Marg Techno Projects Ltd Management Discussions.
India is one of the biggest markets for gold and gold loan. Reasons for this are spread across various social, economic and cultural dimensions. According to World Gold Council, India accounts for 10% of total world gold stock, of which rural India accounts for 65% of the total gold stock. For Indians, gold is not just a commodity, but an auspicious metal that they buy for various purposes on different occasions. There has always been a high demand for gold in India, irrespective of prices.
During 2001- 2012, the annual demand for gold remained relatively stable at around 700 to 900 tonnes despite constant rise in prices during the last ten years. The gold loan market in India is broadly classified into two categories, namely: Organized Sector and Unorganized sector. Organized sector primarily constitutes of formal institutions like banks and NBFCs; unorganized sector includes informal institutions like private money lender and pawn broker. However, the market share between the unorganized and the organized sector is extremely skewed (75:25). Traditionally gold loans were provided only by informal market players, however, over the last few decades, there has been a considerable shift in this scenario as a pool of specialized financial institutions (NBFCs) have emerged catering to the financial needs of low-income households.
Business Environment, Industry Structure, Development and Outlook
The countrys financial services sector consists of the capital markets, insurance sector and non-banking financial companies (NBFCs). Indias e gross national savings (GDS) as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) stood at 30.50 per cent in 2019. The total amount of Initial Public Offerings increased to Rs 84,357 crore (US$ 13,089 million) by the end of FY18. IPOs reached to US$ 1.94 billion in FY19 (up to Feb 2019). Ultra High Net worth Individual (UHNWI) increased to 2,697 in 2018 and the population of UHNWI has grew by 118 per cent from 2013 to 2018.
The asset management industry in India is among the fastest growing in the world. In March 2019, corporate investors Assets under Management AUM stood at US$ 136.59 billion, while HNWIs and retail investors reached US$ 107.55 billion and US$ 90.12 billion, respectively. In the Asia-Pacific, India is among the top five countries in terms of HNWIs.
In FY19, equity mutual funds have registered a record net inflow of Rs 990.87 billion (US$ 14.18 billion). Total equity fundings of microfinance sector grew at the rate of 39.88 to Rs 96.31 billion (Rs 4.49 billion) in 2017-18 from Rs 68.85 billion (US$ 1.03 billion) in 2016-17.^The public deposit of NBFCs increased from US$ 293.78 million in FY09 to Rs 319.05 billion (US$ 4.95 billion) in FY18, registering a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 36.86 per cent.
In November 2018, Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) has enabled offering live status of applications filed by listed companies on its online portal and also introduced weekly futures and options contracts on Sensex 50 index from October 26, 2018. The Government of India is planning to launch a global exchange traded fund (ETF) in FY20 to raise long term investments from overseas pension funds.
The Government of India has taken various steps to deepen the reforms in the capital markets, including simplification of the Initial Public Offer (IPO) process which allows qualified foreign investors (QFIs) to access the Indian bond markets. (Source: https://www.ibef.org)
Overview of the Global & Indian Finance Industry
India has a diversified financial sector undergoing rapid expansion, both in terms of strong growth of existing financial services firms and new entities entering the market. The sector comprises commercial banks, insurance companies, non-banking financial companies, co-operatives, pension funds, mutual funds and other smaller financial entities. There are 11,522 Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) registered with the Reserve Bank of India out of which a lions share of 98.5% are non-deposit accepting with the balance 1.5% being deposit accepting NBFCs. Around 218 non-deposit accepting NBFCs have been classified as systemically important. NBFCs have established presence in specialized segments, for e.g. HDFC (mortgage loans), Mahindra Finance (agri finance), Power Finance Corporation (power finance) & Shriram Transport Finance (pre-owned commercial vehicle finance). With a combined push by both government and private sector, India is undoubtedly one of the worlds most vibrant capital markets. In 2017, a new portal named Udyami Mitra has been launched by the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) with the aim of improving credit availability to Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in the country. India has scored a perfect 10 in protecting shareholders rights on the back of reforms implemented by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Present in the competing fields of vehicle financing, housing loans, hire purchase, lease and personal loans, NBFCs, have emerged as key financial intermediaries for small-scale and retail sectors thereby forming an essential part of shadow banking in India. NBFCs are the third largest segment in the Indian financial system after commercial banks and insurance companies and account for 9% of the total financial assets. But unlike the shadow banking entities in other countries, NBFCs are regulated by the Reserve Bank of India that has been working towards bringing them at par with the banking regulations. Armed with easier sanction procedures, flexibility, and wide reach in small towns and cities, NBFCs stand on a surer footing vis-a-vis banks. Unlike banks, NBFCs are not required to maintain cash reserve ratio (CRR) and statutory liquid ratio (SLR). Even priority sector lending norm of 40% (of total advances) is not applicable to them. But NBFCs cannot access low-cost deposits like their banking peers. Borrowings make up a lions share of 70% of their liabilities, as per CARE Ratings. A number of NBFCs have been issuing non-convertible debentures (NCDs) in order to increase liquidity. For systemically important NBFCs, debentures had the largest share 49% of borrowings in FY17. Bank borrowings and commercial paper account for 22% and 10% in the liability mix. In November 2014, the Reserve Bank of India tightened norms in asset classification and provisioning for NBFCs to bring them at par with banks. The time period after which an overdue asset would be classified as a non-performing was reduced from six months to three months in a phase-wise manner until FY18.
Growth of NBFCs
It can be said without an iota of doubt that NBFCs have scripted a great success story. Their contribution to the economy has grown substantially from 8.4% in 2006 to more than 14% in March 2015. In terms of financial assets, NBFCs have registered a robust growth, i.e. a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 19% over the past few years, consisting of 13% of the total credit and estimated to reach nearly 18% by 2018-19. The success of NBFCs can be clearly attributed to their superior product lines, lower cost, broader and effective reach, robust risk management capabilities to check and control bad debts, and proper comprehension of their customer segments. Not only they have displayed success in their conventional citadel (passenger and commercial vehicle finance) but they have also managed to build significant assets under management (AUM) in the personal loan and housing finance sector which have been the bread and butter for retail banks. Moving ahead, the latent credit demand of an emerging India will permit NBFCs to bridge the gap, particularly where traditional banks have been cagey to serve. Additionally, improving macroeconomic conditions, higher credit penetration, enhanced consumption and disruptive digital trends will allow NBFCs credit to rise at a robust rate of 7-10% in the coming years. Within NBFC space, different sub-segments have surfaced up which are more dominant than others. Mortgages, microfinance and unsecured loans appear to be driving growth. According to estimates, credit grew at an astounding 30 percent (y-o-y) for mortgages and 80 percent plus for microfinance as of December 2015. Housing finance companies have enhanced their share of the overall pie from 26 percent in FY09 to 38 percent in FY15. NBFCs also have giant share in niche segments, like, commercial vehicle finance, the share estimated to have risen from 42 percent to 46 percent in the last three years ending FY15.
According to a report by BCG, Indias credit-GDP ratio stood at 97 percent as of FY15 versus 165 percent in China, 149 percent in Germany, 244 percent in the US and 447 percent in the UK. This means huge scope for credit market in India as a whole. Interestingly, for the same year, the NBFC-credit-to-GDP ratio in India was merely 13 percent, versus 33 percent in China, 29 percent in Germany, 130 percent in the US and 264 percent in the UK. If one observes this fact that largest segment in the banking sector is witnessing some challenges, then the opportunities to grow is expected to be higher. Non-banking financial companies improved their performance on most metrics in the fiscal year 2015, as the banking industry struggled under the weight of a rising pile of bad loans. According to the financial stability report (FSR) released on June 2016 mentioned that NBFC loans expanded 16.6% in the year, twice as fast as the 8.8% credit growth across the banking sector on an aggregate level. The aggregate balance sheet of the NBFC sector expanded 15.5% in fiscal 2016 compared with 15.7% in the year 2015. Looking at the non-food credit data compiled by Reserve Bank of India it can be observed that NBFCs have started moving at twice the pace of the banks. An intonation point was reached around September 2014, when, for the first time, NBFCs crossed scheduled commercial banks in terms of year-on-year credit growth. In August 2016, the union cabinet has given nod for foreign direct investment (FDI) under the automatic route in regulated NBFCs. According to a report released in the beginning of 2016 by consulting firm PwC India stated that by 2020, credit lending by Indian NBFCs is estimated to account for anywhere between 18.2% and 20.9% of the total credit off-take in the country.
Review of Operational and Financial Performance
The Company has a gross income of 72.47 Lakhs /- for the year ended 31st March, 2019 as against the gross income of the previous financial year of 58.82 Lakhs /-.The profit after taxes for the year reviewed is 1.19 Lakhs/- as against profit after tax of 2.81 Lakhs/- for the previous year.
Internal Control Systems and Their Adequacy
Adequate internal controls have been laid down by the Company to safeguard and protect its assets as well as to improve the overall productivity of its operations.
Statements contained in the Management Discussion and Analysis describing the Companys estimates, projections and expectations are forward looking statements and based upon certain assumptions and expectations of future events over which the Company has no control and which could cause actual results to differ materially from those reflected in such statements. Readers should carefully review other information in this Annual Report and in the Companys periodic reports. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any of these futuristic statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.