Rs. 365/day average wage in urban areas: Survey

In the worker population ratio, 54% are men and 22% women in urban and rural areas

June 21, 2013 8:46 IST | India Infoline News Service
Around 51% of Indian workers are self-employed in rural areas as against 41.1% in urban areas, a National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) survey for 2011-12 revealed on Thursday.

Over 38.6% work as casual labour as against 17.5% in urban areas and only 15.6% are salaried employment.

The study also revealed that the average wage or salary in urban areas at Rs. 365 per day is higher than in rural areas at Rs. 232, with men paid Rs. 377 and women Rs. 309 in urban areas, while it is Rs. 249 for men and Rs. 156 for women in rural areas.

Releasing the latest socio-economic study conducted by NSSO of the ministry of statistics and programme implementation from July 2011 to June 2012, chief statistician TCA Anant said salaried employees or workers with regular wages were nearly six times more in urban areas (41.4%) than 7.3% in rural areas, showing the wide disparity in the employment comfort level of the workforce across the country.

"The survey on employment and unemployment is meant to estimate the labour force participation rate, worker population ration and unemployment rate and assess their activity to identify the pattern of household expenditure and consumption," Anant added.

The survey was carried in 7,469 villages and 5,268 urban blocks spanning districts and states across the country, covering about 101,724 households, including 59,700 in rural and 42,024 in urban areas.

The survey also indicated a 3% employment growth from January 2010 to January 2012, with 13.9 million people joining the workforce across the country, resulting in 472.9 million people employed in 2011-12 as against 459 million in 2009-10," NSSO additional director-general Samiran Malik said.

Of the total (472.9 million) employed in 2011-12, 234.6 million were men and 101.8 million women in rural areas and 109.2 million men and 27.3 million women in urban areas.

In contrast, of the total 459 million in 2009-10, 231.9 million men and 104.5 million women were in rural areas and 99.8 million men and 22.8 million women were in urban areas.

Though the national sample survey (NSS) is conducted every five years with the previous survey from July 2009 to June 2010.

Of the 1.21-billion people in the country, the worker population ratio is 39% at the national level, with 40% in rural areas and 36% in urban areas.

In the worker population ratio, 54% are men and 22% women in urban and rural areas.

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