Ishaan Infrastru Management Discussions


A. FORWAD LOOKING STATEMENTS:

The report contains forward looking statements, identified by words like "plans", "expects", "will", and so on. All Statements that address expectations or projections about the future, but not limited to the Companys strategy for growth, product development, market position, expenditures and financial results, are forward looking statements. Since these are based on certain assumptions and expectations of future events, the Company cannot guarantee that these are accurate or will be realized. The Companys actual results, performance or achievements could thus differ from those projected in any forward looking statements. The Company assumes no responsibility to publicly amend, modify or revise any such Statements on the basis of subsequent developments, information or events.

B. SECTOR OVERVIEW:

Several factors still continue to act as strong drivers for long term sustainable real estate demand like Latent demand for homes, Continued economic growth, Trend towards nuclear families, Young working population, Rising disposable incomes, Increased urbanization, Inherent desire to own a home etc.

Inflation, Higher interest rates, High risk weight-age for loans to companies operating in the sector, Non- availability of low cost working capital, Employment growth, Time lag during the approval process while launching a project, Higher statutory levies, Non availability of skilled manpower, Uncertainty of title continue to remain as challenges being faced by the Sector as a whole.

The employment generated in the construction and real estate sector is immense and it is, in fact, the second largest employer in the country. The development of the real estate and construction industry can also be directly linked to the development of approximately 256 different industries like cement, steel, building materials etc. It is, therefore, imperative that impetus should be provided to the construction and real estate sector so that overall economic development can be achieved.

Infrastructure investment has traditionally been associated with public sector monopolies largely due to high cost of implementation. However, the sector is experiencing an exemplary shift, as the government is taking measures to encourage private investment on PPP (Public Private Partnership) model. This should make the infrastructure sector economically vibrant and Competitive

The positive sentiments prevailing post new government are motivating the economy to perform better and push the limits but it may take a few months before the growth in the real estate industry is actually visible. As long as the governments action plans focus on a progressive economy, we believe that the industry operations will revive in the coming few quarters. We hope that the government will focus on policies that will reduce the burden on Real estate builders by accelerating the approval process, reducing the interest costs and taxes levied and controlling the trending inflationary pressures.

As per the 12th FYP midterm appraisal, the overall private sector investment share is likely to be 36% during the Plan period. Further, according to the 12th FYP midterm appraisal, infrastructure investment is likely to close to 8% of the GDP which is consistently below the original target of 9% which is requirement to sustain 8-9% GDP growth.

Though the housing shortage continues to be high in the country and especially in rural areas, it is expected that the demand for housing and home loans in urban areas will continue to rise faster as a result of the increased urbanization in the country. Not only have the metro cities witnessed rising population but even Tier I and Tier II cities have been experiencing similar trends of increasing population and demand for housing. With investments flowing into urban infrastructure, this trend can only intensify in the times to come. The demand for housing will therefore continue to grow in the medium to long term.

C. STRENGTHS & OPPORTUNITIES:

Housing Demand

The gap between the demand and supply of housing continues to be of great opportunity for Infrastructure companies. Investment in housing is a prioritized item on the national agenda as it

Contributes in the countrys GDP growth, directly and indirectly.

The average age of a new homeowner is now 32 years compared with 45 years a decade ago.

Your Company expects demand from the mid income residential segment to remain strong as we believe there is significant demand in this category across the country. Increasing disposable incomes, rapid urbanization and strong demographics are some of the trends favoring the mid-income residential.

Monetary Easing

The real estate sector performance is directly bound by the countrys economic fundamentals and monetary policies. In the financial year 2018-19, the RBI decreased repo rates to 6% impacting the cost of borrowings and the interest rates on home loans. Monetary easing initiatives will provide an impetus to housing demand. Even a nominal roll-back in rates can positively impact sentiments and encourage home buyers and real estate developers. The Company can leverage on land bank which has favorable time cost capable of generating positive cash flow which will propel the growth.

Real Estate Reforms

In order to realize the long-term growth potential of the sector, there is a growing need to introduce reforms. Year 2018-2019 has witnessed various measures initiated by the Indian Government to revive growth in the real estate sector, which if executed correctly, will encourage transparency, corporate governance and investment and improve the industries long-term prospects. It is our hope that various regulations also incorporate provisions to address challenges the sector currently faces in terms of receiving project Approvals.

D. THREATS:

There are, however, a number of factors that can spoil the party. Land costs, which are a major Constituent of housing costs in metros; have risen much faster than property prices.

Listing out the challenges for the real estate market in India, a report by Price Waterhouse Coopers said that the Indian governments tax policy was not in tandem with the liberalization initiatives being undertaken in the sector. According to it, "There are no substantial tax incentives for real estate development except in the limited circumstances. Even in these situations, the tax incentive windows have a short life left.

E. RISKS

Infrastructure projects in emerging economies like India are perceived as vulnerable to risks and efforts must be made to introduce greater clarity in policy to reassure investors. Infrastructure projects in developing countries like India are perceived as highly vulnerable to risks which constrains financing. The aim of the policy makers should be to reduce perceived risks by introducing greater policy clarity and, at the same time, providing an environment that will reassure investors. Some of the notable risks that need to be reckoned with arise during the period of construction, leading to time and cost over-runs. They also included operational risks and market risks besides interest rate, foreign exchange, payment, regulatory and political risks. The Planning Commission has pegged investment of USD 1 trillion in the infrastructure sector during the 12th Five Year Plan period that will commence from April, of which half is targeted to come from private sector. The Government of India along with RBI, the Central Bank of India are taking number of steps to promote funding in the infrastructure sector. Funding is the major problem for infrastructure financing and there are other issues which aggravate the problems of raising funds. These include legal disputes regarding land acquisition, delay in getting other clearances (leading to time and cost overruns) and linkages (coal, power, water) among others.

F. INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEM & THEIR ADEQUACY:

A comprehensive system of internal controls exist in the company to safeguard the assets against loss from any unauthorized use or disposition and to ensure proper authorization of transactions are recorded and reported suitably. The Company maintains a system of internal control designed to provide a high degree of effectiveness and efficiency of operations, accuracy and promptness of financial reporting and observance with laws and regulations.

G. HUMAN RESOURCES:

As the construction industry is expanding rapidly, the demand for talented and experienced manpower is also going up rapidly. Our Company has well qualified and experienced staff. There was no industrial arrest during the year.

H. STATUTORY COMPLIANCE:

The Company has complied with all the statutory requirements. A declaration regarding compliance of the provisions of the various statutes is also made by the Managing Director at each Board Meeting. The Company ensures compliance of the ROC, SEBI Regulations and provisions of the Listing Agreement.

J. CAUTIONARY STATEMENT:

This management discussion and analysis contains forward looking statements that reflects our current views with respect to future events and financial performance. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in the forward looking statements as a result of many factors.

COST AUDIT

The Cost Audit is not applicable to the company.

VIGIL MECHANISM

As per Section 177(9) and (10) of the Companies Act, 2013, and as per the Clause 49 of the Listing Agreement, the company has established Vigil Mechanism for directors and employees to report genuine concerns and made provisions for direct access to the chairperson of the Audit Committee. Company has formulated the present policy for establishing the vigil mechanism/ Whistle Blower Policy to safeguard the interest of its stakeholders, Directors and employees, to freely communicate and address to the Company their genuine concerns inrelation to any illegal or unethical practice being carried out in the Company. The details of the Vigil Committee are annexed herewith for your kind perusal and information.

DISCLOSURE UNDER THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSEL) ACT, 2013:

The Company has in place an Anti-Sexual Harassment Policy in line with the requirements of The Sexual Harassment of Women at the Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition & Redressal) Act, 2013. Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) has been set up to redress complaints received regarding sexual harassment. All employees (Permanent, contractual, temporary, trainees) are covered under this policy.

DETAILS OF ADEQUACY OF INTERNAL FINANCIAL CONTROLS

Your company has established adequate internal financial control systems to ensure reliable financial Reporting and compliance with laws and regulations.

MANAGEMENT DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS REPORT

The management discussion and analysis report as required under clause 49 of the listing agreement has been attached and forms part of this report.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Your Directors wish to express their grateful appreciation to the continued co-operation received from the Banks, Government Authorities, Customers, Vendors and Shareholders during the year under review. Your Directors also wish to place on record their deep sense of appreciation for the committed service of the Executives, staff and Workers of the Company.

Date: 15/09/2023

BY ORDER OF THE BOARD

Place: Ahmedabad

For, Ishaan Infrastructures and Shelters Limited

Kalpen Shah
Chairman & Managing
Director

(DIN: 01294110)