List Of Funds With Lowest Expense Ratio In India
Total expense ratio or TER is one of the most important aspects to understand when it comes to investing in mutual funds. The expense ratio is the all-inclusive cost that is debited to the Net Asset Value (NAV) on a daily basis and is a cost to the investor. Over longer periods of time, the expense ratio makes a difference.
Expense ratio is the sum total of all costs like the fund management costs, registry costs, administration costs, market and publicity costs etc. The costs are added up and debited to the NAV on a daily basis proportionately so that any person entering or exiting the fund does not have any undue advantage.
But, Does Expense Ratio Really Make A Difference To Returns?
Let us take two similar funds. One has an expense ratio of 0.8%and the other has an expense ratio of 1.8%. As a result, the first fund gives returns of 13% annualized while the second fund just gives 12%. This is a simple approach, but will help you understand. Just look at the table below.
|Monthly SIP||CAGR Returns||Tenure||Final Corpus||Wealth Ratio|
|Rs.10,000||13%||20 Years||Rs.114.55 lakhs||6.06 times|
|Rs.10,000||12%||20 Years||Rs.99.91 lakhs||4.16 times|
Let us just interpret this table. In the above case, just by opting for a similar fund with a lower expense ratio, the wealth creation is Rs.14.64 lakhs higher. In other words, in both cases, the total investment contribution is Rs.24 lakhs. However, in the case of fund with the lower expense ratio, the wealth creation is 6.06 times while in the case of higher expense ratio the wealth creation is just 4.16 times.
How To Reduce The Expense Ratio Of Your Fund Holdings?
One thing that is clear from the above illustration is that lower expense ratio means lower costs and higher returns. Even a 1% difference in costs can make a big difference to the eventual corpus. How can you consciously lower your expense ratio. Here are 3 ways.
Firstly you can choose funds with the lowest expense ratio in that class. The data is available with the fund and also with AMFI.
You can adopt a passive approach to investing. Index funds and ETFs have a much lower expense ratio since they have to spend on active management.
Lastly, you can opt for Direct Plans instead of Regular Plans. This way, you don’t have to pay the marketing and commission costs and that reduces expense ratio.
What Did Warren Buffett Say About Importance Of Expense Ratios?
Writing in his now famous letter to shareholders in 2016, Warren Buffett richly appreciated lauded the role played by Sir John Bogle, founder of Vanguard Funds in creating wealth. According, to Buffett, Bogle had shown that it was possible to create massive wealth by just managing the expense ratios. Is it not surprising coming from a top quality stock picker and active investor like Buffett. Here is the wisdom in the argument.
Vanguard has been a passive investor in the sense it never gets into stock selection. Vanguard funds are based on the belief that it is hard to beat the market and much harder to select funds that beat the market. Hence Vanguard just focuses on investing in good indices which can give solid equity returns with minimal risk and very low costs. As said earlier, index funds don’t need to manage money actively, so costs are lower.
According to a study on index funds, Vanguard alone had saved over $600 billion for mutual fund investors since its inception. All this money had directly translated into wealth for the investors. That is why costs matter and is special coming from the greatest stock pickers and active investors of all time.
Did You Know, There Are Costs Beyond Total Expense Ratios (ter)
Interesting, expense ratio is not the only cost when you invest in mutual funds. Here are some other costs that you also have to bear.
Entry loads were banned in 2009, but advisors are free to charge advisory fees to customers based on the value of service they provide. This is outside the expense ratio that the fund charges you. For investments above Rs.10,000, the advisor can charge Rs.150 for the first time and Rs.100 for subsequent investments.
Exit load is levied if you exit the fund before the stipulated date. This exit load time restriction is normally 6 months for debt funds and 1 year for equity funds, but it does tend to vary. Exit loads ensure that burden of exiting investors does not fall on the continuing investors, but it is an additional cost you must keep in mind.
Securities transaction tax (STT) is levied on equity funds but not on debt funds! When equity funds are redeemed, securities transaction tax has to be paid on the sale amount. This amount is imposed at the same rate as on equity sales. This is also outside TER.
Here is what SEBI has stipulated as chargeable TERs for different fund categories
|AUM (Rs crore)||TER % (Equity Funds)||TER % (Debt Funds)|
|0 – 500||2.25||2|
|500 – 750||2||1.75|
|750 – 2,000||1.75||1.5|
|2,000 – 5,000||1.6||1.35|
|5,000 – 10,000||1.5||1.25|
|10,000 – 50,000||TER reduction of 0.05% for every increase of 5,000 crore AUM or part thereof||TER reduction of 0.05% for every increase of 5,000 crore AUM or part thereof|
Funds With The Lowest Expense Ratio
Finally, let us look at the funds with the lowest expense ratio. As explained earlier, you will find that most of these funds would be Direct Plans as they save on marketing and distribution costs of the investor.
|Name of the Fund||Expense Ratio (%)||1-Year Returns(%)|
|Navi Long Term Advantage – Direct (G)||0.38%||33.55%|
|ITI Long Term Equity Fund – Direct||0.38%||24.63%|
|Mirae Assert Tax Saver – Direct (G)||0.43%||40.68%|
|Quant Tax Plan – Direct (G)||0.57%||70.68%|
|Edelweiss Long Term Equity – Direct (G)||0.68%||36.62%|
|Kotak Tax Saver Fund – Direct (G)||0.72%||37.19%|
|Mahindra Manulife ELSS – Direct (G)||0.73%||44.29%|
|IDFC Tax Advantage – Direct (G)||0.74%||49.74%|
|Tata India Tax Savings – Direct (G)||0.74%||34.57%|
|Axis Long Term Equity Fund – Direct (G)||0.74%||32.84%|
The above table captures the equity funds with the lowest expense ratios in India. These costs do matter as over a longer term, they can make a substantial difference to your returns.