What is batch trading?
Batch trading is a style of stock or bond trading in which the trades of several similar securities are completed in a single transaction. A batch trading transaction is typically executed at a time that generates the most advantageous buying or selling price.
Companies, investors and traders perform batch trading as a way to execute multiple trades with one bank. It also allows you to get better pricing on large orders without having to take them out individually.
Batch trading is used by large institutional traders to keep their transactions private. If an institutional investor was to purchase an entire stock of shares at one time, it would alert the public that the investor had high confidence in the future performance of the security. This could potentially cause other investors to purchase the stock, which could adversely affect the purchase price and increase demand for the stock.
Batch Trading Definition
On the stock exchanges, a series of orders are gathered and compiled together for a particular period until they are all executed at once as if they're all in one singular order. Batch trading is restricted to the beginning of the trading day for un-executed orders accumulated after the previous day's close.
How does Batch Trading Work?
Batch trades are generally executed at a time that generates the most advantageous buying or selling price. For example, if you're looking to sell 1,000 shares of Google stock, you wouldn't want to sell all 1,000 at once because that would cause your sale price to be negatively affected by increased demand. Instead, you would execute smaller orders over time until they add up to exactly 1,000 shares. This allows you to avoid affecting the market price while still selling enough shares so as not to cause large movements in the market.
It's also important for small traders and investors who don't have access to high-frequency trading algorithms because batch trades keep your transactions private and maximize profits.
By using batch trades, it is difficult for traders to gauge how large of a position an institutional investor has taken in a particular security. The larger the batch trade, the more time is required to complete it; smaller batch trades can be completed relatively quickly.
For example, if an institutional investor creates a large order to sell 10,000 shares of XYZ Corp., this will immediately cause XYZ’s stock price to drop substantially because demand will outstrip supply at that moment. Because of this effect, some investors may not want their selling activities known by other market participants who would then take advantage of them by buying XYZ stock at low prices after they've sold it all off themselves.
To avoid this possibility (and any other negative consequences), highly experienced investors often use batch orders when selling large blocks of shares instead of placing each order individually as they occur.
Example of Batch Trading
In batch trading, you buy many identical shares from different companies and sell them all at once. For example, if you want to buy 100 shares for Rs 1000 each, but only have enough money for 50 shares at this time, you could trade 50 shares now and 50 more later (when you have enough money). This method allows you to diversify your portfolio without having to pay extra fees on each trade. Batch trading can also be used for bonds as well as stocks. However, bonds are less liquid than stocks and may not always be available at certain times due to their maturity dates or lack of market availability. It's important not only that those conducting batch trades understand exactly what they're doing but also why they're conducting them so they don't end up exposed.
Batch trading is useful to large industrial investors as well as to some private investors. But, for the batch trade to be effective, the investor needs to have adequate information and analytics relating to the particular stock in consideration. open a Demat account with IIFL today Securities allows you to stay up to date with the latest hot stock picks and gather information about your preferred stocks with real-time stock updates and Algo-trading and expert analytics.