MTY of coal once the line comes through in the state of Jharkhand. b. Jharsuguda–Barpali–Sardega Rail Link relates to the Basundhara coalfields of MCL and the envisaged capacity evacuation is 70 MTY of coal from MCL. Single Line has been commissioned. c. The Phase-1 Rail Connectivity to Lingaraj Silo with existing Deulbeda Siding at Talcher Coalfields of MCL has been completed. z The three ongoing major railway infrastructure projects being undertaken by JV mode are as follows: a. East Rail Corridor (CERL) and East West Rail Corridor (CEWRL) are planned for evacuation of coal of Mand- Raigarh and Korba –Gevra Coalfields of SECL respectively by Rail JVs CERL & CEWRL in the State of Chhattisgarh. In all, about 100 MTY of coal shall be evacuated through these two corridors. Out of which 30 MTY is expected to be evacuated from the FY 2021-22 itself. b. Shivpur-Kathautia rail connectivity is envisaged to be executed by Rail JV, JCRL (Jharkhand Coal Railway Limited) formed among CCL

(Central Coalfields Limited), Govt of Jharkhand and Indian Railway represented by IRCON, in the state of Jharkhand. About 25 MTY coal from the mines of CCL is planned to be evacuated through this line. c. MCRL (Mahanadi Coal Railway Limited) has been formed among MCL (Mahanadi Coalfields Limited), Govt. of Odisha and Indian Railway represented by IRCON, for creating rail infrastructure in the state of Odisha. The work has been taken up in two phases mentioned below:

Phase-1: Angul –Balram- Jarpada-Tentuloi link at Talcher CF of MCL (69.10 KM) which consists of Jharpada – Kalinga- Angul link (14.22 Km).

Phase-2: Tentuloi- Budhapank (136 KM approx.) About 60 MTY of coal from MCL is envisaged to be evacuated from these rail lines and it is expected that dispatch of coal will increase by about 12-15 rakes per day. z In addition, CIL has also completed infrastructure enhancement projects in Sonepur Bazari of ECL, Krishnashila SILO in NCL and Kusmunda SILO of SECL which have led to enhancement in rake loading capacity of CIL.

Apart from the above projects undertaken by CIL, Railways have also taken up as their own projects like Barkakana-Barwadih-Garhwa Road third line, the Jharsuguda-Bilaspur third and fourth line, the DFC-Dadri to Sonenagar line & Extension upto Koderma, Third & Fourth lines from Talcher to Budhapunk, Third line from Budhapunk to Rajatgarh, Doubling of line from Singrauli to Shaktinagar via Karaila Road. These lines are expected to ease the existing congestions in the critical railway routes from smoother movement of freight traffic and facilitate evacuation of about 100 MT of coal.

CIL already has a committed long term linkage of nearly 670 MTPA from Power and Non-Power Sectors. It also has a steady demand for offers of sale through various e-Auction Schemes. CIL has assured demand for its production projections, as more firm linkages shall be added under the ongoing process of allocation of linkages to various segments of Power Sector consumers through ‘Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating

Koyla (Coal) Transparently in India (SHAKTI), the policy introduced by the government on 22.5.2017 for grant of coal linkages to power sector and also through further tranches of auction of linkages for Non-Regulated Sector consumers that shall be conducted by CIL.

Customer satisfaction through quality assurance and transparency in business operations have been the priority areas for CIL. The initiatives taken to build Consumers confidence and satisfaction include supply of only sized coal as per FSA provision to power sector consumers, extension of third party sampling facility to all sectors of consumers under all schemes through deployment of empanelled Third Party Agencies, as per the choice of consumer, installation of on line ash & energy analyzers in coalfield areas, restriction of grade slippages to the level of 20%, timely issuance of credit/debit notes on quality grounds under purview of FSA etc., NABL accreditation of the major field level laboratories and equipping them with the Automatic "Bomb Calorimeters" for ascertaining calorific value of coal and increasing the production through Surface Miners. The objective of transparency is also achieved with the help of various simple menu driven APPs launched by CIL, like SEVA (Saral Eindhan Vitran Application) for Power Consumers, Grahak Sadak Koyla Vitran, UTTAM (Unlocking Transparency by Third Party Assessment of Mined Coal) and CAMS (Coal Allocation Monitoring System) for distribution of coal through State Nominated Agencies, through which the consumers and other related stakeholders have access for information regarding allocation, dispatch, third party quality assessment of dispatch etc.

Also, in order to expedite and facilitate the reconciliation of coal bills on a quarterly basis, a reconciliation portal has been developed by Coal India Limited. Consumers as well as subsidiaries have been advised to perform online bill to bill reconciliation after registration and executing different activities for smooth functioning of portal. Most of the Power consumers have been on boarded on the portal. It is expected that online reconciliation of all the consumers will be conducted through this portal, in a short time.

Operations Outlook:

114 Ongoing projects costing Rs 20 Crs and above having ultimate capacity of about 836 Mty and sanctioned capital of about Rs 119580 Crs are under various stages of implementation (as on 01.04.2021). For achieving production target in 2021-22, EC for 33 proposals with incremental capacity of about 146 Mty are under different stages of approval. In FY21-22, Stage-II FC of 16 proposals involving 2572 Ha forest land required to commensurate with coal production target. Also, total land to be possessed by the subsidiaries of CIL has been estimated to be 3689 Ha for achieving target in 2021-22.

The expansion program will be managed in a structured manner with the help of IT enabled solutions. The implementation of ERP solution to enable transparency in operations, maintenance and support functions is already underway and has been introduced in three companies viz. WCL, MCL & in CIL HQ including NEC. The project implementation of vital mines is being monitored through MDMS portal and on MS Project software. CIL has taken initiatives for implementation of digitization of mines for improving operational efficiency for which 7 mines of NCL & SECL have been initially identified for implementation.

The Company has already concluded two studies through reputed consultant for assessing the possible mechanization and automation levels across a substantial number of mines. This is aimed at identification of opportunities in mine planning, exploration, survey, operations and maintenance.

In order to infuse State-of-the-art technology & efficiency of private sector, initiatives have been taken for development & operation of new mines/ blocks through MDO route.

To support increase in production on a sustainable basis, synergic growth in exploration is also envisaged. Increased use of hydrostatic drilling with PCD bits and 3D Seismic Survey Technology to achieve high rate in exploration have been planned. CIL will continue to focus on increasing its reserve base in India.

CIL is also in the process of augmenting the capacity of training institutes across subsidiaries, including IICM. Several other actions for building human resource capacity are being contemplated in collaboration with reputed institutions within the country and even abroad in their respective fields.

Outlook for Sustainable Growth:

CILs Action Plan for development of solar power projects and energy efficiency projects towards meeting green energy requirement and to become a Net Zero Energy Company by 2024 are as under:-

1. CIL is committed to become a Net Zero Energy Company by offsetting its current power consumption by establishing 3000 MW solar power projects in CILs own land or any Govt/Solar Park/Pvt land /large water bodies (floating solar) across PAN India.

2. CILs Roadmap for 3000 MW SPV Projects is drawn as under. i. 21-22 - 195 MW ii. 22-23 - 1390 MW iii. 23-24 - 1415 MW a. CIL was awarded 100 MW Solar Power project against e-reverse auction conducted by GUVNL for procurement of solar power to meet their RPO obligation. CIL is required to establish the solar power Project in Gujarat @ Rs 2.20 per Unit of electricity to supply solar power to GUVNL for a period of 25 years. CIL signed PPA with GUVNL on 22.04.2021. b. On back to back EPC contract, CIL has awarded 100 MW solar power project in favour of EPC contractor on 26.04.2021 to install the same at Gujarat within a period of one year from the date of award of work.

Other Solar Power Program of CIL: a. Around 95 MW (NCL- 50 MW, BCCL- 25 MW, CCL- 20 MW) solar projects have been tendered will be commissioned within May 2022. b. Tender for 190 MW (SECL -140 MW, MCL- 50 MW) is ready and likely to be floated within July 2021 and the projects shall be commissioned within 22-23. c. DPR for 70 MW (ECL- 25 MW, WCL- 15 MW, BCCL- 20 MW) is under finalisation and under consideration of respective board of Subsidiaries. d. Approximately 10 MW Rooftop solar power projects are under various stages of tendering/ implementation at subsidiaries. More rooftops are being identified to meet the residential/commercial load of Subsidiaries to reduce the power cost. e. Subsidiaries have been directed to scout for more land and water bodies for putting decentralised solar power project to meet their internal consumption on captive mode. f. CIL has incorporated two wholly owned subsidiary companies as under:-i) CIL Navikarniya Urja Ltd to undertake/ venture into renewable energy. CIL has participated in MSEDCLs 500 MW RFS and SECIs 1785 MW RFS for 100 MW and 250 MW solar projects respectively in Maharashtra and Rajasthan. ii) ‘CIL Solar PV Limited to take forward new business vertical of Solar Value Chain (Manufacture of Solar Photovoltaic Cells and Modules, i.e., Poly-Silicon/Ingot/Wafer Manufacturing, Cell and Module Assembly). CIL Solar PV Limited will be participating in the IREDAs application for Selection of Manufacturers for Setting up Manufacturing Capacities for High Efficiency Solar PV Modules under the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme. g. As part of its Diversification Initiatives, CIL has engaged M/s Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India LLP for providing Consultancy and Program Management Services to Coal India Limited for New business and Value Addition.

Research & Development:

CMPDIL is the nodal agency for coordination and monitoring of S&T projects in the coal sector as well as the R&D projects of CIL. The details of S&T and R&D projects taken-up by CMPDI on behalf of CIL are as in Annexure A.


CIL has a comprehensive Risk Management Framework, which consists of

(i) Process to identify, prioritize and formulate mitigation plans for prioritized risks,

(ii) Framework for Roles & Responsibilities of various officials, committees and Board, in discharging the Risk Management Process, periodicity of Reporting Risks and related templates & enablers.

As a part of Risk Management Framework, Risk owners and Mitigation Plan owners have been identified for each risk and corresponding mitigation plans to ensure continuous risk monitoring and risk mitigation. A sub-committee of Board of Directors viz Risk Management Committee (RMC) has been constituted in compliance with SEBI (LODR) Regulations 2015. The RMC inter alia, is also responsible for the oversight of risk identification, risk prioritization, risk mitigation plan formulation and risk monitoring activities in CIL.

Chief Risk officer (CRO) of CIL and his team under the direction of Risk Management Committee of CIL assess the risk to the company and formulate risk mitigation plan for prioritized risks and facilitate its implementation in CIL.


"Coal India Limited (CIL) has a robust internal control systems and processes for smooth and efficient conduct of business and complies with relevant laws and regulations. A comprehensive delegation of power exists for smooth decision making. Elaborate guidelines for preparation of accounts are followed for uniform compliance. Further, all the key functional areas are governed by respective operating manuals. In order to ensure that all checks and balances are in place and all internal control systems are in order, regular and exhaustive internal audits are conducted by experienced firms of accountants in close co-ordination with the Companys Internal Audit Department.

The Internal Financial Controls of the Company were reviewed by Internal Auditors appointed. According to them, the Company has, in all material respects, laid down internal financial controls (including operational controls) and that such controls are adequate and operating effectively during the year ended 31st March, 2021."


During FY 2020-21, CIL earned profit before tax (PBT) of Rs 18,009.24 and the net profit of Rs 12,702.17 crore which declined by 25.18% and 23.94% over previous year PBT of Rs 24,071.32 crore and net profit Rs 16,700.34 crore respectively.

The major reason for the decline in the profit can be attributed to decrease in Net Sales by Rs 6, 663.02 Crores and Other Income by Rs 2,652.58 Crores. Net Sales decreased mainly due to decrease in average realization per tonne and decrease in Offtake. Other Income decreased by Rs2,652.58 Crores mainly due to decrease in interest income.

A detailed discussion on financial performance and analysis of the group based on the Consolidated Financial Statements is furnished below.

A. Total Income:

Total Income of the Company comprises of Revenue from operations and Other Income. Major revenue of the company under above two heads of total income includes income from sale of coal, other operating revenue such as Loading and Transportation charges recovered from customers, Evacuation Facility Charges, consultancy and other services related to mine planning & designing, interest earned on investments such as term deposits with banks etc. The Total Income for financial Year 2020-21 is Rs 93,818.39 crore as against Rs 1,02,525.30 crore in the previous year registering a decrease of 8.49 %. The breakup of major elements of income are discussed below:

(Rs in crore)
Particulars FY 2020-21 FY 2019-20 Change %
Sale of Coal 126786.13 134979.13 -6.07%
Less: Statutory Levies 44075.81 45605.79 -3.35%
Net Sales 82710.32 89373.34 -7.46%
Other Operating Revenue (Net) 7315.69 6707.00 9.08%
Revenue from Operations 90026.01 96080.34 -6.30%
Other Income 3792.38 6444.96 -41.16%
Total Income 93818.39 102525.30 -8.49%

1. Revenue from Operations: i. Sale of Coal

Sales are presented as gross sales (in notes to accounts) and net of various statutory levies (in Statement of Profit & Loss) comprising royalty, GST, GST Compensation cess, cess on coal, payment to national mineral exploration trust (NMET), district mineral foundation (DMF) and other levies etc. The Income from sale of coal is mainly dependent on pricing, production and distribution of coal.

The gross sales of the company stood at Rs 1,26,786.13 Crores in FY 2020-21 against the previous year gross sales of Rs 1,34,979.13 crore. The Net sales (net of all levies) for the year was Rs 82,710.32 crore. The Net sales during the previous year was Rs 89,373.34 crore, thereby registering a decline of 7.46%.

During the year, company achieved an offtake of 574.48 million tonne against 581.92 million tonne in previous year, registering a decline of 1.28 %. The decrease in volume and decrease in average realization per tonne accounted for the fall in sales revenue. For ease of doing business due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, reserve price under E-Auction Scheme was brought down at par with notified price up to 2nd Quarter of FY 2020-21 and Performance Incentive was waived for FY 2020-21. The revenue from sales also includes the debit notes/credit notes issued on the basis of results of third party sampling and netted off with provision of coal quality variance.

ii. Other Operating Revenue: Loading and additional transportation charges

Major element of other operating revenue is on account of transportation charges recovered from the customers. The company charges transportation costs for transportation of coal to dispatch points under various slabs of distance and corresponding rates. The loading and transportation charges recovered (net of all levies) during the year was Rs 4,442.95 crores against Rs 3,832.02 crores in the previous year.

Evacuation Facility Charges

Evacuation Facility Charges are levied at Rs 50 per tonne on all dispatches except dispatch through rapid loading arrangement. During the year, total revenue on account of evacuation facility charges (net of all levies) was Rs 2,321.65 crores against Rs 2,392.91 crores in the previous year due to decrease in Offtake.

Revenue from services

Revenue from services includes consultancy and other services provided by CMPDIL, a subsidiary of CIL to parties outside the CILs group and Freight Income from Rail Operation by the subsidiary of SECL. Revenue from services which also forms part of other operating revenue was Rs542.78 crores (net of levies) in 2020-21 as against Rs481.31 crores (net of levies) in 2019-20.

2. Other Income

Other income includes interest income from deposits with banks, Dividend from mutual funds, rental income, write back of provisions and liabilities made in earlier years which are no longer required and other miscellaneous incomes.

During the year, other income decreased by 41.16% from Rs 6,444.96 crore in FY 2019-20 to Rs 3,792.38 crore in FY 2020-21.

Other Income decreased mainly due to decrease in Interest Income by Rs 1,782.25 Crores due to reduction in Bank Deposit and low Interest Rate.

B. Expenses

The detailed breakup of expenses is included in the annual financial statements.

Break up of Major Heads: -

1) Cost of Materials Consumed

Cost of material consumed relate to materials and items of stores used in coal mining and processing operations, primarily oil and lubricant (including diesel), explosives, HEMM spares and timber. Other consumables used in coal mining operations include tyres, spares for other plant and machinery relating to coal handling plants and beneficiation facilities, and other miscellaneous stores and spares.

Cost of material consumed increased by Rs 519.89 crore, from Rs 7,065.46 crore in FY 2019-20 to Rs 7,585.35 crore in FY 2020-21 i.e. by 7.36%, mainly due to increase in composite production and increase in average diesel rate.

2) Employee Benefits Expenses

Employee benefit expenses constitutes the largest component in the total cost and is about 51% of the total cost. The employee benefit cost during the current year was Rs38,697.72 crore as against Rs39,404.18 crore in previous year.

Employee Benefits expenses includes salary, wages and allowances, contributions to provident fund, pension and gratuity, overtime payments, leave encashment, attendance bonus, productivity and performance linked bonus and other incentives, and other employee benefits.

Employee benefit expenses decreased by 1.79% mainly as there was a net reduction in manpower by 13429 employees from 31.03.2020 to 31.03.2021.

3) Corporate Social Responsibility Expenses (CSR expenses)

The Company has framed CSR Policy on the basis of guidelines issued by Department of Public Enterprises and the provisions of Companies Act, 2013. The areas of CSR expenses, as per the said policy, includes education, making available safe drinking water, promoting preventive health care, promotion of sports, environment, contribution to PM Relief Fund etc.

During FY 2020-21, the total expenditure on CSR was Rs449.31 crore as against Rs587.84 crore during FY 2019-20. CSR expense has decreased by 23.57 % due to carry forward of excess CSR expenditure of Rs145.63 Crores in CIL & some Subsidiaries namely CCL, NCL, MCL as per recent notification by MCA. Further Rs41.09 Crores is unspent CSR in SECL (Subsidiary of CIL). Actual CSR spent is Rs553.85 Crores in FY 2020-21.

4) Contractual Expenses

Contractual expenses primarily consist of transportation charges for coal, sand and materials carried out through third party contractors, contractor expenses relating to wagon loading operations, hiring charges for Heavy Earth Moving Machinery representing cost of coal extraction and overburden removal activities and other miscellaneous works carried out through third party contractors for haul road maintenance at mines and temporary lighting etc.

The contractual expense is incurred for both coal production as well as removal of overburden. Contractual Expenses increased by Rs2,111.53 crore, from Rs13,911.55 crore in FY 2019-20 to Rs16,023.08 crore in FY 2020-21, i.e. 15.18 %. The increase in contractual expenses was largely on account of increase in the volume of Contractual production of Overburden.

5) Finance Costs

Finance costs increased by Rs141.77 crore, from Rs502.92 crore in FY 2019-20 to Rs644.69 crore in FY 2020-21, i.e. 28.19%, mainly due to interest on Short Term Loan taken by Subsidiaries.

6) Stripping Activity Adjustment

In accordance with the Accounting policy of the company, in open cast mines with rated capacity of one million tonne per annum and above, the cost of Stripping is charged on technically evaluated average ratio (overburden: coal) at each mine with due adjustment for stripping activity asset and ratio variance account after the mines are brought to revenue. The net of balances of stripping activity asset and ratio variance at the Balance Sheet date is shown as Stripping Activity Adjustment under the head Non-Current Provisions or Other Non-Current Assets as the case may be.

The Stripping Activity adjustment (cost) varies from mine to mine depending on geo-mining condition of raising the overburden. More OB was extracted as against coal production during the current year as compared to previous year. In view of above, the Stripping Activity adjustment decreased by Rs4,091.50 crores from Rs5,541.87 crores in FY 2019-20 to Rs1,450.37 crores in FY 2020-21, i.e. 73.83%.

7) Other Expenses

Other expenses includes various operational and administrative expenses, under-loading expenses paid to Indian Railways, rehabilitation expenses, security expenses, rent, rates & taxes, traveling expenses, employee training expenses, advertisement and publicity related expenses, freight charges for stores and materials, donations, demurrage paid to Indian Railways and hire charges for office administration equipment and other miscellaneous expenses .

Other Expenses decreased by Rs288.76 crores, from Rs4,605.30 crores in FY 2019-20 to Rs4,316.54 crores in FY 2020-21, i.e. 6.27 %.

C. Cash Flows (in nutshell)

(Rs in Crores)
Particular For the year ended 31st March
2021 2020
Opening Cash & Cash equivalents 2,791.10 1,571.89
Net cash flow from operating activities 10,559.85 4,977.24
Net cash flow from investing activities 338.87 1,032.84
Net cash used in financing activities (8,455.40) (4,790.87)
Change in Cash & Cash equivalents 2,443.32 1,219.21
Closing Cash & Cash equivalents 5,234.42 2,791.10

Net cash inflow from operating activities for the year ended March 31, 2021 increased by Rs5,582.61 crore i.e. 112.16% from the previous year mainly due to lower increase in Trade Receivables (Net of provision) in current year compared to previous year and further, during the current year there is an increase in Trade payable while in the previous year there was a decline.

Net cash inflow from investing activities was Rs338.87 crore as against net cash inflow of Rs1,032.84 crore in the previous year mainly because of more acquisition of Property, Plant & Equipment in the current year.

Net cash outflow from financing activities for the year ended March 31, 2021 increased by Rs3,664.53 crore i.e. 76.49 % from the previous year, which is mainly attributable to repayment of Short-Term Borrowings in Current Year while in the previous year there was an increase in Short Term Borrowings.

D. Dividend

During the year ended 31.03.2021, the company has paid an interim dividend @ Rs12.50 (Rs12) per equity share of face value of Rs10/- each amounting to Rs7,703.43 crore (Rs7,395.27 crore). Final Dividend of Rs3.50 per equity share for FY 20-21 has also been recommended by Board subject to approval in AGM.

E. The various ratios related to the financials of Coal India: -

April to March 21 April to March 20 Variance
Net Profit (As % Net Sales ) 15.36% 18.69% -17.82%
Operating Profit as % of Revenue from Operations 18.17% 19.99% -9.10%
Debtors Turnover 1 6.59 11.48 -42.57%
Inventory Turnover 2 11.12 15.08 -26.28%
Return on Net Worth (%) 3 35% 52% -33.03%
Liquidity Ratios
Current Ratio 1.64 1.71 -4.09%
Trade receivables as no. of Days sales 1 63.81 44.19 44.40%
Stock of Coal as no. of Days of production (Qty) 4 60.69 45.52 33.33%
Interest Coverage Ratio5 28.93 48.86 -40.79%
Structural Ratios
Long Term Debt: Equity Capital 6 0.43 0.32 34.38%
Net Worth: Equity Capital 5.92 5.21 13.63%

1. Debtors Turnover is Ratio of Gross Sales to Average Gross Debtors. The Debtors turnover ratio has decreased and Trade Receivables as no. of days sales has increased due to delay in the realization of trade receivables. The management is continuously monitoring and following up for timely realization of trade receivables.

2. Inventory Turnover has decreased as Average Inventory has increased in FY 20-21.

3. Return on Net Worth has decreased as the Profit after tax has decreased by 24% whereas Net worth increased by 14%.

4. Stock of Coal as no. of Days of production (Qty.) has increased due to accretion of inventory.

5. Interest Coverage ratio indicates coverage of Finance Cost with available earnings. Profit before tax during FY 2020-21 decreased to Rs18,009.24 crore against Rs 24,071.32 crore in FY 2019-20, whereas interest on borrowing has increased due to short-term borrowings by Subsidiaries. Hence, due to the above reasons, the interest coverage ratio has decreased in FY 2020-21.

6. Debt equity ratio determines financial leverage of the company. For FY 2020-21 Long term Debt was Rs2,688.10 crores as against Rs1,993.38 crores in FY 2019-20. Hence due to the increase in long term borrowing, Debt to equity became 0.43 times as on 31.03.2021 as against 0.32 times as on 31.03.2020. The long-term debt mainly includes Long term loans taken by two Subsidiaries of SECL namely CERL and CEWRL.


EMPLOYED. I. Manpower

The manpower strength of the company as on 01.04.2021 against the previous year was as under:

Year Executive Non-Executive Total
01.04.2021 15,234 2,43,782 2,59,016
01.04.2020 16,124 2,56,321 2,72,445

The manpower has come down by 13,429 during 2020-21.

II. Talent/Skill Development Initiatives

To ensure regular learning and development of the employees, company has established Indian Institute of Coal Management (IICM), Ranchi as an apex Training Institute and in addition a Management Development Institute at every subsidiary, Vocational Training Centres in all projects and other Training Centres for imparting management and skill development trainings.

In 2020-21, 53,145 employees have been trained in house, out of which 9,480 are executives. In addition, 2,058 employees were sent outside for training out of which 1,838 were executives. During the year, more than 4,43,084 training man-days were achieved for executives and non-executives.

In CIL and its subsidiaries, 10,249 Apprentices were engaged through NATS and NAPS.

III. Talent Acquisition

CIL has selected / appointed 257 executive cadre employees during the year 2020-21 as Sr. Officer (Mining) – E2 Grade through departmental promotion / selection from non-executive to executive cadre. They are being groomed to take the mantle of responsible, senior executives in the times to come through off-the-job as well as on-the-job training, interventions under the guidance of experienced senior experts in the company. This process facilitates their easy adaptation into the next level of the organization and its culture.

IV. HR Policy Initiatives

CIL has published HR Manual which is a compendium of Executive HR Rules/Policies. The updated manual is available in CIL Website as a single point of reference. CIL has also formulated Service Charter for both Executive & Non-Executive Cadre employees of CIL(HQ), for improving quality of functioning and re-affirming faith of employees in systemic functioning of Management. Other Policies/ Rules like Creation of Company Secretary Cadre, Decentralized recruitment of Specialists & Non-specialists medical Executives at CIL/ Subsidiary level to address the shortage of manpower in Medical Discipline were formulated in FY 2020-21.Also, policies like CIL Policy for engagement of Medical Consultants, Abolition of E8-A posts in CIL & its Subsidiaries and re-creation of E9 posts in CIL(HQ), Promotion guidelines of Executives for promotions from E6 to E7, E7 to E8 & E8 to E9 grades, Composition of DPC selection Boards for promotions from E7 to E8 & E8 to E9 grades addition of an external expert in the Board were amended in FY 2020-21.

V. Industrial Relations

The following pro-active and strategic Industrial Relations (IR) approaches & practices have ensured harmonious & sustainable industrial relations in the company: -

a. Workers Participation in Management:

Safety Committee, Housing Committee, Welfare Committee, Canteen Committee, etc. are functional in order to resolve the issues pertaining to service conditions, welfare, safety, etc. of employees.

b. Contract Labour Cell & Contract Labour Information Portal (CLIP):

As on 01.04.2021, 85,604 Contractors workers were deployed by the registered contractors in various activities of the company. CIL has a portal named Contract Labour Information Portal (CLIP) in which database of all Contractors and their workers is maintained.

c. Reservations: CIL complies with the Presidential Directives on reservations in appointments and promotions of candidates/employees belonging to Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, OBC (NCL), PWD etc.

d. Diversity Management:

CIL maintains unity in diversity by recruiting people from different regions through All India based open selection wherein applicable reservations is maintained. Manpower of CIL constitutes 19.83% of SC, 15.27% of ST and 22.85% of OBC as on 01.01.2021. Female employees of CIL constitute 7.77% of its total manpower.

e. Non-Discrimination: All employees are treated on equal platform with regard to religion, caste, region, creed, gender, languages etc.

f. Prevention of Sexual Harassment at workplace:

Sexual harassment of any form is misconduct under the Conduct Discipline and Appeal Rules applicable to executives as well as in the Standing Orders applicable to the non-executives. g. Freedom of Associations: Employees are free to be a part of any registered Trade Union/ Employees Association. Representation of employees is allowed in the bipartite bodies through Trade Unions / Associations, of representative nature.

h. Employee Welfare:

CIL adheres to a "total care approach" towards its employee. The employee welfare programmes address not only the need of employees but also their families with respect to housing, recreation, sports, health, education of children etc. The company has also developed medical facilities at all its operational areas. It has a strong network of 69 fully equipped Hospitals with 4203 Beds, 358 Dispensaries, 542 Ambulance and 1103 Doctors including Specialists to provide Medical Services to the employees and their families. Further, for specialized treatment, facilities are available at reputed empanelled Hospitals across the country. There are 114 public schools financed by the company to provide quality education and grants-in-aid is given to 281 privately managed schools. CIL also gives assistance to other 73 schools in and around the coalfield areas. The company provides scholarships to meritorious students and supports higher education of children of nonexecutive employees studying in Government Engineering Colleges & Medical Colleges.

i. Post-Retirement Medical Support:

Contributory Post Retirement Medicare Schemes for Executives and Non-Executive Cadre employees of CIL/Subsidiaries have been formulated wherein by making nominal contribution below mentioned benefits are extended: -

Benefit under Contributory Post Retirement Medicare Schemes Retired Executives & Spouse Retired Non-Executive, Spouse & Divyang Children
Normal Diseases Rs 25 Lakh Rs 8 Lakh for Retd. Employee & Spouse
Rs 2.5 Lakh for Divyang Child
Specified Critical Diseases Unlimited
Yearly reimbursement of OPD/Domiciliary Expenses Rs 36,000 Rs 25,000

j. Social Security:

All employees of CIL and its subsidiaries / contractors workers are covered under the social security schemes as given below: -

(A) For employees of CIL and its subsidiaries:

1. Gratuity: Upto Rs20 Lakhs as per Payment of Gratuity (Amendment) Act, 2018

2. Coal Mines Provident Fund (CMPF): - All employees of CIL/Subsidiaries are covered under the Coal Mines Provident Fund scheme with equal share of contribution from both (i.e. by employees and the employer).

3. Coal Mines Pension Scheme (CMPS): - All employees are covered under the Coal Mines Pension Scheme by which, on superannuation, they receive upto 25% of their total emoluments as monthly pension.

4. Life Cover Scheme: - An amount upto Rs1,25,000/- is paid under the Life Cover Scheme

5. Ex-Gratia: - An Ex-gratia compensation of Rs15 lakhs in case of fatal mine accident or death due to COVID-19 is paid to the next of kin of the deceased employee. An additional amount of Rs90,000 as ex-gratia, in addition to Employees Compensation Act, 1923, is paid to the eligible dependents, in case of death or permanent total disablement of the Non-Executive Cadre employees of CIL/Subsidiaries.

6. Employment / Monthly monetary compensation in lieu of employment: -

There is a provision of employment to one dependent of the worker who dies while in service.

Female dependents of the employees dying while in service are provided the Monthly Monetary Compensation, in lieu of employment, till attainment of 60 years of age or death whichever is earlier.

7. Defined Contribution Superannuation Pension Scheme (DCSPS): - CIL has formulated a DCSPS for executives as per DPE guidelines covering Board level and below Board Level Executives to provide superannuation benefit in the form of annuity through an Annuity Service Provider, post retirement.

(B) For contractors workers engaged in CIL and its subsidiaries by registered contractors:-

1. Compensation under the Employees compensation Act, 1923

2. An Exgratia amount of Rs15 lakhs is paid to the next of kin of the contractors worker in case of fatal mine accident or death due to COVID-19.

3. Nominee of deceased contractors workers are eligible for payment of accumulated amount under EPF/CMPF.


Environmental protection measures are taken concurrently with mining operations for maintaining acceptable levels of major physical attributes of environment namely air & water quality, hydrogeology, noise level & land resources. Suitable water spraying systems for arresting fugitive dust in roads, washeries, CHPs, Feeder Breakers, Crushers, coal transfer points and coal stock areas have been installed. First Mile Connectivity (FMC) Projects have been strategized for the mines having capacity of 4 Mty and above for easier handling and transportation of coal from pithead to destination.

Massive tree plantation is being carried out in and around mining areas and modern mining techniques are being practiced in the mines of CIL to reduce air and noise pollution. The subsidiaries of CIL have planted around 19.89 lakh saplings during 2020-21 in an area covering more than 861.81 Ha. (i.e. 19.59 Lakh Saplings over 844.31 Ha inside mine lease area & 28,400 Saplings over 17.50 Ha outside mine lease area) with an increase of more than 6% over 2019-20 in term of number of saplings. During celebration of Vriksharopan Abhiyan on 23rd July 2020, more than 1.86 lakh saplings were planted in 93 sites across 8 states and 31 Districts and around 2.38 lakh saplings were distributed to CIL employees and local people. During the event, Honble Minister of Home GoI, Shri Amit Shah inaugurated Parasnath Udyan, an eco-tourism project of BCCL and laid foundation stone of 3 eco-tourism projects namely Kayakalp Vatika in Piparwar Area of CCL, Lilari Eco-park in Lakhanpur Area of MCL and Chandra Shekhar Azad Eco-Park, in Bina project of NCL through virtual mode. All the celebrations were carried out following the COVID-19 protocol of GoI.

Eco Parks have been developed in many of the mined out areas and command areas of CIL like Gunjan Park, ECL, Gokul Eco-Cultural Park, BCCL, Ananya Vatika, SECL, Nandan Kanan Eco Park, NCL, Saoner Park, WCL, Kayakalp Vatika, Rajarappa Eco Park, CCL etc. CIL has established 24 Eco-parks & Mine Tourism and eco-restoration sites on date.

Effluent treatment facilities for mine, workshop & CHP effluents like oil & grease traps, sedimentation ponds and facilities for storage of treated water and its reuse have been provided in all the major projects. Domestic sewage treatment plants have also been established for treatments of domestic effluents. Recharging of ground water is also taken up within mine premises as well as in the nearby villages through rainwater harvesting, digging of ponds/development of lagoons and by de-silting of existing ponds/tanks etc. In 2020-21, 77.7% discharged mined water was utilized for irrigating 703 villages which benefitted 10.91 Lakh villagers.

10. Corporate Social Responsibility

Budget allocated for CSR activities during FY 20-21 by Coal India Ltd., HQ. was Rs137.62 crores (incl. carryover of Rs17.19 cr. from previous year), much more than the amount calculated as per the minimum statutory provisions i.e. Rs8.47 cr. CIL was able to spend Rs95.36 cr. for CSR during the financial year, more than the statutory obligation as per Companies Act 2013. CSR activities were undertaken under various thematic areas with Healthcare, Education & Skill development and Rural Development being the prominent ones among them.

CSR policy of CIL was revised and the revised policy came into force from 28th Oct. 2020. However, further amendments to Companies Act 2013 and Companies (CSR) Rules 2014 were notified in Jan. 2021 and this necessitated modification in CSR policy of CIL. The latest revised policy was approved by CIL Board during FY 20-21 and has come into force w.e.f. 8th April 2021.

As the nation battled COVID-19 crisis, CIL undertook numerous projects for COVID-19 relief during the year. 25,900 cooked food/dry ration packets were distributed, 100 ICU beds were created at Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Hubli, Rs40.00 cr. was contributed towards COVID-19 relief in West Bengal and Maharashtra and cold chain equipment for vaccine transport were provided to Govts. of West Bengal and Meghalaya.

Two successful projects i.e. Thalassemia Bal Sewa Yojana and Skill Development Trainings in Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering & Technology (CIPET) were scaled up. A fresh sanction of Rs20.00 cr. was made for Thalassemia Bal Sewa Yojana and aplastic anemia was included in its scope. In view of the success of the earlier skill development programmes with CIPET, a new MoU was signed with them for training 3000 youth from command areas of subsidiaries.

DPE specified themes of Healthcare and Nutrition were focused upon and ~65% of total CSR expenditure was made on these themes against the DPE specified target of 60%. 3 major projects were undertaken for development of aspirational districts Narayanpur (Chattisgarh) and Simdega (Jharkhand).

The widespread public outreach of CSR activities is very important in order to establish and enhance CILs image as a socially responsible company as well as to attract sincere partners as implementing agencies with innovate ideas for the upliftment of the underprivileged. To achieve this, updates and achievements under CSR were given wide publicity using print media and electronic media.

CSR budget vs expenditure for FY 20-21 for CIL (HQ)

S. No. Item Amount (Rs Crores)
1 CSR budget as per minimum statutory provisions 8.47
2 CSR budget as per CILs CSR policy (incl. carryover) 137.62
3 Expenditure incurred 95.36

Theme wise Expenditure during FY 20-21 by CIL (HQ)

S. No. Thematic Area Expenditure in F.Y. 20-21 As a % of Total CSR Expenditure
(Rs Crores) in F.Y. 2020-21
1 Healthcare, Nutrition & Sanitation 61.95 64.96
2 Rural Development 19.23 20.17
3 Education & Livelihood 11.06 11.60
4 Welfare of armed forces 1.00 1.05
5 Other themes of Schedule VII 2.12 2.22
Total 95.36 100.00

Major Projects for which CSR fund was utilized in FY 20-21 by CIL (HQ) Healthcare z Contribution of Rs20.00 cr. each to State disaster management authorities of West Bengal and Maharashtra for COVID-19 relief z Conversion of 100 general beds into ICU beds for COVID-19 treatment at Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Hubli, Karnataka at a cost of Rs5.00 cr. z Providing equipment for treatment of neurological disorders to Institute of Neurosciences, Kolkata at a cost of Rs4.98 cr. z Financial assistance of Rs5.24 cr. to 3 hospitals empaneled for treatment of Thalassemia and Aplastic Anemia under Thalassemia Bal Sewa Yojana – 2nd phase z Providing Cold Chain Equipment for COVID vaccine transport to Govt. of West Bengal and Meghalaya at a cost of Rs1.37 cr. z Providing 2 water ambulances for flood prone riverine district Majuli in Assam at a cost of Rs1.00 cr.

Rural Development z First installment of Rs9.50 cr. released for Border road construction and alignment work in Chamoli District, Uttarakhand z First installment of Rs6.24 cr. released for rehabilitation of flood affected people in flood prone riverine district, Majuli in Assam z First installment of Rs1.00 cr. released for increasing crop yield through micro irrigation in Narayanpur district of Chattisgarh

Education and Skill Development z Second installment of Rs3.75 cr. released for reconstruction of school buildings damaged during recent floods in Dharwad, Karnataka z Second installment of Rs2.25 cr. released for setting up of Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) at Kalyani, West Bengal as one of the industry partners z Rs1.92 cr. released towards training of 2000 youth in plastic engineering trades through Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering & Technology (CIPET)

Welfare of Armed Forces z Contribution of Rs1.00 cr. to Armed Forces Flag Day Fund


S&T projects of Ministry of Coal during 2020-21

Sl. No Title of the Project Implementing Agency Remarks
1 "Constructing structure on backfilled open Cast Coal Mines: An attempt to suggest viable methodologies" IIT-ISM, Dhanbad and Civil Engineering Division, CMPDI, Ranchi Completed
2 "Electronification of Ground Water Control and Conveyor System in Mines" NLC India Limited (NLCIL), Neyveli &National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli (NIIT), Tamil Nadu Completed
3 "Development of tele robotics and remote operation technology for underground coal mines" CMERI, Durgapur, CIMFR, Dhanbad and CMPDI, Ranchi Completed
4 "Investigation Pertaining to geotechnical & hydrogeological aspects to stabilize the non-cohesive granual soil/sand in the opencast mines adjacent to the major perennial river" Civil Engineering Department, IIT, Bombay; RI-IV, CMPDI, Nagpur & WCL, Nagpur Completed
5 "Capacity building for extraction of CMM resource within CIL Command areas" CBM Cell, CMPDI, Ranchi &CSIRO, Australia On-going
6 "Indigenous Development of Early Warning Radar System for predicating failures/slope instabilities in opencast mines" Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering and Research(SAMEER), ARDE, Pune; CSRE; IIT-B, Mumbai and CMPDI, Ranchi On-going
7 "Development and Field Trial of 500 T Capacity SAGES-III for Use with Continuous Miners (Phase-III)" IIT-ISM, Dhanbad, SECL, Bilaspur, M/s Andhra Pradesh Heavy Machinery & Engineering Limited (APHMEL), Vijayawada and M/s Jaya Bharat Equipment Pvt. Ltd. (JBEPL), Hyderabad On-going
8 "On-Line Coal dust suppression system for opencast mines" Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Tiruvanthapuram; Mining Electronic Department, CMPDI, Ranchi On-going
9 "Design & Development of Drone Mounted Optical in Sensor for continuous monitoring of PM2.5 & PM10 railway siding before, during & after loading operation" IIT-BHU, Varanasi and NCL, Singrauli On-going
10 "Coal Bed Methane (CBM) reserves estimation for Indian Coalfields" IIEST, Shibpur; CMPDI, Ranchi; TCE, Kolkata and NGRI, Hyderabad On-going
11 "Design and Stability of Pillars/Arrays of Pillars for Different Mining Methods in Coal Mine Workings" CIMFR, Dhanbad; IIT-ISM, Dhanbad, SECL, BCCL & SCCL On-going
12 "Development of Coal Quality Exploration Technique based on Convolutional Neural Network and Hyperspectral Images" CIMFR, Nagpur and Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering & Management, Nagpur On-going
13 Reclamation of coal mined land of North Eastern Coalfields, Assam through soil amendment and revegetation with native plant species using integrated biological approach RFRI, Jorhat & NEC, Margherita On-going
14 Indigenous Development of IoT Enabled Technology for Monitoring, Analysis and Interpretation of Longwall Shield Pressures for Improving Safety and Productivity CMPDI, Ranchi, IIT, Kharagpur & Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL), Sanctoria On-going
15 Study of hazards due to mining induced sub-surface cavities and waterlogged areas in inaccessible old workings in underground coal mines using geophysical technique IIT-ISM, Dhanbad and ECL, Sanctoria On-going
16 Assessment of Rare Earth Elements (REE) and other economic resources in Coal & Non-Coal Strata and Characterization of Acid Mine Drainage and its pollution control from the North Eastern Region (NER) Coalfield Panjab University, Chandigarh, CMPDI, Ranchi & Duke On-going

CIL R&D PROJECTS during 2020-21

Sl. No. Name of the Project Implementing Agency Remarks
1 Optical fiber based solar illumination of pit bottom and underground mine roadways and working face. IIT, KGP &ECL, Sanctoria Completed
2 Multiple layer trial blasting for better recovery with less diluted coal. IIT-ISM, Dhanbad & CMPDI, Ranchi Completed
3 Development of guidelines for prevention & mitigation of explosion hazards by risk assessment and determination of explosibility of Indian Coal Incorporating risk based mine emergency evacuation & re-entry protocol. ECL, Sanctoria CIMFR Dhanbad, S&R Div. CIL, Kolkata On-going
4 Demonstration of coal Dry Beneficiation system using Radiometric Techniques (Ardeesort). CMP Deptt,CMPDI, Ranchi Ardee Hi-Tech Pvt. Ltd, Terminated
5 Indigenous Development of Through the Earth (TTE) Two-Way Voice Communication System for Underground Mines. IIT, Bombay &CMPDI On-going
6 Design of cost effective process flow sheet for improved washing efficiency of Indian Coking & Non-Coking Coal IIT-ISM, Dhanbad; CMPDI & BCCL On-going
7 Development of Virtual Reality Mine Simulator (VRMS) for improving safety and productivity in Coal mines IIT-ISM, Dhanbad; CMPDI Ranchi; BCCL & NCL On-going
8 High ash coal gasification and associated upstream and downstream processes (coal to chemical-CTC) IIT-ISM, Dhanbad; IIT-Roorkee; CMPDI-Ranchi; MCL; ECL & CCL On-going
9 Development of Guidelines for Increasing the Height of Overburden Dumps at opencast Coal Mines in India IIT, Delhi andCMPDI, Ranchi On-going
10 Development of a methodology for regional air quality monitoring in coalfield area using satellite data and ground observations. NSRC, Hyderabad and CMPDI, Ranchi On-going
11 Requirement of air in mine for Mass Production Technology Underground Mining Division (UMD),CMPDI On-going
12 Development of guidelines for design of all tiers of shovel-dumper dump above dragline dump, with delineation of phreatic surface, within dragline dump, throughout the year and validation study on two dragline mines of Coal India Limited (CIL) BIT, Mesra & S&R Division, CIL(HQ), Kolkata On-going
13 Restoration of Orchid flora of Makum Coalfields areas of Digboi forest division RFRI, Jorhat & NEC, Margherita On-going
14 Design guidelines for underground coal extraction beneath massive competent strata: a case study validation WCL, Nagpur & CIMFR, Dhanbad foreclosed
15 Underground Trapped Miner Location system TCS, CMC & CMPDI, Ranchi On-going
16 Design and development of an integrated system for monitoring and control of man and machine, to enhance safety and security in mines. CIMFR, Dhanbad; Aryan It Solutions (AITS), Dhanbad and CCL, Ranchi On-going
17 Development and adoption of Real-Time Prognosis System (RTPS) for cost effective safe operation of mobile machinery: show-cased demonstration of dumper fleet. IIT, Kharagpur; CIMFR, Dhanbad; Lulea Technological University(LTU), Sweden and ECL, Sanctoria. On-going
18 Development of suitable Paste Fill material from Fly Ash (Power Plant Reject) and its transportation system to underground coal mines for stabilization of working as an alternative of sand stowing for increasing the percentage of extraction of coal with due regard to safety and environment to ascertain its cost effectiveness in Sarni UG Mine, Pathakheda Area, WCL WCL, Nagpur and CIMFR, Dhanbad On-going
19 Bench Scale Study on reducing ash content (mineral matter) from Washery Grade Coking coal and high ash non-coking coal through oil agglomeration. NML, Jamshedpur CED Deptt., CMPDI On-going
20 Forensic investigation related to Geo-technical aspects in order to stabilize the foundation soil of expansive nature and implement suitable ground improvement technology to sustain and enhance the optimum overburden dump height. Civil Engineering Division, CMPDI(HQ), Ranchi and RI-IV, CMPDI, Nagpur; VNI), Nagpur and WCL, Nagpur On-going
21 Design and deployment of Ventilation Fan Wind Power Recovery System as an alternate source of Electrical Energy in Underground Coal Mines. IIT-ISM, Dhanbad & ECL, Sanctoria On-going
22 Development of an indigenous optical fiber based instrument for measuring in-the-hole Velocity of Detonation [VOD] and analyze the performance of explosive in field condition. Innovation Cell, CMPDI in association with Mine Electronics Division, CMPDI (HQ), Ranchi On-going
23 Effect of Blasting on Opencast Mine Dump and Development of Relationship between Blast Induced Vibration and Dump Design. Blasting Division, CMPDI; BIT, Mesra and IIT-ISM- Dhanbad On-going
24 Design and Development of Drop Test Facility for Pit Bottom Buffer, used in Underground Coal Mines. CMERI, Durgapur & ECL, Sanctoria On-going
25 To develop an Artificial Intelligence (AI) based machine learning solutions to enable prediction of occurrence of fire in Open cast mines extracting locked coal pillars with safety. IIT-ISM, Dhanbad On-going
26 CC Design of Protective Barrier Pillar against Large Water Head in Underground Coal Mines. IIT (BHU), Varanasi and ECL, Sanctoria Approved but yet to start
27 Prediction of particulate matter and gaseous pollutants concentration through Artificial Neural Network [ANN], Probabilistic Neural Network [PNN] and Classification and Regression Tree [CART] models and comparison with CALPUF and AERMOD in Singrauli coal mines. BIT, Mesra, CMPDI and NCL Approved but yet to start