Ramchandra Leas. Management Discussions


ANNEXURE- IV

Your directors are pleased to present the Management Discussion and Analysis Report for the year ended 31st March, 2023.

NBFC

The Company is engaged in the Business of Non-Banking Financial Institution and it has obtained a certificate of Registration from the Reserve Bank of India. The Company has not accepted any deposit from the public. The Company has complied with the prudential norms relating to the Income Recognition, Accounting Standards, asset classification and provisioning for bad and doubtful debts as applicable to it in terms of Non-Banking Financial (Non-Deposit taking non-systematic Accepting or Holding) Companies Prudential Norms (Reserve Bank) Directions -2007.

Since the last decade, the NBFC sector has held critical importance in the Indian Financial Services sector. The main objective of NBFCs has been serving the underserved segment of the Indian economy such as MSME, microfinance and other retail segments. Over the past few years, NBFCs have undergone a significant transformation and today they form an important component of Indias financial system. NBFCs are harnessing technology to reinvent traditional business models and offer loans in a faster, customized and more convenient way to the underbanked population of India. NBFCs especially those catering to the urban and rural poor namely NBFC-MFIs and Asset Finance Companies have a complimentary role in the financial inclusion agenda of the country.

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW

For India, 2022 was special. It marked the 75th year of Indias Independence. India became the worlds fifth largest economy, measured in current dollars. Come March, the nominal GDP of India will be around US$ 3.5 trillion. In real terms, the economy is expected to grow at 7 per cent for the year ending March 2023. This follows an 8.7 per cent growth in the previous financial year. The rise in consumer prices has slowed considerably. The annual rate of inflation is below 6 per cent. Wholesale prices are rising at a rate below 5 per cent. The export of goods and services in the first nine months of the financial year (April - December) is up 16 per cent compared to the same period in 2021-22. Although the high oil price this year compared to last inflated Indias import bill and caused the merchandise trade deficit to balloon, concerns over the current account deficit and its financing have ebbed as the year rolled on. Foreign exchange reserve levels are comfortable and external debt is low.

Indias economic growth in FY23 has been principally led by private consumption and capital formation. It has helped generate employment as seen in the declining urban unemployment rate and in the faster net registration in Employee Provident Fund. Still, private capex soon needs to take up the leadership role to put job creation on a fast track. Recovery of MSMEs is proceeding apace, as is evident in the amounts of Goods and Services Tax (GST) they pay, while the Emergency Credit Linked Guarantee Scheme (ECGLS) is easing their debt servicing concerns. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) has been directly providing jobs in rural areas and indirectly creating opportunities for rural households to diversify their sources of income generation. Schemes like PM-Kisan and PM Garib Kalyan Yojana have helped in ensuring food security in the country, and their impact was also endorsed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)l. The results of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) also show improvement in rural welfare indicators from FY16 to FY20, covering aspects like gender, fertility rate, household amenities, and women empowerment.

As we head into 2023, global economic developments are expected to complicate the outlook further, and therefore continued vigilance is a critical aspect in maintaining Indias external resilience. Going forward, India needs to focus on medium-term challenges such as securing technology and resources for energy transition and skilling its youth for the 21st century economy, while staying the course on fiscal consolidation. With continuous efforts during the last several years, a strong platform has been erected on which the superstructure of a middle-income economy can be constructed.

OPPORTUNITIES & THREAT

Digital ecosystem development pushed by the government as well as regulators and other market participants offer opportunities to provide better customer experience and become more efficient. With the increase in usage of smart phone across various geographies and continuous growth in data connectivity adoption, the Company foresees a big opportunity to understand customers better and offer more personalized services and offerings in a cost-efficient way. In addition, the need for finance and new investment opportunities in a growing economy like India are positives for the Company. The main factors that may pose a threat to the Companys business are the uncertainties that may prevail due to increasing competition in the Financial Market.

The Company has achieved consistent and sustained growth over the years on the back of its choice of markets to cater to and products to offer. It has assiduously gauged which segments offer promise for lenders and what the needs of these segments are, in terms of lending structures. The size of these financially unserved markets presents a huge opportunity. Over the years, the company has understood that an opportunity is nothing without sound execution. The most significant threat for any lending activity is to constantly exhibit operational excellence and contain the loss given defaults within the acceptable limits. The Company believes that this task is to be worked upon continuously through a very sharp learning and unlearning in order to achieve operational excellence. Use of digital solutions for business/collections also one of the opportunities for the Company.

Moreover, in the Indian economy, Market Size NBFC play a vital role as it has the ability to cover inaccessible areas. In the Financial sector, it is considered as a substitute for banks. In a comparison of banks, it is preferable because they have expertise in niche segments. In the Indian financial sector, it is a third largest segment of banks.

INDUSTRY OUTLOOK

The NBFCs would begin the year with sufficient capital buffers, stable margins and sizeable on-balance sheet provisioning, while adequate system liquidity would aid funding. Nevertheless, an expected increase in systemic interest rates and asset quality issues in some segments due to the lagged impact of pandemic would be a drag on the operating performance.

The sector has been facing increased regulatory oversight and push towards convergence with banks through various measures such as scale-based regulation, realignment in asset quality classification and Prompt Corrective Action norm. The incremental impact of the notification on NPA recognition however will be moderate as the maximum impact has already been seen in 3QFY22 figures and NBFCs are holding adequate provisions.

REGULATORY

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has been continually strengthening the supervisory framework from NBFCs in order to ensure sound and healthy functioning and avoid excessive risk taking. In furtherance of these objectives, RBI issued new guidelines during past years. 1. Know your customer guidance - Anti money laundering Standards 2. Guidance on classification, monitoring and reporting of frauds 3. Guidance on Securitization of Standards Assets

SCALE BASED REGULATIONS fSBRj FOR NBFCS

The contribution of NBFCs towards supporting real economic activity and their role as a supplemental channel of credit intermediation alongside banks is well recognized. Over the years, the sector has undergone considerable evolution in terms of size, complexity, and interconnectedness within the financial sector. Many entities have grown and become systemically significant and hence it has been felt to align the regulatory framework for NBFCs keeping in view their changing risk profile. The RBI therefore, came out with the revised regulatory framework Scale Based Regulations (SBR) for NBFCs vide its circular dated Oct 22, 2021. These directions are applicable w.e.f. Oct 1, 2022

UNION BUDGET 2022-23 HIGHLIGHTS

The Budget 2022 focused on digital and technology and sectors like infrastructure, health, education and provision of e-services to the masses. This Union Budget laid a foundation and blueprint of the economy over Amrit Kal of the next 25 years - from India at 75 to India at 100.

India posted a 9.2% GDP growth, the highest among all economies. We are amid the Omicron wave; the speed of our vaccination campaign has helped dramatically. The FM stated that Sabka Prayaas will continue with strong growth. Budget 2022 has provided a sharp increase in public investment and capital expenditure provision. Strategic transfer of ownership of Air India has been completed.

INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEM AND THEIR ADEQUACY

The Company has adequate internal control systems including suitable monitoring procedures commensurate with its size and the nature of the business. The internal control systems provide for all documented policies, guidelines, and authorization and approval procedures. The statutory auditors while conducting the statutory audit, review and evaluate the internal controls and their observations are discussed with the Audit committee of the Board.

The Companys internal control systems are supplemented by periodic reviews by the Management. The Audit Committee reviews its findings and recommendations at periodic intervals. Companys internal control system is adequate considering the nature, size and complexity of its business.

HUMAN RESOURCES/INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

Employees are our greatest strength and the foundation of our Company. They play a pivotal role in offering better product quality, design and services to our customer. We ensure that employees gain ample opportunities for personal and professional growth. High quality recruitment supports the talent management practices of the Company. To augment the journey of internationalization of the Company and create a multicultural work force, strengthening leadership cadre with appropriate domain competencies have been done. The Company continues to foster a high-performance culture by recognizing good performers and providing them with career enhancing opportunities. Several HR initiatives have been taken for the strategic alignment of the HR function with the business objectives. These initiatives encompass employee engagement, learning & development besides improved internal communication mechanism with employees.

FINANCIAL REVIEW

The Company has registered a turnover of Rs. 47.23 lakhs and made profit before depreciation and tax of Rs. 1.90 Lakhs. The depreciation provided during the year was Rs. 0.13 lakhs and the Net Profit for the year after depreciation and tax was Rs. 1.38 Lakhs. The above turnover is out of both operational activities.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT

The statements in this Management Discussion and Analysis describing the companys objectives, estimates, expectations may be "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of applicable security laws and regulations. Actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied due to several factors which are beyond the control of the management. In accordance with the Code of Corporate Governance approved by the Securities and Exchange Board of India, Shareholders and readers are cautioned that in the case of data and information external to the company, no representation is made on its accuracy and comprehensiveness though the same are based on sources believed to be reliable. Utmost care has been taken to ensure that the opinions expressed by the management herein contain its perceptions on the material impacts on the companys operations but it is not exhaustive. The Company assumes no obligation to amend or update forward looking statements in future on the basis of new information, subsequent developments or otherwise.

By order of Board of Director

For Ramchandra Leasing and Finance Limited

Sd/- Sd/-
Pradeep Saremal Jain Harsha Hitesh Bhanshali
Place: Vadodara Director Director
Date: 31/08/2023 DIN:03363790 DIN: 08522254