Zenith Steel Pipes & Industries Ltd Management Discussions.

Pursuant to the amended Regulation 34 read with the Schedule V of the SEBI (listing Obligations and Disclosure

Requirements) Regulation, 2015 your Directors wish to report as follows:

(a) Indian Economy:

Though COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected all the economies of the world, India has so far managed to keepa relatively flatter infection curve in its battle against the pandemic. Despite a slower curve of infection, the impact has been ruthless in many ways. The initial 21-day lockdown period had been estimated to cost nearly $4.5 billion every single day. Despite about half of the nations businesses being adversely affected, and supply chains having fallen victim to the pandemic, there does appear a silver lining in the dark clouds. The Prime Minister Modi has given "Mantra" of "Atmanirbhar Bharat".A shift in manufacturing around a thousand foreign manufacturers want to relocate their production to India, a country they see as an alternative to China. Reportedly, at least 300 are already talking with the Indian government for production in a wide range of sectors, including electronics, medicine, and textiles. Impact Infrastructural development around manufacturing facilities and a boost to employment continues to be one of the fastest growing major economies in the world and is expected to be among the worlds top three economic powers in the next 10-15 years.

(b) Industry Structure & Developments:

Steel is a product of large and technologically complex industry having strong forward and backward linkages in terms of material flows and income generation. It is also one of the most important products of the modern world and of strategic importance to any industrial nation. From construction, industrial machinery to consumer products, steel finds its way into a wide variety of applications. It is also an industry with diverse technologies based on the nature and extent of raw materials used.

Indias finished steel consumption grew at a CAGR of 5.2% during FY16-FY20 to reach 100 MT. Indias crude steel and finished steel production increased to 108.5 MT and 101.03 MT in FY20P, respectively. For the period April 2020 and February 2021, Indias cumulative production of crude steel stood at 92.78 MT. The Government of India has been proactive in addressing the issues faced by domestic steel makers. It has taken major steps to stop unfair trade and to safeguard the interests of domestic players. This has been accompanied by recovery

(c) Opportunities & Threats

In the new environment, the industry has to be steered with appropriate policy support to ensure that production of steel matches the anticipated pace of growth in consumption. Special emphasis is needed to ensure that the industry follows a sustainable path of development in respect of environmental friendliness, mineral conservation, quality of steel products, use of technology and indigenous R&D efforts to ensure that the country can, over time, reach global efficiency benchmarks to become a world leader in steel production technology, as well as in production of high end steel.

As the oil and gas industry is growing rapidly, the demand for steel pipes is also increasing. Features such as reliability and durability are some of the prominent factors driving the global demand for steel pipes. Steel pipes have a wide range of usability; they are used in the automotive, mining and construction industries which drive the manufacturing steel pipe industry. The available range of steel pipes becomes one of the reasons surpassing the demand of residential and non-residential sector of steel pipes. The replacement of ageing pipelines also increases the global demand of steel pipes.

However, substitutes such as iron and plastic pipes, which create diversions for the manufacturer towards other material pipes, are estimated to restrain the market growth. The corrosive behaviour of carbon steel pipes is one of the restraining factors, and the high cost of stainless steel also hinders the growth of the global steel pipe market.

The Indian steel sector is disadvantaged due to limited availability of essential raw material such as high grade Manganese ore & Chromites, cooking coal, steel grade limestone, refractory raw material, Nickel, Ferrous Scrap etc. Due to shortage of domestic coking coal, both in terms of quantity and quality, pig iron producers/ BF operators in India have to significantly depend on import of coking coal. In the recent past, multiple issues have also adversely impacted the steel sector, viz. cancellations of iron ore and coal mine allocations, delays in land acquisition, environmental clearances, which led to many of the projects facing significant cost and time overruns. Additionally, companies also faced substantially increased operating costs on account of increased logistics & raw material costs and other charges

d) Segment-wise or Product-wise Performance

Since your Company operates only in one Segment, segment-wise or product-wise analysis of performance is not applicable. But company has geographical segments ,please refer Note No 41 of The Consolidated Financial Statement.

e) Outlook

Growth will be driven by structural and wide ranging reforms such as the Goods and Services Tax (GST) to widen the indirect tax base, Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code to address asset quality of banks and formalisation and digitisation of the economy improving business ecosystem, thrust on infrastructure development, and a liberal FDI regime. Banking reforms through recapitalisation and the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code are expected to resolve the stressed assets of overleveraged corporate and restore lending support to these sectors.

f) Risks & Concerns

Though Regulation 21 the SEBI (listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulation, 2015 is not applicable your Company has duly adopted steps for framing, implementing and monitoring the risk management plan and accordingly of your Directors has put in place critical risk management framework across the Company for identification and evaluation of all potential risks. Your Company is continuously evolving and improving systems and measures to take care of all the risk exigencies involved in the business. All inherent risks are identified, measured, monitored and regularly reported to management. The management decides measures required to overcome these risks and ensure implementation of proper risk mitigation plans. The risk report and mitigation plans are presented to the Board of Directors periodically.

g) Internal Control Systems and their adequacy

Your Company has an effective Internal Control System to prevent fraud and misuse of Companys resources and protect shareholders interest. Your Company has an independent Internal Audit Department to monitor and review and focus on the compliances of various business processes. The internal audit report along with audit findings and tracking of process improvements & compliances is presented for review to the Audit Committee of Board of Directors.

h) Discussion on Financial Performance with respect to Operational Performance and state of Companys affairs:

The revenue from operations for the year has been RS.6475 Lakh as against 6164 Lakh in the previous year. Revenue from operations affected due to Covid-19 pandemic and the Company also operated at lower capacity utilization due to shortage of working capital which has also impacted the profitability of the Company for the year. Production cost also pushed up due to exorbitant increase in input cost. Your Company has taken several remedial steps to meet the challenges viz. measures in saving cost at all front of operations; optimize use of available resources etc.

Key Financial Ratio

Particulars 2020-21 2019-20
Return on Net Worth (%) - -
Return on Capital Employed (%) - -
Basic EPS (after exceptional items) (Rs.) (1.54) (2.13)
Debtors Turnover 8.06 2.59
Inventory Turnover 5.99 11.52
Interest coverage ratio (5.99) (5.88)
Current ratio 0.19 0.24
Debt Equity ratio (0.47) (0.68)
Operating profit margin (%) (27.72) (38.80)
Net profit margin (%) (32.34) (45.39)

Detailed explanation of Ratios Return on Net Worth

Return on Net worth (RONW) is a measure of profitability of a Company expressed in percentage. It is calculated by dividing total comprehensive income for the year by average Net Worth during the year.

Return on Capital Employed

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) is a financial ratio that measures a Companys profitability and the efficiency with which its capital is used. In other words, the ratio measures how well a Company is generating profits from its capital. It is calculated by dividing profit before exceptional items and tax by average capital employed during the year.

Basic EPS

Earnings Per Share (EPS) is the portion of a Companys profit allocated to each share. It serves as an indicator of a Companys profitability. It is calculated by dividing Profit for the year by weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

Debtors Turnover

The above ratio is used to quantify a Companys effectiveness in collecting its receivables or money owed by customers. The ratio shows how well a Company uses and manages the credit it extends to customers and how quickly that short-term debt is collected or is paid. It is calculated by dividing turnover by average trade receivable.

Inventory Turnover

Inventory Turnover is the number of times a Company sells and replaces its inventory during a period. It is calculated by dividing turnover by inventory.

Interest Coverage Ratio

The Interest Coverage Ratio measures how many times a Company can cover its current interest payment with its available earnings. It is calculated by dividing PBIT by finance cost.

Current Ratio

The Current Ratio is a liquidity ratio that measures a Companys ability to pay short-term obligations or those due within one year. It is calculated by dividing the current assets by current liabilities.

Debt Equity Ratio

The ratio is used to evaluate a Companys financial leverage. It is a measure of the degree to which a Company is financing its operations through debt versus wholly owned funds. It is calculated by dividing a Companys total liabilities by its shareholders equity.

Operating Profit Margin (%)

Operating Profit Margin is profitability or performance ratio used to calculate the percentage of profit a Company produces from its operations. It is calculated by dividing the EBIT by turnover.

Net Profit Margin (%)

The net profit margin is equal to how much net income or profit is generated as a percentage of revenue. It is calculated by dividing the profit for the year by turnover.

i) Human Resources Development and Industrial Relations:

Your Company focuses on developing the most superior workforce so that the organization and individual employees can accomplish their work goals in service to the end users. To improve employee productivity, PMS (Performance Management System) was implemented across the organization.

Your Company has put in place suitable processes and mechanism to ensure that grievances are effectively addressed. Employee Grievance Redressal Committee and the Internal Complaints Committee are intended to facilitate open and structured discussion on work related grievances of employees and Sexual Harassment complaints respectively, to ensure that these are dealt with in a fair and just manner. Our Anti-Sexual Harassment initiatives allow employees to report sexual harassment case at the workplace.

Presently, your Company employs around 202 employees including employees on contact basis. There is Lock- out at factory at Khopoli since December, 2013. The industrial relation continues to remain generally cordial at all locations of the Company except its factory at Khopoli.

(j) Cautionary Statement:

The Management Discussion and Analysis describe Companys projections, expectations or predictions and are forward looking statements within the meaning of applicable laws and regulations. Actual results could differ from those expressed or implied. Important factors that could make a difference to the Companys operations include economic conditions affecting demand and supply, price conditions in domestic and international market, change in Government regulations, tax regimes, economic developments and other related and incidental factors.