Narmada Gelatines Ltd Directors Report.

The Directors present the 57th Annual Report of Narmada Gelatines Limited (the Company) along with the audited financial statements for the financial year ended 31st March, 2018.

Financial Highlights (Rs lakh)
Yearended 31st March, Year ended 31st March,
2018 2017
Revenue from Operations 11761.23 11275.51
Other Income 439.79 584.18
Total Income 12201.02 11859.68
Total expenses 11351.10 11027.38
Profit before tax 849.92 832.30
Tax Expense 46.23 221.72
Profit after taxation 803.69 610.59
Other Comprehensive Income: Re-measurements of net defined benefit plans 15.22 14.19
Net Profit for the year 818.92 624.78

Economy Overview

Indias economic growth in 2017-18 experienced a slowdown to 6.6% from 7.1% in the previous year. The first quarter of the financial year 2017-18 saw the impact of demonetisation settling down, while in the next quarter, the introduction of the landmark Goods and Services Tax (GST) brought in some uncertainties as businesses adjusted to the new regime. This did not take long, and from the third quarter onwards, signs of growth returning were evident.

Sectors such as public administration, defence and other services, trade, hotels, transport, communication and services related to broadcasting, electricity, gas and water supply and other utility services, financial, real estate and professional services registered a growth of over 7%.

Industrial growth also recovered with the Index of Industrial production (IIP) registering an impressive growth rate of 7.5% in January 2018 as compared to 2.4% in January 2017. The cumulative growth for the year stood at 3.7% in contrast to 5.1% growth registered during 2016-17.

Manufacturing sectors such as pharmaceuticals, electronics and transport equipment registered robust double-digit growth rates, while growth in other sectors such as electrical equipment, garments and textiles slackened.

Indian exports exhibited positive growth during the year 2017-18 and expanded by around 11% over the previous year.

Operating Performance

During the year under review, despite the economic slowdown in first half, your company recorded a turnover (net of excise) of Rs 117.61 crores as compared to Rs 112.75 crores in the previous year. Profit after tax at Rs 8.03 crores improved significantly as compared to Rs 6.10 crores in 2016-17 as a result of reduction in tax expense. Consequently, Earnings per share increased to Rs 13.54 as compared to Rs 10.33 in 2016-17.


Based on the companys performance, the Directors are pleased to recommend a dividend of Rs 4.00 per Equity Share (previous year Rs4.00 per Equity Share) for the financial year ended 31st March, 2018. The total outflow on account of the

proposed dividend including dividend distribution tax will be Rs 291.72 lakh (previous year Rs291.24 lakh). The dividend on equity shares, if approved at the ensuing Annual General Meeting, will be paid to Members whose names appear in the Register of Members as on 19th September, 2018 and to Members whose names appear on that date as Beneficial Owners as furnished by National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) and Central Depository Services (India) Limited (CDSL).

Transfer to Reserves

It is proposed to transfer an amount of Rs 81.89 lakh (being 10% of the net profits for the year) to the General Reserve.

Industry Structure and Developments

Global gelatin market is expected to grow at a rate of 2% to 3% per annum. Increasing use in nutraceuticals, recognition of preventive healthcare, growing demand for technical textile and utilization of functional food are the major factors driving the market growth. Pharmaceutical applications are expected to witness fastest growth on account of rapidly expanding usage of hydrocolloids in production of tablets and capsules. However, food security concerns and threat of vegan gelatin substitutes are some of the factors hindering the market growth.

Pig skin segment holds the maximum share of the gelatin market. Huge amount of collagen found in pig skin is one of the key factors driving this segment. Bovine hides and bones are unrefined materials that are used broadly in the market, and both these segments combined together account for less than 60% share of the overall gelatin market.

Growing regulatory issues, primarily in the food industry, are also challenges for domestic gelatin manufacturers.

Opportunities and Threats, Outlook, Risks and Concerns

India continues to be categorised as "Negligible Risk" under BSE categorisation. With increasing level of awareness on environmental hazards, the state authorities are upgrading pollution control norms regularly and the industry is now required to address the issue of environment with more commitment. Your company continues to take all necessary steps to comply with pollution control norms.

Difficulty in sourcing good quality raw material and rise in raw material prices continue to areas of concern. The import of poor quality gelatin into India is a matter of health concern and affects proper price realisation for the gelatin produced by the domestic manufacturers. The industry has been taking pro-active steps to make the Government authorities aware of such imports. Furthermore, availability of cheap raw materials has pushed down the gelatine prices globally. This has the impact on pricing in the domestic market. Large quantities of gelatin are being imported into India at prices lower than the domestic prices, which is a major concern for the industry. The availability of good quality crushed bones at a reasonable cost is critical for the competitiveness of the domestic ossein and gelatin industry. The government has allowed imports of crushed bones and the quality of the imported bones is far superior. This may help to reduce the raw material prices in India and also help to improve the quality of gelatin.

The growth of the market for food gelatin is driven by the end-use industries, such as confectionery, nutritional drinks and bakery. Although the market is growing, it is facing different challenges that include low acceptance from strict vegetarians and religious groups. While your company is taking all actions to improve product mix, yield and productivity along with cost reduction measures, the price realisation for gelatin and consequently the margins are constantly facing pressure. The prima facie indications from the Government to replace the gelatin capsules by Hydro-

xypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC) is a major challenge being faced by the industry over the past year. For the time being, this has been set to rest as the recommendation of expert committee appointed by the Government is in favour of continuing with gelatin capsules for medicinal use.

Segment-wise or product-wise performance

The Company is engaged in only one segment namely manufacture and sale of gelatine and related products like ossein and di-calcium phosphate (DCP) and as such there are no reportable segments as per Ind AS-108 "Operating Segments"

Quality initiatives

The Company is committed to the highest levels of quality for its products and customer services. During the financial year 201718, the Company retained its ISO certification for Quality Management (ISO 9001:2008), EDQM Certification from European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and Healthcare, DNV Management System Certification for Food Safety Management System Standard (ISO 22000:2005), KOSHER Certification, Halal Assurance System Certification from Majelis Ulama, Indonesia.

Internal financial controls and its adequacy

The Company has designed and implemented a process driven framework for Internal Financial Controls within the meaning of the explanation to Section 134(5)(e) of the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the framework of internal financial controls and compliance systems established and maintained by the Company, work performed by the Internal, Statutory and Secretarial Auditors, including audit of the internal financial controls over financial reporting by the Statutory Auditors, and the reviews performed by Management and the relevant Board Committees, including the Audit Committee, the Board is of the opinion that the Companys internal financial controls were adequate and effective during the financial year 2017-18 and commensurate with the nature and size of its business operations and operating effectively and no material weakness exists. The Company has a process in place to continuously monitor the same and identify gaps, if any, and implement new and/or improved controls wherever the effect of such gaps would have a material effect on the Companys operations.

The Companys internal control system comprises audit and compliance of observations made by the Internal Auditor. The Internal Auditor independently evaluates the adequacy of internal controls and concurrently audits the majority of the transactions in value terms. Independence of audit and compliance is ensured by direct reporting of Internal Auditor to the Audit Committee. Statutory and Internal Auditors undertake rigorous testing of the control environment of the Company.

Fixed Deposits

During the year under review, the Company has not accepted any deposits from public as defined under Chapter V of the Companies Act, 2013 and as such, no amount on account of principal or interest on deposits from public was outstanding as on the date of the balance sheet.

Particulars of Loans, Guarantees or Investments

Details of Loans, Guarantees and Investments covered under the provisions of Section 186 of the Companies Act, 2013 are given in the notes to the Financial Statements.

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

The brief outline of the corporate social responsibility (CSR) policy of the Company and the initiatives undertaken by the Company on CSR activities during the year are set out in Annexure I of this report in the format prescribed in the

Companies (Corporate Social Responsibility Policy) Rules, 2014. For other details regarding the CSR Committee, please refer to the Corporate Governance Report, which is a part of this report. The policy is available on .

Risk Management

The Board of Directors of the Company has formed a Risk Management Committee to frame, implement and monitor the risk management plan for the Company. The Risk Management Committee is entrusted with the responsibility to assist the Board in overseeing the risks associated with the business and risk mitigating measures to be taken by the Company. The details of the Risk Management Committee, its terms of reference, key business risks identified and mitigation plans are set out in the Corporate Governance Report.

Vigil Mechanism

As per the provisions of Section 177(9) of the Companies Act, 2013 (Act), the Company is required to establish an effective Vigil Mechanism for directors and employees to report genuine concerns. The Company has a Whistle-blower Policy in place to encourage and facilitate employees to report concerns about unethical behaviour, actual/suspected frauds and violation of Companys Code of Conduct or Ethics Policy. The policy provides for adequate safeguards against victimisation of persons who avail the same and provides for direct access to the chairperson of the Audit Committee. The Audit Committee of the Company oversees the implementation of the Whistle-Blower Policy. The Company has disclosed information about the establishment of the Whistle-Blower Policy on its website and in the Corporate Governance Report

Subsidiaries, Joint Ventures and Associate Companies

The Company does not have any subsidiary, joint ventures or associate companies.

Directors and Key Managerial Personnel

In accordance with the provisions of Section 152 of the Companies Act, 2013, and Article 115 of the Articles of Association of the Company, Ms. Drushti R Desai retires by rotation at the ensuing Annual General Meeting of the Company and being eligible, has offered herself for re-appointment. The Board of Directors recommends her re-appointment.

Pursuant to the provisions of Section 149 of the Act, Mr. Gulab Gupta, Mr. Mohan C Pant and Mr. Deepak Chaudhari are Independent Directors of the Company. They have submitted a declaration that each of them meet the criteria of independence as provided in Section 149(6) of the Act and Regulation 16(1)(b) of SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015. There has been no change in the circumstances affecting their status as an Independent Director during the year.

During the year, Ms. Garvita Asati has been designated as Chief Financial Officer of the Company with effect from August 7, 2017.

Attention of Shareholders is invited to the relevant items of the Notice of the Annual General Meeting and the Notes thereto. Brief resume of the Director proposed to be reappointed, nature of her expertise in specific functional areas and names of companies in which she holds directorship and membership/ chairmanship of committees of the Board, as stipulated under Regulation 36 of the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 are given in the section on Corporate Governance in this Annual Report.

Board Evaluation

The Nomination & Remuneration Committee and the Board have laid down the manner in which formal annual evaluation of the performance of the Board, Committees, Chairman and individual

directors has to be made. The Board of Directors has carried out an annual evaluation of its own performance, board committees, and individual directors pursuant to the provisions of the Act, SEBI Listing Regulations and the Guidance Note on Board Evaluation issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India.

The performance of the board was evaluated by the board after seeking inputs from all the directors on the basis of criteria such as the board composition and structure, effectiveness of board processes, information and functioning, etc. The performance of the committees was evaluated by the board after seeking inputs from the committee members on the basis of criteria such as the composition of committees, effectiveness of committee meetings, etc.

In a separate meeting of independent directors, performance of non-independent directors and the board as a whole was evaluated, taking into account the views of executive directors and non-executive directors.

The Board and the Nomination and Remuneration Committee reviewed the performance of individual directors on the basis of criteria such as the contribution of the individual director to the board and committee meetings like preparedness on the issues to be discussed, meaningful and constructive contribution and inputs in meetings, etc. In the board meeting that followed the meeting of the independent directors and meeting of Nomination and Remuneration Committee, the performance of the board, its committees, and individual directors was also discussed.

Performance evaluation of independent directors was done by the entire board, excluding the independent director being evaluated. The manner in which the evaluation has been carried out is covered in the Corporate Governance Report.

Policy on Directors Appointment and Remuneration

The policy of the Company is to have an appropriate number of executive and independent directors on the board.

The policy of the Company on directors appointment and remuneration, etc. as required under Section 178 of the Companies Act, 2013, is available on the Companys website ( ) and in the Corporate Governance Report. There has been no change in the policy since the last financial year. The remuneration paid to the directors is as per the terms laid down in the Nomination & Remuneration Policy of the Company.


During the financial year under review, four Board Meetings and four Audit Committee Meetings were convened and held, the details of which are given in the Corporate Governance Report. The intervening gap between two Meetings was within the period prescribed under the Companies Act, 2013.

Directors Responsibility Statement

Pursuant to Section 134(5) of the Act, the Board of Directors, to the best of its knowledge and ability, confirm that:

a. in the preparation of the annual financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2018, the applicable accounting standards have been followed along with proper explanation relating to material departures, if any;

b. appropriate accounting policies have been selected and applied consistently and judgements and estimates made are reasonable and prudent so as to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Company as at March 31,2018 and of the profit of the Company for the year ended on that


c. proper and sufficient care has been taken for the maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 for safeguarding the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting fraud and other irregularities;

d. the annual financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis;

e. proper internal financial controls have been followed and that such financial controls are adequate and are operating effectively; and

f. proper systems to ensure compliance with the provisions of all applicable laws are in place and were adequate and operating effectively.

Related Party Transactions

All related party transactions that were entered into during the financial year were on an arms length basis and were in the ordinary course of business. There are no materially significant related party transactions made by the Company with Promoters, Directors, Key Managerial Personnel or other designated persons which may have a potential conflict with the interest of the Company at large.

Particulars of contracts or arrangements with related parties referred to in Section 188(1) of the Companies Act, 2013 in Form AOC-2 are set out in the Note 35 of Notes to Financial Statements forming part of the Annual Report. None of the Directors have any pecuniary relationships or transactions with the Company or vice versa

Statutory Auditors and Audit Report

Pursuant to the provisions of Section 139 of the Act read with Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014, as amended from time to time, M/s Lodha and Company, Mumbai, Chartered Accountants (Firm Registration No.301051E), were appointed as statutory auditors from the conclusion of 56th Annual General Meeting of the Company, till the conclusion of 61st Annual General Meeting to be held in 2022. However, as per the Companies Amendment Act, 2017 enforced on 7th May, 2018 by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, the appointment of Statutory Auditors is now not required to be ratified at every Annual General Meeting.

The Statutory Auditors, M/s Lodha and Company, Mumbai, Chartered Accountants, have submitted their Report on the Financial Statements of the Company for the Financial Year 201718, which forms part of the Annual Report 2017-18. The Notes on Financial Statements referred to in the Auditors Report for the year 2017-18 are self-explanatory. There are no observations, qualifications, reservations or adverse remarks of the Auditors in the Auditors Report that call for any explanation.

Secretarial Audit

Pursuant to the provisions of Section 204 of the Companies Act, 2013 and The Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014, Dr. Asim Kumar Chattopadhyay, Company Secretary in Practice, was appointed to undertake the Secretarial Audit of the Company. The Secretarial Audit Report is annexed to this Report as Annexure - II. The Secretarial Audit Report does not contain any qualifications, reservations or adverse remarks.

Transfer of Unpaid and Unclaimed amounts to IEPF

Pursuant to the provisions of Section 124 of the Companies Act, 2013, the declared dividends and interest on debentures which remained unpaid or unclaimed for a period of 7 years have been transferred by the Company to the Investor Education and Protection Fund (IEPF) established by the Central Government

pursuant to Section 125 of the said Act. During the financial year 2017-18, the Company has transferred to the Investor Education and Protection Fund, unclaimed dividends as detailed in the Corporate Governance Report.

The Company has uploaded the details of unpaid and unclaimed amounts lying with the Company as on 20th September, 2017 (date of last Annual General Meeting) on the website of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

Significant and Material Order passed by the Regulators

There are no significant and material orders passed by the Regulators or Courts or Tribunals impacting the going concern status and the Companys operations in future.

Corporate Governance Report

The Report on Corporate Governance as stipulated under the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 forms part of the Annual Report. The Wholetime Directors declaration regarding compliance with the Companys Code of Business Conduct and Ethics for Directors and Management Personnel forms part of the Corporate Governance Report. As required by the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015, the certificate on Corporate Governance for the year ended 31st March, 2018 issued by Dr. Asim Kumar Chattopadhyay, Company Secretary in Practice, is annexed to this Report.

Energy Conservation, Technology Absorption and Foreign Exchange Earnings and Outgo

The particulars relating to energy conservation, technology absorption, foreign exchange earnings and outgo, as required to be disclosed under Section 134(3)(m) of the Companies Act,

2013 read with Rule 8(3) of The Companies (Accounts) Rules,

2014 is annexed to this Report as Annexure - III.

Extract of Annual Return

In accordance with the Section 134(3)(a) of the Companies Act, 2013 an extract of the Annual Return in Form MGT-9 is annexed to this Report as Annexure - IV.

Particulars of Employees

None of the employees of the Company is in receipt of remuneration exceeding the limits prescribed under Section 197(12) of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 5(2) and 5(3) of The Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014.

Disclosures pertaining to remuneration and other details in respect of directors and employees of the Company as required under Section 197(12) of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 5(1) of The Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014 is annexed to this Report as Annexure - V.

Disclosure under the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013

All the employees in the Company are considered equal. There is no discrimination between individuals at any point on the basis of race, colour, gender, religion, origin, sexual orientation or age. Every individual is expected to treat his/her colleagues with respect and dignity. The Company has in place a policy for prevention of sexual harassment at workplace. This Anti- Sexual Harassment Policy of the Company is in line with the requirements of The Sexual Harassment of Women at the Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition & Redressal) Act, 2013. All employees (permanent, contractual, temporary and trainees) are covered under this policy. An Internal Complaints Committee is in place to redress complaints received regarding sexual harassment. No complaint was received by the Company during the financial year ended 31st March, 2018.

Material changes and commitments affecting the financial position of the Company

There have been no material changes and commitments affecting the financial position of the Company which have occurred between the end of the financial year of the Company to which the financial statements relate and the date of this report.

Human Resources / Industrial Relations

The Companys human resources agenda continues to remain focused on the development of its employees, building capabilities in the organization and progressive employee relations policies.

Industrial relations remained cordial throughout the year. Your Directors place on record their sincere appreciation of the significant contributions made and the continued support extended by all employees at all levels to the Companys operations during the year.


Your Directors take this opportunity to thank the Central and the State Governments, statutory authorities, bankers, vendors and business associates and all the stakeholders for their continued interest and valued support.

For and on behalf of the Board

Ravindra K. Raje Ashok K. Kapur

Director Whole-time Director

Place: Jabalpur Date: 29th May, 2018