Sumit Woods Ltd Management Discussions.

The following management s discussion and analysis ("MD&A") is intended to assist readers in understanding Sumit Woods Limited (the "Company" or "Sumit Group"), its business environment, strategies, performance, and outlook and the risks applicable to Sumit Group. It should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes (the "financial statements") for the year ended 31st March, 2019. The Indian real estate market is expected to touch US$ 180 billion by 2020. The housing sector alone contributes 5-6 % to the country s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). According to data released by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), the construction development sector in India has received Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows to the tune of US$ 24.66 billion in the period April 2000-September 2017.

In the period FY 2008-2020, the market size of this sector is expected to increase at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 11.2 %. Retail, hospitality and commercial real estate are also growing significantly, providing the much needed infrastructure for India s growing needs. Sectors such as IT and ITeS, retail, consulting and e-commerce have registered high demand for office space in recent times. The office space absorption in 2017 across the top eight cities amounted to 18 million square feet (MSF) as of September 2017. In 2017, new retail space of 6.4 MSF has finished and supply of around 20 MSF is expected in 2019. India stood third in the US Green Building Council s (USGBC) ranking of the top 10 countries for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certified buildings, with over 752 LEED-certified projects across 20.28 million gross square meters of space.

Government Initiatives

The Government of India along with the governments of the respective states has taken several initiatives to encourage the development in the sector. The Smart City Project, where there is a plan to build 100 smart cities, is a prime opportunity for the real estate companies. India jumped up 30 notches into the top 100 rankings on the World Bank s ease of doing business index, thanks to major improvements in indicators such as resolving insolvency, paying taxes, protecting minority investors and getting credit. However, India still lags in areas such as starting a business, enforcing contracts and dealing with construction related approvals.


Except for the brief period of demonetisation, Mumbai real estate market has shown signs of improvement and increase in off-take of inventory. Further, customers have shown a clear preference to the developers with good track record of timely delivery, quality product and with sound financial stability. This has divided Mumbai real estate market in two segments developers who will timely deliver quality product and the other ones whose delivery and quality is uncertain. Good developers have seen regular demand throughout 2017-18.



As India awaits policy reforms to pick up speed, your Company firmly believes that the demand for Real Estate in a country like India should remain strong in the medium to long term. Your Company s well accepted brand, contemporary architecture, well designed projects in strategic locations, strong balance sheet and stable financial performance even in testing times make it a preferred choice for customers and shareholders. Your Company is ideally placed to further strengthen its development potential by acquiring new land parcels.


While the management of your Company is confident of creating and exploiting the opportunities, it also finds the following challenges:

Unanticipated delays in project approvals;

Availability of accomplished and trained labour force;

Increased cost of manpower;

Rising cost of construction;

Growth in auxiliary infrastructure facilities; and

Over regulated environment.


Your Company continues to capitalize on the market opportunities by leveraging its key strengths. These include:

Brand Reputation: Enjoys higher recall and influences the buying decision of the customer given our hold on market being more than three decades. Strong customer satisfaction further results in higher premium realisations.

Execution: Possesses a successful track record of quality execution of projects within a period of three year since commencement of any project with contemporary architecture which fulfils the requirement of micro market and potential buyers.

Strong cash flows: Has built a business model that ensures continuous cash flows from their investment and development properties ensuring a steady cash flow even during the adverse business cycles as 90% of our inventory is sold before the completion of projects.

Significant leveraging opportunity: Follows conservative debt practice coupled with enough cash balance which provides a significant leveraging opportunity for further expansions.

Outsourcing: Operates an outsourcing model of appointing renowned architects / contractors that allows scalability and emphasizes contemporary design and quality construction a key factor of success.

Transparency: As your company s motto states Creating Value Building Trusts which reflects our strong culture of corporate governance and ensures transparency and high levels of business ethics.

Highly qualified execution team: Employs experienced, capable and highly qualified design and project management teams who oversee and execute all aspects of project development.

Strong Financing: Your company have had a good relations with various NBFCs and Bankers for funding of projects in the near past and the company is able to maintain the same status given the current industry scenario.

Focus Points on future growth:

Focus is on middle, upper middle class group and aspirational class in alignment with the government s aspect to provide housing for all; Focusing more on project acquisition through joint ventures and development management model with view to achieve asset light model; Focusing on timely completion of project by adopting new technologies in the field of constructions; and Your company focuses on various opportunities in Mumbai and Goa in the field of Redevelopment and development which will ensure robust growth in revenue and profitability of company.


Market price fluctuation

The performance of your Company may be affected by the sales and rental realisations of its projects. These prices are driven by prevailing market conditions, the nature and location of the projects, and other factors such as brand and reputation and the design of the projects. Your Company follows a prudent business model and tries to ensure steady cash flow even during adverse pricing scenario.

Sales volume

The volume of bookings depends on the ability to design projects that will meet customer preferences, getting various approvals in time, general market factors, project launch and customer trust in entering into sale agreements well in advance of receiving possession of the projects. Your Company sells its projects in phases from the time it launches the project, based on the type and scale of the project and depending on market conditions.


Execution depends on several factors which include labour availability, raw material prices, receipt of approvals and regulatory clearances, access to utilities such as electricity and water, weather conditions and the absence of contingencies such as litigation. Your Company manages the adversities with cautious approach, meticulous planning and by engaging established and reputed contractors. As your Company imports various materials, at times execution is also dependent upon timely shipment and clearance of the material.

Land / Development rights costs and availability

The cost of land forms a substantial part of the project cost, particularly in Mumbai. It includes amounts paid for freehold rights, leasehold rights, fungible FSI, construction cost of area given to landlords in consideration for development rights, registration and stamp duty. Your Company acquires land / land development rights from the government and private parties. It ensures that the consideration paid for the land is as per the prevailing market conditions, reasonable and market timed. Your Company also enters into MOUs and makes advances for the land / land development rights prior to entering into definitive agreements. The ensuing negotiations may result in either a transaction for the acquisition of the land / land development rights or the Company getting a refund of the moneys advanced.

Financing costs

The acquisition of land and development rights needs substantial capital outflow. Inadequate funding resources and high interest costs may impact regular business and operations. Your Company has always tried to build sufficient reserves resulting out of operating cash flows to take advantage of any land acquisition or development opportunity.


Post implementation of The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 (RERA), developers are focusing firmly on selling their existing ready inventory and finishing their near completion projects rather than launching new projects. With several smaller realty developers interested in either monetizing their land parcels on outright basis or entering into joint development or development management agreements, your Company believes that RERA shall result in a consolidation in the sector. Overall, the Real Estate sector is showing growth as compared to last year. Consequently, the Indian real estate sector will emerge stronger, healthier and capable of long periods of sustained growth, provided adequate policy/regulatory support.

Focus on Mumbai and beyond

Your Company shall continue to explore development opportunities in and around Mumbai and also explore hubs in the nearby regions on a case by case basis. Your Company is actively scouting for land parcels in Goa as well.

Strengthen relationships with key service providers and develop multiple vendors.

In order to continue delivering landmark offerings to our customer, your Company shall further strengthen its relationship with key service providers, i.e. architects, designer and contractors. Your Company is also working on strategy to develop more and more vendors who can deliver product and services in line with Company s philosophy and product offerings.


This management discussion and analysis contain forward looking statements that reflects your Company s current views with respect to future events and financial performance. The actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in the forward looking statements as a result of many factors.