Vaishno Cement Co Ltd Management Discussions.

1) Industry structure and developments

Indias development and construction industry will continue to expand over the forecast period (2017 2020), with investments in infrastructure, residential and energy projects continuing to drive growth.

Various government flagship programs including 100 Smart Cities Mission, Housing for All, Atal Mission for Urban Rejuvenation and Transformation (AMRUT), Make in India and Power for All will be the growth drivers.

Due to industrialization, urbanization, a rise in disposable income and population growth the demand for construction services is set to rise. Government efforts to improve the countrys residential and transport infrastructure will also support growth.

2) Opportunities and Threats

Opportunities

India has a diversified financial sector undergoing rapid expansion, both in terms of strong growth of existing financial services firms and new entities entering the market. The sector comprises commercial banks, insurance companies, non-banking financial companies, co-operatives, pension funds, mutual funds and other smaller financial entities. The Government of India has introduced several reforms to liberalise, regulate and enhance this industry. The Government and Reserve Bank of India (RBI) have taken various measures to facilitate easy access to finance for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). These measures include launching Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and Small Enterprises, issuing guideline to banks regarding collateral requirements and setting up a Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA). With a combined push by both government and private sector, India is undoubtedly one of the worlds most vibrant capital markets.

Threats

Indian money market is relatively underdeveloped when compared with advanced markets like New York and London Money Markets. Various problems of money markets in India include Dichotomy, Lack of Coordination & Integration, Diversity in the Interest Rates, Seasonality in the markets, shortage of funds, absence of a developed Bill market, Inefficient management etc.

There are different rates of interest existing in different segments of money market. In rural unorganized sectors the rate of interest are high and they differ with the purpose and borrower. There are differences in the interest rates within the organized sector also. Although wide differences have been narrowed down, yet the existing differences do hamper the efficiency of money market.

One of the major problems of Indian Money Market is its inefficient and corrupt management. Inefficiency is due to fault y selection, lack of training, poor performance appraisal, faulty promotions etc. For the growth and success of money market, there is need for well trained and dedicated workforce in banks. However, in India some of the bank officials are inefficient and corrupt.

3) Business Segment

In absence to working capital and finance, there are no such reportable business segments during the year. The Company was in to the business of broking and commission during the year under review.

4) Risk Management & Concerns

The Companys business related software is operated on a server with regular maintenance and back-up of data and is connected to separate server. The systems parallel architecture overcomes failures and breakdowns. Reliable and permanently updated tools guard against virus attacks. The global communication network is managed centrally and is equipped to deal with failures and breakdowns. Updated tools are regularly loaded to ensure a virus free environment.

5) Internal Control Systems And Adequacy

The Company has satisfactory internal control system. Audit Committee reviews internal audit reports and oversees the internal control system of the Company. The Company has implemented a comprehensive system of internal controls and risk management systems for achieving operational efficiency, optimal utilization of resources, credible financial reporting and compliance with local laws. These controls are regularly reviewed by both internal and external agencies for its efficiency and effectiveness. Management information and reporting system for key operational activities form part of overall control mechanism.

6) Cautionary Statement

Certain statements under "Management Discussion & Analysis" describing the Companys objectives, projections, estimates, expectations or predictions may be forward looking statement within the meaning of applicable securities laws and regulations. Although the expectations are based on reasonable assumptions, the actual results could materially differ from those expressed or implied, since the Companys operations are influenced by many external and internal factors beyond the control of the Company. The Company assumes no responsibility to publicly amend, modify or revise any forward looking statements, on the basis of any subsequent developments, information or events.

Place: Kolkata For and on behalf of the Board For and on behalf of the Board
Date: 28.05.2019 S/d S/d
Manu Shekhar Agrawal Nabin Kumar Jain
Director Director
DIN: 08332799 DIN: 07131373