Gulshan Polyols Ltd Management Discussions.
1. FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENT
The report contains forward-looking statements, identified by words like expects, will, foresee, hopes, confident, competent, believes, projects, estimates and so on all statement that address expectations or projections about the future, but not limited to the Companys strategy for growth, product development, market position, expenditures and financial results, are forward-looking statements. Since these are based on certain assumptions and expectations of future events, the Company cannot guarantee that these are accurate or will be realized. The Companys actual results, performance or achievements could thus differ from those projected in any forward-looking statements.
Industry Structure & Development
Despite the various technological developments around the world, starch continues to be a major building block in modern societies and its use continues to expand in areas with strong economic growth. Starch derivatives, including glucose syrup and HFCS, are used widely across many industries. After facing a slowdown following the global financial collapse in 2008, the starch industry has performed well in the last 7 to 8 years and the production of primary starch (primary starch is used to identify the slurry resulting from the primary conversion of the raw material.) increased from 62 mn tons in 2009/10 to 75.2 mn tons in 2014/15. Much of this growth continues to come from China and the other rapidly developing economies in Asia and the MEA regions, whereas in the more traditional western starch markets, the demand has been slowing down and is now more closely following population dynamics. It is this difference in growth dynamics that has been the determining factor for the changing face of the starch business over the last ten to fifteen years. While agricultural policy changes and shifting barriers to trade are often perceived to be factors of change in the business, they tend to be of secondary importance since they are often an attempt to protect local interests from the pressures in supply/demand that are brought about by these differences in growth patterns.
The Indian starches and derivatives market scenario has witnessed significant changes in the last few years. The industry looks promising with many large players investing in quality of starches and derivatives.
Several industry specific reform initiatives taken by the Government since 2014 have significantly improved the overall business environment in the country. As a result of a host of measures undertaken by the government, including implementation of the Goods and Services Tax, Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, introduction of inflation targeting regime, Make in India, Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy, Start-up India and bank recapitalization, India has leapt 30 ranks over its previous rank of 130 in the World Banks latest Doing Business Report 2018.
The impact of demonetisation went beyond unaccounted money; the real gain came from digitization and formalization of the economy, accompanied by an unprecedented move from physical to financial assets. The recapitalization of public sector banks has been partly enabled by this tide of massive liquidity available with the banking system. Similarly, beyond efficiency transformation in taxation, the impact of the GST is bringing a shift in approach towards digitization, compliance and customer interaction. The GST is likely to have a positive impact by way of increase in competitiveness and productivity through improvement in quality of jobs, access to formal credit and significant reduction in the overall tax burden.
Indias economic growth (GDP growth) During F.Y 2018-19 GDP growth of seven percent is the lowest in five years. The Central Statistics Office (CSO), which released the national account data for the third quarter, had in February revised the growth estimate for 2018-19 fiscal to seven percent from 7.2 percent. The seven percent growth is the lowest in five years.
The Indian economy appears to have slowed down in 2018-19 due to lower private consumption, tepid growth in fixed investment and muted exports, a finance ministry report has said.
The Minimum Support Prices (MSP) for maize has significantly increased in the last few years to encourage farmers to enhance maize farming. This has resulted in improvement in ranking of Maize Cultivation in the Country from rank 3rd to 2nd in the year 2018 in overall Agricultural Productivity.
Calcium Carbonate industry is dominated by the unorganized sector which is producing low grade of Calcium Carbonate. As against this, the Company is producing Premium grades of Calcium Carbonate, delivering better margins in revenue to the Company and is the market leader in the organized sector contributing almost 20% of national production of Calcium Carbonate.
The Company: Overview and recent developments
Gulshan Polyols Limited ("GPL") is a multilocation, multi product manufacturing company and has become a market leader in most of its products in India with global presence in 42 countries, across 3 continents. Its business portfolio covers Starch Sugars, Calcium Carbonate; Alcohol business; Agro based Animal Feed, & Onsite PCC plants with production facilities at Muzaffarnagar in Uttar Pradesh, Bharuch in Gujarat, Dh aula Kuan in Himachal Pradesh, Abu Road in Rajasthan, Patiala in Punjab, Tribeni in West Bengal and Amlai in Madhya Pradesh.
Gulshan Polyols Ltd. caters to wide range of industry & niche markets in core sector encompassing pharmaceuticals, personal care products, footwear, tyres, rubber & plastics, paints, alcohol, value added paper, agrochemicals, food and agro products. It caters to leading industrial units of the country such as Colgate Palmolive, Hindustan Unilever Ltd, Dabur, Asian Paints and ITC etc.
The Company has consistently been exporting its products and is recognized by Government of India as STAR EXPORT HOUSE.
During the year, the Company has commenced commercial production of of ENA and Rectified Spirit at the location of Borgaon industrial area in Chhindwara (M.P.)
2. COMPANYS PRODUCT CATEGORIES:
2.1 Starch Sugars Business: includes product of Sorbitol-70% solution, Liquid Glucose, Native Starch, High Fructose Rice Syrup (HFRS), Brown Rice Syrup and Rice Syrup Solids.
The rice based Grain Processing Plant at Muzaffarnagar has achieved optimum level of capacity utilization during the year. In this year, Starch Powder is the main growth driver and will remain growth driver in future also.
Native Starch / Maize Starch: It is the main carbohydrate nutrient from different sources of vegetation. Maize or corn starch powder is white, odorless and tasteless, which is extracted from kernel of maize/ corn. It is widely used as a thickener and a stiffening agent with numerous industrial applications.
Your company makes different grades of maize starch, which cater to industries ranging from food, textile, paper, pharmaceutical, adhesive, etc. Starch powder is made from NON GMO Maize/ corn at the companys plant in Muzaffarnagar, UP, employing latest technology and best industry practices to ensure top quality of final product.
High Fructose Rice Syrup (HFRS) which is naturally found in fruits, honey, corn syrup and molasses. Commercially, High Fructose Rice Syrup is used as a sweetener in flavored and unflavored syrups, energy drinks, processed food, bakery products.
Brown Rice Syrup, popularly known as Liquid Glucose. It is a preferred sweetener for natural/healthy foods. Rice syrup is used as base sweetener in edible sweet syrups (Flavored / Unflavored), blended honey, bakery foods, cakes, pastries, fillings, toppings, candies, canned fruits, health drinks, juices, soft drinks, Dairy products, ice-creams.
Rice Syrup Solids which is also known as dried glucose syrup or Glucose Powder. It is usually used as sweetener and stabilizers for moisture & texture in baked goods, confectionary (hard candy), dairy products, processed meats, seafood and also used by breweries to lighten beer color, add body, rice flavor and fermentable sugars. It is easily dispersed into water for ease of use in quick dissolving beverage mixes.
2.2 Agro based Animal Feed business: After extracting the starch sugars out of corn and rice as raw material, there are other key by-products such as Germ, Gluten, Animal feed. These high value added products contains high nutrition including proteins and fats and popularly used for cattle and poultry feed and corn oil extracting.
Indias feed industry is growing with poultry, cattle and aqua feed sectors emerging as major growth drivers. The demand for animal protein and dairy products in India will increase the compound feed consumption volumes. Consequently, cattle need to be developed, more requirement of nutritious food for them, which implies higher demand of grain by-products.
2.3 Calcium Carbonate business: Your Company also produces over 19 grades of Calcium Carbonate (Precipitated, Activated, Wet and Ground Natural Calcite Powder) used in various industries. The Company has four integrated facilities to manufacture Calcium Carbonate spread across the country.
The Calcium Carbonate is used in PVC irrigation and Cables, Paints, Dentifrice, Detergents, Rubbers, Plastics etc. Your company has imported technology from IVA Industrieberatung GmBH, Germany, for Ground Natural Calcite Powder. In order to make eco-friendly, all the plants of the company are well equipped with desired facilities.
In the Companys endeavor to add new products delivering value addition, the company is gradually shifting its focus from producing lower grade products to higher grade products which will increase the overall profitability of the Company in medium to long term perspective.
2.4 Onsite PCC/WGCC Plants: The Company is FIRST in the country to introduce the concept of Onsite PCC manufacturing plant for Value Added Paper (VAP) industries.
Companys achievement has been recorded in the Limca Book of Records in 2010. The Company has successfully installed Seven Onsite PCC plants for paper industry Companies.
During the year the Company has successfully commissioned its 7th on site Plant with a installed capacity of producing 18000 DMT PA of PCC at Silverton Paper Mills Ltd Muzaffarnagar U.P.
The Company has bagged an order of USD 3.8 Million from M/s Meghna Paper Mills Ltd Dhaka Bangladesh for setting up a plant to produce GCC, CCC & onsite WGCC Plant on turnkey basis.
Further the Management hopes for the exponential growth in this segment in the country, in line with the developed nations, where on-site PCC has become an integral part of Value Added Paper such as printing, photo copier, tissue paper and writing paper.
Your company is the only Indian company which is offering such technology & providing plants to Indian and overseas companies engaged in manufacturing Value Added Paper.
2.5 Alcohol Business: The Company has successfully produced 5615.376 KL of ENA and Rectified Spirit in Borgaon industrial area in Chhindwara (M.P.) during the Year 2018-19.
3. OPPORTUNITIES & THREATS
Despite a challenging operating environment and heightened competitive intensity, your Company continued to drive volume growth, improve realizations and sustain its market standing during the year. This was achieved by focusing on identified end-use segments, investments in quality systems and processes, and optimizing the energy cost. The Business consolidated its clear market leadership position in supplying On-site PCC plants for leading VAP manufacturers in the country as well as in export market.
The Company is also foreseeing significant growth in the On-site PCC plant for its clients by adding the adequate manpower and enhancing competence and other capabilities required to be a leading player in the market. The company is confident of winning and executing large contracts against stiff competition.
Calcium carbonate (Activated Calcium Carbonate and Precipitated Calcium Carbonate) is linked to growth of PVC irrigation & Cables, Paints, Dentifrice, Detergents, Plastics etc. Since the per capita consumption of these products is regularly increasing in our country, the growth in this field is evidently perpetual. There are inherent opportunities available to the Company to which it is catering for many decades such as pharmaceuticals, personal care products, footwear, tyres, rubber & plastics, paints, alcohol, value added paper, agrochemicals, food and agro products.
Besides domestic growth, the Company has identified exports as a key future growth driver and is seeing untapped opportunity in export markets for starch sugars business. Your company is continuing to earn valuable foreign exchange by exporting starch sugar and is further gearing up to cater to the growing demand in international markets.
The company operates in commodity types markets. It is therefore important to manage its cost, to ensure it has an edge in pricing over its competitors and delivering value to its customers.
In 2018-19, the monsoon was below normal in maize growing area resulted in lower availability of maize. Due to this, prices were higher of maize as compared to previous years. The impact of increase in raw material cost was not fully passed on to the customers. Inability of the Company to pass on costs to customers has resulted in subdued margins.
The Company regularly diversifies its products portfolio and also develops new export markets. It is also investing in projects to strengthen cost competitiveness.
The general threat perception on the companys products is linked to vagaries of weather, shortfall in rain resulting increase in raw material prices, Government policies linked to Energy cost, Foreign exchange volatility, Import- export policies and competition from un-organized sectors to a certain extent in Calcium Carbonate business.
In this scenario, your Company is fully competent to counter such threat from time to time and gearing up to minimize the effect of these threat by improving the efficiency in terms of consumption and yield.
4. RISK AND CONCERNS
While there is a proper structure for risk management, which is regularly implemented across the organization, there are certain regular risks and concerns that surface in the business. Our primary raw material is "Corn and Rice" for Starch Sugar business as well as for Animal Feed & Alcohol business. Corn and rice are agricultural products and its supply and quality are subject to forces of nature. Being items of commodity market, their pricing is to be carefully managed in order to ensure that the company maintains an edge in pricing over its competitive. The Company is exposed to various risks such as rising competition, availability of better quality seeds and increase in supply of product options at lower costs may result in loss of market share for the Company. The main ones and the steps undertaken to mitigate these risks are mentioned below:
As a risk mitigating strategy, the company has diversified its product portfolio, and uses alternative raw material considering its viability in terms of prevailing market conditions. The other main raw material is lime stone for Calcium Carbonate business, which we source from the domestic market. The location of our plants is in close vicinity to the source of lime stone due to which we are able to maintain our edge effectively to manage our cost and quality of procuring lime stone.
Power and Fuel are the other major inputs of manufacturing cost. Increase in cost of Power and Fuel has negative impact on the profits of the company. Over the past year, tariff prices for power have been increasing. The Company has set up captive power plant for co-generation of energy to mitigate the adverse impact of rising cost of power. Advancement in technology may require us to make additional capital expenditure for upgrading our manufacturing facilities. However, the Companys diversified product profile, quality approach, value-added segments, manufacturing flexibility, modern technology & strong marketing network has saddled the company to successfully counter the effect of such adversities.
The Management being well acquainted within business risks, is saddled to take care of the risks and concerns and takes appropriate and timely measures as and when the need arises.
5. INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEM AND THEIR ADEQUACY
The Company and the Management has established adequate Internal Control systems to ensure reliable financial reporting. Internal Controls also help in assessing, evaluating, safeguarding and shielding the Company from losses and unofficial use or deposition of assets. This ensures that the Companys resources are put to optimum use and all transactions are authorised, recorded and reported correctly to the Management. The Company constantly refines and testifies its internal controls to ensure management effectiveness and efficiencies of operating procedures. The Company always adheres to set guidelines and follows all Accounting Standards prescribed for maintenance of books of accounts and reporting of financial statements. These standards require appointed Independent Internal Auditors to plan risk based audits and execute audits to assess the effectiveness of internal control over various areas of operations and financial reporting throughout the year. Summary of the observation by Internal Auditors is reported to the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors and corrective measures are taken. The Internal Control systems are designed to provide assurances on an ongoing basis so that the business operations function efficiently and ensure that applicable laws, rules, regulations and policies of the Company are followed and the reliability of financial reporting is safeguarded.
6. DISCUSSION ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE WITH RESPECT TO OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE
The financial performance during the year under reference has been impressive in terms of sales. Even though there has been a decent increase in the turnover, the volume of profits has marginally decreased. The decrease in profitability is due to increase in depreciation and higher cost of raw material mainly Corn / Maize.
During the year under review, your company has achieved gross revenue from operations of 67388.61 lakhs as compared to 62403.80 lakhs in the previous year. Profit before tax stood at 2701.73 lakhs as compared to 2354.11 lakhs during the previous year. After providing for taxes and other adjustments Profit after tax is 2142.52 lakhs as compared to 1824.20 lakhs during the previous year
7. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
The Company recognizes human capital as an extremely important and strategic resource and honors the dignity of each employee irrespective of position and highly values the cultural diversities of employees. Your Company believes in employee empowerment across the entire organization in order to achieve organizational effectiveness. Further, special efforts are made to identify specific training needs to hone the skills of the employees. Human Resources continue to get primary focus of the management and the Company regards its human resources amongst its most valuable assets. The Company has invested in people during the course of the year through various training programmes in order to keep its employees competent and updated in the changing business environment. Employees at all levels are exposed to continuous training and development. Industrial relations continue to be cordial. As at the financial year ended 31st March, 2019, there were total more than 2000 number of employees and workers on roll / Contract Employee of the Company.