Pro Fin Capital Services Ltd Management Discussions.

Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) bring in diversity and efficiency to the financial sector. In the recent past, NBFCs have played increasingly important role in resource mobilisation and credit intermediation, thereby helping commercial sector to make up for low bank credit growth. The Reserve Bank and the Government have taken several measures to address various challenges by enhancing systemic liquidity and strengthening the governance and risk management framework of NBFCs.

The unprecedented outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic impacted the global economy and human life, making it a very challenging environment for all the businesses. The changes forced on people and businesses by the pandemic are likely to last for some time and established ways of doing business may undergo changes leading to new ways of working. The Company has been able to successfully manage immediate challenges of re-establishing normalcy in business operations and is in the process of assessing the long-term implications and opportunities that may emerge from this situation.


Indias GDP growth in FY20 continued on a downward growth trajectory which had begun in Q1FY19. The nation has been facing several structural stresses such as, sluggish private investment for more than six years, significant decline in savings rate for more than seven years and highest unemployment rate in the past 45 years. A broad-based consumption breakdown further accentuated the slowdown. The COVID-19 induced lockdown/social distancing measures started in March 2020 and put 75% of the overall economic activity into standstill. It consequently hastened the downward trajectory of GDP growth in Q4FY20 to 3.1%. For FY20, Indias GDP growth declined to 4.2% as compared to 6.1% in FY19. The slowdown in GDP growth had an adverse impact on Government revenue collections and the COVID-19 induced lockdown further exacerbated the situation. Weaknesses in overall economic activity also put pressure on business growth of lenders including NBFCs.


Indias financial services sector consists of the capital market, insurance sector, Banking Sector, Cooperative Banks and Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs). Further, the RBI has given license to various companies to set-up of payments bank that is expected to revolutionize the financial sector in India as it focuses to conduct banking activities primarily through mobile phones. As a step forward for the financial inclusion, the Reserve Bank has also given license to various micro-finance companies to setup Small Finance Bank. Banks with a small finance bank license can provide basic banking service of acceptance of deposits and lending.


Your Company follows a customer -centric business philosophy, with its growth strategy centered on transparency in term of offerings, suitability of products and variety of choices to meet a range of needs of its customers.

A key strength of your company is the variety of its funding sources, which helps it optimize funding costs, protect interest margins, and retain its diversified funding portfolio. At the same time, this also enables the Company to achieve funding stability and liquidity, facilitating reduction in average borrowing costs.


Due to the financial crises and other certain unavoidable circumstances, the Companys turnover for the financial year ended on 31st March, 2020 is INR 34,67,04,462 as compared to INR 61,69,11,542 to the turnover for the previous financial year.

During the year under review, your company registered profit of Rs. 2,95,07,876/- as compared to Rs. 1,18,32,565.


The demand for credit picks up with the growth in economic activities. The economic policies and various economic reforms pursued by the government will spur the economic growth of the country in the years to come. This will naturally lead to credit demand. However, at macro level the trade policies followed by U.S.A may impact the growth in international trade. Although India is one of the largest growing emerging markets, it is very difficult to foresee how such policies will impact the countrys economic growth.

NBFCs in the last two years face financial crunch due to drying up of sources of funds, banks unwillingness to lend to NBFCs, shortage of liquidity, stressed assets, etc. . The situation has worsened due to Covid 19 pandemic with economic activities almost coming to a standstill. This has affected the Companys operations. The Company now concentrates on collection of dues rather than granting fresh loans.

The Board of Directors of the Company is seized of the issues and advises the management to tale prompt corrective action wherever required.


The Company is engaged in financial services during the year under review, hence the requirement of segment-wise reporting is considered irrelevant.


As the pandemic has spread across the globe, the adverse impact of COVID-19 has overshadowed global macroeconomic outlook. Several multilateral agencies have projected recession for the global economy in the calendar year 2020 with the IMF (International Monetary Fund) warning of the worst global recession in almost a century. The RBI estimates real GDP growth of India to remain in negative territory in FY21. Rating agencies and economic think-tanks have significantly reduced Indias growth projections

for FY21 to -2% to -5% on the back of extended lockdown, factory shutdowns, supply chain disruptions, travel restrictions, reduced discretionary spending and recessionary outlook for the global economy.

No one has fair idea about how fast economy will overcome the effects of COVID-19, and Countrys economy has just pressed RESTART button. Everyone is looking for pace at the same time no one can expect how and when situation will improve. But with the core and focused team we would try and get new horizons.


Employees relations continued to be harmonious throughout the year with the management. Your Company believes that, its employees are its greatest strength and the most valuable asset. The management and staff have a mutual faith and trust. The Company provides equal opportunity to all employees and strives to inculcate high performance culture in the organisation. Your company remains focused on attracting the best talent in the industry, nurturing them through robust learning and development mechanisms, and retaining them through progressive employee centric policies and practices.


Your Company has an adequate system of internal controls for business processes, operations, financial reporting, fraud control, and compliance with applicable laws and regulations, among others. Your companys Management Assurance and Audit function is headed by a senior management personnel with reporting lines to the Audit Committee of the Board and a dotted line reporting to the Managing Director.


The Compliance function of the Company is responsible for independently ensuring that operating and business units comply with regulatory and internal guidelines. The Compliance department of the Company is continued to play a pivotal role in ensuring implementation of Compliance functions in accordance with the directives issued by regulators, the Companys Board of Directors and the Companys Compliance Policy. The Audit Committee of the Board reviews the performance of the Compliance Department and the status of compliance with regulatory/internal guidelines on a periodic basis.

New instructions / guidelines issued by the regulatory authorities were disseminated across the Company to ensure that the business and the functional units operate within the boundaries set by regulators and that compliance risks are suitably monitored and mitigated in their course of their activities and processes. New products and process launched during the year were subjected to scrutiny from compliance standpoint and proposals of financial services were screened from risk control prospective.

The company has complied with all requirement of regulatory authorities. No penalties / strictures were imposed on the Company by the stock exchanges or SEBI or any statutory authority on any matter related to capital market during the year.


Certain statements under "Management Discussion & Analysis " describing the Companys objectives, projects, estimates, expectations and predictions may forward looking statement within the meaning of applicable securities laws and regulations. Although the expectations are based on reasonable assumptions, the actual results could materially differ from those expressed or implied, since the companys operations are influenced by many external and internal factors beyond the control of the Company. The Company assumes no responsibility to publicly amend, modify or revise any forward looking statements, on the basis of any subsequent developments, information or events.

Date: 13.08.2020 For and on behalf of the Board of Directors
(Anupam N Gupta)
Managing Director