Ten things every new stock investor needs to know

When you start on your investment journey, it is essential to have a demat and a trading account to invest in stocks.

February 17, 2019 4:01 IST | India Infoline News Service
Nowadays, many individuals have been taking an active interest in stock market trading as it has many avenues and gives adequate returns. At first, trading might seem overwhelming to the beginners, but with patience, discipline, and commitment, it is easier to navigate through these deep waters.
Here are some things that a new investor needs to know when investing in stocks.
Trading and demat accounts
When you start on your investment journey, it is essential to have a demat and a trading account to invest in stocks. There are also many brokerage firms that conduct transactions on behalf of the client. Investors could also indulge in trading through their bankers. There is also the option of online trading wherein the investor can conduct real-time trading which gives one transparency in dealing.
Avoid the pack mentality
Usually, an investor’s decision to invest in a company’s stock is heavily influenced by the advice of friends, family, and acquaintances. Sometimes, an investor invests in a stock just because so many people have bought the share. This is called herd mentality. Every stock is different and has its own parameters; an investor has to evaluate them carefully before investing.
In the words of the world’s foremost expert investor, Warren Buffet, “Be fearful when others are greedy, and be greedy when others are fearful!"
Invest in a business
Most experts recommend that an investor should not blindly invest in stocks, but should invest in a business they understand. When an investor understands how a business work, he/she will be able to gauge its performance and can calculate the risks involved in the investment as predicting the future is not possible when it comes to stocks.
There is no such thing as timing
Most new investors commit this grave mistake when starting to trade in stocks. They try to time the markets and their investments. Financial experts always advise against this action as it would lead to massive losses. No investor or financial planner has been able to time the markets until now, and it will remain a myth even in the coming years. 
Keep emotions in check
An investor also has to keep their emotions in check when trading in stocks. Just because a stock is gaining in value, one should not be tempted to book profits. Similarly, one should not be hasty in selling stocks if they drop in value. Stocks should not be sold or bought hastily, and it should be based on strategy.
Have discipline
Investors should have the patience and fiscal discipline when investing in stocks. Investing in shares in small amounts over a period can help the investor average the market and reap benefits in the long-term. Investors should invest in stocks while having their long-term goals in mind.
Know your goals, risk appetite
Every investor has to be clear about their financial goals and the amount of risk they are willing to take when trading in the markets. They should be clear about how much they are willing to lose and what returns they expect from the market.
Be realistic
Hoping for the best is not wrong when it comes to investments, but at the same time, it is vital to be realistic about the expectations. Many stocks have generated substantial returns over the years, but it is difficult to predict the future. However, it is essential to review the investments from time to time to ensure that there is no loss of your hard-earned money.
Diversification is key
Creating a well-diversified portfolio that mitigates risks saves the investor from losing their hard-earned money is an essential step when trading in the stock markets. At the same time, it is not wise to over-diversify as the investment will lose its growth momentum.
Avoid leverage
It is never a good idea to invest in stocks using other people’s money. If the stock market goes downhill, the investor will not only lose their investment but would also have to pay interest for the amount borrowed. Using one’s surplus funds to invest in the market is a better idea than borrowing money.
Educating themselves about the market and its trends along with these points will help an investor to become a successful investor. 

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