Sagar Productions Ltd Management Discussions.

Indian Macroeconomic Outlook

India continued to be the fastest growing major economy despite the challenges faced during the year. In FY19, the GDP of the country grew by 6.6% on GVA basis, a marginal deceleration from the previous year. While the growth in the first half of the fiscal was strong, it moderated during the second half due to liquidity concerns and stress in the agriculture sector. This impacted consumption and discretionary spending, especially in the rural markets, during the latter half of the year. However, after a strong mandate, the expectation is that the new government will address these concerns on priority and inject stimulus to revive economic activity. Three consecutive interest rate cuts by the Reserve Bank of India and their accommodative stance will help revive consumption and growth in the near term. Forecast of a normal monsoon in 2019 also bodes well for the agriculture sector and is expected to drive rural consumption. From a medium-term perspective, the governments focus on infrastructure development, job creation and banking reforms will support growth. One of the biggest structural reforms, Goods and Services Tax (GST), despite transient issues, is already helping formalize the economy and will go a long way in improving the business environment in the country. While the Indian economy has expanded at an average annualized growth rate of around 7% over the past several years, there have been patches of slower growth in-between. However, consumption growth has remained quite resilient throughout this period. During FY19, despite a slowdown in overall GDP growth, private final consumption (PFCE) accelerated to 12.0% from 10.6% in FY18. Over the last five-year period, PFCE has grown at a CAGR of 11.8% in nominal terms. This, along with the trend of organized businesses gradually gaining market share in various sectors, augurs well for the growth of the media industry.

Indias Media & Entertainment Industry

The Indian media and entertainment (M&E) industry witnessed another year of all-round growth. The pace of growth accelerated marginally in CY18 despite the challenges faced by the economy towards the end of the year. According to the FICCI-EY Report 2019, (the Report), the M&E industry grew by 13.4% YoY in CY18, to 1,674 billion. India is witnessing a significant increase in content consumption due to increase in availability and improvement in affordability. Be it the growing number of mobile and television sets, improving multiplex penetration or smaller cities getting their own radio stations, availability of content is improving across platforms and is expected to get better going ahead. However, Indias per capita entertainment consumption is still lower than most of its peers, representing a significant room for sustained growth which would be driven by rising disposable incomes and increasing access to content. According to the Report, the Indian M&E industry is expected to grow at a CAGR of 12.0% to 2,349 billion over the next three years, with growth in all the segments. During the year, television increased its reach and engagement with the audience, retaining its position as the default entertainment medium for Indian consumers. Growth in online video consumption accelerated, helped by the increased availability of affordable data and content on digital platforms. Print media continued to grow, albeit at a much slower pace. The movie industry surpassed all the previous box-office records on the back of strong performances in both domestic and international markets. Radio, in addition to entering new cities, is diversifying into new business offerings like concerts and activations. Growth in live events was led by premium properties, sports events and digital integration.

Brief History & Business Overview

Incorporated in 1980 as Kirti Finvest Limited, your Company was engaged in Financing, Share trading and Investments. Your Company was formerly known as Kirti Finvest Limited and changed its name to Sagar Productions Limited in May 2010, focusing into media segment. Your Company is into media production and media trading activity.

Review Of Operations & Business Overview

During the year under review the Companys Turnover has decreased from Rs. 955.56 Lakhs to Rs. 845.00 Lakhs. However, profit for the year was increased from Rs. 35.09 Lakhs to Rs. 72.96 Lakhs. Your Company is optimistic about the coming year. Since the Company is trying to expand its business, your Directors are hopeful that the results will be more encouraging.

Human Resources

Your Company recognises the need of talent and nurturing quality staff as a key to success. We will continue to focus on training and motivation of manpower so as to develop teams of qualified and skilled personnel to effectively discharge their responsibilities in a number of projects and activities. It is, in this context, which we have been working towards promoting the skills and professionalism of our employees to cope with and focus on the challenges of change and growth which is important to the segment your Company operates in.

Internal controls & their Adequacy

The company believes in formulating adequate and effective internal control systems and implementing the same to ensure that the interests of the company are safeguarded and reliability of accounting data and its accuracy are ensured with proper checks and balances. The senior management team meets to address issues like operational efficiency, protection and conservation of resources, accuracy and promptness in financial reporting and compliance with laws and regulation, at regular frequency to discuss various issues that influence the business and to take strategic decisions. The company has an internal audit system, which submits report to the Chairman of Audit Committee periodically.

Threats Risks & Concerns

The management of risk does not imply risk elimination but prudent risk management. We can withstand the competition despite an increasing number of new players. Due to industry specific high attrition of key professionals the quality of the productions and their consistency could suffer. There is a risk of sourcing software at reasonable acquisition costs and the rapid changing market can be a threat. Your companys management is proactive to recognise risks & threats and make use of opportunity. Piracy is a major hurdle in our segment. Physical format is diminishing to an extent largely due to this. Besides regulatory frame work, subsidies, taxes and related policy can affect our industry.

Cautionary Statement

Statements in the Management Discussion and Analysis and the annual report describing the Companys objectives, projections, estimates, expectations may be "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of applicable securities laws and regulations in India and other countries. Actual results could defer materially from those expressed or implied. Important factors that could make a difference to the Companys operations include economic conditions affecting the domestic market, in which the Company operates, changes in the Government regulations, tax laws and other statutes and other incidental factors and unforeseen circumstances.