The Composite PMI Output Index, which measures combined services and manufacturing output, signalled a further severe contraction in private sector business activity during May.
Posting 14.8, from 7.2 in April, the latest reading was consistent with a further decline in output which was unparalleled prior to the COVID-19 outbreak. Both manufacturing and service sector output fell at similarly substantial rates during May, although the sharpest decline remained among the latter. Demand for goods and services continued to sink at a considerable pace, despite rates of contraction easing at both manufacturers and service providers.
Business activity across India's service sector fell drastically during May as the unfavourable economic effects of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic impaired business operations, restricted consumer footfall and led demand to collapse. While most measures came off the unprecedented lows seen in April, survey data still pointed to extreme month-to-month declines in output and new orders. Spare capacity continued to rise, albeit to a far lesser degree than in May as prolonged shutdowns led to a rise in incomplete work at some companies. Meanwhile, employment continued to fall in response to weak demand and expectations of further challenging conditions.
According to panel member reports, output sank sharply due to extended business shutdowns and very weak demand conditions. Latest survey data pointed to a substantial decline in new work intakes at Indian service providers during May. Measures imposed to stem the spread of COVID-19 were a key reason behind the latest drop in sales, as per anecdotal reasons. The rate of decrease was marginally softer than seen in April but was nonetheless steep by historical comparisons. New business from overseas markets collapsed on an unprecedented scale once again during May, with around 95% Services activity contracts sharply due to COVID-19 pandemic.
Demand for services plummets amid lockdown measures Firms cut employment as business expectations turn negative Including IHS Markit India Composite PMI GDP yr/yr of surveyed companies reporting a fall in foreign demand when compared to April. The global COVID-19 pandemic was overwhelmingly mentioned as the factor causing the international business to decrease. With many businesses remaining shut down during May, the extent to which spare capacity grew slowed markedly as several firms reported a build-up in unfinished work due to idle operations.
Nevertheless, backlogs of work declined overall. In response to absent demand pressures and low business requirements, employment at Indian service sector companies was reduced during the latest survey period. The rate of job shedding remained strong by historical comparisons, despite easing since April. Lower staffing levels also coincided with a further deterioration in business sentiment.
Output expectations for the coming 12-months slumped to their most negative since records began in December 2005 amid forecasts of prolonged economic weakness domestically and overseas.