In 2016, the following will be some of the key trends/opportunities in relation to cloud computing:
Mobile Enablement: Mobile enablement of software applications and services will drive opportunities in 2016. More people are using smart phones in comparison to PC's. With services delivered through cloud acting as the backbone for most of the mobile applications, cloud will start penetrating across industries through mobile enablement of enterprise applications.
Move to Hybrid Cloud: Hybrid cloud solutions have made huge wins throughout 2015. This growth is expected to continue in 2016 as well. Organizations gain maximum control with the private cloud while they gain maximum agility and scalability with the public cloud. Companies need to look at getting the best of both by extending private to public. Organizations need to expand their vision and realize the true power of cloud. The private cloud can be extended beyond the walls of the corporation to partners and customers which is needed where collaboration is important; while public cloud services can be allocated to communities of users within enterprises. The objective should be to give businesses a choice of where and how they want to secure the right IT assets for the task at hand — the service may come from somewhere within the enterprise, or may come from outside the enterprise.With increases from 8% to 82% in enterprises turning to the hybrid cloud strategy, the hybrid cloud will continue to take over the public and the private alternatives.
IOT is becoming more relevant: IoT started gaining momentum last year, but seemingly will witness more impetus in 2016. As Gartner has projected, there will be colossal 30% rise in IoT devices in the coming year. While cloud remains the backbone of delivery for IoT services, with increasing adoption of IoT by enterprise, cloud service providers will see more growth in their revenue
Big Data: The art of Big Data is that it consolidates many types of data resources with different structures and data models, all in a massive, distributed storage system. Enterprises would need a very good back-end infrastructure encompassing several servers to process distributed queries across multiple data sets and return result sets in record time. Building such an infrastructure on its own would be very costly and most enterprises would not afford to build one. However, with the emergence of cloud computing things have been made easier. Cloud computing provides the underlying engine to help Big Data analytics, typically through the use of Hadoop. Because cloud based infrastructure can be rented as needed, Big Data has become more affordable for most enterprises. A lot of experiments around this have started in 2015 and this will continue further in 2016.
Continuous Delivery: It is anticipated that cloud services can bring in a lot of improvement in software delivery process – reducing time as well as delivering quality software with advantages such as, transparency of overall coding process, one-click deployment, faster resolution of problems, continuous software delivery, more stable operating environment, low-risk releases and quality improvement of new software versions. Continuous software delivery brings tremendous success to an organization.
New Business Models: Enterprise adoption of the pay-as-you-go model will increase in 2016. Businesses will prefer purchasing services on demand rather than buying perpetual hardware and software along with separate maintenance contracts.
Emerging Markets: Another driver of industry growth in 2016 will be emerging markets, where IT spending is growing at a faster rate than developed markets. We will see a lot of cloud adoption in emerging markets where enterprises look at reducing costs, in addition to improving agility, speed and innovation.
Emergence of Human Cloud Capital: As Enterprises adopt the cloud, they will need the services of specialist cloud consultants to help them achieve their business goals. A surge in demand for cloud specialists is expected in 2016. However, currently there is human capital shortage in the cloud computing industry. This is a significant constraint in enterprise cloud adoption and innovation. Enterprises need cloud resources with highly visible leadership and considerable IT skills. Given the tremendous business and commercial potential of cloud computing, enterprises will be more than willing to take on this challenge in 2016.
Rise of Indian Start-ups and Make in India drive: Communications and Information Technology Minister Mr. Ravi Shankar Prasad said in the maiden “Make in India Mumbai Week” held in February 2016 that the “Digital India” initiative will transform the country into a digital society and a knowledge economy. Digital India is a government programme to develop and improve technology infrastructure of the country. Cloud Computing is going to play a key role to define the success of Digital India.
Cloud computing and related business models will act as a leveller for Indian ISVs. Indian ISVs can now leverage cloud and offer their products as a service. There is a very low entry barrier to achieve this. Because of lower costs associated with Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), they can be competitive against well-established ISVs across the world. Well-established ISV’s should look at quickly leveraging the cloud by adopting the cloud-hosted model which is not pure SaaS, but can help them offer their product as a service, on-demand, and lower the implementation time, helping them to compete against the start-ups.
Cloud Computing is one of the key technologies critical to fulfil the promise of Digital India.
Conclusion: Fruition of the above trends will result in magnification and improvement of technology, and thereby wholesome growth of global economy. As organisations realize that cloud computing has meaningful impact on every aspect of IT, more trends will emerge, and giving rise to cloud’s utility and computing function.
The author is Principal Architect, Cloud Computing, Infogain