Tavernier Resources Ltd Management Discussions.

Annexure I



This Management Discussion & Analysis Report presents the key performance highlights of the year 2018-19 pertaining to the Companys business. The Report has been prepared in compliance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015. This review should be read in conjunction with the Companys financial statement, the schedules and notes thereto and other information included elsewhere in this Annual Report. The Companys financial statement has been prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (IndAS), complying with the requirements of the Companies Act, 2013 and the guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The Management accepts responsibility for the integrity and objectivity of the Financial Statements. However, investors and readers are cautioned that this discussion contains certain forward looking Statements that involve risks and uncertainties.

Industry Structure and Developments

Indian Economy

India has emerged as the fastest growing major economy in the world as per the Central Statistics Organization (CSO) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) and it is expected to be one of the top three economic powers of the world over the next 10-15 years, backed by its strong democracy and partnerships. Indias gems and jewellary sector contributes about 7% to Indias GDP and 15% to Indias Total Merchandise Exports.

Corporate earnings in India are expected to grow by 15-20 per cent in FY 2018-19 supported by recovery in capital expenditure, according to JM Financial.

The sector employs over 4.64 Million employees and is expected to employ 8.23 Million by 2022 according to the survey of IBEF.

India has retained its position as the third largest startup base in the world with over 4,750 technology startups, with about 1,400 new start-ups being founded in 2016, according to a report by NASSCOM.

Indian Government is continuously striving hard to achieve the following:

• eradication of poverty and unemployment;

• uplifting the rural economy and strengthening of the agriculture sector;

• healthcare for the economically less privileged;

• infrastructure creation and improvement in the quality of education of the country;

• doubling the farmers income in the coming years;

• creation of livelihood and infrastructure in rural areas;

• Improving the rail and road sectors.

Numerous foreign companies are setting up their facilities in India on account of various government initiatives like Make in India and Digital India. Mr. Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India, has launched the Make in India initiative with an aim to boost the manufacturing sector of Indian economy, to increase the purchasing power of an average Indian consumer, which would further boost demand, and hence spur development, in addition to benefiting investors. The Government of India, under the Make in India initiative, is trying to give boost to the contribution made by the manufacturing sector and aims to take it up to 25 per cent of the GDP from the current 17 per cent. Besides, the Government has also come up with Digital India initiative, which focuses on three core components: creation of digital infrastructure, delivering services digitally and to increase the digital literacy. Apart from this, the Government has undertaken recent initiatives and developments.

Indias gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to reach US$ 6 trillion by FY27 and achieve upper-middle income status on the back of digitization, globalization, favorable demographics and reforms.

India is also focusing on renewable sources to generate energy. It is planning to achieve 40 per cent of its energy from non-fossil sources by 2030 which is currently 30 per cent and also have plans to increase its renewable energy capacity from 57 GW to 175 GW by 2022.

India is expected to be the third largest consumer economy as its consumption may triple to US$ 4 trillion by 2025, owing to shift in consumer behaviour and expenditure pattern, according to a Boston Consulting Group (BCG) report; and is estimated to surpass USA to become the second largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP) by the year 2040, according to a report by PricewaterhouseCoopers.

Goods and Service Tax (GST)

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) which was rolled out in July, 2017 was in favor of the Gems and Jewellery sector.

The Government of India has levied 3% GST on gold, gold jewellary, silver jewellary and processed diamonds and

0.25% rough diamonds. Gems and Jewellery exporters are exempted from paying 3% Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) to banks from January 01,2019.

Gems and Jewellery

The Gems and Jewellery sector plays a significant role in the Indian economy, contributing around 7 per cent of the countrys GDP and 15 per cent to Indias total merchandise exports. It also employs over 4.64 million workers and is expected to employ 8.23 million by 2022. One of the fastest growing sectors, it is extremely export oriented and labour intensive.

Based on its potential for growth and value addition, the Government of India has declared the Gems and Jewellery sector as a focus area for export promotion. The Government has recently undertaken various measures to promote investments and to upgrade technology and skills to promote Brand India in the international market.

India is deemed to be the hub of the global jewellery market because of its low costs and availability of high-skilled labour. India is the worlds largest cutting and polishing centre for diamonds, with the cutting and polishing industry being well supported by government policies. Moreover, India exports 75 per cent of the worlds polished diamonds, as per statistics from the Gems and Jewellery Export promotion Council (GJEPC). Indias Gems and Jewellery sector has been contributing in a big way to the countrys foreign exchange earnings (FEEs). The Government of India has viewed the sector as a thrust area for export promotion. The Indian government presently allows 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the sector through the automatic route.

Gold demand in India rose to 523.93 tonnes between January to September 2018. Indias gems and jewellery exports stood at US$ 28.52 billion between Apr 2018 -Feb 2019. During the same period, exports of cut and polished diamonds stood at US$ 21.95 billion, thereby contributing about 76.96 per cent of the total gems and jewellery exports in value terms. Exports of gold coins and medallions stood at US$ 686.51 million and silver jewellery exports stood at US$ 765.98 million between April 2018 - February, 2019.

The gems and jewellery market in India is home to more than 300,000 players, with the majority being small players. Its market size is about US$ 75 billion as of 2017 and is expected to reach US$ 100 billion by 2025. It contributes 29 per cent to the global jewellery consumption.

India is one of the largest exporters of gems and jewellery and the industry is considered to play a vital role in the Indian economy as it contributes a major chunk to the total foreign reserves of the country. The Goods and Services Tax

(GST) and monsoon will steer Indias gold demand going forward.

The Gems and Jewellery sector is witnessing changes in consumer preferences due to adoption of western lifestyle. Consumers are demanding new designs and varieties in jewellery, and branded jewellers are able to fulfil their changing demands better than the local unorganised players. Moreover, increase in per capita income has led to an increase in sales of jewellery, as jewellery is a status symbol in India.

Some of the key investments in this industry are listed below:

• Deals worth Rs 8,000 crore (US$ 1.19 billion) were made at the Indian International Jewellery Show held in August 2018.

• Companies such as PC Jewellers, PNG Jewellers, Popley and Sons, are planning to introduce a virtual-reality (VR) experience for their customers. The customer will have to wear a VR headset, through which they can select any jewellery, see the jewellery from different angles and zoom on it to view intricate designs.

The Government of India would notify a new limit for reporting about transactions in gold and other precious metals and stones to authorities, to avoid the parking of black money in bullion.

The Gems and Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) to build Indias largest jewellery park in at Ghansoli in Navi- Mumbai on a 25 acres land with about more than 5000 jewellery units of various sizes ranging from 500-10,000 square feet. The overall investment of Rs 13,500 crore (US$ 2.09 billion).

In the coming years, growth in Gems and Jewellery sector would be largely contributed by the development of large retailers/brands. Established brands are guiding the organised market and are opening opportunities to grow. Increasing penetration of organised players provides variety in terms of products and designs. Online sales are expected to account for 1-2 per cent of the fine jewellery segment by 2021-22. Also, the relaxation of restrictions of gold import is likely to provide a fillip to the industry. The improvement in availability along with the reintroduction of low cost gold metal loans and likely stabilisation of gold prices at lower levels is expected to drive volume growth for jewellers over short to medium term. The demand for jewellery is expected to be significantly supported by the recent positive developments in the industry.

As your Company is not profoundly engaged in real estate business, the management did not take utmost efforts to concentrate on this sector.

Opportunities and Threats

The consumer landscape has been continuously evolving and one has to keep pace with the changing trends in order to win consumer confidence. The Gems and Jewellery sector in India offers a significant growth opportunity to be tapped and appropriate strategies need to be formulated to capture this opportunity. The Company is capturing these opportunities by adopting various business techniques and strategies to attract the contemporary consumers. At present Indian gems and jewellery sector is unorganised with local players constituting about 80 percent of the overall market. Consumer preferences in designs, quality, and material across different regions have historically presented a challenge for national and organized players to create design-led differentiation.

Demand for consumption and investment is affected by several challenges. While challenges in talent and skill development, research and technology adoption, and limited financing options are core to players catering to the consumption demand for jewellery, an increasing investment demand with limited supply infrastructure affects the

investment side of the market. High import dependence and regulatory curbs impact both consumption and investment demand of the market. The Company makes efforts to combat with the challenges faced in this Industry.


The Company operates into one segment only i.e Gems and Jewellery and has generated net sales of Rs. 612.37 Lakhs.


An improvement in the macro-economic fundamentals is expected to ramp up demand by improving the overall consumer sentiment. The Company expects demand to pick up as and when the disposable income in the hands of consumers increases due to pick up in economic activity and various government initiatives. The company has a good mix of business activities to service the demands of consumers. We are well poised to effectively capture the growth opportunities in the coming years.

The management is optimistic of substantial growth in Companys business in the coming years.

Risks and Concerns

Business risks exist for any enterprise having national and international exposure. Tavernier Resources Limited also faces certain risks, the key ones being - a longer than anticipated delay in economic revival, decreased sales volume, competition, unfavorable exchange rate fluctuations, emergence of inflationary conditions, unexpected changes in regulatory framework and the overall economic climate and government regulations. The Company is well aware of these risks and challenges and has put in place mechanisms to ensure that they are managed and mitigated with adequate timely actions.

Internal Control Systems and their Adequacy

The company has set up an internal control system that functions at various levels of the organization. The system ensures compliance with the respective laws & regulations, efficiency of operations, optimum utilization of resources, disclosure and adequate reporting of financial transactions, proper administration at all levels of the organization.

The Audit Committee of the company periodically reviews and ensures adequacy of the internal control system prevalent at each level of the organization and passes on its recommendation to the management.

Discussion on Financial Performance with Respect to Operational Performance

During the financial year 2018-19 under review, the Net Sales of diamonds/precious stones slashed from Rs. 1,436.33 Lakhs in F.Y 2017-18 to Rs. 612.37 Lakhs in F.Y. 2018-19, whereas the Company has earned Profit of Rs. 40.97 Lakhs as against that of Rs. 87.12 Lakhs in the previous financial year.

Material developments in Human Resources / Industrial Relations front, including number of people employed.

The Company appreciates that the performance level cannot be reached and sustained without the right quality of people.

With this belief, the Company has laid significant emphasis on its Human Resources practices. These are concerted efforts to ensure that the most appropriate people are recruited into the organization.

Annexure II



Tavernier Resources Limited (hereinafter called and referred to as "the Company") believes in conducting its affairs in a fair and transparent manner by adopting highest standard of professionalism and good Corporate Governance Practices. The Company is committed to ensure that equitable remuneration is paid to all directors and employees of the Company. In order to attract and retain properly qualified and skilled directors and executives, to fill vacancies at all levels, it is the Companys aim to maintain fair and competitive remuneration consistent with industry practices and all necessary regulations.

Nomination and Remuneration Policy ("the Policy") has been framed in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the Act") and Regulation 19 of the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015. The Company had constituted a Remuneration Committee ("Committee") way back. The Company had already adopted a Nomination and Remuneration Policy as required under the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the same has been replaced with this new Policy with effect from April 1,2019.


This policy is intended to ensure that:

i. All Directors and Executives of the Company are recognized and rewarded for their performance in a fair and equitable manner;

ii. To ensure that remuneration paid to Directors and Executives is competitive, enabling the Company to attract and retain employees capable of meeting the Companys needs and service delivery obligations; and

iii. To reward Directors and Executives for achieving pre-determined Company, Departmental as well as personal/individual performance targets and goals.


Directors, Key Managerial Personnel and other Senior Employees as may be decided by the Committee or Board of the Company, subject to the approval of members in the General Meeting for their appointment wherever applicable and subject to the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 shall be remunerated in line with the service agreement.


Directors which includes Whole Time or Executive Directors, and Non-Executive or Independent Directors. "Board" means Board of Directors of the Company as constituted from time to time.

"Independent Director" means a director referred to in Section 149(6) of the Act and the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015, as amended from time to time.

"Key Managerial Personnel/KMP" mean "Key Managerial Personnel" as defined in Section 2(51) of the Act.

"Senior Management" mean officers/personnel of the Company who are members of its core management team. The core management team includes Chief Executive Officer, Managing Director, Whole-time Director, Chief Financial Officer and Company Secretary.

"Committee" means Nomination and Remuneration Committee of Board of Directors of the Company, constituted in accordance with the provisions of Section 178 of the Act and the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015.

Words and expressions used and not defined in this Policy, but defined in the Act or any rules framed under the Act or the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 and Rules and Regulations framed thereunder or in the

SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 or the Accounting Standards shall

have the meanings assigned to them in these regulations.


The role of the Committee shall, inter-alia, include the following:

1. Formulation of the criteria for determining qualifications, positive attributes and independence of a director and recommend to the Board a policy, relating to the remuneration of the directors, key managerial personnel and other employees;

2. Formulation of criteria for evaluation of Independent Directors and the Board;

3. Devising a policy on Board diversity;

4. Identifying persons who are qualified to become directors and who may be appointed in senior management in accordance with the criteria laid down, and recommend to the Board their appointment and removal.

The Nomination and Remuneration Committee shall ensure that -

(a) the level and composition of remuneration is reasonable and sufficient to attract, retain and motivate directors of the quality required to run the Company successfully;

(b) relationship of remuneration to performance is clear and meets appropriate performance benchmarks; and

(c) Remuneration to directors, key managerial personnel and senior management involves a balance between fixed and incentive pay reflecting short and long-term performance objectives appropriate to the working of the company and its goals.



6.1 Appointment criteria and qualification

i. The Committee shall identify and ascertain the integrity, qualification, expertise and experience of the person for appointment as Director, KMP or at Senior Management level and recommend to the Board his/her appointment on the basis of criteria laid down from time to time.

ii. A person should possess adequate qualification, expertise and experience for the position he/she is considered for appointment. The Committee has discretion to decide whether qualification, expertise and experience possessed by a person is sufficient/ satisfactory for the concerned position.

iii. Appointment of Independent Directors is subject to compliance of provisions of section 149 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Schedule IV and rules there under.

iv. The Company shall not appoint or continue the employment of any person as Managing Director, Whole-time Director and Manager who has attained the age of seventy years. Provided that the term of the person holding this position may be extended beyond the age of seventy years with the approval of shareholders by passing a special resolution based on the explanatory statement annexed to the notice for such motion indicating the justification for extension of appointment beyond seventy years.

6.2 Term/ Tenure of Appointment

a) Managing Director/Whole Time Director/Manager

The Company shall appoint or re-appoint any person as its Chairman & Managing Director, or Executive Director or Whole Time Director or Manager for a term not exceeding five years at a time. No re-appointment shall be made earlier than one year before the expiry of term.

b) Independent Director

An Independent Director shall hold office for such term which should not exceed a maximum of five consecutive years on the Board of the Company, as may be recommended by the Committee and approved by the Board and shareholders and will be eligible for reappointment on passing of a special resolution by the Company and disclosure of such appointment in the Boards report.

No Independent Director shall hold office for more than two consecutive terms, but such Independent Director shall be eligible for appointment after expiry of three years of ceasing to become an Independent Director. Provided that an Independent Director shall not, during the said period of three years, be appointed in or be associated with the Company in any other capacity, either directly or indirectly.

A person shall not serve as an Independent Director in more than seven listed Companies, provided that any person who is serving as a whole time Director in any listed Company shall serve as an Independent Director in not more than three listed Companies.

The maximum tenure of Independent Directors shall be in accordance with the Companies Act, 2013 and rules made thereunder, in this regard, from time to time.

6.3 Evaluation

The Committee shall carry out evaluation of performance of every Director. The Committee shall identify evaluation criteria which will evaluate Directors based on knowledge to perform the role, time and level of participation, performance of duties, level of oversight, professional conduct and independence. The appointment/re-appointment/continuation of Independent Directors on the Board shall be subject to the outcome of the yearly evaluation process.

6.4 Removal

Due to reasons for any disqualification mentioned in the Companies Act, 2013, and Rules made there under or under any other applicable Act, rules and regulations, the Committee may recommend, to the Board with reasons recorded in writing, removal of a Director, Key Managerial Personnel or Senior Management subject to the provisions and compliance of the said Act, rules and regulations.

6.5 Retirement

The Directors, Key Managerial Personnel and Senior Management Staff shall retire as per the applicable provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and as per provisions of the Articles of Association of the Company. The Committee may recommend to the Board for retention of any Director, Key Managerial Personnel, Senior Management in the same position/remuneration or otherwise even after attaining the retirement age, for the benefit of the Company.


(a) General Provisions

i. The remuneration/perquisites/commission etc. to the Managing Director/Whole-time Directors/Manager, KMP and Senior Management Personnel will be determined by the Committee and recommended to the Board for approval.

ii. The remuneration/perquisite/commission etc. shall be in accordance with the percentage/slabs / conditions

laid down in the Companies Act, 2013 and shall be subject to the prior/post approval of the shareholders of the Company and Central Government, wherever required.

iii. Increments to the existing remuneration/compensation structure may be recommended by the Committee to the Board which should be within the slabs approved by the Shareholders in the case of Managing Director/ Whole Time Director/Manager. The decision of the Committee as to increment shall be final.

iv. Where any insurance is taken by the Company on behalf of its Managing Director, Whole-time Director, Manager, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, the Company Secretary and any other employees for indemnifying any of them against any liability in respect of a deed for which they may be held guilty in relation to the Company, the premium paid on such insurance shall not be treated as part of the remuneration payable to any such personnel. Provided that if such person is proved to be guilty, the premium paid on such insurance shall be treated as part of the remuneration.

(b) Remuneration to Managing Director / Whole-time Directors / Manager, Key Managerial Personnel ("KMP") and Senior Management Personnel


The Managing Director/ Whole-time Director/Manager shall be eligible for remuneration as may be approved by the Shareholders of the Company on the recommendation of the Committee and the Board of Directors. The break-up of the pay scale, performance bonus/commission and quantum of perquisites including, employers contribution to P.F, pension scheme, medical expenses, club fees etc. shall be decided and approved by the Board on the recommendation of the Committee and shall be within the overall remuneration approved by the Shareholders and Central Government, wherever required.

Minimum Remuneration

If, in any financial year, the Company has no profits or its profits are inadequate, the Company shall pay remuneration to its Managing Director / Whole-time Director/Manager in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and if it is not able to comply with such provisions, then with the previous approval of the Central Government.

Provisions for Excess Remuneration

If Managing Director/ Whole-time Director/Manager draws or receives, directly or indirectly by way of remuneration any such sums in excess of the limits prescribed under the Companies Act, 2013 or without the prior sanction of the Central Government, where required, he / she shall refund such sums to the Company and until such sum is refunded, hold it in trust for the Company. The Company shall not waive recovery of such sum refundable to it unless permitted by the Central Government.

(c) Remuneration to Non Whole Time Directors (Including Independent Directors) Sitting Fees:

The Non Whole Time Directors (Including Independent Directors) of the Company shall be paid remuneration by way of sitting fees for attending Meetings of the Board or Committee thereof or for any other purpose whatsoever as may be decided by the Board. The amount of sitting fees shall not exceed the amount prescribed in the Companies Act, 2013 and the Rules made thereunder.

Profit Linked Commission

The Non-executive/Independent Directors of the Company may be paid profit-linked Commission within the monetary limit as may be recommended by the Board of Directors from time to time and also approved by the Shareholders of the Company and by the Central Government, wherever required.

Stock Options

Pursuant to the provisions of the Act, an Independent Director shall not be entitled to any stock option of the Company.


The Board of Directors on its own and/or as per the recommendations of Nomination and Remuneration Committee can amend this Policy, as and when deemed fit.

In case of any amendment(s), clarification(s), circular(s) etc. issued by the relevant Statutory authorities, not being consistent with the provisions laid down under this Policy, then such amendment(s), clarification(s), circular(s) etc. shall prevail upon the provisions hereunder and this Policy shall stand amended accordingly from the effective date as laid down under such amendment(s), clarification(s), circular(s) etc.

For and on behalf of the Board of Directors
Place: Mumbai Sudhir Milapchand Naheta
Date: July 09, 2019 Chairman & Managing Director