Explicit Finance Ltd Directors Report.
Your Directors have pleasure in presenting their Twenty Fifth (25th) Annual Report on the business and operations of the company along with the Audited Financial accounts for the Financial Year ended 31st March, 2019.
(Rs. In Lacs)
|Particulars||Year Ended 31st March 19||Year Ended 31st March 18|
|Profit/(Loss) before Depreciation and Tax||(8.25)||(12.90)|
|Profit before Tax||(8.48)||(13.67)|
|Less: Provision for Income Tax||-||-|
|Profit after Tax||(8.48)||(13.67)|
|Balance brought forward from previous years||(97.53)||(83.86)|
|Balance carried to Balance Sheet||(106.01)||(97.53)|
REVIEW OF OPERATION
During the financial year under review total income of the Company is Rs. 454.75 lacs as compared to last years total income of Rs. 1219.86 lacs. Loss after tax decreased from Rs. 13.67 lacs in the previous year to Rs. 8.48 lacs (before other comprehensive income) during the year.
Explicit Finance Limited ("The Company") is a non-banking financial company that fulfills aspirations of its Individual and Corporate clients by satisfying their financial needs. We are engaged in Secondary capital market activities and provide Loans to Individuals/Corporates.
Due to carried forward losses and current year losses the Board does not recommend any dividend for the year ended 31st March, 2019.
MANAGEMENT DISCUSSION ANALYSIS REPORT
The Management Discussion and Analysis forms an integral part of this Report and gives details of the overall industry structure, economic developments, performance and state of affairs of your Companys various businesses, internal controls and their adequacy, risk management systems and other material developments during the financial year 2018-19.
A. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE & DEVELOPMENT
At the end of March, 2019 there were approximately 10,000 NBFCs registered with Reserve Bank of India (RBI), of which 89 deposit accepting NBFC. The primary activities of NBFCs are providing consumer credit, including automobile finance, home finance and consumer durable products finance, wholesale finance products such as bills discounting for small and medium companies and infrastructure finance, and fee-based services such as investment banking and underwriting. NBFCs have carved niche business areas for them within the financial sector space and are also popular for providing customized products. For instance, your Company providing finance for re-possessed vehicles at the doorstep of the customer. NBFCs bring the much-needed diversity to the financial sector. NBFCs play an important role to promote financial inclusion agenda of the government by catering to the financial needs of people belonging to weaker section of the society.
The crisis faced by a large prominent financial institution of the country in September led to drying-up bank lending, thereby forcing NBFCs to scout for alternate sources of funding. In February 2019, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had eased risk weight norms to increase credit flow to NBFCs. The banks are now required to assign differential risk-weights to their exposures to NBFCs based on ratings assigned by credit rating agencies, as against the existing practice of a uniform risk weight of 100%.The move is aimed at not only freeing up capital for banks for further lending but also slash borrowing costs for well-rated NBFCs, which have been grappling with a systemic liquidity crisis triggered by a series of defaults by a large prominent financial institution and its subsidiaries.
In order to provide NBFCs with greater operational flexibility, the RBI has merged the categories of NBFCs classified as asset finance companies, investment companies and loan companies into a new category called NBFC - Investment and Credit Company ("NBFC-ICC").
B. OPPORTUNITIES & THREATS
Large untapped rural and urban markets.
Use of digital solutions for business/collections.
Partnerships with private financiers for enhancement of reach without significant investments
Penetration into rural markets for financing
On boarding customers on technology platform
High cost of funds.
Rising Non-performing Assets (NPAs).
Restrictions on deposit taking NBFCs.
Competition from other NBFCs and small banks.
Growing number of Finance companies.
Inadequate availability of bank finance and upsurge in borrowing cost
External risks associated with liquidity stress, political uncertainties, fiscal slippage concerns, etc.
C. RISKS AND CONCERNS
The cash crunch is in stark contrast to the banking sector, which has not faced significant liquidity pressure or deposit withdrawals, despite asset-quality and capital weaknesses.
NBFCs liquidity is sensitive to market sentiment as their business models rely on short-term wholesale funding, which can dry up fast if market sentiment turns negative, it said. Fitch further said funding models of housing finance companies and loan companies, which have become increasingly reliant on short-term funding to fund longer-term assets, have been particularly affected by the liquidity squeeze.
The sector pressures have led Indias top NBFCs to explore other sources of funding and to start positioning themselves to tap the US dollar bond market.
The funding squeeze has contributed to higher funding costs and a slowdown in loan growth for NBFC sector, Fitch said. NBFCs are an important channel for extending credit to the wider economy, given their wide distribution networks, which are often more extensive across rural India than those of banks
The NBFC sectors role as a credit provider became outsized as the Indian banking system was forced to deal with its weak asset quality, Fitch added. Banks, particularly public-sector banks, were undercapitalized and had limited capacity to lend more. NBFCs now account for nearly 20 per cent of credit to the economy compared with about 15 per cent five years ago.
During the year, Non- Banking Finance Companies (NBFCs) faced several challenges as banks curtailed lending to these institutions
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) expects the global economy to slow down further in 2019 before stabilizing at 3.6% in 2020. This is mainly due to significant revisions in the eurozone, especially in Germany, where production difficulties in the auto sector and lower external demand will weigh on growth in 2019. In Italy too, sovereign and financial risks are hampering economic growth.
Additionally, there is increasing uncertainty due to trade protectionism and Brexit. However, further monetary policy adaptation and policy-easing measures by China would account for a soft landing.
India has a lot of un-banked and under-banked consumers and businesses. Hence there is a lot of potential for NBFCs, which can still be tapped. The NBFCs and Housing Finance Companies (HFCs) are being recognized as being vital for growth. Regardless of the recent panic, NBFCs are here to stay and play an important role in economic growth and financial inclusion. Given the crisis and despite concerns surrounding the sector, NBFCs with robust business models, strong liquidity mechanisms, governance and risk management standards are well positioned to take benefit of the market opportunity.
E. INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS AND THEIR ADEQUACY
Internal Control measures and systems are established to ensure the correctness of the transactions and safe guarding of the assets. Considering the size and nature of activities, the company has adequate internal control system covering both accounting and administrative control. In addition the internal audit is carried out periodically. The management ensuring an effective internal control system so that the financial statements and reports give a true and fair view and during the year under review no material or serious observation has been received from the Internal Auditors of the Company for inadequacy or ineffectiveness of such control.
F. HUMAN RESOURCES
The company always regards human resources as its most valuable asset and continuously evolves policies and process to attract and retain its substantial pool of managerial resources through friendly work environment that encourages initiatives by individuals and recognizes their performance.
G. CAUTIONARY NOTE
Certain Statements in the Management Discussion and Analysis describing the companys views about the industry, expectations, objectives, etc. may be understood forward looking statement within the meaning of applicable laws and regulations. Factors like changes in Government regulations, tax laws and other factors such as industrial relations and economic developments etc. may further influence the companys operations or performance. Actual results may differ substantially or materially from those expressed or implied.
Due to current year and brought forward losses the company does not proposes to transfer funds to the statutory reserves.
The Company had not issued any equity shares either with or without differential rights during the F.Y. 2018 - 2019 and hence, the disclosure requirements under Section 43 and Rule 4 (4) of the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014, are not applicable.
The Company has neither accepted nor renewed any deposits from public or members during the year under review under Section 73 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Chapter V of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Companies (Acceptance of Deposits) Rules, 2014. There are no unclaimed deposits, unclaimed / unpaid interest, refunds due to the deposit holders or to be deposited to the Investor Education and Protection Fund as on March 31, 2019.
In accordance with the provisions of section 152 of the Companies Act, 2013 and articles of association of the Company Mr. Gopal Dave, (DIN: 00334120) (Non Executive Non Independent) of the company, retires by rotation in the ensuring Annual General Meeting and being eligible has offered himself for re-appointment.
Brief resume of the director seeking appointment/re-appointment is given in the notice to the annual general meeting.
None of the Directors of your Company is disqualified under provisions of Section 164(2)(a) and (b) of the Companies Act, 2013.
CHANGES IN KEY MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL (KMPS) DURING THE YEAR 2018-19
There were no changes in Key Managerial Personnel category during the period under review.
DIRECTORS RESPONSIBILITY STATEMENT
Pursuant to Section 134(3)(c) & 134(5) of the Companies Act, 2013, the Board of Directors of the Company hereby confirm that:
i. in the preparation of the annual accounts, the applicable accounting standards have been followed along with proper explanation relating to material departures;
ii. the directors have selected such accounting policies and applied them consistently and made judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent so as to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the company at the end of the financial year and of the profit of the company for that period;
iii. proper and sufficient care has been taken for the maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of this Act for safeguarding the assets of the company and for preventing and detecting fraud and other irregularities;
iv. proper annual accounts have been prepared on a going concern basis;
v. internal financial controls to be followed by the company and that such internal financial controls are adequate and were operating effectively; and
vi. proper systems to ensure compliance with the provisions of all applicable laws and that such systems were adequate and operating effectively.
DECLARATION BY INDEPENDENT DIRECTOR
All Independent Directors have submitted the declaration of Independence, as required pursuant to Section 149(7) of the Act, stating that they meet the criteria of Independence as provided in section 149(6) of the Companies Act, 2013 and are not disqualified from continuing as Independent Directors.
EVALUATION OF DIRECTORS, COMMITTEE AND BOARD
Pursuant to the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Listing Regulations, the Board of Directors has carried out evaluation of the Board, its Committees and Individual Directors. The evaluation process has been explained in the Report on Corporate Governance, which forms part of this Boards Report.
Also, the Independent Directors, at their meeting reviewed the performance of the Board, its Chairman and Non-Executive Directors of the Company.
NUMBER OF BOARD MEETINGS HELD DURING THE PERIOD
A notice of the Board Meeting is circulated well in advance with Agenda, including detailed explanation to be discussed, to enable the Board to take an informed decision.
The intervening gap between the meetings was within the period prescribed under the Companies Act, 2013 and the Listing Agreement/Securities and Exchange Board of India (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015. Further, 04 (Four) Board Meetings were held during the year ended 31st March 2019, the dates are 30th May 2018, 9th August 2018, 14th November 2018, 31st January, 2019. Detailed information on the Board Meetings with regard to attendance of each of the Directors thereat have been included in the Corporate Governance Report, which forms part of this Board Report.
Additionally, during the financial year ended 31st March 2019 a separate meeting of the Independent Directors was held on 23rd January 2019, in compliance with the requirements of Schedule IV of the Companies Act, 2013 and Regulation 25(3) and 25(4) of the Listing Regulations
Post the Independent Directors Meeting, the collective feedback of each of the Independent Director was scaled and measured on defined ratings, thereby covering the performance of Board as a whole, performance of the non-independent directors and performance of the Chairman.
COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD
The Board of Directors has constituted various committees in compliance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and Listing Regulations.
Nomination & Remuneration Committee
Stakeholder Relationship Committee
All decisions pertaining to the constitution of Committees, appointment of members and fixing of terms of reference/ role of the committees are taken by the Board of Directors. A detailed note on the Board and its Committees is provided under the Corporate Governance Section in this Annual Report.
NOMINATION & REMUNERATION POLICY
The Board has, on the recommendation of the Nomination & Remuneration Committee framed a policy for selection and appointment of Directors, Senior Management and their remuneration. The appointment and Remuneration Policy is stated in the Corporate Governance Report of the Company that forms part of the Annual Report.
PARTICULARS OF EMPLOYEES AND REMUNERATION
Information as required under the provisions of Section 197(12) of the Companies Act, 2013 and Rule 5 of the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014 (including any statutory modification(s)/amendment(s)/re-enactment thereof, for the time being in force), is set out in Annexure-I hereto, which forms part of this Boards Report.
DETAILS OF SUBSIDIARY/JOINT VENTURES/ASSOCIATE COMPANY
The Company does not have any subsidiary or associate company and has not entered into joint venture with any other company during the financial year ended 31st March 2019. Accordingly, a statement under the provisions of Section 129(3) of the Companies Act, 2013, containing salient features of the financial statements of the Companys subsidiary(ies) in Form AOC-1 is not enclosed.
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE REPORT
As stipulated under the provision of Regulation 34 (3) read with Schedule V (c) of the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 a separate report on Corporate Governance Report forms integral part of this Board Report. The requisite compliance certificate as required under Part E of Schedule V of the Listing Regulation is issued by the Auditors pertaining to the compliance of the conditions of Corporate Governance is Annexed thereto.
EXTRACT OF ANNUAL RETURN
The extract of the Annual Return pursuant to the provisions of Section 92 read with Rule 12 of the Companies (Management and Administration) Rules, 2014 is annexed herewith as Annexure -II to this report. The weblink for the same is www.explicitfinance.net
M/s S C Mehra & Associates LLP, Chartered Accountants (FRN: 106156W) were appointed as the Statutory Auditors of the Company during the 24th AGM held on 14th September, 2018 for a period of five years as per the provisions of Section 139 of the Companies Act, 2013. However, with the Notification dated May 7th, 2018 issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), the first proviso to Section 139(1) of the Companies Act, 2013 pertaining to the requirement of annual ratification of appointment of Auditors by member is omitted.
Accordingly as per the companies (Amendment) Act, 2017 ratification of the appointment of Statutory Auditors during their period of appointment will not be considered.
Independent Auditors Report
There are no qualifications, reservation or adverse remark or disclaimer in the Independent Auditors Report provided by M/s S C Mehra & Associates LLP, Chartered Accountants, for the F.Y. 2018-2019. The notes to accounts forming part of financial statements are self-explanatory and need no further clarification.
Secretarial Audit Report
Pursuant to Provision of Section 204 of the Companies Act, 2013 and Rules framed there under Board of Directors have appointed M/s Vishal Manseta, Practicing Company Secretaries to conduct Secretarial Audit. The Secretarial Audit Report for the Financial Year ended 31st March 2019 forms the integral part of the Board Report as Annexure-III. There are no qualifications, reservation or adverse remark or disclaimer in Secretarial Audit Report.
Details in respect of frauds reported by auditors under sub-section (12) of section 143 other than those which are reportable to the central government
There are no such frauds committed by the Company which are reported by Auditors.
PARTICULARS OF LOANS, GUARAUNTEES OR INVESTMENTS
Pursuant to Section 186 (11) of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 11(2) of the Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Rules, 2014, the loan made, guarantee given or security provided in the ordinary course of business by a Non- Banking Financial Company (NBFC) registered with Reserve Bank of India are exempt from the applicability of provisions of Section 186 of the Act.
PARTICULARS OF CONTRACTS OR ARRANGEMENTS MADE WITH RELATED PARTIES
All related party transactions that were entered into during the financial year were on arms length basis and were in the ordinary course of the business. There are no materially significant related party transactions made by the company with Promoters, Key Managerial Personnel or other designated persons which may have potential conflict of interest with the company at large. Accordingly disclosures of related party transactions in Form AOC-2 have not been furnished. All Related Party Transactions were placed before Audit Committee and Board for their approval. Your Company has formulated policy of Related Party Transaction which is also available on the website of the Company www.explicitfinance.net
MATERIAL CHANGES AND COMMITMENT AFFECTING FINANCIAL POSITION OF THE COMPANY
No material changes and commitments which could affect the Companys financial position have occurred till date of this report.
TRANSFER OF AMOUNTS TO INVESTOR EDUCATION AND PROTECTION FUND
The Company does not have any funds lying unpaid or unclaimed for a period of seven years. Therefore there were no funds which were required to be transferred to Investor Education and Protection Fund (IEPF).
CONSERVATION OF ENERGY, TECHNOLOGY ABSORPTION, FOREIGN EXCHANGE EARNINGS AND OUTGO
Conservation of Energy & T echnology Absorption
The Company is not engaged in manufacturing activities and therefore provisions relating to conservation of energy and technology absorption are not applicable to it. However, efforts are being made to minimize consumption of energy, wherever possible.
Foreign Exchange Earnings and Outgo
During the year under review there were no Foreign Exchange earnings and outgo.
RISK MANAGEMENT POLICY
The Board of Directors of the Company has approved Risk Management policy and guidelines, wherein all material risks faced by the company are identified and assessed. Moreover in the said Risk Management Policy the Board has defined a structured approach to manage uncertainty, cultivating the same in their decision making pertaining to all business divisions and corporate functions. For each of the risks identified, corresponding controls are assessed and policies and procedures are put in place for monitoring, mitigating and reporting on periodic basis.
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
The provisions of Corporate Social Responsibility are not applicable to the company as company does not fall into ambit of the provisions of section 135 of Companies Act, 2013 and Companies (Corporate Social Responsibility Policy) Rules, 2014 .
ADEQUACY OF INTERNAL FINANCIAL CONTROL WITH REFERENCE TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
In respect of internal financial control, the Board has adopted the policies and procedures for ensuring the orderly and efficient conduct of its business, including adherence to the Companys policies, the safeguarding of its assets, the timely prevention and detection of frauds and errors, the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records and the timely preparation of reliable financial information. Further, the management regularly reviews the control for any possible changes and takes appropriate actions.
INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS AND THEIR ADEQUACY
The details in respect of internal control systems and their adequacy are included in the Management Discussion and Analysis Report, which forms part of this report.
CHANGES IN NATURE OF BUSINESS, IF ANY
During the year under review there is no change in the nature of business of the Company.
VIGIL MECHANISM/WHISTLE BLOWER POLICY
In pursuant to the provisions of section 177(9) and (10) of the Companies Act, 2013, a Whistle Blower Policy / Vigil Mechanism for directors and employees to report genuine concerns has been established by the Company in order to maintain highest standards of ethical, moral and legal conduct, adopted Vigil Mechanism/Whistle Blower policy to provide an avenue to its employees to raise concerns of any violations of legal or regulatory requirements, incorrect or misrepresentations of any financial statements and reports, etc. The Audit committee of the company oversees the said mechanism from time to time. None of the Company personnel has been denied access to the Audit Committee. The Whistle Blower Policy of the Company is also available on the website of the Company www.explicitfinance.net
DISCLOSURE UNDER THE HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013
The company has in place an Anti-Harassment policy in line with the requirements of The sexual harassment of women at the workplace (Prevention, Prohibition & Redressal) Act, 2013. Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) has been set up to redress complaints received regarding sexual harassment. All employees (permanent, contractual, temporary, trainees) are covered under this policy. During the year under review, company has not received any Sexual Harassment Complaints. Company has zero tolerance policy in case of sexual harassment at workplace and is committed to provide a healthy environment to each and every employee of the company.
The company continues to comply with all the requirements prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India from time to time as applicable.
SIGNIFICANT ORDERS PASSED BY REGULATORS, COURTS OR TRIBUNALS IMPACTING GOING CONCERN AND COMPANYS OPERATIONS
No orders have been passed by any Regulator or Court or Tribunal which can have an impact on the going concern status and the Companys operations in future.
COMPLIANCE WITH SECRETARIAL STANDARDS ON BOARD AND GENERAL MEETING
Pursuant to Clause 9 of the Revised Secretarial Standard-1(SS-1) and Standard-2 (SS-2), your company has complied with applicable Secretarial Standard issued by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India during the financial year under review.
The Directors takes this opportunity to thank all their colleagues at Explicit Finance Ltd. for their professionalism and dedication to the task at hand. The board also wishes to place on record their appreciation for valuable support given by the Bankers, Clients and Shareholders.
|For and on behalf of the Board of Directors|
|Swati Dave||Avinash Mainkar|
|Mumbai, dated 14th August, 2019|