Don't make howlers; plan your finances well

When it comes to personal financial planning, people often get entangled in the jargon and in the process lose sight of the basic principles.

Dec 07, 2015 09:12 IST India Infoline News Service

When it comes to personal financial planning, people often get entangled in the jargon and in the process lose sight of the basic principles. Personal finance meltdowns can get ugly and most personal financial crises are the result of common mistakes that one can easily avoid with little more knowledge.
  • Good financial planning
In the absence of a proper plan, a person ends up spending more and sometimes on unncecessary things. Therefore, it is essential to have a good financial plan. An effective budget plan includes expenses, including house repair, retirement savings, and entertainment. That said, even the best of plans can be rendered useless if the execution is haphazard.
  • Smart investments hold the key
We all want to be rich, but as Gary Busey said,”if you take shortcuts, you get cut short.” So, make smart investments and do not get lured by plans that promise great returns. Gather adequate intelligence about the merits of the plans before investing your money. A bad investment is like a sword of damocles, which will eventually land you in bad financial shape.
  • Don't act beyond your means
Investment in something that you cannot afford will invariably sway you from your financial goals. If you buy a term insurance policy with expensive coverage, you might have to pay a huge amount as premium and if you lack the means to pay the premium at a later stage, the investment ends up all in wain. Select each financial instrument carefully and ensure that you have enough money to accommodate the rest of your needs.
  • Diversify your portfolio. Don't keep all your eggs in one basket
Diversification of portfolio is necessary to decrease the risk level associated with a single instrument. It is advisable to invest in different schemes such as health insurance, term insurance, retirement plans, mutual funds, bonds, and gold. To create wealth, it is imperative to have your asset allocation in accordance with your investment goals.
  • Build a corpus for emergencies
‘Emergency funding’ is an inseparable part of personal financial planning. If you fail to build a corpus for emergency funding, you might end up eating into your savings. When you keep aside some money for emergencies, you are indirectly securing your savings and ensuring that the burden that comes from emergencies is priced in.
  • Review your insurance coverage
Review the insurance coverage at least once a year to ensure that the value of your vehicle is adjusted on an annual basis and you are not over-insured or under-insured.
  • Set long-term goals and evolve a roadmap
When you know the destination, it is easy to chalk out the best path. Hence, setting near- and short-term goals is pivotal toward achieving disciplined financial spending. It gives you an objective assessment about your financial standing, based on which you can decide the future course of action.
  • Understand your financial needs in a nutshell
There exist several income tax benefits that one can utilize to achieve increase retirement savings. Before the end of the financial year, do the necessary calculations and invest into your retirement annuities.

In simple words, one needs to understand his financial needs and future goals for effective financial planning. It is necessary to plan meticulously before the end of the financial year to avoid mistakes. Don’t lose track...

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