Euro Multivision Ltd Management Discussions.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The total revenue (net) of the Company for the year ended 31st March, 2021, increased by 24.53% and stood at Rs. 98.69 Lakhs as against Rs. 79.25 Lakhs in the previous year. The year under review was adversely affected due to COVID 19 situation and also stressed working capital and liquidity crunch thereby affecting the earning capacity of the Company. During the year, the Company has incurred loss of Rs. 1,408.84 lakhs as against loss of Rs. 1,509.03 Lakhs in the previous year. The Company has not provided for interest on financing facilities from secured lenders-banks which is yet subject to confirmation and / or settlement, amounting to Rs. 8,603.43 lakhs, for the year ended 31st March 2021. Had the same been accounted for; the net loss (after tax), would have been increased by Rs. 8,603.43 lakhs for the year ended 31st March 2021. Hence, the resultant turnover and income for the year under review was slightly higher than that expected by the management.

Further the COVID-19s impact on our lives and economy has been earth shattering. The lockdowns and restrictions have sent the global supply chain in disarray and have halted industrial growth and have brought to the fore the importance of building domestic manufacturing facilities.

MARKET OVERVIEW

India has made significant strides in generating capacity for solar energy in the last few years. The unit costs of solar power have fallen and solar energy has become increasingly competitive with alternative sources of energy.

The Indian solar energy market is expected to witness a CAGR of more than 8% up to the year up to 2030. The COVID-19 impact was mainly witnessed on the supply of solar panels and the delays in solar projects. The country was hit hard by the COVID-19 outbreak, which forced the government to employ either complete or partial lockdown, resulting in disruption of the solar panels manufacturing industry during the first half of 2020. Most projects of 2020 already got the finance clearances in 2019. Hence, these projects are expected to continue. However, the lockdown affected the construction and the availability of the solar panels resulting in project delays. However, this situation is expected to recover in 2021. Major factors driving the market are the declining cost of the solar modules and the government policies, like allowing 100% FDI under automatic route for renewable power generation and distribution projects, which is expected to increase the participation from global players into the Indian market. Moreover, the sharp decline in prices of solar technologies in recent years by more than 52% between 2010 and 2019 has been one of the biggest drivers in the adoption of solar PV in the country. However, the cost of modules produced in China is 8-10% cheaper than the one manufactured in India, and about 80-85% of the solar modules used in India are manufactured in China. Therefore, the huge dependency on imports has affected domestic manufacturing in the country, which is further expected to hinder the growth of the market.

• The solar PV segment dominated the market share in 2019, and it is expected to be the largest segment up to the year 2030, owing to supportive government policies to develop clean energy generation in the countrys energy mix.

• India has an abundance of solar irradiance and receives solar energy throughout the year. This has created enormous opportunities to exploit solar energy from the sunniest sites in the country, especially Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh. The factor mentioned above, clubbed with foreign investment and extensive R&D projects, provides an opportunity for the growth of the solar energy market in India.

• The government of India has taken several initiatives with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), drafting plans and putting out tenders, which, in turn, is expected to drive the market.

Solar photovoltaic (PV) domestic manufacturing capacity in India (GW) , , , ,

 

The domestic manufacturing of

Solar PV cells capacity (approx) solar PV cells/modules is behind due to reasons, such as lack of c. manufacturing chain and skilled wokfoce and higher cost of production.

MONGABAY

INDIA

SUPPORTIVE GOVERNMENT POLICIES TO DRIVE THE MARKET

• The country has identified renewable energy potential, such as solar and wind, in decarbonizing the economy and meeting targets as per the Paris Agreement. Moreover, the Government of India has been bent toward increasing the share of renewables in the countrys energy mix.

• The government is aiming at 25,750 MW of new power generation capacity from solar plants under the ambitious Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha Evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM) scheme by 2022, with total financials of more than INR 32,000 crore.

• Moreover, in 2016, Indias government pledged that 40% of the countrys installed electricity capacity is expected to come from renewable sources by 2030, as part of its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) for the commitments made at the Paris Agreement.

• As part of the Paris Agreement commitments, Indias government set an ambitious target of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022. In July 2019, the government announced that it was planning to increase the renewable energy target to 500 GW by 2030 to clean up the air in its cities and lessen the rapidly growing economys dependence on coal.

• The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy launched the scheme in 2019, with three components - installation of 10,000 MW capacity through small renewable energy-based power plants of capacity up to 2 MW each on barren or fallow land of farmers, installation of 17.5 lakh standalone off-grid solar water pumps, and solarisation of 10 lakh existing grid-connected agriculture pumps.

• Moreover, the government plans to add 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022, which includes 100 GW of solar and 60 GW of wind energy. The country has spent more on investment in solar PV than in all fossil fuel sources of electricity generation together. Therefore, the government schemes and plans to increase the renewables share in the energy mix are expected to drive the solar energy market in India.

INDIAS SOLAR POWER SECTOR IS HEAVILY RELIANT ON IMPORTS

In March 2021, Indias Ministry of New and Renewable Energy had noted that "Indias solar sector, just like in any other country of the world, is heavily reliant on imports of solar equipment." Government have also noted instances of certain countries dumping solar cells and modules to kill the nascent domestic industry, because of which government had to impose safeguard duties. Covid-19 pandemic brought disruptions in international trade including imports of solar modules and solar cells affecting solar capacity additions in the country. Considering Indias huge solar targets and that electricity is a strategic sector of the economy, India needs to develop domestic solar manufacturing capacities and reduce its dependence on imports to avoid disruption in future.

In the first quarter (Q1) of the calendar year (CY) 2021, India imported solar cells and modules amounting to $259 million (~Rs. 18.93 billion), a 132% increase compared to Q4 CY 2020. The numbers are 72% higher than $150.57 million (~Rs. 10.83 billion) during the same period last year. The increase in imports was a result of improved demand due to the waning impact of the Covid-19 pandemic in Q1 2021. However, commercial activities have again slowed down because of the second wave of the pandemic that is ravaging the country right now. Solar exports also registered a significant growth of 293% and stood at $28.5 million (~Rs.2.08 billion) compared to $7.25 million (~Rs. 528.4 million) in Q4 2020. The figures showed a marginal decline of 19% compared to $35.09 million (~Rs. 2.51 billion) during the same period last year.

China was the largest exporter of solar modules and cells to India in Q1 CY 2021, followed by Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Taiwan.

SOLAR EXPORTS IN Q1 2021

The United States continued to be the largest market for solar exports from India, followed by Nigeria, South Africa, Congo, and Saudi Arabia.

In CY 2020, India imported solar cells and modules worth $475.78 million (~Rs. 34.7 billion), a 78% drop from CY 2019. Exports had also declined by 67% for a total value of $84.16 million (~Rs. 6.14 billion) in CY 2020 compared to $253.01 million (~Rs. 18.45 billion) in 2019.

It had emphasized that the focus on achieving self-reliance has taken India toward the decision of "scaling up domestic manufacturing" which would also enable India to "export solar modules". This would also provide other countries an alternative avenue for procuring solar modules. The government thus announced a basic custom duty (BCD) of 25 percent on solar cells and 40 percent on solar modules from April 1,2022.

CONCLUSION

The solar industry is constantly evolving, characterized by rapid technological changes, upgrades and innovation. Adoption of these novel technologies will further bring down costs and soon enough, solar power will be the mainstream power source for most of the worlds population. This will, in turn have a positive impact on the environment and climate change as well. The same is true for solar plant components like PV panels, which are steadily moving towards higher-efficiencies, mainly due to improvement in solar cell technology.

The future of solar industry in India and world-over appears to be extremely positive and exciting. While there have been incremental advancements in the existing solar technologies, researchers around the world are working on multiple projects like bio-solar cells, solar paints, wireless solar power transmission, solar energy harvesting trees, etc. Though a few years away, these cutting edge technologies, some of which are being field tested currently, not only have the potential to revolutionize the solar industry, but also to change our perspective about harnessing solar energy.

RISKS, OPPORTUNITIES AND THREATS

Euro Multivision Limited aims to address risks, opportunities and threats posed by the business environment by developing appropriate risk mitigation measures. Our responses to these elements are discussed in the following section.

TECHNOLOGY RISKS

We are in technological businesses whether it is manufacturing of Solar PV cells or Optical Discs, where a key challenge is to ensure that the manufacturing facilities are equipped with technologies that can produce value added products, which are competitive in the market.

FOREX RISKS

Volatility in currency markets can adversely affect the outcome of commercial transactions and cause uncertainties which will be protected with the margins against rapid and significant foreign exchange movements.

RISKS PERTAINING TO LEGAL ACTIONS BY THE BANKS

The order of Debt Recovery Tribunal was passed, wherein it has been directed to the Company to clear dues amounting to Rs. 13,971.99 lakhs and interest and penalty within a period of 2 months from the date of order. The Company is yet to take action against the said order of Debt Recovery Tribunal. The Company received a demand notice dated 20- Feb-2020 to clear the dues within 15 days, failing which recovery proceedings could be initiated against the Company.

Application has been filed against the Company by one of the secured financial lender with The Honble National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT), Mumbai Bench on June 18, 2020, to initiate Corporate Insolvency and Resolution Process (CIRP), which is pending for admission at NCLT. The Company is reviewing the same.

THREATS

• Substantial decline in price of Solar Photovoltaic Cells and erosion in demand.

• Non-utilization of our available manufacturing capacity.

• Reduction in, or elimination of, subsidies and economic incentives for on-grid solar energy applications.

• The solar industry is dominated by European countries and any downturn in these markets cause impact on the industry growth.

• The solar market is growing and competition is resulting decline in market share and margins.

• 60% raw material cost is silicon wafer and its manufacturing is dominated by large / limited players.

• Continued dumping of PV Cells at cheap prices, however, Domestic Content may void the impact of dumping

• Technological Advancement and Improvement in Cell Efficiency has huge impact product marketability.

• New Optical Storage media options and their affordability is a huge threat for CDR and DVD R products. INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEM AND THEIR ADEQUACY

The Company has proper and adequate system of internal control to ensure that all the assets are safeguarded from loss, damage or disposition. The Company has independent Audit system to monitor the entire operations and the Audit Committee monitors the financial statements to ensure that transactions are adequately authorized and recorded, and that they are reported correctly. The Board of Directors considers internal controls as adequate as it regularly reviews the findings and recommendations of internal audit.

DISCUSSION ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE WITH RESPECT TO OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Section 134 of the Companies Act, 2013 and accounting principles generally accepted in India, including Indian Accounting Standards. The results of the operations are discussed in the Boards Report.

HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT

Over the years, your Company has developed an environment, which fosters excellence in performance by empowering its people, who are always on continuous improvement path with an ultimate aim to add value to their intellectual and knowledge resources. The Companys success depends largely upon the quality and competence of its management team and key personnel. There are six (6) employees in the Company as on 31st March 2021.

DETAILS OF SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN KEY FINANCIAL RATIOS

There were no significant changes (i.e. change of 25% or more as compared to the immediately previous financial year) in Key Financial Ratios.

RETURN ON NET WORTH

Return on Net worth during the previous and current financial year is negative due to losses.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT

Statement in this Management Discussion and Analysis describing the Companys objectives, projections, estimates, expectations or predictions may be "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of applicable securities laws and regulations. Actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied due to risk and uncertainties. Important factors that could make a difference to the Companys operations include raw material availability and prices, cyclical demand and pricing in the Companys principal markets, changes in Government regulations, tax regimes, economic developments within India and the countries in which the Company conducts business and other incidental factors.

For and on behalf of the Board of Directors
For Euro Multivision Limited
Hitesh Shah
Place: Mumbai Chairman and Whole-Time Director
Date: 13th August, 2021 DIN:00043059