Lloyds Steels Industries Ltd Management Discussions.

The management of Lloyds Metals and Energy Limited presents its analysis report covering performance and outlook of the Company. The core business of the Company is manufacturing of sponge Iron and generation / distribution of Power. The management accepts responsibility for integrity and objectivity of the financial statements.

a) Industry structure and development: Industry structure and development: Sponge iron is an intermediate product; a source of metallics for the secondary steel making through EAF or EOF/IF route. Other sources of metallics are either steel scrap and hot metal produced in the blast furnace. Steel scrap becomes a direct substitute of sponge iron; since both of them are tradable commodities, unlike hot metal.

Further, sponge iron industry is also classified into two categories (i) gas based and (ii) coal based using coal as reductant. Lloyds Metals and Energy Limited is a coal based sponge iron producer.

b) Opportunities and threats: Opportunities abound in growing economies and opening of economy in India has created opportunities for India enterprise to move beyond national boundaries as well to create productive assets. Presently, the Company is consolidating its gains out of creating additional production capabilities.

Competition in Steel industry is escalating and technological changes will spur or drag the forward march of individual units in steel industry. Supply side could also be an issue in next few years because of increase in production capacity by steel industry in India and expression of interest by foreign companies to set up new steel making units. However, coming years are also going to witness substantial additions particularly in the Asian regions. The Companys thrust on improving productivity and reducing cost of production will, in such a scenario, help in forging ahead in globally competitive environment.

c) Segment-wise performance: The Company is operating two segments, Iron and Steel and Power Generation. Segment Wise results are given at Note No. 33 of significant accounting policies & notes to financial statements. The Company has no activity outside India.

d) Outlook: The basic aim of the Company is to be able to produce Sponge Iron and Steel Products as per market requirements and be able to manage market trends to its advantage. "Opportunities abound in growing economies and opening of economy in India has created opportunities for Indian enterprise to move beyond national boundaries as well to create productive assets".

The Company is currently engaged in steel and steel related products activity and is looking for new avenues of business in various areas like infrastructure and trading. Since Infrastructure has linkages to other industries like cement, brick and steel through backward and forward linkages. The outlook for the industry looks reasonable, since India has good iron ore deposits, skilled manpower and growing demand for steel. The improved demand is expected to continue in the current fiscal as well on the back of ongoing government funded infrastructure projects. In spite of a downturn in the Global Steel demand, Indian steel demand could survive showing a upward trend, setting a road ahead for the growth of the domestic steel industry in the long run. The upward trend is expected to be continued on account of fiscal measures taken by the Government such as infusion of funds for development of infrastructure sector, introduction of stimulus packages for revival of industry besides factors like increase in consumption and production of steel, upcoming infrastructure and Greenfield projects, stabilization of prices etc. The National Steel Policy has a target for taking Indian Steel production upto 110 MT by 2019-20.

e) Risk and concerns: Global economic uncertainties have affected Indias economy, Key risks synonymous to industry include the global recessionary trend, economic slowdown, increase in financial charges, non-availability (or undue increase in cost) of raw materials, such as , iron ore, coal and labour etc., coupled with market fluctuations. The Company does not apprehend any inherent risk in the long run, with the exception of certain primary concerns that have afflicted the progress of our industry in general, like:

• Shortage of Labour

• Rising manpower and material costs,

• Approvals and procedural difficulties.

• Lack of adequate sources of finance.

• Apart from this Industry is highly labour intensive and is subject to stringent labour laws. Your

Company has identified the major thrust areas to concentrate on, which it believes to be critical to achievement of organizational goals. Company annually re-views the ‘List of Risk Area to identify potential business threats and suitable corrective actions are initiated. Confirmations of compliance with appropriate statutory requirements are obtained from the respective units/divisions. Corporate Governance Policy clearly laying down roles, duties and responsibilities of various entities in relation to risk management is in place.

f) Mitigation of Risks: The Company in order to mitigate the risks, threats and concerns, is taking necessary short term and long term steps like exploring Open Access Market for sale of power, expanding customer base, forward integration and energy management etc. The Company has already taken effective steps for raw material security in the long term.

g) Internal control system and Audit: The Company believes in systematic working and placing of proper checks. Proper systems are in place and regular reviews are held at higher levels to check efficacy and relevance of these systems. These reviews also prescribe changes wherever required. The internal auditors of the company conducts audit of various department and areas. Their reports are placed before the Audit Committee, which reviews these reports and comments/suggestions of the Internal Auditors. The Audit Committee also oversees financial systems/procedures and internal controls and is competent to call for any information/ document from any department.

h) Discussion on financial performance with respect to operating performance: The operating performance of the Company has been discussed in Directors Report under the head ‘Financial Performance & ‘Operations and Overall Performance in the current year.

i) Human resources and industrial relations: Human Resources Department ("HRD") works continuously for maintaining healthy working relationship with the workers and other staff members. The underlying principle is that workers and staff at all levels are equally instrumental in attaining the Companys goals. Training programmes are regularly conducted to update their skills and apprise them of latest techniques. Senior management is easily accessible for counseling and redressal of grievances. The HR department continuously strives to maintain and promote harmony and co-ordination among workers, staff and members of the senior management. The total number of employees as on 31st March, 2018 was 334.

Cautionary Statement: The Management Discussions and Analysis describe Companys projections, expectations or predictions and are forward looking statements within the meaning of applicable laws and regulations. Actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied. Important factors that could make a difference to the Companys operations include economic conditions affecting demand and supply and price conditions in domestic and international market, changes in Government regulations, tax regimes, economic developments and other related and incidental factors.