Ellora Trading Management Discussions


1. Global Economy and Outlook:

The global economy is gradually recovering from the impact of pandemic and at the same time facing new challenges emerging from Russias invasion of Ukraine. Tightening of monetary policy by most Central Banks is expected to have a positive impact. Despite monetary tightening, inflation is persistent in many key economies and it is anticipated that Global inflation will fall from 8.7% last year to 7% this year and settle at around 5% in the year 2024.

2. Indian Economy and Outlook:

The Indian Economy continues to show resilience amid Global Uncertainties. Despite significant challenges in the global environment, India was one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Indias overall growth remains robust and is estimated to be 6.9% for the financial year 2022-23. Growth was driven by strong investment activity augmented by the governments capex push and buoyant private consumption.

Structural reforms like the National Infrastructure Pipeline and National Monetization Plan by the Government is expected to further boost infrastructure development. It is paving the path for further development and continues to encourage projects across sectors, including reforms for improving labour laws. V-shaped economic recovery is due to mega vaccination drive, robust recovery in the services sector and growth in consumption and investment. This is being demonstrated in high frequency indicators such as power demand, rail freight, GST collection etc. Almost all emerging economies are reeling under external shocks, but Indias underlying economic fundamentals are strong and despite the short-term headwinds, the impact on the long-term outlook is expected to be marginal.

Inflation remained high, averaging around 6.7% in FY 2022-23 but the current-account deficit narrowed in Q3 on the back of strong growth in service exports and easing global commodity prices.

Dwelling on the outlook for FY2023-24, the Economic Survey 2022-23 issued by Ministry of Finance projects that, Indias recovery from the pandemic was relatively quick, and growth in the upcoming year will be supported by solid domestic demand and a pickup in capital investment. It further affirms that aided by healthy financials, incipient signs of a new private sector capital formation cycle are visible and more importantly, compensating for the private sectors caution in capital expenditure, the government raised capital expenditure substantially.

Explaining the economic outlook factoring global rudiments, the slowdown in global growth and economic output coupled with increased uncertainty is likely to dampen global trade growth. Strong domestic demand amidst high commodity prices will raise Indias total import bill and contribute to unfavourable developments in the current account balance. These may be exacerbated by plateauing export growth on account of slackening global demand. Should the current account deficit widen further, the currency may come under depreciation pressure. Also, entrenched inflation may prolong the tightening cycle, and therefore, borrowing costs may stay ‘higher for longer. In such a scenario, global economy may be characterized by low growth in FY24. However, the scenario of subdued global growth presents two silver linings oil prices will stay low, and Indias CAD will be better than currently projected. The overall external situation is expected to remain manageable for India.

3. Indian Textile Industry:

India is the worlds second-largest producer of textiles and garments. It is also the sixth-largest exporter of textiles spanning apparel, home and technical products. The Indian textile and apparel industry is expected to grow at 10% CAGR from 2019-20 to reach US$ 190 billion by 2025-26. India has a 4% share of the global trade in textiles and apparel. The Textiles and apparel industry contribute 2.3% to the countrys GDP, 13% to industrial production and 12% to exports. The textile industry has around 45 million of workers employed in the textiles sector, including 3.5 million handloom workers. Indias textile and apparel exports (including handicrafts) stood at US$ 44.4 billion in FY22, a 41% increase YoY.

Total textile exports are expected to reach US$ 65 billion by FY26. The Textile and Apparel market is poised to grow, led by boost in demand and the government support in form of Attractive schemes such as Production Linked Incentive (PLI), Mega Investment Textile Parks (MITRA) will further drive the way for the US$ 250 billion target. Another step taken by the Ministry of Textiles towards positioning India as a global leader in technical textiles manufacturing is the invitation of Research proposals for Funding for Design, Development and Manufacturing of Machinery, Tools, Equipment, and Testing Instruments under NTTM.

In FY 2022-23, exports of readymade garments cotton including accessories stood at US$ 7.68 billion till January 2023. It is expected to surpass US$ 30 billion by 2027, with an estimated 4.6-4.9% share globally.

4. Industry structure and development:

India is the worlds second-largest producer of textiles and garments. It is also the fifth largest exporter of textiles spanning apparel, home and technical products. The textiles and apparel industry contribute 2.3% to the countrys GDP, 13% to industrial production and 12% to exports. The sector employs around 40 Million workers. The size of Indias textile market stood at US$ 223 Billion in 2021, growing at a CAGR of 10.23% over 2016. Indian textile players have undertaken various initiatives to boost textile sales viz. investment to Expand production capacity, using technology to optimize the value chain, leveraging strategic partnerships and strengthen sustainable textiles business. Textile industry has been steadily recovering post pandemic amid increased raw material prices and container Shortages.

Under Union Budget 2022-23, the total allocation for the textile sector was 12,382 Crore. Moreover, 10,683 Crore Production-linked Incentive scheme is expected to be a major boost for the textile manufacturers. The scheme proposes to incentivise MMF (man-made Fibre) apparel and MMF fabrics.

5. Opportunities and Threats: Opportunities:

Securities businesses are expected to benefit from the structural shift in the financial savings environment as well as the improving technology infrastructure of India. Some of the broad macro trends that underline the opportunities are:

1. Despite the short-term impact of COVID-19, India is expected to be a relatively high growth economy in the medium to longer term and this augurs well for the capital markets.

2. India has been and is expected to remain a high savings economy. The young working population is expected to increasingly channel a higher share of their savings into financial assets. The growing preference for equity among retail investors, as an asset class coupled with and the relative under-penetration in terms of both market capitalisation to GDP ratio or ratio of investments in shares and debentures to GDP, signify a positive outlook for equity-based businesses in India.

Threats:-

Worsening of macro-economic factors and low economic growth can negatively impact the capital market sector thereby affecting business. Movement in crude oil prices is one of the key determinants of the direction of financial markets. It can be bundled with rising account deficits, inflation, depreciating currency, slowdown in foreign investment flows etc thereby posing threat to the business. Uncertainty in the global markets, owing to the increased strain in the advanced economies and emerging economies due to the COVID 19 impact result in volatile capital inflows and currency fluctuations.

6. Segment wise or product-wise performance:

The Company is operating in only one segment i.e. Textiles and Clothing business. Therefore there is no requirement of Segment wise reporting.

7. Future Outlook:

Looking ahead, we remain optimistic about the prospects of our export of yarn to the domestic trading market. We will focus on the following strategies to sustain growth and Capitalize on emerging opportunities:

Demand for textiles

Raw material availability and prices Technological advancements Sustainability and eco-friendly practices Global trade and geopolitical factors Online Expansion Premiumisation and access to global brands Further Growth of Private Brands Focus on analytics

8. Risks and concerns:

Management recognizes the following principal risks that may influence decisions made by investors given their significant impact on business conditions as stated in the securities report, and among matters pertaining to accounting status, consolidated companies financial status and business performance, as well as cash flows. Our risk management system addresses the increasingly complex risks that we face in our day-to-day operations. The risk management system conducts risk analysis of economic and social changes and implements preventive measures that are best suit for the Company.

9. Internal control systems and their adequacy:

The Company has implemented proper system for safeguarding the operations / business of the company, through which the assets are verified and frauds, errors are reduced and accounts, information connected to it are maintained such, so as to timely completion of the statements.

The Company has adequate systems of Internal Controls commensurate with its size and operations to ensure orderly and efficient conduct of business. These controls ensure safeguarding of assets, reduction and detection of fraud and error, adequacy and completeness of the accounting records and timely preparation of reliable financial information. The Company has internal audit and verification at regular intervals.

The requirement of having internal auditor compulsory by statue in case of listed and other classes of companies as prescribed shall further strengthen the internal control measures of company.

10. Discussion on financial performance with respect to operational performance:

The financial performance of the Company for the Financial Year 2022-23 is described in the report of Board of Directors of the Company.

11. Material developments in Human Resources / Industrial Relations front including number of people employed:

The cordial employer- employee relationship also continued during the year under the review. The Company has continued to give special attention to human resources.

12. Caution Statement:

Statements made in the Management Discussion and Analysis describing the various parts may be “forward looking statement” within the meaning of applicable securities laws and regulations. The actual results may differ from those expectations depending upon the economic conditions, changes in Govt. Regulations and amendments in tax laws and other internal and external factors.