Thirani Projects Management Discussions

The Directors have pleasure in presenting the Management Discussion and Analysis Report for the year ended on 31st March, 2022. This Report has been included in consonance with the Code of Corporate Governance as approved by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

The Management of the Company is presenting herein the overview, opportunities, threats and overall strategy of the Company and its outlook for the future. This outlook is based on Managements own assessment and it may vary due to Economic and other future developments in the Country.


India has emerged as the fastest growing major economy in the world as per the Central Statistics Organisation (CSO) and International Monetary Fund (IMF). According to the Economic Survey 2021-22 the Indian economy is expected to grow at 7 to 8.25 per cent during FY 2020-21, despite the uncertainties in the global market. Uncertainties, however, continue to loom over the global economy, which could have a cascading effect on the Indian economy. The build-up of financial vulnerabilities remains a key concern. Non-financial corporate debt has also grown rapidly in some emerging markets, necessitating a policy response. Other factors that could impact global investments are increase in trade barriers and regulatory realignments, while a rise in commodity prices could also adversely affect the non-OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) markets.

The overall forecast for the coming years appears positive, with growth rates for many of the Eurozone economies having been revised upwards. Germany, Italy and the Netherlands are, in particular, reflecting stronger momentum in domestic demand and higher external demand. In EMDEs (Emerging Markets & Domestic Economies), pickup of growth in commodity exports (forecast to rise to an average of 3.1% in 2021-22) is expected to boost growth to an average of 4.7% in 2020-21.

The Advance Estimates released by the Central Statistics Office, the growth rate of GDP at constant market prices for the year 2020-2021 is placed at 7.0%, as against 6.5% in 2021-22. The major driver for this estimate is the Government final consumption expenditure in the current year.


There are several large and profitable opportunities for NBFCS and the sector plays an important role in the Indian Financial system. The key is for the NBFC sector to grow in a prudential manner while focusing on financial innovation and in having in place, the adequate risk management systems and procedures before entering into risky areas.

The Indian financial services sector, comprising of a range of institutions from commercial and co-operative banks, pension funds and Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) to Mutual Funds, insurance companies, etc., is diverse and expanding rapidly. Over the years, the Government of India has initiated several reforms to liberalize this industry and expand its reach to individuals in the hinterlands and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in need of credit and other financial services. Adding a further dimension, the Government and RBI have also allowed new entities such as Payment Banks and Small Finance Banks to enter the financial sector.

Financing needs in India have risen with the notable growth recorded by the economy over the past decade. NBFCs have played a major role in meeting this need, complementing banks and other financial institutions. The regulator constantly endeavours to balance the multiple objectives of financial stability, consumer and depositor protection and regulatory arbitrage concerns.

The financial sector in India predominantly comprises of the banking sector, with commercial banks accounting for more than 58% of the total assets held by the financial system. Flowever, the role of the NBFC sector has been growing. The balance sheet of the NBFC sector expanded by 16.5% during financial year 2021-22. Despite the growth, NBFCs managed their asset quality better than the banks. Gross bad loans of the NBFC industry stood at 4.4% in March 2019, down from 4.9% in September 2020, when banks in general witnessed a rise. Net NPAs as a percentage of total advances also declined from 2.7% to 2.3%.


At MIFLwe provide financial services through simple processes and simple procedures in sanction and disbursement of credit as well as timely, friendly and flexible terms of repayment aligned to the unique features of its clientele. Easy and fast appraisal and disbursements make the Company the preferred choice for many of its customers Customer Insight:


Newer regulatory updates pose a constant challenge for smooth operations of the Company. With constant updates governing the functional aspects of financial institutions, there lie unseen challenges in the coming years. Focus on a particular market segment might affect the Companys portfolio & sustainability.


Business opportunities for finance companies are enormous as the new areas and segments are being explored. A larger segment of customers remain un-served by Banks and large sized Finance Companies. Your Company on its part is also well poised to seize new opportunities as they come. A rural middle income boom has led to rise in rural incomes. This has been fuelled by increased support prices and welfare schemes initiated by the government. Per capita Gross Domestic Product has grown faster in Indias rural areas than in its urban centers. New opportunities like home equity, personal finance, and a foray into factoring and bill payment for the rural hard-to-reach customer may take the Company to new scales of success.


Increase in per capita income leads to creation of increasing wealth and positively impacts disposable incomes. This results in a significant investment multiplier effect on the Indian economy, further leading to increasing consumerism and wealth creation and positively impacting savings. Rising per capita income and stability in economic growth have played a role in increasing the pace of urbanization in the country. One of the notable factors behind the growth in the housing industry has been easy availability of finance. Availability of low interest rate finance has increased disbursement of loans among several financial players.


The major threat being faced by finance companies are regulatory changes, interest rates hiked by RBI, high inflation etc. The Company is also facing stiff competition from banks / financial institutions due to their ability to raise low cost funds which enables them to provide funds at much cheaper rate. Higher cost of funds might lead to reduced bottom line for the Company. Also, a lesser interest spread, or higher cost of lending might lead to customers turning away to cheaper source of funds. Asset quality deterioration may not only wipe the profits out of the Company but eat into its net worth. The Company must ensure it maintains minimal delinquency levels.


The Company does not have strong network & link at remote areas of villages. The Company has significant business presence in the state of West Bengal only. The Company does not have all India based network and establishments to reach out to large segment of people in the country in both semi- urban and rural areas whereas more than 90% of the unorganized sector has no link with banks and 60% of the rural consumers do not have bank accounts.


As a NBFC, your Companys growth and profitability are dependent on the functioning of Capital Markets. The Company is exposed to several market risks like credit risk, liquidity risk and interest rate risk. The volatility of the capital markets in which your Company operates is also a major cause of concern to the Company.

Risk is managed by using a set of credit norms and policies, as approved by the Board. MIFL has a structured and standardized process including customer selection criteria, comprehensive credit risk assessment, which encompasses analysis of relevant quantitative and qualitative information to ascertain the credit worthiness of the borrower.


The details of the financial performance of the Company are given in the Directors Report.


The Company has adequate internal control system commensurate with its size and business and has vigilant process to monitor the internal control system. The management has devised its internal control system to safeguard its assets, efficiency in operations and compliance of statutes. The Audit Committee of the Company consisting of Non-Executive Independent Directors, periodically reviews and recommends the financial statements of the Company. The Audit Committee also monitors the implemented suggestions.


The Company strongly believes that its success lies on its employees achieving their personal and professional goals. The Companys constant endeavour is that its employees feel invested in, and in turn, they invest in the Company, its growth and mission.

To foster a positive workplace environment, free from harassment of any nature, the Company has framed a policy for Prevention of Sexual Harassment at Workplace in accordance with the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 and reviews the same periodically.


Statements in the MD&A, describing the Companys objective, projections and estimates, are forward looking statements and progressive within the meaning of applicable security laws and regulations. These statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties and other factors namely; economic conditions, Government Policies that could cause actual results to differ materially from those that may be implied by these forward looking statements.

For and on behalf of board of directors
(Utpal Dey)
Place: Kolkata Managing Director cum CEO
Date: 27th Day of May, 2022 DIN:06931935



Thirani Projects Limited

Subol Dutt Building, 13, Brabourne Road,

Mezzanine Floor, Kolkata - 700 001

I, Utpal Dey (DIN: 06931935), Managing Director cum CEO of the Company, hereby declare that the Board of Directors have laid down a Code of Conduct for the Board Members and Senior Management of the Company and the Board Members and Senior Management have affirmed compliance with the said Code of Conduct.

(Utpal Dey)
Place: Kolkata Managing Director cum CEO
Date : 27th Day of May, 2022 DIN : 06931935



The Members of Thirani Projects Limited

We have examined the compliance of conditions of Corporate Governance by Thirani Projects Limited for the year ended on 31st March, 2022, as stipulated in the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015.

The Compliance of conditions of Corporate Governance is the responsibility of the management. Our examination was limited to procedures and implementation thereof, adopted by the Company for ensuring the Compliance of the Corporate Governance. It is neither an Audit nor an opinion on the financial statement of the Company.

In our opinion and into the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, we certify that the Company has complied with the conditions of Corporate as stipulated in the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015.

We further state that such Compliance is neither an assurance as to the future viability of the Company nor the efficiency or effectiveness with which the management has conducted the affairs of the Company.

Chartered Accountants
Firm Reg. No.: 321093E
M. No.: 082796
Place : Kolkata
Date : 27.05.2022