Jainex Aamcol Management Discussions


Operational Overview

Jainex Aamcol Limited is a leading manufacturer of gear hobs and special cutting tools, inspection tools & precision accessories under the brand "Aamcol and is a part of Jainex Group. Jainex Group is a conglomerate with offices in all the leading cities of India. Jainex Group deals with steel, gear cutting tools, pneumatic brake systems for railways, and has a turnover of US$ 20 million.

The Company has been catering to a wide range of customers including automobile industries, industrial and special gearbox manufacturers, machine tool manufacturers, and many others. The Companys product range includes Various Hobs for different applications such as Spur / Helical Gears, Chain Sprocket & Timer Pulleys, Worm Gears, Cutters, and other Inspection Tools & Precision Accessories. By producing international quality products, the company has not only saved countrys foreign exchange but also generated it by exporting its products.

The objective of this report is to convey the Managements perspective on the external environment and market, as well as strategy, operating and financial performance, material developments in human resources and industrial relations, risks and opportunities, and internal control systems and their adequacy in the Company during the Financial Year 2022-23. This should be read in conjunction with the Companys financial statements, the schedules and notes thereto and other information included elsewhere in the Annual Report. The Company continued its strategic focus on enhancing process efficiency, product quality and customer connect. With an emphasis on manpower training, automation and product innovation, the Company strengthened its positioning in the marketplace.

Productivity Enhancement

The Company undertook an array of measures for productivity enhancement like retrofitting/ reconditioning and automation, improvement in use of high-speed cutting tools and cycle time improvement to improve productivity.

Safety Measures

Being a safety conscious organization, the Company imbibes safety across various functions of the entire plant operation. In order to protect the health of workforce at the shop floor level, it curtails the use of hazardous material inside the plant premises.

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW Global Economy

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the global Gear Hobbing Machine market size is estimated to be worth US$ 665.3 million in 2022 and is forecast to a readjusted size of US$ 776 million by 2028 with a CAGR of 2.6% during the forecast period 2022-2028. Fully considering the economic change by this health crisis, Vertical Gear Hobbing Machine accounting for % of the Gear Hobbing Machine global market in 2021, is projected to value US$ million by 2028, growing at a revised % CAGR from 2022 to 2028. While Automobile segment is altered to an % CAGR throughout this forecast period.

Globally, the gear hobbing machine industry market is not that concentrated as the manufacturing technology of gear hobbing machine is relatively matures than some high-tech equipment. But some enterprises, like Gleason, Liebherr, CHMTI, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and EMAG are well-known for the wonderful performance of their hobbing machine and related services. At the same time, Europe and USA are remarkable in the global gear hobbing machine industry because of their technology status of gear hobbing machine.

The consumption volume of gear hobbing machine is related to downstream industries and global economy. As there will always be some uncertain in the global economy in the following years, the growth rate of gear hobbing machine industry may not keep that fast. But it is surely forecasted that the market of gear hobbing machine is still promising.

The product average price declined in the past few years due to the technology development, the average price will keep the trend in the few future years due to increasing mature manufacturing technology and lowing cost of raw materials.

Although the market competition of gear hobbing machine is fierce globally, there are many enterprises can obtain considerable profit from the manufacturing and marketing of gear hobbing machine and that is the reason that we believe there will also be enterprises enter this market. But it is suggested that enterprises those have plans to enter this industry have careful analysis of this market and the advantages or disadvantages of themselves.

Indian Economy

India has emerged as the fastest growing major economy in the world and is expected to be one of the top three economic powers in the world over the next 10-15 years, backed by its robust democracy and strong partnerships. Indias nominal gross domestic product (GDP) at current prices is estimated to be at Rs. 232.15 trillion (US$ 3.12 trillion) in FY2021-22. India is the third-largest unicorn

base in the world with over 83 unicorns collectively valued at US$ 277.77 billion, as per the Economic Survey.

India is expected to be the third largest consumer economy as its consumption may triple to US$ 4 trillion by 2025, owing to shift in consumer behavior and expenditure pattern, according to a Boston Consulting Group (BCG) report. It is estimated to surpass USA to become the second largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP) by 2040 as per a report by Price water house Coopers.

INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

Domestic Auto-Components Industry

Indias auto component industry is an important sector driving macroeconomic growth and employment. The auto components industry accounted for 2.3% of Indias GDP and provided direct employment to 1.5 million people. By 2026, the automobile component sector will contribute 5-7% of Indias GDP. From FY16 - FY22, the industry registered a CAGR of 6.35% and was valued at US$ 56.50 billion in FY22. Due to the high development prospects in all vehicle industry segments, the auto component sector is expected to see double-digit growth in FY22. The industry is expected to reach US$ 200 billion by FY26.

Due to high development prospects in all segments of the vehicle industry, the auto component sector is expected to rise by double digits in Fy22.

Auto-components industry accounts for 7.1% of Indias Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs as many as 5 million people directly and indirectly. A stable government framework, increased purchasing power, large domestic market, and an ever-increasing development in infrastructure have made India a favorable destination for investment.

The Government of Indias Automotive Mission Plan (AMP) 2006-2026 has come a long way in ensuring growth for the sector. Indian Automobile industry is expected to achieve a turnover of US$ 300 billion by 2026 and will grow at a CAGR of 15% from its current revenue of US$ 74 billion.

In November 2020, the Union Cabinet approved PLI scheme in automobile and auto components with an approved financial outlay over a five-year period of Rs. 57,042 crore (US$ 8.1 billion). In September 2021, the Indian government issued notification regarding a PLI scheme for automobile and auto components worth Rs. 25,938 crore (US$ 3.49 billion). In February 2022, the government has received investment proposals worth Rs. 45,016 crore (US$ 6.04 billion) from 20 automotive companies under the PLI Auto scheme. This scheme is expected to create an incremental output of Rs. 2,31,500 crore (US$ 31.08 billion).

Government has come out with Automotive Mission Plan (AMP) 2016-26 which will help the automotive industry to grow and will benefit Indian economy in the following ways: -

• Contribution of auto industry in the countrys GDP will rise to over 12%.

• Around 65 million incremental numbers of direct and indirect jobs will be created.

• End of life Policy will be implemented for old vehicles.

Over the next decade, this will lead to newer verticals and opportunities for autocomponent manufacturers, who would need to adapt change via systematic R&D. As per ACMA forecasts, automobile component export from India is expected to reach US$ 80 billion by 2026. With shift in global supply chains, the Indian global automotive component trade is likely to expand at ~4-5% by 2026.

The Indian auto-components industry is set to become the third largest in the world by 2025. Indian auto-component makers are well positioned to benefit from the globalisation of the sector as export potential could be increased by up to US$ 30 billion by 202IE.

Opportunities, Threat and Mitigation Strategies:

Being a manufacturer of components for end-user industries, the Company is prone to market vagaries with rapid technological development and unique economic cycles. In addition, the regulatory and macroeconomic environments have a direct impact on the business. The Company has been quick to respond to any market challenges, thus making smart come backs. The Company has in place a robust mechanism to preempt merging risks and take meaningful corrective actions in a timely manner. Some of the key risks that may emerge are enlisted below, with the corresponding mitigation measures that can be adopted by the Company.

Product Risks:

Risk: The Company supplies to leading brands which have strict norms and insist on adherence to compliance with quality and technical standards for auto components used as raw materials. The Company has to ensure superior precision and quality, as the product quality directly impacts the reputation and profitability.

Mitigation: The Company invests in maintenance and up gradation of its manufacturing facilities and in employee

Financial Risks:

Risk: The Company is exposed to changes in foreign exchange rates, interest rates, credit availability and liquidity.

Mitigation: Our Company is currently having a large pool of customer base and has planned to diversify its base and is working accordingly. Our Company is not only working towards client diversification but also business diversification.

skill development. It also follows various quality and productivity enhancing initiatives to maintain competitiveness. Regular feedback from clients aids in mitigating product quality risk. Adequate product liability insurance is also in place to safeguard the interests of the Company.

Market risks:

Risks: The Company derives most of its revenue from few large customers. Any glitch in the customer relations with them will have an adverse impact on the Companys revenues pass-through clauses enables the Company in ensuring timely, regular and adequate supply of raw materials.

Mitigation: Our Company is currently having a large pool of customer base and has planned to diversify its base and is working accordingly. Our Company is not only working towards client diversification but also business diversification.

Technology Risks:

Risk: The Company supplies to reputed OEMs that are abreast with market changes on the technology front. These marquee players are constantly on the look-out for quality supplies with superior efficiency. The Company is challenged to promptly respond to the evolving demands and also needs to be prepared to face the risk of technological obsolescence.

Mitigation: Our Company is well focused on modernization and technology up gradation and has been a forerunner in terms of adding new and advanced gears to the industry.

Regulatory Risks:

Risk: The Company is exposed to changes in laws, regulations, policies and other Governmental actions including those affecting environmental matters, employee welfare, safety, wastage emissions.

Mitigation: The Company has a dedicated compliance team which the Company has in place adequate hedging mechanisms and closely monitors macro policy changes to foresee any likely movements in interest rates.

Raw Material Risks:

Risks: Input costs being a primary cost for the Company, they have a significant impact on the financials of the organisation.

Mitigation: Robust procurement policy, expertise in inventory management, understanding of price fluctuation and long-lasting relationships with suppliers including foresees any regulatory changes and developments in laws that govern it and its clients. It takes course corrections in a timely fashion to avoid any such major disruption.

Segment wise or Product-wise Performance

The Companys segment-wise performance for the financial year 2022-23 is as under:

(Amt. in Lakhs)

SI. No. Segment Performance
1 Gear Hobs 1415.31
2 Milling Cutters 352.44
3 Spline Gauges 152.06

Internal Control Systems and their Adequacy

The Company is committed to good corporate governance practices and has well-defined systems and processes covering all the corporate functions and units. It also has an Internal Audit Process to provide reasonable assurance regarding the effectiveness and efficiency of operations, safe-guarding of assets, reliability of financial records and reports and compliance with applicable laws and regulations. The Company has an elaborate system of identifying key business risks and taking mitigating steps.

In order to be future-ready, the Company is focused on creating an organizational culture which is built on a strong foundation of agility and innovation.

Well-documented policies and procedures enable the Company to strictly adhere to all applicable procedures, laws, rules and statutes. Any variance from budgetary allocations are promptly reported and corrected to ensure strict compliance.

The Audit Committee of the Board oversees the Audit function through regular reviews of audit findings and monitoring corrective actions taken on the same.

Discussion on Financial Performance With Respect to Operational

Performance

During the financial year 2022-23 under review, there was increase in the turnover of the Company as compared with the previous year i.e. from Rs. 1876.69 Lakhs to Rs. 2023.96 Lakhs. The Company has reported Net Profit of Rs. 124.44 Lakhs against Net Profit of Rs. 144.83 Lakhs in the previous year.

SUPPORT SYSTEMS

The Company is constantly focusing on enhancing its process efficiency, product quality and customer connect. The Company believes that the employees are not

a resource but the most valuable assets of the Company and will play a key role in its future growth.

Planned efforts are made to develop and retain talent. The Company provides growth opportunities to internal talent by assigning them higher responsibilities with suitable exposure and training. The Company undertakes various training and development programmes regularly in order to upgrade its human resources and keep them abreast of the changing requirements.

Cautionary Statement

Statements in this Management Discussion and Analysis and Directors Report describing the Companys objectives, projections, estimates and expectations might be construed as ‘forward looking statements within the meaning of applicable laws and regulations. Actual results may differ substantially or materially from those expressed or implied by the forward looking statements due to risks or uncertainties associated therewith depending upon significant changes in political and economic environment, economic conditions, government policies and other incidental factors, environmental standards, tax laws, litigation and labour relations. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

FOR AND ON BEHALF OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS

for Jainex Aamcol Limited

Place: Aurangabad Date: 12/08/2023

Kunal Bafna Whole-time Director DIN: 00902536

Mohanlal Zumbarlal Kothari Managing Director DIN: 01486305