3 in 5 Women in India are at high risk of cardiovascular disease: Saffolalife study

The three-year long Saffolalife study, which is India’s largest study on risk factors causing heart disease, revealed that three out of every five women out of the 51.7 thousand urban India female respondents are at cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk

Oct 01, 2014 04:10 IST India Infoline News Service

The general consensus is that Heart Disease is more prevalent in Men but Saffolalife Study 2014 has revealed an alarming fact that women in India are equally prone to cardiovascular diseases. In India, in fact women are more at risk of heart disease today than 3 three years ago
 
The three-year long Saffolalife study, which is India’s largest study on risk factors causing heart disease, revealed that three out of every five women out of the 51.7 thousand urban India female respondents are at cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. It is astonishing to note that this high risk of heart disease sets in as early as 35 years of age in women. Even women as young as 35-44 years have the high risk rate of CVD.
 
The Saffolalife study was conducted in twelve leading metro and non-metro cities of India on 1.6 lakh urban Indians out of which, 32 percent respondents were females and 92 percent of all female respondents were less than 60 years of age.The data from the study was analyzed by IMRB International.
 
Supporting the Saffolalife study, Dr. Pravin Chandra, Chairman and interventional cardiologist, Vedanta-the Medicitysaid "Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in women are caused due to low HDL and high BMI. Apart from this smoking, diabetes and high BP are other reasons putting women at risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Sedentary lifestyles, stressful work conditions and compromised diet also contribute in accelerating heart disease risk. It is also alarming to note that women aged 35-44  are most at risk of cardiovascular disease, which includes both housewives and working women".
 
Facts about Cardiovascular Risk in Indian women
  • In India, women are more at risk of heart disease today than 3 three years ago
  • The largest group of women at risk of CVD are aged 35-44
  • CVD risk is as high amongst housewives as it is amongst working professionals. 69 percent  of Housewives and 67 percent of working professionals over the age of 35 in India are at the risk of CVD

As far as risk factors for CVD are concerned, it was found that low HDL and high BMI are the two most common contributors to CVD risk setting in as early as 35 years for women.
 
Key findings on risk factors -for CVD risk setting in as early as 35 years
Being Overweight is not just about aesthetics, its straining your heart too
  • 3 in 4 women above the age of 35 who are overweight or obese are at risk of CVD
Not enough ‘good’ cholesterol a key reason for CVD risk in Women
  • 8 in 10 womenabove the age of 35who are at CVD risk have low HDL as high level of HDL cholesterol reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease
Smoking , Diabetes and High BP are putting women at CVD risk early
  • 90% of women smokers above the age of 35 are at the risk of CVD
  • 97% of women with diabetes above the age of35 are at the risk of CVD
  • 95% of women above the age of 35 with high BP are at the risk of CVD
CVD Risk in Housewives & Working Women
  • 69% of Housewives above 35 years are at risk of Heart disease
  • 67% of working women above 35 years are at risk of Heart disease
 
Housewives at risk of CVD are more likely to be overweight than working women; and more prone to diabetes also.
  • Among women at risk: Working women are less physically active than housewives
  • Lifestyle factors have also contributed to the increase in CVD risk. In fact it was seen that poor lifestyle choices at an early age (35-44) are common among women at CVD risk
As Ms. Niti Desai, Celebrity Nutritionist and consultant DieticianNutritionist says “High saturated fat, sugar and salt intake, very low consumption of vegetables and whole grains leading to obesity, coupled with sedentary lifestyles, rising stress levels and smoking are the major contributory factors for deterioration of heart health in women.
 
Key findings on Lifestyle Factors-for CVD risk setting in as early as 35 years
 
Women  not making their nutritional needs a priority are at the risk of Heart Disease
  • 73% women above the age of 35 at CVD risk consume 2 or less servings of whole grains per day
 
Lack of Physical Activity is putting you at risk of Heart Disease more than you think
  • 70% women above the age of 35 at CVD risk are physically active less than thrice a week
 
Working women fare worse than Housewives
  • 56% working women above the age of 35 at risk of CVD eat less than 1 serving of vegetables per day as compared to 46% housewives in the same age bracket.
  • 73% working women above the age of 35 are at risk of CVD are physically active less than thrice a week as compared to 69% housewives in the same age group.
 
The most important takeaway is that the first step to a healthy heart is for women to assess theircurrent heart condition and hence the immediate need is to go for a heart check-up (cholesterol test). However, the Saffolalife Study disclosed a disturbing fact that out of the women who are at risk if CVD above the age of 35 only 15.4% have ever been to a cholesterol (lipid test) check–up.The number is even lower for younger women aged 35-44 at 7.8%.# This means that women ignore their own health and are not aware of the extent of risk of cardiovascular diseaseand are thus unable to take steps for a better heart health.
 
We need to encourage women to go for a heart health check-up and accompany her to one. That is why this World Heart Day, Saffolalife through the “protect her initiative” is driving awareness of women’s heart health and urging women to take the first step towards heart health by going for a cholesterol check-up.
 
We invite you to join hands with Saffolalife for the campaign “Protectherheart” to drive awareness of the message and accompany your loved ones (wife, mother, sister) to a Saffolalife cholesterol checkup.
 
Just call on 08880388803 or log-on to www.saffolalife.com to register for a complimentary cholesterol check-up at a SRLdiagnosticcenter nearest to you and "protectherheart"

How to ensure that your heart stays young:
  • QUIT: Put away those toxic chemicals – Smoke and Alcohol. Remember no amount of smoking is safe. The good news is that no matter how long or how much you smoked, you'll start reaping rewards as soon as you quit
  • SWEAT IT OUT: Getting some regular, daily exercise can reduce your risk of heart risk. When you combine physical activity with other lifestyle measures, such as maintaining a healthy weight, the payoff is even greater
  • EAT RIGHT; EAT HEALTHY: A diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains can help protect your heart
  • WATCH THE WEIGHT: Even a small weight loss can be beneficial. Reducing your weight by just 5 to 10 percent can help decrease your blood pressure, lower your blood cholesterol level and reduce your risk of diabetes
KNOW IF YOUR HEART IS AT RISK! Regular screening can tell you what is wrong. Important checks for women include the C-B D --- Cholesterol levels, Blood Pressure and Diabetes

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