The Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved US$21.02bn in financing operations last year, according to ADB’s 2013 Annual Report, released ahead of its 47th Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors to be held 2–5 May in Astana, Kazakhstan.
The substantial lending volume reflects the Asia and Pacific region’s continued need for development assistance, despite impressive growth and poverty reduction efforts in recent years. The report notes that an estimated 733mn people in the region still live on less than US$1.25 a day, and the gap between rich and poor is widening.
Of the financing total, US$14.375bn came from ADB’s ordinary capital resources and Special Funds, and US$6.648bn from cofinancing partners.
With much of the region vulnerable to climate change and natural hazards, the theme of the report is environmentally sustainable growth. It highlights ADB’s work to develop sustainable infrastructure, manage critical ecosystems, respond to the effects of climate change, and support renewable electricity generation. In 2013, ADB’s clean energy investments reached US$2.35bn.
After an earthquake and then Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) struck the Philippines in late 2013, claiming more than 6,000 lives, ADB provided nearly US$900mn in assistance for immediate recovery efforts and long-term work to rebuild infrastructure like schools and clinics, and restore sources of income in rural communities.
Other significant achievements in 2013 include:
- Approval of country partnership strategies for India, the Kyrgyz Republic, Nepal, and Thailand;
- Investment of US$2bn for water sector projects;
- Investment of US$644mn in education;
- approval of two electricity generation projects totaling US$1.07bn in Pakistan;
- US$575mn in support for economic and social reforms and debt relief in Myanmar; and
- Up to US$275mn in loans to private companies in the People’s Republic of China to facilitate leases for “clean” buses.
In addition, ADB continued to boost its efficiency and effectiveness in 2013, introducing initiatives to improve business processes, cut waste, fight corruption, streamline procurement, strengthen staff skills, and enhance its presence in developing member countries.
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