refex renewables & infrastructure ltd share price Management discussions


Global Scenario

Post Covid-19 Pandemic degrowth, the world economy witnessed a strong recovery with the growth rate of 5.7% in CY21.

Electricity demand also bounced back in proportion to the opening in the global economy and normalizing of mobility. This spike in electricity demand along with unforeseen weather patterns stressed the limited inventory of coal and natural gas.

This scenario of the energy crisis got further worse with the geopolitical tensions between Ukraine and Russia. All this intensified the need for sustainable energy solutions that assure availability, affordability, and predictability.

A Resilient Indian Economy

Indias economy continued its positive growth trajectory, with regional economies coming back into full function. Indias nominal GDP increase of ~49% in the last five years is an encouraging development.

In FY22, GDP growth is expected to be 8.7%, reiterating the countrys status as one of the fastest-growing major economies in the world.

RBI has also projected inflation to be at 6.7% in FY 2022-23, which is in the upper band of the RBIs target level of 6%. Rural inflation was higher than urban inflation, where the former was at 7.6% in March and later at 6.12%.

Indias consumption expenditure is also anticipated to double from $1.56 in 2020 to $3 trillion in 2030, resting on the growth of the Indian middle class as a key positive driver of the growth.

Further, the Country is prepared for policy tightening across the world, in 2022, due to its favorable debt position in comparison to other emerging markets.

The recent budget also focused on infrastructure capital expenditure and it is likely to enhance economic growth in the days ahead. Increased investment and consumption in FY23 are expected to further improve the economic prospects of the Country.

OUTLOOK

Despite the difficulties posed by the pandemic, India is the only nation to resiliently expand in all three-quarters of FY22 and is estimated to grow at 7.2% in FY23.

Widespread vaccine coverage, sustained export growth, supply-side advantages, regulatory reforms, and growing impetus for capital spending are estimated to contribute to economic growth in FY23.

Following the economic revival, power demand increased by 8% in FY22, with peak demand crossing the 200 GW mark, majorly driven by the commercial and industrial sectors.

With Indias energy supply largely dependent on coal-powered thermal power generation, the country stared at the prospect of blackouts with minimal coal inventory and surging prices. However, with the timely intervention of the government, the situation was salvaged.

With a population of 1.4 billion and one of the worlds fastest-growing major economies, India will be vital for the future of the global energy markets.

The Government of India has made impressive progress in recent years in increasing citizens access to electricity and clean cooking. It has also successfully implemented a range of energy market reforms and carried out a huge amount of renewable electricity deployment, notably solar energy.

Looking ahead, the Government has laid out an ambitious vision to bring secure, affordable, and sustainable energy to all its citizens. This in-depth review aims to assist the government in meeting its energy policy objectives by setting out a range of recommendations in each area, with a focus on energy system transformation, energy security, and energy affordability.

Rising electricity demand, Indias push to manufacture solar photovoltaic modules, government support schemes aimed at boosting Indian manufacturers competitiveness and attracting investment (Production Linked Incentive Schemes), and the waiver of transmission charges for renewable energy are the key drivers of Indias renewable energy growth right now.

In the last calendar year 2021, annual capacity addition in utility-scale solar reached to pre-Covid level.

In the current calendar year 2022, already ~6.5 GW of capacity addition done in the first two quarters. Indias seminal commitment at COP26 is to have 500 GW of non-fossil capacity by 2030.

A total of $14.5 billion was invested in renewable energy, up by 125% compared with the financial year 2020-21 and 72% higher than in the prepandemic period of the 2019-20 financial year.

Figure 1: Renewable Energy Investment Since FY2019/20

COMPANY OVERVIEW

A. Industry Structure and Developments

Your Company is continuously focused on the development of renewable energy in terms of Solar Power Generation and also by participating in Solar Rooftop Projects.

Your Company is focusing on the Government initiative for providing a better opportunity to the small player and to provide a contribution to the development of the nation in the renewable sector to become the largest renewable energy- producing nation.

Operations & Management (O&M)

O&M team is managing assets over 59.81 MW currently, spread across 9+ states, which includes ground mount MW sized projects to kW sized roof top projects. All these sites are monitored remotely with advanced asset monitoring portal.

Additional 70 MW of projects across India is being added in the current financial year.

Highly trained manpower ensures the minimum plant down time and improved power generation by meticulously following predictive and preventive maintenance plans as per Solar Industry standards. We are a preferred renewable energy partner for Indian Railways.

Diwana-2.5MW Project is the 1st solar project in the Country evacuating to the Traction SubStation of Indian Railway, feeding to traction load. The Project is constructed on both sides of railway track in Diwana Railway Station near Panipat, Haryana.

Our solar Roof top portfolio with Indian Railways has the capacity of 6.2 MW.

O&M

FY No. of Sites Capacity- MW DC
2018-19 13 20.96
2019-20 41 30.36
2020-21 55 37.76
2021-22 83 59.81

B. Opportunities:

The various policy initiatives taken by the government, particularly the ones directed toward promoting domestic manufacturing are expected to generate a long-term sustainable demand for components, which will enable the creation of a robust value chain in the near future. Initiatives like "Atmanirbhar Bharat" are also changing sentiments to give preference to local supplies.

The Geo-political situation with China has already become a key decision point for the drive to reduce dependence on imports by various stakeholders in the value chain, and this sentiment is not just in India but also internationally, where there is a concerted effort to diversify their sources of solar glass.

It is expected that the global installations will be significantly higher in the current and the following years as all the major economies are placing an increased focus on renewables. This will drive up the demand for all components.

Power demand has once again started to grow and the solar power outlook in India remains very strong. Solar installations account for a major portion of all new power capacity added in India. This robust installation activity also made solar the single largest source of new power capacity additions consecutively in the last 5 years.

C. Threats:

India continues to meet a significant portion of its demand for solar cells and modules for the utility scale sector through imports, which come largely from China, Taiwan, Malaysia etc. Unless the country establishes the entire value chain by backward integration into Polysilicon, ingots and wafer manufacturing, the entire program is vulnerable to disruptions in supply chain.

This situation may change gradually as the levy of Basic Custom Duty and the Production Link Incentive scheme takes effect. Uncertainty in the geo-political environment, Covid-19 variants and supply chain logistics are other pertinent threats to cause business disruptions.

D. Segment-wise or Product wise Performance:

During FY 2021-22, the revenue from the operations declined by 26% from ^7,190 Lakhs to ^5,350 Lakhs in the corresponding previous year owing to slower recovery in rural areas. In the Commercial and Industrial segment, revenue from the operations increased by 36% from ^3,140 Lakhs to ^4,261 Lakhs in the corresponding previous year.

Particulars FY22 p lakhs) FY21 p lakhs)

Segment revenue

1. Rural 757 3,591
2. Commercial & Industrial 4,261 3,140
3. Others 332 459
Total revenue from operations 5,350 7,190

 

The rural segment comprises the supply, installation, commissioning, and maintenance of solar water pumps and home systems. Commercial and Industrial comprise supply, installation, commissioning and maintenance of ground mount solar power plants and rooftop and sale of electricity.

E. Risk and Concerns:

While the Company faces traditional business risks such as unanticipated labor costs, market risks such as interest rates, operational risks such ‘as supplier/ distributor problems and execution challenges, and changes in government regulations, no major risks are foreseen.

One of the known risks is high variability in module price. Since mid-2020, solar module prices have become increasingly unpredictable and volatile. In a complete reversal of the previous trend, solar module prices (Mono PERC) in the global market increased from August 2020 to November 2021 by ~42%.

On similar lines, solar module prices (Mono PERC) in India also increased from August 2020 to November 2021 by ~40%.

Your Company is continuously monitoring module prices and taking scientific decision based on industry insights and data analysis.

Additionally, the Company continuously monitors business and operational risks through an efficient risk management system.

All key functions and divisions are independently responsible to monitor risks associated within their respective areas of operations such as production, insurance, legal and other issues like health, safety, and environment.

F. Internal Control Systems and their Adequacy:

The SunEdison Group has established exceptional internal control systems and procedures to steer all its business processes.

The Company has distinctly defined roles and responsibilities for all managerial positions.

The financial parameters are effectively monitored and controlled. The Companys internal control system is commensurate with the size, scale, and complexities of its operations. The Audit Committee actively reviews the adequacy and effectiveness of the internal control systems and suggests improvements to strengthen the same.

The Company has a robust Management Information System and strives to align all its processes and controls with best practices. The Audit Committee also meets statutory auditors to ascertain, inter alia, their views on the adequacy of internal control systems and informs major observations to the board of directors periodically.

The Company has appointed an independent firm of chartered accountants to monitor the internal audit of its activities, based on an internal audit plan, which is reviewed each year in consultation with the statutory auditors and approved by the audit committee.

The Company has identified inherent reporting risks for major elements in the financial statements and established controls to prevent the same.

These risks and the prevention controls are revisited periodically considering the changes in business, IT systems, regulations, and internal policies, based on evaluations of the audit, as per Section 177 of the Companies Act 2013, the Audit Committee has concluded that as March 31, 2022, internal financial controls were adequate and operating effectively.

G. Outlook

With growing market demand, the Company continues to enhance its foray into a dynamic industry. It is consistently improving generation from solar assets and fulfilling short as well as longterm targets.

The Company considers product efficiency and technological improvements core competencies for cementing its position as a leader.

The Company undertakes effective strategies to enhance its current capabilities and improve contributions toward "Atmanirbhar Bharat".

The Company is ideally positioned to capitalize on growth prospects in Indian and international markets and further strengthen its performances in the days ahead.

H. Discussion on Financial Performance with Respect to Operational Performance:

That said, FY22 also came with its fair share of challenges, with headwinds emanating from elevated commodity prices, residual effects and variants of COVID-19, geopolitical conflicts, and erratic weather patterns.

These events affected our financial performance, with revenue at ^ 6,263 Lacs, EBITDA at ^ (3,244) Lacs and PAT at ^ (3,696) Lacs.

I. Material Development in Human Resources, Industrial Relations and Number of People Employed:

A key area of focus for your Company is to create a performance driven workforce while ensuring the health and well-being of employees and their families. Many policies and benefits were implemented to maximize employee engagement and welfare.

Your Company also continues to endeavor to create a work environment which is collaborative and learning and growth oriented to enable employees to perform at their full potential.

After getting back to work post-pandemic, our Human Resources function has ensured that employees well-being remains the topmost priority in business sustenance.

All safety protocols were strictly followed.

Your Company is confident that its employees are the best differentiators in providing the best-inclass services and products to the customers.

Throughout the year under observation, the Company has put in a complete employee life cycle management program that aims to give a positive employee experience across the association.

The number of permanent employees on the rolls of the Company as on March 31, 2022 were 79.

Employee Development:

In the scenario of changing technologies and rapid enhancement of processes, your company improvised its investment in solidifying the abilities of employees.

The approach is structured and based on career oriented and career development plans. The Company is evolving its attitude by introducing a competency-based management system and various assessment centers.

The Company gives a learning platform providing self-nominated and manager-nominated learning programs through a hybrid model, which includes online classes and on-the-job trainings.

MANAGEMENTS RESPONSIBILITY STATEMENT

The management is responsible for making the Companys standalone and consolidated financial statements and related information mentioned in this Annual Report.

It believes that these financial statements fairly reflect the form and substance of transactions, and reasonably represent the Companys financial condition and results of operations in conformity with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles/ Indian Accounting Standards.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT

Some of the statements in this Annual Report that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements include our financial and growth projections as well as statements concerning our plans, strategies, intentions, and beliefs concerning our business and the markets in which we operate. These statements are based on information currently available to us, and we assume no obligation to update these statements as circumstances change. There are risks and uncertainties that could cause actual events to differ materially from these forward-looking statements. These risks include, but are not limited to, the level of market demand for our services, the highly competitive market for the types of services that we offer, market conditions that could affect our services, our ability to create, acquire and build new businesses and to grow our existing businesses, our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel, currency fluctuations and market fluctuations in India and elsewhere around the world, and other risks not specifically mentioned herein but those that are common to any industry.

FINANCIAL OVERVIEW

Details of Key Financial Ratios (Standalone)

RATIO ANALYSIS

S. No. Ratios Formula

FY22

FY21

Variance

Reason for variance above 25%
Amount (^ 000) Ratio Amount (^ 000) Ratio
a) Current ratio Current Asset 6,80,309

0.69

8,03,011

0.82

-16%

-
Current Liability 9,84,628 9,79,360
b) Debt-Equity ratio Total Liabilities 6,08,087

-2.47

4,24,059

-2.30

7%

-
Shareholders Equity -2,46,315 -1,84,141
c) Debt service coverage atio (DSCR) EBITDA -42,519.85

-0.10

-72,441.69

-0.38

-74%

Decline on account of increase in borrowings
Principal + Interest 4,20,044.42 1,88,274.81
d) Return on equity ratio Net Profit -62,186

-138.50%

-97,587

-217.35%

-36%

Improvement in the ratio is on account of increase in gross margins and decrease in the other operating expenses.
Shareholders Equity 44,899 44,899
e) nventory turnover ratio Net Sales 8,39,704

214.48

6,51,062

31.75

576%

Variance is on account of decrease in the inventory balances as at year end.
Average Inventory 3,915 20,508
f) Trade receivables turnover ratio Net Credit Sales 8,39,704

7.08

6,51,062

2.97

139%

Increase is on account of completion of more projects and increase in sales in the current year.
Average Trade Receivables 1,18,594 2,19,577
g) Trade payables turnover ratio Net Credit Purchase 7,86,605

4.86

5,49,537

1.00

386%

Increase is on account of completion of more projects and increase in purchases and other cost of goods sold in the current year
Average Trade Payables 1,61,786 5,49,537
h) Net capital turnover ratio Turnover 8,39,704

-2.76

6,51,062

-3.69

-25%

-
Working Capital -3,04,319 -1,76,349
i) Net profit ratio Net Profit -62,186

-7.41%

-97,587

-14.99%

-51%

Improvement in the ratio is on account of increase in gross margins and decrease in the other operating expenses.
Turnover 8,39,704 6,51,062
j) Return on capital employed EBIT -46,705

716.31%

-72,442

-54.47%

-1415%

Improvement in return on capital employed ratio owing to the decrease in current year losses.
Capital Employed -6,520 1,32,998
k) Return on investment EBIT -46,705.06

-4.78%

-72,441.69

-6.51%

-27%

Improvement in return-on-Investment ratio owing to the decrease in current year losses.
Total Assets 9,78,108.00 11,12,358.00