Debt counseling normally takes a two prong approach:
Counseling: either by giving advice only or taking up a more proactive approach of analyzing a debtor’s current financial position, the debt structure, preparing a workable budget and following through to ensure its implementation.
Negotiating with Creditors on Behalf of the Debtors: The negotiations could be centered on restructuring of the debts, consolidating debt to one creditor, waiving late payment penalties or even lowering interest rates.
Debt counseling in India is offered by private practitioners who charge for the service whilst others do not charge. All banks in India offer this service after the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) directed all banks to open debt counseling centers in all major districts.
Who needs debt counseling?
Anyone who borrows needs some sort of debt counseling; however those unable to service their debts need these services more urgently. Once you have been engaged in to a debt counselling program. It is paramount for you to be completely transparent about your finances and ready to take painful steps in order to do away with some habits and adopt new lifestyles. You will also need to fully understand the terms of the counselling service, the limits and your obligations.
The RBI reported that gross Non-performing assets as a percentage of gross advances stood at 4.3% in the year 2014-2015 up from 3.2% in 2012-2013. The rate at which new loans are slipping into default has also gone up from 2.8% in 2012-2013 to 3.2% in 2014-2015.
These statistics reiterate the need for debt counselling to all new borrowers as a proactive approach to manage debt.