Explicit Finance Ltd Management Discussions.
A. INDUSTRY STRUTURE & DEVELOPMENT
There was no major shift in the Indian economy in the year 2015-16 and no growth was witnessed in the global economy also. But there is HOPE of Indian Economy doing well and out performing other global economies, these was further strengthen by the GOOD MONSOON FORECAST. Rural demand is expected to give much needed boost the Indian economy. Decline in oil prices will further help India to attain the growth of 8% and above.
Government initiatives, low interest rates, decline in fiscal deficit and moderate inflation have enabled the Indian economy to achieve strong growth estimates. Policy adjustments and improved macro-economic environment have helped India attract more FDI flows during the year compared to last year.
Indias financial services industry is expanding at a rapid pace driven by the governments prosector measures, announced in the last fiscal. These initiatives have given significant impetus to the sector that includes, commercial banks, insurance companies, non-banking financial companies, cooperatives, pension funds, mutual funds and other smaller financial entities. Government schemes like Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana,
Atal Pension Yojana, MUDRA, the new bankruptcy law, gold monetisation scheme and debt restructuring scheme are contributing to the financial sectors growth. Besides, the sector is positively impacted by favourable micro economic factors like rising income levels, improving life expectancy and good economic growth numbers.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued in-principle approvals for setting up ten small finance banks and eleven payment banks. These initiatives are likely to speed up the process of financial inclusion, opening new avenues of funding for micro small and medium enterprises (MSMEs). This in turn is expected to open new business opportunities for NBFCs.
B. OPPORTUNITY & TREATS
As explained above the NBFC sector looks poised for a big leap and consolidate its business in 2016-17. The recent steps by the Government of India to create Infrastructure for NBFC and to provide banking license for NBFCs is a positive single and the emergence of REMF (Real Estate Mutual Funds) & REIT (Real Estate Investment Trust) has brought new scope for funding in Real Estate Sector.
The sector is subject to many external threats like down trends in the economy, rising inflation, squeeze in market liquidity etc. to overcome the upcoming changes taking place in the financial policies and sector is the major challenge for the company. The Development of Industry has resulted in the emergence of various new entrants and hence making the industry more competitive. Your Company is confident of meeting the competition and sustaining in the market.
Over the medium term, however, along with an increase in demand, a supportive operating environment and a stable or soft interest rate regime are factors which could support NBFCs ability to improve profitability and shareholder returns. The Company faces stiff competition from Banks and other NBFCs operating in similar areas of business and challenges from regulatory changes in the NBFC and ancillary sectors. However, with its excellent service, customer focus and unique differentiators in the product, the Company has been able to continue to expand its business.
C. RISKS AND CONCERNS
Risk is the integral part of any business. Even as the risk cannot be avoided in a business, it can be minimized or the probability of loss due to manifestation of such risk can be reduced to a greater extent.
Volatile macro-economic conditions and change in the sectors attitude towards various economic segments cause ups and downs in the business. There may be increased competition, lower spreads available and non-performance of certain customer segments
Fluctuations in interest rates could adversely affect borrowing costs, interest income and net interest margins of companies in the financial sector. Any changes in interest rates can impact the companys asset -liability position, together with making the business exposed to risk of lower profitability and lower returns.
NBFCs are regulated by RBI, and given the nature of the business, there are always regulatory changes and compliance additions being made.
The RBI conducted a comprehensive review of NBFC regulations in 2014. The revised regulatory framework is designed to focus supervisory attention to those NBFCs which genuinely can pose risks to the financial system and bring operational freedom to smaller NBFCs. Assets classification and Provisioning norms of NBFCs are going to converge with those of banks by the 2018.
Further, change in regulatory requirements for NBFCs from time to time, can have a bearing on the running of the Company. The overall economic slowdown and its impact on service sector is also a cause of concern.
Over the years, NBFCs have played a significant role in providing small-ticket loans to retail customers in underserved regions, who do not have access to formal sources of finance. There is huge opportunity for credit intermediation and expansion in the country owing to improved economic activity and moderate interest rates as well as consumer demand.
E. INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS AND THEIR ADEQUACY
Internal Control measures and systems are established to ensure the correctness of the transactions and safe guarding of the assets. Considering the size and nature of activities, the company has adequate internal control system covering both accounting and administrative control. In addition the internal audit is carried out periodically. The management ensuring an effective internal control system so that the financial statements and reports give a true and fair view.
F. HUMAN RESOURCES
The company always regards human resources as its most valuable asset and continuously evolves policies and process to attract and retain its substantial pool of managerial resources through friendly work environment that encourages initiatives by individuals and recognizes their performance.
G. CAUTIONARY NOTE
Certain Statements in the Management Discussion and Analysis describing the companys views about the industry, expectations, objectives, etc may be understood forward looking statement within the meaning of applicable laws and regulations. Factors like changes in Government regulations, tax laws and other factors such as industrial relations and economic developments etc. may further influence the companys operations or performance. Actual results may differ substantially or materially from those expressed or implied.
In view of insufficient profit and brought forward losses, the directors do not recommend any dividend for the year ended March 31, 2016.
The Company does not propose to transfer any amount to statutory reserves due to brought forward losses.
The Company has not accepted any deposits within the meaning of Section 73 of the Companies Act, 2013 and/or rules framed there under.
The Paid up capital of the company is Rs. 926.76 lacs. The Company had not issued any equity shares either with or without differential rights during the FY 2015 - 2016 and hence, the disclosure requirements under Section 43 and Rule 4 (4) of the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014, is not applicable
The composition of the Board is as per the Companies Act, 2013 and the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) (LODR) Regulations, 2015. All the Directors are having vast knowledge and experience in their relevant fields and the Company had benefitted immensely by their presence in the Board.
In accordance with the provisions of section 152 of the Companies Act, 2013 Mr. Satish Pai (DIN: 03225392) , Director of the Company, retires by rotation at the ensuing Annual General Meeting and being eligible has offered himself for re-appointment.
During the year under review, there are no changes in the composition of the Board of Directors. CHANGES IN KEY MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL (KMPS) DURING THE YEAR 2015 -2016 There were no change in KMP during the year.
DIRECTORS RESPONSIBILITY STATEMENT
In accordance with the provisions of Section 134(5) of the Companies Act, 2013 your directors confirm that:
i. in the preparation of the annual accounts, the applicable accounting standards had been followed along with proper explanation relating to material departures;
ii. the directors had selected such accounting policies and applied them consistently and made judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent so as to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the company as at March 31, 2016 and of the profit of the company for that period;
iii. the directors had taken proper and sufficient care for the maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of this Act for safeguarding the assets of the company and for preventing and detecting fraud and other irregularities;
iv. the directors have prepared the annual accounts on a going concern basis.
v. the directors had laid down internal financial controls to be followed by the company and that such internal financial controls are adequate and were operating effectively.
vi. the directors had devised proper system to ensure compliance with the provisions of all applicable laws and that such system were adequate and operating effectively.
DECLARATION BY INDEPENDENT DIRECTORS
The Company has received necessary declaration from all the Independent Directors of the Company confirming that they meet the criteria of independence as prescribed both under Section 149(6) of the Companies Act, 2013 and Regulation 16 (1) (b) of the Listing Regulations. In the opinion of the Board, they fulfill the conditions of independence as specified in the Act and the Rules made there under and are independent of the management.
EVALUATION OF PERMORMANCE OF THE BOARD MEMBERS
Pursuant to the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and Regulation 19 (4) & 20 (4) of the Listing Regulation, the evaluation of the performance of the Board as well as of the Audit Committee, Nomination and Remuneration Committee and Stakeholders Relationship Committee has been carried out.
The performance evaluation of the Independent Directors was carried out by the entire Board and the performance evaluation of the Chairman and Non-Independent Directors was carried out by the Independent Directors
NUMBER OF BOARD MEETINGS CONDUCTED DURING THE YEAR UNDER REVIEW
During the year Four (4) Board Meetings were convened and held. The details of which are given in the Corporate Governance Report. The intervening gap between the Meetings was within the period prescribed under the Companies Act, 2013.
COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD:
The Board of Directors of your Company had already constituted various Committees in compliance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 /Listing Regulation viz.:
a) Audit Committee.
b) Nomination and Remuneration Committee.
c) Stakeholder Relationship Committee.
d) Finance Committee.
All decisions pertaining to the constitution of Committees, appointment of members and fixing of terms of reference / role of the Committees are taken by the Board of Directors. A detailed note on the Board and its Committees is provided under the Corporate Governance Section in this Annual Report
CHANGES IN THE NATURE OF BUSINESS IF ANY:
During the year under review there is no change in the nature of business of the Company.
SUBSIDIARIES/JOINT VENTURE/ASSOCIATE COMPANY
The Company has no subsidiary/joint venture/associate company and hence consolidation and applicable provision under the Companies Act, 2013 and Rules made there under are not applicable to the Company.
Your Company has taken adequate steps to adhere to all the stipulations laid down in Regulation 27 of the SEBI (LODR) Regulations, 2015 on Corporate Governance. The detailed report on Corporate Governance along with certificate on Corporate Governance from the Statutory Auditors is forming part of this Report.
EXTRACT OF ANNUAL RETURN
The extract of Annual Return pursuant to the provisions of Section 92 read with Rule 12 of the Companies (Management and administration) Rules, 2014 is annexed herewith as Annexure-3 to this Report.
M/s MVK Associates, Chartered Accountants, were appointed as the Statutory Auditors of the Company during the 20th AGM held on 30th September, 2014, for a period of three years. As per the provisions of Section 139 of the Companies Act, 2013, the appointment need to be ratified at each AGM during their tenure and your Directors recommend ratification of the appointment of Statutory Auditors for the FY 2016 - 2017 in the ensuing AGM.
a) Independent Auditors Report
There are no qualifications, reservation or adverse remark or disclaimer in the Independent Auditors Report provided by M/s. MVK Associates, Chartered Accountants, for the FY 2015 - 2016. The notes to accounts forming part of financial statements are self-explanatory and need no further clarification.
b) Secretarial Audit Report
There are no qualifications, reservation or adverse remark or disclaimer in Secretarial Audit Report provided by M/s. Vishal Manseta, Practicing Company Secretaries, for the FY 2015 - 2016. The said report is annexed to this report as Annexure 1.
c) Details in respect of frauds reported by auditors under sub-section (12) of section 143 other than those which are reportable to the central government
PARTICULARS OF LOANS, GUARANTEES OR INVESTMENTS
Pursuant to Section 186(11) (a) of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 11(2) of the Companies (Meetings of Board and its Powers) Rules, 2014, the loan made, guarantee given or security provided in the ordinary course of business by a Non- Banking Financial Company (NBFC) registered with Reserve Bank of India are exempt from the applicability of provisions of Section 186 of the Act.
PARTICULARS OF CONTRACTS OR ARRANGEMENTS MADE WITH RELATED PARTIES
All related party transactions that were entered into during the financial year were on arms length basis and were in the ordinary course of the business. There are no materially significant related party transactions made by the company with Promoters, Key Managerial Personnel or other designated persons which may have potential conflict of interest with the company at large.
MATERIAL CHANGES AND COMMITMENT AFFECTING FINANCIAL POSITION OF THE COMPANY
No material changes and commitments which could affect the Companys financial position have occurred between the end of the financial year of the Company and date of this report.
CONSERVATION OF ENERGY, TECHNOLOGY ABSORPTION, FOREIGN EXCHANGE EARNINGS AND OUTGO
a) CONSERVATION OF ENERGY & TECHNOLOGY ABSORPTION
The Company is not engaged in manufacturing activities and therefore provisions relating to conservation of energy and technology absorption are not applicable to it. However, efforts are being made to minimize consumption of energy, wherever possible.
b) FOREIGN EXCHANGE EARNINGS AND OUTGO
|i. Foreign exchange earning-||Nil.|
|ii. Foreign Exchange outgo-||Nil.|
Pursuant to section 134 (3) (n) of the Companies Act, 2013 & Regulation 21 of the Listing Regulation, the company has constituted a business Risk Management Committee. The details of the committee and its terms of reference are set out in the Corporate Governance Report forming part of the Boards Report.
At present the company has not identified any element of risk which may threaten the existence of the company.
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
The provisions of Corporate Social Responsibility are not applicable to the company.
SIGNIFICANT ORDERS PASSED BY REGULATORS, COURTS OR TRIBUNALS IMPACTING GOING CONCERN AND COMPANYS OPERATIONS:
No orders have been passed by any Regulator or Court or Tribunal which can have an impact on the going concern status and the Companys operations in future.
ADEQUACY OF INTERNAL FINANCIAL CONTROL WITH REFERENCE TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The Company has in place adequate internal financial controls with reference to the financial statements, which is evaluated by the Audit Committee as per Schedule II Part C of the SEBI (LODR) Regulations, 2015. During the year under review, there were no reportable material weaknesses in the systems or operation.
INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS AND THEIR ADEQUACY
The details in respect of internal control systems and their adequacy are included in the Management Discussion and Analysis Report, which forms part of this report.
INDEPENDENT DIRECTORS MEETING
During the year under review, the independent Directors of the Company met on January 18, 2016 inter-alia, to discuss:
a. Evaluation of performance of Non-Independent Directors and the Board of Directors of the Company as a whole.
b. Evaluation of performance of the Chairman of the Company, taking into views of Executive and Non Executive Directors.
c. Evaluation of the quantity, content and timelines of flow of information between the Management and the board that is necessary for the Board to effectively and reasonably perform its duties.
NOMINATION & REMUNERATION POLICY
The Board has, on the recommendation of the Nomination & Remuneration Committee framed a policy for selection and appointment of Directors, Senior Management and their remuneration. The appointment and Remuneration Policy is stated in the Corporate Governance Report of the Company that forms part of the Annual Report.
VIGIL MECHANISM/WHISTLE BLOWER POLICY
The Company in order to maintain highest standards of ethical, moral and legal conduct, adopted Vigil Mechanism/Whistle Blower policy to provide an avenue to its employees to raise concerns of any violations of legal or regulatory requirements, incorrect or misrepresentations of any financial statements and reports, etc. The Audit committee of the company oversees the said mechanism from time to time. None of the Company personnel has been denied access to the Audit Committee. The
Whistle Blower Policy of the Company is also posted on the website of the Company www.explicitfinance.net
PARTICULARS OF EMPLOYEES AND DISCLOSURE UNDER SECTION 197(12) AND RULE 5(1) OF THE COMPANIES (APPOINTMENT AND REMUNERATION OF MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL) RULES, 2014:
The information required under Section 197 (12) of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 5(1) of the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014, is attached herewith as Annexure-2.
DISCLOSURE UNDER RULE 5(2) AND RULE 5(3) OF THE COMPANIES (APPOINTMENT AND REMUNERATION OF MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL) RULES, 2014
There are no employees covered under Rule 5 (2) of the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014 in respect of whom particulars are required to be furnished.
DISCLOSURE UNDER THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013
The company has in place an Anti Harassment policy in line with the requirements of The sexual harassment at the workplace (Prevention, Prohibition & Redressal) Act, 2013. Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) has been set up to redress complaints received regarding sexual harassment. All employees (permanent, contractual, temporary, trainees) are covered under this policy. During the year under review, company has not received any Sexual Harassment Complaints.
The company continues to comply with all the requirements prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India from time to time as applicable.
The Directors takes this opportunity to thank all their colleagues at Explicit Finance Ltd. for their professionalism and dedication to the task at hand. The board also wishes to place on record their appreciation for valuable support given by the Bankers, Clients and Shareholders.
|By Order of the Board of Directors|
|Mumbai, dated 12th August, 2016|